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Егорова А. И., Егоров И. В. Исследование риска развития инфантильных черт в юношеском возрасте // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2013. Вып. 3 (30). С. 129-138.
In this paper discusses various approaches to understanding infantilism in the philosophical and psychological studies. Is given the author's definition of psychological infantilism. Distinguished components of infantilism: the unwillingness to take responsibility for their own behavior, lack of independence, the weak development of refl ection, naivety. As well as a detailed study of risk factors for psychological infantilism in adolescence, namely, the type of family education. The methodological basis of the study are: 1) the existential approach, 2) dispositional approach, and 3) an integrated approach. In this paper, these approaches are shown in the integration of knowledge about the infantilism of different specialties and disciplines of research. In an empirical study is presented: identification of the components of infantilism in adolescence, to establish the type of family education in youth with a strong performance on the components of infantilism, and establish the relationship between the components of infantilism and the type of family education in adolescence. To solve these problems used techniques: the questionnaire, the questionnaire «The level of subjective control», the 16-factor personality questionnaire R. Kettela, the test «Parent — Adult — Child», a test of self-actualization E. Shostroma, methods Eidemiller EG, Yustitskisa B. B. «The analysis of family relationships», the correlation analysis. The study found that in a group of young people with high rates on components of infantilism in interpersonal relationships externalities prevalent type of control, low self-reliance, independence, self-control, emotional instability, the dominance of the position of «child». In the correlation analysis, it was discovered the relationship between the components of the infantile character in youth, and these types of family education as «pandering» and «giperprotektsiya».
Infantilism, psychological infantilism, refl ection, internal locus of control, external locus of control, type of family education, giperprotektsiya, gipoprotektsiya
1.Ananev B. G. Chelovek kak predmet poznania (Man as an Object of Knowledge), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
2. Egorov I. V. 2007, in Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, vol. 2/17, pp. 38-50.
3. Eidemiller E. G., Yustitskis B. Psihologia i psihoterapia semyi (Psychology and Psychotherapy of Family), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
4. Fromm E. Human Soul, Moscow, 1998.
5. Garboozov V. I. Nervnie i trudnie deti (Nervous and Difficult Children), Saint Petersburg, 2008.
6. Kapustina A. N. Mnogofaktornaia lichnostnaia metodika R. Cettell (Multi-factor personality technique of R. Cattell), Saint-Petersburg, 2007.
7. Muzdybaev K. Psihologia otvetstvennosti (Psychology of Responsibility), Leningrad, 1983.
8. Shostrom E. Chelovek-manipulator. Vnutrennee puteshestvie ot manipuljacii k actualizacii (Human-Manipulator. Inner Journey from Manipulation to Actualization), Moscow, 2008.
9. Vygotsky L. S. Izbrannie psihologicheskie issledovanya (Selected Psychological Studies), Moscow, 1956.
10. Yalom I. Jekzistencial'naja psihoterapija (Existential Psychotherapy), Moscow, 2000.
11. Yermolaev O. Y. Matematicheskaya statistika dlya psihologov (Mathematical Statistics for Psychologists), Moscow, 2003.
Egorova Anastasiia
Egorov Il'ia
Егорова А. С. Херувим из иллюстративного ряда Speculum theologiae // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 35. С. 33-47. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201935.33-47
The Mirror of Theology (Speculum theologiae) is a unique example of a book miniature of the Latin Middle Ages. It represents an embodiment of the Catholic didactics of the 13th — 15th centuries concentrated to its maximum. This article studies one of the miniatures of the illustrative range of the Speculum theologiae with a schematic drawing of a cherub. It is not only an image but also a chart into which the main theses of Alan’s of Lille treatise On the Six-Winged Cherub are incorporated. The article uses a number of artefacts as examples and scrutinises the formation and development of the iconography. A detailed analysis of each miniature allows one to understand the way how the coёxistence and mutual infl uence of the word and the image are expressed in the these specifi c cases. The article also demonstrates the correlation of the iconographic scheme with other didactic visual diagrams contained in the collection of the Speculum theologiae. A sheet with a schematic image of the cherub is studied in the article not as a lone-standing illustration accompanying the theological dissertation but as an element in the whole array of miniatures. In order to carry out the study, the author of the article has read and translated into Russian the charts-illustrations with the images of cherubs. A comprehensive translation allowed the author to understand the princliple of work of the illustration, i.e. how it combines images and texts, how they occupy their — sometimes interchangeable, sometimes irreducible — positions, how such exquisitely refi ned iconography is created in the golden age of the schematic theology of scholasticism.
Western Medieval art, Medieval illuminated manuscripts, Medieval illumination, Medieval iconography, cherub, visual diagrams, Medieval craft of memory, Medieval theology, Alan of Lille, Hugh of Saint-Victor
  1. Carruthers M. (2003) The Craft of Thought: Meditation, Rhetoric and the Making of Images 400– 1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Carruthers M., Ziolkowski J. (eds.) (2004) The Medieval Craft of Memory: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  3. Carruthers M. (2008) The Book of Memory. A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Carruthers M. (2009) “Ars oblivionalis, ars inveniendi: The Cherub Figure and the Arts of Memory”. Gesta, 48, pp. 99‒117.
  5. Clopper L. (2006) “Inscribing Mentalities: Alan of Lille, the De Lisle Psalter Cherub, and Franciscan Meditation” in E. Kirk, B. Wheeler (eds.) Mindful Spirit in Late Medieval Literature: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth D. Kirk. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 57‒80.
  6. Evans M. (1980) “The Geometry of the Mind”. Architectural Association Quarterly, 12 (4), pp. 32‒55.
  7. Fergusson G. (1989) Signs and Symbols in Christian Art. London: Oxford University Press.
  8. Freeman S. (1999) The Psalter of Robert de Lisle in the British Library. London: Harvey Miller Publishers.
  9. Ladner G. (1983) Images and Ideas in the Middle Ages: Selected Studies in History and Art. Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.
  10. Nesterova O. (2005) “Teoria mnozhestvennosti “smyslov” Sv. Pisaniya v srednevekovoi ekzegeticheskoi traditsii” [A Theory of Plurality of “Meanings” of Scripture in the Medieval Christian Exegetical Tradition], in Zhanry i formy v pismennoi kulture Srednevekov'ia [Genres and Forms in Medieval Written Culture]. Moscow, pp. 23‒44. (in Russian).
  11. Noell B. Medieval Representation of the Cherub and the Diagram in Beinecke MS 416, available at: http://brbl-archive.library.yale.edu/exhibitions/speculum/pdf/8r-noell.pdf (03.09.2019).
  12. Rudolph C. (2014) The Mystic Ark: Hugh of Saint Victor, Art, and Thought in the Twelfth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Saxl F. (1942) “A Spiritual Encyclopaedia of the Later Middle Ages”. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 5, pp. 82‒139.
Egorova Anastasia
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Lomonosov Moscow State University; 27/4 Lomonosovsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991 Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-9356-2744;
Email: eto.nastya@gmail.com.
Егорова А. Ю. «Начинается земля, как известно, от Кремля»: город в азбуках и букварях национальных школ СССР 1940-1991 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2021. Вып. 62. С. 72-81. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202162.72-81
The article is devoted to the analysis of ABC-books and primers for national schools of the USSR from 1940 to 1991. Previously, the following research questions were formulated: is urban space represented in textbooks of this type?; if this is the fact, which city(s) is it?; what characteristics of the concept of the “city” and what functions of urban lifestyle are presented to the child by the authors of textbooks?; do the textbooks for national schools diff er from those of the all-Union schools in this aspect? It was found that in most textbooks for national schools, only one city is represented, i.e. Moscow; in some cases it is the capital of a union or autonomous republic, or a region (Mordovia, Belarus). First of all, the city is represented as a symbol of state or local power through images of the Kremlin and government buildings. It is worth noting that when presenting the urban space to a child, the compilers of ABC-books and primers chose and emphasised only one thing, namely the political characteristic of the city. In this case, Moscow is a symbol of the whole country, a point of “attraction” and “gathering” of national suburbs. In the primers published for the central regions of the USSR, the urban space was represented more widely than in the national ones. Less common is the version of the city as a platform, a “stage” for everyday events of a child’s life. Thus, during the period in question, there was a tendency to present the city as exclusively metropolitan, noted in the pre-revolutionary ABC-books by V. G. Bezrogov and M. V. Tendryakova, and in the manuals of the fi rst years of Soviet power by E. Yu. Romashina. Both national and all-Union textbooks trace the general state policy of ideologising the fi rst educational book for children.
alphabet, primer, national school, national textbook, urban space, capital, Moscow, Kremlin, ideology, junior schoolchildren
  1. Afteniy M. K., Dotsenko P. S. (1954) Abechedar [Abechedar]. Kishinev.
  2. Bayburtyan N. A. (1981) Bukvar’: Dlia II klassa armianskoi shkoly [Bukvar: For the II class of the Armenian School]. Yerevan.
  3. Bednyakov A. S. (1954) Bukvar’: uchebnik russkogo iazyka dlia 1 klassa gorno-altaiskikh shkol [Primer. Textbook of the Russian language for the 1st class of Gorno-Altaisk schools]. Gorno- Altaisk.
  4. Bezrogov V. G., Tendryakova M. V. (2019) Gorod i Korf: fi gura urbis novae v uchebnykh knigakh dlia zemskoi shkoly [The City and Korf: fi gura urbis novae in the study books for the Zemstvo school]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV. Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, vol. 55, pp. 110–127.
  5. Grevs I. M. (1921) Monumental’nyi gorod i istoricheskie ekskursii [Monumental city and historical excursions]. Petrograd.
  6. Zhukova A. N., Ikavav M. F., Agin I. S. (1986) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Leningrad.
  7. Gerieva E. Ya. (1955) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Ordzhonikidze.
  8. Depolovich L. P. (1955) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Kiev.
  9. Zaborova E. N. (2014) Gorodskoe upravlenie [City administration]. Yekaterinburg.
  10. Kurilov G. N. (1987) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Yakutsk.
  11. Kutovoy A. A. (1942) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Abakan.
  12. Morozova P. P., Nosova M. S., Radaev V. K. (1981) Bukvar’ [Primer]. Saransk.
  13. Romashina E. Yu. (2020) “«My s toboi rodnye brat’ia»: smychka goroda i derevni v bukvariakh i azbukakh Sovetskoi Rossii 1925–1927 gg.” [“«We are brothers with you»: the link between the city and the village in the ABCs and ABCs of the USSR 1925–1927 gg.”]. Istoriya. Historians. Sources, 2020, vol. 4, pp. 80–89.
  14. Sivko N. I. (1954) Bukvar' [Primer]. Minsk.
Egorova Anastasia
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Tula state pedagogical university; 125 Prosp. Lеnina, Tula, 300026, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6036-1233;
Email: anasego1994@mail.ru.
The study was sponsored by RFBR in the framework of a research project № 20-013-00246.
Егорова Д. М. «Бог в тундре», «Бог в чуме» и «Бог в душе»: как советская секуляризация влияла на религиозность ненцев (НАО) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. 2022. Вып. 103. С. 108-120. DOI: 10.15382/sturI2022103.108-120
The modern processes of national revival of the minor indigenous people of Russia include not only a return to the origins of national culture, they also have a religious component. Attempts are being made everywhere to reproduce ancient religious traditions and cult practices. However, the transformation of the religious state that took place during the XX century has not been studied enough, in particular, we have little reliable data on how the active introduction of Soviet ideology influenced this. This article examines the secularization processes that took place during the Soviet period on the territory of the Nenets Autonomous District, reveals the peculiarities of their influence on the life of the minor indigenous people of Russia – the Nenets. The Nenets are heterogeneous due to their wide area of settlement; therefore, various factors influenced the formation of their religious worldview. The Nenets of the NAO differ from the Nenets living in the Yamalo-Nenets and Taimyr Autonomous Districts not only in their linguistic dialect, but also in their cultural traditions. When considering the Nenets of the NAO, it was revealed that the Soviet secularization influenced them to a greater extent than the Nenets of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District and the Taimyr Autonomous District. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to find out how the Soviet secularization influenced the worldview of the Nenets of the NAO. The methodology of this study is based on the K. Dobbelere’s concept of the three-level model of secularization. The materials of the State Archive of the Nenets Autonomous District, the local newspaper “Naryana Vynder” and the results of the field research on the territory of the Nenets Autonomous District from 2014 to 2019 were used as sources.
secularization, Soviet secularization, Dobbelaere, bricolage, Nenets, Nenets Autonomous District, Yamalo-Nenets District
  1. Abulhanov A. (1977). Neneckij avtonomnyj okrug [NenetsAutonomous District]. Arkhangelsk (in Russian)
  2. Amelina M. (2011). Akcentnye harakteristiki neproizvodnyh imenv tundrovom narechii neneckogo yazyka. Chast' I. YAmal'skij i kaninskijdialekty [Accent characteristics of underived nouns in Tundra Nenets (theYamal and Canin dialects)] // Uralo-altajskie issledovaniya. 2011. №2 (5). S.7-38
  3. Dobbelaere K. Secularization: AMulti-Dimensional Concept // Current sociology. 1981. V. 29. P. 10–24.
  4. Gipp K., Epihina E. (2015) Religioznye verovaniya sovremennogonaseleniya Yugorskogo poluostrova [Religious beliefs of the modernpopulation of the Yugra Peninsula] // Gumanitarnoe prostranstvo: Mezhdunar.al'manah. T. 4. № 5. M.; YAvne, S. 850–862. (in Russian)
  5. Lar L. (2008). Tradicionnaya religiozno-obryadovaya zhizn'nencev [Traditional religious and ceremonial life of the Nenets] //Izvestiya RGPU im. A. I. Gercena. № 62. S. 98–108. (in Russian)
  6. Lenin V. (1935). Ob otnoshenii rabochej partii k religii [Socialismand Religion: On the attitude of the Workers' Party to religion] / Moscow (inRussian)
  7. Tolkachev V. (2000). Rossiya. Krajnij sever. Vlast' [Russia.The Far North. Power]. Arhangel'sk (in Russian)
  8. Uzlaner D. (2010). Sovetskaya model' sekulyarizacii [TheSoviet model of secularization] // Sociologicheskie issledovaniya. № 6. Iyun'2010. S. 62 – 69
  9. Vagramenko T. Religiousconversion and Nenets bricolage: making modernity in the Polar Ural tundra.National University of Ireland Maynooth, 2014. 296 p.
Егорова Дарья
Student status: Graduate student;
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: нет;
ORCID: 0000-0002-7969-146X;
Email: edm19954@yandex.ru.
The article was prepared within the framework of the project "Traditional Communities in the post-secular era" with the support of the PSU and the Living Tradition Foundation.