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Емельянов Н. Н. Богословие в системе научного знания (по материалам дискуссии о высшем духовном образовании в 1905–1906 гг.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 2 (45). С. 7-19.
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The article deals with the question that is the important for the understanding both the current state of science and education and the history. The author explains the problem of the theology’s place in the system of a scientific knowledge by giving the materials of the discussion at the Office preceding the All-Russia Church Local Council in 1906. He investigates the discussion and detects the systematic point of view.
the Russian Orthodox Church, orthodox theological academy, theology, theology in the system of a scientific knowledge
Emel'ianov Nikolai, archpriest
Емельянов А. Н. Афонские письма архимандрита Кассиана (Безобразова) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 3 (52). С. 81-125.
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Letters from the Holy Mt. Athos of the archimandrite (since 1947 he was a bishop) Cassian (Bezobrazov) to archpriest Sergius Bulgakov and Lion А. Zander covers the period of the Second World War. The letters’ author was isolated from his colleagues in teaching at the Orthodox theological institute of St. Sergiy Radonezskiy in Paris. The fragment of the correspondence of three eminent church-public figures allows of looking from within at the professorial corporation’s life of the Theological institute of St. Sergiy Radonezskiy and better understanding of the atmosphere in which this part of the Russian abroad have made their service for the Church in the XXth century. Many teachers, graduates and students of the Theological institute were mentioned in documents that helped to clarify unknown facts of their biography. The characteristic features of the personal and theological growth of Archimandrite Cassian uncover themself in a 124 Афонские письма архимандрита Кассиана (Безобразова) new fashion. The plan of the non-published manuscript of the father Cassian’s monography devoted to research the New Testament’s bases of a Christian world outlook and its author’s definition were found in the Theological institute’s archive. At the same time, the letters give the chance to estimate the scale of the international contacts of the Theological institute and expand the information about the circle of persons, connected with its corporation. These documents give the opportunity to dispute accusing the Theological institute of contacts with ecumenical Masonic circles. Also published documents permit to clean archimandrite Cassian of the suspicions of the cooperation with the fascist power during the War. The letters were found in the archival funds of archpriest Sergius Bulgakov and L. A. Zander at the St. Sergiy Radonezsky orthodox theological institute in Paris.
archimandrite Cassian (Bezobrazov), archpriest Sergius Bulgakov, Zander L. A, the St. Sergiy Radonezsky’s orthodox theological institute in Paris, the Russian monastery of St. Panteleimon in the Holy Mt. Athos

Emel'ianov Aleksei, archpriest
Емельянов А. Н. «Иоанновская Пятидесятница» в работах архим. Кассиана (Безобразова) и прот. Сергия Булгакова // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 5 (49). С. 7-25.
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The author deals with a remote discussion about interpretation of Jn 20. 19–23 (Christ’s appearance after Resurrection and sending down the Holy Spirit to the apostles) which took place between archpriest Sergei Bulgakov and archimandrite Cassian (Bezobrazov). Reasoning of both theologians for their opposite interpretations is reconstructed relying on two never published texts from the Archive of the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute in Paris. Both authors had been united in bonds of close friendship and long-term collaboration at the Saint-Serge. However, since the outbreak of the Sophia controversy archim. Cassian became a forced opponent of his senior colleague and spiritual father at once. Still his objections never were public and hostile. Fr. Cassian sought for a positive alternative to Bulgakov’s sophiological constructions. His exegetical reflections brought him to a hypothesis of the John’s Pentecost, substantiation of which followed his specific understanding of pneumatology of the fourth Gospel. While prejudicing the established opinion that Jn 20 relates a preliminary or preparatory bestowal of the Holy Spirit by Jesus, which precedes the foundation of the Church on the day of Pentecost, fr. Cassian endeavors to depict a particular approach of St. John to the mystery of Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension. Both theologians treated the same Gospel text differently when speaking about revelation of Christ’s dwelling in the world in the Holy Spirit. The author states that Bulgakov underestimated exegetical argumentation of his opponent. Fr. Cassian’s theological statement of appearance of the Son and the Spirit in unity was devoid of disputable sophiological component. Fr. Cassian pinpointed the Christ-centered aspect of the gift of the Holy Spirit. The discussion reviewed in the article permits to better understand positions of both authors and provides with additional information about the history of the so called “Paris theology”
Cassian (Bezobrazov), Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov, Pentecost, Gospel of John, Ascension, pneumatology, Paris theology, sophiology, Sophia controversy, St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute, Archive of the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute.
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16. Klimov A. E. 2003. G. V. Florovskij i S. N. Bulgakov. Istorija vzaimootnoshenij v svete sporov o sofiologii (G. Florovsky and S. Bulgakov. The History of their Relationship in Philosophical Context). S. N. Bulgakov: religiozno-filosofskij put'. Moscow, pp. 86–114.
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18. Skaballanovich M. Hristianskie prazdniki (Christian Feasts), Kiew, 1916, vol. 5.
19. Shmeman A. prot. 1971. Tri obraza (Three Images). Vestnik RSHD, vol. 101–102, pp. 9–24.
20. Cassian (Bеsobrasoff), archim. 1939. Kirche oder Reich Gottes? (Zur johanneischen Eschatologie). In Extremis, vol. 6–8, pp. 186–202.
21. Cassien (Bеsobrasoff), archim. La Pentecote johannique (Jo XX. 19–23). Valence-sur-Rhone, 1939.
22. Lialine С. 1936. Le debat sophiologique. Irenikon, vol. 13, pp. 168–205, 328–329.
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Emel'ianov Aleksei, archpriest
Емельянов Н. Н., Павлюткин И. В. Университет и дар: постановка проблемы // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 6 (56). С. 21-37. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201456.21-37
The authors suggest introducing the notion of the gift into the theory and practice of the University life. They believe that the relationship of gift in transmission of knowledge is immanent to the management organization of the University. If knowledge is given as a gift and in the situation of gift-giving, then the University milieu should have the relationship of gift. The gift is described here as a theological and anthropological category and then juxtaposed with educational concepts of certain theologians and with ideas of modern economists. Proceeding from the notion of gift, the authors formulate the problem of today’s University which consists in its economical conditionality and in the penetration of market ideology into the scholarly milieu. Transfer of knowledge, which is considered as an absolute value, when circulating within the process of gift-giving, in practice is often identified with utilitarian exchange: the knowledge acquires its price, what inevitably reflects the relationship between professors, students and University’s administration.
gift, University, knowledge, theology, economy, higher education theology, market, community, J. H. Newman, formal organization.

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Emel'ianov Nikolai, archpriest
Pavliutkin Ivan
Емельянова А. В. Мемуары об обучении детей духовного сословия в России XVIII в // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 4 (35). С. 90-102. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201435.90-102
The article deals with the education of children of the clergy in Russia XVIII century based on the memoirs. Of the 100 memoirs we analyzed only 6 there is information about it. This memoir: Metropolitan Platon, court counselor I. G. Grigorieva, a provincial prosecutor G. I. Dobrynin, poet and translator I. I. Martynov, senator, F. P. Lubyanovskogo, professor of St. Petersburg University Y. Tolmachev. This article gives a brief biographical note for each author. All authors have a family of priests or deacons rural central Russia and Ukraine. As a rule, a basic knowledge of children received from their fathers or other relatives, and then were given training in religious schools. Describes the process of learning, conditions and methods in the Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy, Poltava Seminary and the Kharkov Collegium in the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that 5 of the 6 authors memories continued their studies in the Seminary, College, Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, Moscow University and information about this training reflects the difficult conditions in which they had to acquire knowledge. Using memoirs allows us to see the learning process through the eyes of students, the specifi cs of obtaining basic knowledge at home and continuing training for children in religious schools. Briefly analyzes the composition of objects, and methods of teaching, to reflect on the pages of memories.
The Russian Empire, XVIII century, home education, memoirs, the clergy, the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, Poltava Seminary, Kharkiv Collegium

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Емельянов Н. Н. Проблема изменения численности священников в США и Англии во второй половине ХХ века // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 3 (65). С. 89-111. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201665.89-111
The author analyzes different approaches towards evaluating the number of Roman Catholic and Protestant priests in the USA and in the Church of England. He considers the three narratives in the framework of which the problem under investigation has been posed: the “demography of the priesthood”, the “priest labor market” and the “territorial distribution of the clergy”. Schoenherr’s model (1993) is built upon the “organizational demography” approaches as well as upon the theory of rational choice and asks the question about what is going to happen to the population of the Catholic priests in the US in the nearest twenty years. Demographic tendencies for a long time prevalent lead to substantial changes in the overall structure of the population. The singling out of such tendencies and the determining factors behind them is extremely important for organizational planning. American Protestant denominations have toward the end of the 20th century found themselves in the situation of redundancy of priests. The research authored by Carroll (1980) is based upon the logic of the labor market and considers the interrelation between three values: number of the members of a Church; number of priests; number of churches. These values reflect the offer and demand dynamics in the priest labor market. The researcher calculates the number of payments necessary to ensure the receiving of constant salary by a priest. He analyzes the factors determining the offer and demand interrelation in the labor market. The research poses the question about the functions exercised by a priest. Still another tendency in the research on the number of priests exists in the Church of England; this tendency is connected with the issue of optimum territorial distribution of priests. The key research work here is the so-called “Paul report” (1964) which establishes the dependence of involvement in religious practices on the three following factors: number of those with full or part-time occupation in the sphere of pastoral activities; number of inhabitants of a given territory; number of churches in a given territory. The article points at the absence in the Christian discourse of normative criteria which could allow to determine the number of priests. The author also investigates how the number of priests infl uences the religious situation in a country as well as various processes in other social spheres (economy, politics, demography, etc.).
Sociology of priesthood, priests ratio to church members, priests shortage after the Second Vatican Council, demographic models of priests shortage, the clergy job market, «The Paul Report», the deployment of the clergy.

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27. Hoge D. R., Marti Jewell R. The Next Generation of Pastoral Leaders: What the Church Needs to Know, Chicago, 2010.
28. Kuhrt G. Ministry Issues for the Church of England: Mapping the Trends, London, 2001.
29. Blizzard S. The Protestant Parish Minister: A Behavioral Science Interpretation, Storrs (CT), 1985.
30. Zulehner P. M. Priester im Modernisierungsstress, Ostfildern, 2001.
Emelyanov Nikolai, archpriest
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Email: pr_nikolay@mail.ru.
Емельянов Н. Н. Значение семьи православного священника в пастырском служении: богословский подход // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2019. Вып. 82. С. 34-50. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201982.34-50
This article deals with a theological topicalisation of the issue of the priest’s family. Analysing Russian courses in pastoral theology, both pre-revolutionary and designed in Russian theological high schools and in emigration in Soviet times, one can easily notice that the priest’s family is only discussed in the perspective of practical problems in choosing the fi ancée, the degree of participation of the wife of the priest in the life of the parish, specifi c problems of the priest’s family life, etc. In Russian literature, there is almost no theological interpretation of the priest’s family and its significance in pastoral service. This article attempts to give such interpretation through the notion of fatherhood, and through protective, maintaining and limiting role and missionary signifi cance of the priest’s family. The conclusion is that the priest’s family makes up one of the determining factors in pastoral ministry.
pastoral theology, theology of priesthood, theology of the family, families of the clergy, pastoral ministry, work-life balance, work-family balance, theology of Christian marriage, marriage in Eastern Orthodoxy, sacrament of marriage, family studies
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  18. Krest’iankin I. (2014) Rassuzhdenie s sovetom. Sobranie pisem [Refl ections with Advice. Collection of Letters]. Moscow (in Russian).
Emelyanov Nikolay, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities, 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation; Research Fellow, Ecclesiastical Institutions Research Laboratory;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5940-9140;
Email: pr_nikolay@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The project was supported by the Russian Science Foundation in a form of a grant (project № 18-78-10089).
Емельянов А. Н. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2019. Вып. 84. С. 138-142. — Rev. op.: Bauckham R. The Christian World Around the New Testament. Collected Essays II. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2017 (Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament; 386). X, 757 p.
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Emelianov Alexey, archpriest
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Head of the Department of Biblical Studies;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3885-9721;
Email: protae@list.ru.
Емельянова О. А. Общенародное богослужебное пение в Русской Православной Церкви рубежа XIX–XX веков: к вопросу об исторической преемственности // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 43. С. 107-124. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202143.107-124
This article attempts to examine the origins of public liturgical singing in the Eastern Christian Church and to trace the continuity of this tradition in the church singing practice of Russian Orthodox Church in the 19th and 20th centuries. Particular attention to the topic of historical ties is due to the fact that the form of public liturgical singing after a long period of extinction began to actively develop in Russia at the turn of the 19th — 20th centuries. This is evidenced by materials of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918, which were a response to the activities of Brotherhoods, Societies and individual clergy, for example, archpriest Nikolai Smirnov, priest Nikolai Kurlov and others. The study showed that the requirements both for the quality of liturgical singing in general and for the singers themselves in different eras are largely similar. Thus, even the holy fathers paid attention, fi rst of all, to the spirit and character of church singing, regardless of its form. Whatever it may be — national or professional choirs — it should strive for simplicity and prayer. In early Christianity, as well as in the Russian Empire, public singing at church carried the function of uniting people, fi ghting against passions, teaching people the basics of the Christian faith.
public liturgical singing, church singing, Local Council of Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918, hegumen Seraphim (Kuznetsov), deacon Vasily Ponomarev, priest Nikolai Smirnov, priest Nikolai Kurlov, archpriest John Voznesensky, Ivan Alekseevich Gardner
  1. Dashevskaya Z. (2012) “Obzor deyatel’nosti Bratstva Sviatitelei Moskovskikh Petra, Aleksiia, Iony I, Filippa (1909–1917)” [An outline of work of the Brotherhood of Moscow Saint Hierarchs Petr, Alexy, Iona I, Philip (1909–1917)]. Vestnik Sviato-Filaretovskogo instituta, 5, pp. 131–150 (in Russian).
  2. Emel’ianova O. (2020) “Narodnoe bogosluzhebnoe penie kak massovoe iavlenie v Moskve i Sankt-Peterburge v nachale XX veka” [Public liturgical singing as a frequent phenomenon in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the early 20th century], in Sbornik statei po materialam Vserossiiskikh nauchnykh chtenii, posvyashchennyh B. L. Iavorskomu (26–28 noiabria 2019 g.) Saratov, pp. 76–89 (in Russian).
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  7. Khvatova S. (2010) “Upravlenie obshchenarodnym peniem v pravoslavnom khrame” [Conducting public singing in an Orthodox church]. Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia 2: Filologiia i iskusstvovedenie, 2, pp. 185–190 (in Russian).
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Emelianova Olga
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3649-2601;
Email: olga.emelianova95@gmail.com.
Емельянов Н. Н. Кризисы и этапы в служении и жизни священника // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2022. Вып. 99. С. 30-56. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202299.30-56
In this paper, we reconsider the ways to understand the ministry and life of a priest, based on empirical evidence. We propose supplement the understanding that sees it as a normative way of exercising the priesthood as unaltered throughout life with an approach to priesthood as changing over time and therefore going through a number of significantly different stages that involve specific conditions to proceed to the next one. In contrast to the normative image of a priest in pastoral theology, empirical evidence suggests that the ministry and life of a priest are constituted by a series of different stages -- from accepting the priesthood after ordination to aging and the leaving at the end of life. The concept of pastoral temptation used by pastoral theology can be contrasted with the concept of developmental crisis. The latter can lead to mistakes and temptations, up to the abandonment of the priesthood, but in case of productive comprehension leads to the passage to a new stage of ministry.A developmental crisis is a passage from one stage of ministry to the other, which is characterized by following: 1) it brings to collision with something fundamentally new, which arises from the accumulated positive experience but finds the priest unprepared; 2) it is potentially dangerous, 3) it ends up with a breakdown or passage to a new stage, 4) it is never repeated afterwards, e.g. during the passage to a new stage.Pastoral temptation is always a situational distortion of ministry. This implies: 1) the danger of distortion of the ministry as a whole, up to its collapse and loss of the priesthood; 2) potential threat throughout the entire period of the priest's ministry, temptation can come back regardless of the accumulated experience, 3) possibility of a developmental crisis.If temptations must be avoided, although this is not always possible, if they are external, then passages are not only inevitable, but directly necessary for the spiritual growth of the priest and and help acquire the fullness of pastoral experience.The passage to the next stage is not always accompanied or is a reaction to a crisis, understood as a pastoral temptation or a life catastrophe. On the contrary, it can be interpreted not as one-time, but as an extended period of accumulation of pastoral experience that occurs at every stage of the ministry and life of a priest.In the paper, we provide a primary description of the main developmental crises and stages in the ministry and life of a priest: the acceptance of the priesthood, pastoral development, an active priest, a mature priest, an experienced priest, aging and leaving”. Each stage corresponds to the corresponding group of steps of the "Ladder" by St. John Climacus. Situations in which the crisis component of the passagts appears, and various types of reaction to them are analyzed.Criticism of the psychological understanding of the ministry and life of a priest is offered. Including criticized the concept of "pastoral burnout".
Russian Orthodox Church, pastoral theology, theology of the priesthood, pastoral ministry, the ladder of divine ascent, crises of passage, pastoral temptation, passages and stages of ministry and life of a priest
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Emelyanov Nikolay, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation; Research Fellow, Ecclesiastical Institutions Research Laboratory;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5940-9140;
Email: pr_nikolay@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The project was supported by the Russian Science Foundation in a form of a grant (project No 19-78-10143). The grant was given to Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University.I would like to express my gratitude to my colleagues from STOU Kirill Aleksin, Tatyana Krikhtova and Deacon Dmitry Markov, who helped in carrying out the field part of the study; I would also like to express my gratitude to I.V. Zabaev (Socrel STOU), who participated in the discussion of the field research project and the initial analysis of its results.
Емельянова О. А. Общенародное богослужебное пение в Санкт-Петербургской епархии на рубеже XIX-XX веков // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2022. Вып. 46. С. 74-89. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202246.74-89
In the Russian Empire at the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries, there is a great interest in the practice of congregational singing. The documents of the Russian Local Council of 1917-1918, choir congresses, reports on the activities of church brotherhoods and societies, as well as publications in the press allow to judge to what significant extent the congregational singing at divine services was organized. Definitely, the support of the higher church hierarchy played a special role, as it is demonstrated by the Decrees of the Holy Synod, issued back in 1804 and 1847. At the beginning of the 20th century a solid foundation which enabled a broad participation of the people in divine service through singing and reading church hymns in the St. Petersburg diocese, where for a long time professional church singing and author's liturgical music were actively supported and developed, as well as in other large dioceses (Moscow, Tambov, Kazan, etc.) was built. These were special church orders that dispose the clergy to new parish activities, teaching parishioners and students of parish schools church singing, publishing materials for nationwide liturgical singing (Liturgy, Vespers, Matins, Moleben, Panikhida). Priests Mikhail Dubensky, Konstantin Lorchenko, Nikolai Kurlov, as well as the Alexander - Nevsky Temperance society were active organizers and leaders of the congregational singing at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the St. Petersburg diocese.There is no doubt that the study of the history of the congregational singing and the accumulated rich practical experience is of high importance precisely today, when this ancient tradition, which remains a powerful means of not only uniting people in the church, but also of enlightening and educating them in the Christian faith, is reviving and expanding.
congregational singing, priest Mikhail Dubensky, priest Konstantin Lorchenko, priest Nikolai Kurlov, priest Alexander Rozhdestvensky, priest Petr Mirtov, Alexander - Nevsky Temperance society, the complex of church music of ordinary chants for people
  1. Dubensky M., priest. Novomucheniki, ispovedniki, za Khrista postradavshie v gody gonenii na Russkuiu Pravoslavnuiu Tserkov′ v XX v.: baza dannykh PSTGU [New martyrs, confessors, sufferers for Christ in the years of persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church in the 20th century: a database], available at http://kuz3.pstbi.ru/bin/nkws.exe/no_dbpath/docum/ans/nm/?TYZCF2JMTdG6Xbu2su4ZfS4ee8YUX8XZc8Wf674Zf8Khfe8ctk* (in Russian; accessed 28.09.2021)
  2. Emel′ianova O. (2020) Obshchenarodnoe bogosluzhebnoe penie kak massovoe iavlenie v Moskve i Sankt-Peterburge v nachale XX veka [People’s singing at a church service as a mass phenomenon in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the early 20th century], in Problemy khudozhestvennogo tvorchestva: po materialam Vserossiiskikh nauchnykh chtenii, posviashchennykh B. L. Iavorskomu (26–28 noiabria 2019) [Problems of creativity in art. Proceedings of a conference in honour of B. L. Yavorsky, 26–28 November 2019]. Saratov, pp. 76–89 (in Russian).
  3. Rusol E. (2002) Pomestnyi sobor Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi 1917–1918 goda o tserkovnom penii [Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (1917–1918) on church singing]. Moscow (in Russian).
Emelianova Olga
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3649-2601;
Email: olga.emelianova95@gmail.com.