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Димяненко А. А. «Примите сии два рубля от любезной вашей дочери и сберегите их на старость вашу»: управление деньгами в детской литературе 1800-1830-х гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2021. Вып. 63. С. 64-75. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202163.64-75
This article presents the results of an analysis of children's literature published from the 1800s to the 1830s, which depicts characters involved in economic relations: receiving an inheritance and managing money, earning and saving money, shopping and charitable giving, and helping the poor. Literature traditionally condemns man's criminal attraction to money, as wealth is opposed to spirituality, but the analysis of children's fiction of the 19th century shows that in works the authors often express a favorable attitude toward money. The analysis revealed 43 texts in which children manage their own or the family's money, are owners of an inheritance, or reflect on wealth and poverty from the perspective of material gain. The disposition of money and economic planning in works for children demonstrates the hero's social position and prescribed patterns of female and male monetary behavior. Descriptive characteristics of children in the novels of 1800-1830s, in contrast to the previous period, become more complex and acquire a more pronounced gender identity: heroes have names, age, social status, relationships in the family, etc. The conclusion considers the relationship between the age and gender of the protagonist in the context of monetary behavior and socio-economic relations, evaluates the disposition of money: reasonable and unreasonable use of money, the consequences of unreasonable use and factors influencing the economic socialization of boys and girls.
children's literature of the first half of the 19th century, gender in children's literature, economic socialization, the hero of children's literature, monetary behavior, charity
  1. Gessen V. (1927) Trud detei i podrostkov v Rossii s XVII veka do Oktiabr′skoi revoliutsii [Labour of children and adolescents in Russia from the 17th century to the October Revolution]. Vol. 1. Moscow, Leningrad (in Russian).
  2. Sinova I. (2019) Pravovoe polozhenie, trud i povsednevnaia zhizn[ detei vo vtoroi polovine XIX — nachale XX veka [Legal status, work and everyday life of children in the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries]. Moscow (in Russian).
Dimianenko Anna
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Place of work: Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of Russian Academy of Sciences; 4 Naberezhnaya Makarova, St. Petersburg 199034, Russian Federation;
Post: junior researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0002-7378-0613;
Email: ann.dimyanenko@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under the scientific project "Pedagogical Concepts of Gender Socialization in Russian Children’s Literature" (№ 19-013-00381; 2019-2021)