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Авдеев А. Г. Надгробие архиепископа Ростовского и Ярославского Тихона // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 4 (41). С. 99-104.
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tombstone, inscription, Archbishop Tikhon
Григорьев А. Б. Сочинение митрополита Рязанского и Муромского Стефана Яворского «Иго Господне благо и бремя Его легко» / Публ. Григорьев А.Б. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 1 (39). С. 87-113.
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This article contains the first complete and annotated edition of a theological work written by Stefan Javorskij, the Metropolitan of Rjazan’ and Murom and the locum tenens of the patriarchal throne of Moscow and all Rus’. For the Yoke of the Lord is Easy and His Burden Light is written as a kind of answer to Feofan Prokopovič’s polemic disputation The Tale of the Dispute of Paul and Barnabas with the Judaizers and the Difficulty of the Oration of the Apostle Peter Concerning the Unbearable Burden of the Law. It also marks the starting point for one of the most significant theological controversies of the eighteenth century.
STEFAN JAVORSKIJ, FEOFAN PROKOPOVIč, YOKE OF THE LORD, FALL OF MAN, LAW, FREE WILL, OLD TESTAMENT, GOD’S LOVE, SIN, GRACE, JUSTIFICATION, DEGREES OF PERFECTION
Авдеев А. Г. Новые эпиграфические источники о моровом поветрии 1654 г. в Московской Руси // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 1 (44). С. 121-132.
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In the article are published two epigraphical monuments from Galich (the modern regional center of Kostroma region) — a bouldery gravestone of the middle of 50 th of XVII century from a necropolis of Bogojavlenskaja churches and the inscription of 1778/79 which have been rapped out on a salary of an icon of the Saviour Not Made by Hands, of cathedral Vvedensky church being in an iconostasis. Both epigraphical monuments are connected with plague epidemic was spread in Russian state in 1654— 1655. In article also questiones the chronology and borders of epidemic spreading.
Moscow Russia, old-Russian epigraphy, gravestone, necropolis, Kostroma region, Galitch, old-russian iconography, epidemic, plague
Григорьев А. Б. Сочинение митрополита Рязанского и Муромского Стефана Яворского «Иго Господне благо и бремя его легко» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 2 (40). С. 113-138.
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This article contains the first complete and annotated edition of a theological work written by Stefan Javorskij, the Metropolitan of Rjazan’ and Murom and the locum tenens of the patriarchal throne of Moscow and all Rus’. For the Yoke of the Lord is Easy and His Burden Light is written as a kind of answer to Feofan Prokopovic’s polemic disputation The Tale of the Dispute of Paul and Barnabas with the Judaizers and the Difficulty of the Oration of the Apostle Peter Concerning the Unbearable Burden of the Law. It also marks the starting point for one of the most significant theological controversies of the eighteenth century.
STEFAN JAVORSKIJ, FEOFAN PROKOPOVIC, YOKE OF THE LORD, FALL OF MAN, LAW, FREE WILL, OLD TESTAMENT, GOD’S LOVE, SIN, GRACE, JUSTIFICATION, DEGREES OF PERFECTION
Чеснокова Т. Г. «День святого Патрика» Р. Б. Шеридана и традиции фарса как «малой комедии» в английском театре XVIII в // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2013. Вып. 2 (32). С. 65-77.
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A small number of plays written by R.B. Sheridan and the close limits of the period of his active work sometimes tend to overshadow the wide range of comic genres presented in his dramatic heritage. The creator of «the most finished and faultless comedy which we have» (as William Hazlitt called The School for Scandal), Sheridan was no less skilful at writing «short» (or «brief») drama. This side of his dramatic talent claims our special attention. Its importance is emphasized in the article which is particularly devoted to the analysis of Sheridan’s farce St. Patrick’s Day, or The Scheming Lieutenant (1775). In Britain the word «farce» came into general use during the Restoration period, when farcical pieces became widely spread, commonly functioning as «afterpieces». The term had no strict defi nition and was interpreted in different ways. Yet among the diversity of its different applications the two main tendencies may be marked out. In the first place farce presented a generalized genre model, lying at the bottom of the total majority of the irregular «short» genres, close to parody, burlesque and satire. On the other hand, the term was also applied to the specimens of the so-called «brief comedy», which appeared as a «concise» parallel to the 5-act comedy. It is the latter model which was realized in Sheridan’s farce under discussion. Taking it into account, the author of the article analyzes St. Patrick’s Day against the background of 17th and 18th centuries’ «short comedy» tradition. The most signifi cant genre characteristics are brought to light on the levels of plot, character system and style. As regards the play’s comic dialogue, its close relation to the Rococo style in combination with neoclassical tendencies is emphasized. The substitution of words in dialogue (or quo pro quo device) is paid special attention in the article along with some other features of comic speech. Comparative study of the former’s functions in comedies and farces by Moliere, Murphy and Sheridan helps to define more accurately characteristics of style peculiar to different trends in European comic drama of the 17th and 18th centuries. Such study provides a basis for determining the place of St. Patrick’s Day in Sheridan’s dramatic career as well as in the history of European «short» dramatic forms.
R. B. Sheridan, farce, short (brief) comedy, humour, comic dialogue, Rococo style, neoclassical style
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3. Filding G. Farsy (Farces), Moscow, 1980.
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Авдеев А. Г. Эпиграфика и древнерусское градостроительство: надгробия конца XV—XVI в. и градостроительная структура Кашина // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 1 (56). С. 147-169. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201456.147-169
In the paper considered gravestones with epitaphs of the end of the 15 th—16th century from Kashin (modern Tver region), which are an important source of medieval Kashin’s topography. In this regard the paper looks into the question Kashin city structure history and the directions of its development in the 15th — the end of the 16th century. On the basis of the sources along with epigraphical monuments are put in the sources published so far and among them — annales, lives of sacred from Kashin, acts from monastic archives, Census book of church lands of Kashin of 1621, and also the results of archaeological researches which report about the earliest elements of Kashin’s city building of — ostrog, churches and monasteries which existed in the last third of 14th — the beginning of the 17th century. From them the most ancient are city ostrog (built anew in 1392/93) and the Uspensky monastery (the first mention — 1368). The subscriptions gravestones connected with ancient necropolises, add to the list the first mentions of the Dimitrovsky monastery (1491), list churches st. Forty martyrs of Sevasty (1537), st. Ioakim and Anna (1594) and the Signs of the Mother of God (1594). Data of sources shows that in the last third of 14th — the end of the 16th century Kashin’s territory developed from the downtown in four directions. The northern, the east and the southern directions are obviously synchronous to each other. The southwest direction which, probably, developed less intensively is less documented by sources. The remained sources show an asynchronical emergence of separate sites of the city building and disprove the idea spread in local history literature, of the existance of Kashin “sacral plan“, which is allegedly was prêt as a platform for the building planning of the city. In the paper periods of active city planning connected with the activity of Princes of Kaschin Vasily Mikhaylovich (1319-1349/50) and Yury Ivanovich (1504-1533), and also the Prince of Tver Boris Aleksandrovich (after 1398-1461) are allocated.
Old Russian Epigraphy, Gravestones, the Tver region, Kashin, Old Russian town planning, posad, churches, monasterie, holy Makarij of Kaljazin
Безрогов В. Г., Тендрякова М. В. Ясный взгляд на детский мир: первые годы «Детского Мира» Ушинского // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 2 (33). С. 83-101. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201433.83-101
The initial concept of the manual of K. D. Ushinsky «The Childrens’ World and Anthology. The book for the cool reading, adapted for gradual intellectual exercises and evident acquaintance to nature subjects» is considered. The principles of the fi rst two editions are analysed, evolution of these principles is tracked up to the 11th, last lifetime reprinting of a textbook. From the textbook’s second till the sixth edition (1861–1865) there was a development to the most optimum style, good size, understandable structure, remembering sequence of texts which mainly simply keep further though the book after the 6th edition undergoes not basic changes in the subsequent reprintings. Besides reduction and strengthening the positive sense of stories, addition in them of folklore, historical legends, Ushinsky develops special trust to the story-teller of stories. Initially accepted approach to sincerity educational narrative when the pupil feels as participants with the author in his story is improved. The name «Kinderwelt» in the Russian practice is applied for the fi rst time to reading-book. It is borrowed from German-language editions of the beginning and the fi rst half of the 19th century. From the same source one of the topic — seasonal tales — is taken, but applied not in philosophical and romantic interpretation of proximity of the child to the nature, and in a pragmatical and realistic key of teaching to the school student a «real knowledge» of the world, school and the person. Harmonization of a material of the manual, reached by 1865, caused its long further popularity.
Konstantin Ushinsky, reading book, childhood, elementary school, reading, natural history, geography, encyclopaedia in education, textbook, childhood, elementary school, educational reading, natural history, geography, enciclopaedia in education, history

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14. Sen'kina A. A. 2009 “Knigi dlja chtenija i hrestomatii dlja nachal'nogo obuchenija, izdannye v Rossii s 1797 po 1917 gg. (materialy k bibliograficheskomu ukazatelju)” (Books for Readings and Readers for Elementary Education, Published in Russia from 1797 till 1917), in Rebenok XVIII — XX stoletij v mire slov: istorija rossijskogo bukvarja, knigi dlja chtenija i uchebnoj hrestomatii, Moscow, 2009, pp. 187–191.
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Bezrogov Vitalii
Tendriakova Mariia
Арсланов В. Г. Учитель и ученик: парадоксы и крайности нормы // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 2 (33). С. 137-139. — Rev. op.: Учитель и ученик: становление интерсубъектных отношений в истории педагогики Востока и Запада (цивилизации Древности и Средневековья) / Н. Б. Баранникова, В. Г. Безрогов, ред. М.: ИТИП РАО, 2013
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Григорьев А. Б. Гектографические издания в собрании РГБ, посвященные полемике вокруг «Окружного послания» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 3 (53). С. 93-130. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201453.93-130
The author tells in his introductory article to the publication the history of the emergence of hectography in Russia and touches upon the related questions of describing hectograph texts from the collection of the Russian State Library devoted, among other things, to the «Encyclical» by I. G. Kabanov. At present such editions are bibliographic rarities. The publication of hectograph texts dating to the 19th and 20th centuries, that follows, is dedicated to the polemics between the supporters of the «Encyclical», the champions of the Old Believer I. G. Kabanov — the author of the «Encyclical Letter of 1862» and an advocate of a rapprochement with the Russian Church, and the «non-Encyclicals», his adversaries. Kabanov’s letters reveal his views on the relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the «Belokrinitsky Agreement» of the Old Believer Church. These texts, written after his death, present a picture of an appreciation of Kabanov’s activities on the part of various ecclesiastical, political and cultural circles of the then Russia. In them Kabanov singles out several key reasons for the ever-deepening schism between the two Churches: he notes an influence on the Old Believers exercised by a certain semi-legendary personality, Martin the Armenian, as well as previously unheard-of circulation among the Old Believers of apocryphal texts presenting a most hostile view on the Russian Church. The second of the published hectograph texts deals with a later stage of polemics between the «Encyclicals» and the leader of their adversaries, Bishop Iov (Borisov). The author of the text, priest V. Mekhannikov, conducted a most detailed analysis of Bishop John Kartushin’s literary work and singled out his principal mistakes which led to the separation of the «non-Encyclicals».
I. G. Kabanov, Encyclical letter of 1862, St. Dmitri of Rostov, Archbishop John (Kartushin), S. T. Bol’shakov, T. I. Filippov, Bishop Sil’vestr (Malygin), priest E. Mel’nikov, Bishop Iov (Borisov), Bishop Anthony (Guslitsky), priest V. Mekhannikov, M. I.
Петрина М. Г. Зарубежный опыт педагогической профилактики сектантства в молодежной среде // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 3 (34). С. 39-47. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201434.39-47
The 90s of the past century were the time when we - for the first time in the history of our country - seriously faced the problem of increasing activity of recruiters of totalitarian sects. Most of destructive religious movements which expanded their activity on the territory of the Post-Soviet states, have foreign origins. By the time Russian scientists barely initiated the search for methods to resist the cult violence, a number of key experts in North America and Western Europe had already managed to develop constructive ways of anti-sectarian activity. Among these measures is the pedagogical prevention of sectarianism as the most nondirective guidelines of social work. The article represents the review of modern approaches to the prevention of involvement of youth in sects under the conditions of multicultural society in foreign pedagogical science of the second half of the 20th and the turn of the 21th century. The material will be useful for Russian social teachers and psychologists of education
sectarianism, cult violence, prevention, educational system, upbringing, religiousness, spirituality, adolescence and youth

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10. Kropveld M. Preventive Education: A North American Perspective, in http://www.icsahome.com/articles/preventive-education-kropveld-en3-2
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Григорьева В. Ю. Ранняя теория помет в древнерусских музыкально-теоретических Руководствах // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2014. Вып. 3 (15). С. 42-76. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201415.42-76
In the article the terminology and the basic concepts of the early theory of marks are considered on a material of Old Russian musical-theoretical handbooks. It is traced the continuity of the early theory from kruk alphabets-interpretations, the detailed classification of singing values of marks is spent. On the basis of the analysis of handbooks of the early theory it is concluded that the predominating value have the index marks and the sound pitch of the church chantings is displayed with the sound pitch and the index marks. For the first time it is established that the early theory where the marks fi x the relative areas of the sound pitch and a direction of melodic movement, as a matter of fact, continues the principles of record of tunes, typical for znamennaya notation without marks. In the plane of fixing of the sound pitch the early theory of marks does not deduce the znamennaya notation on qualitatively new level in comparison with the outmarks period. Nevertheless, the way of recording of the sound pitch with the kinovarnye marks has been used further in the theory of the stepennye marks for fi xing the steps of the scale.
the early theory of marks, an early marks, the Old Russian musicaltheoretical handbooks, Old Russian church singing

1. Bezuglova I. F. 1994 “Sobranie notirovannyh knig biblioteki Soloveckogo monastyrja” (Collection of Notated Books of Library of Soloveckij Monastery), in Muzykal'naja kul'tura pravoslavnogo mira: tradicii, teorija, praktika. Materialy mezhdunarodnyh nauchnyh konferencij 1991–1994 gg., Moscow, 1994, pp. 262–271.
2. Bogomolova M. V. 2007 “Analiz znakovoj sistemy «grecheskoj» notacii (na osnove pesnopenij novogo grecheskogo rospeva)” (Analysis of Sign System of “Greek” Notation (on Basis of Songs of New Greek Chant)), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija V, Moscow, 2007, vol. 1/1, pp. 26–45.
3. Bogomolova M. V. Istorija bytovanija termina «zahvat» i ego pevcheskaja realizacija v rukopisnyh istochnikah XVI–XX vekov. Rukopis' (History of Term “Capture” and Its Song Realization in Manuscript Sources of XVI–XX Centuries. Manuscript), 2008.
4. Brazhnikov M. V. Drevnerusskaja teorija muzyki (Old Russian Musical Theory), Leningrad, 1972.
5. Brazhnikov M. V. Russkaja pevcheskaja paleografija (Russian Song Paleography), Saint-Petersburg, 2002.
6. Vladyshevskaja T. F. Muzykal'naja kul'tura Drevnej Rusi (Musical Culture of Old Rus’), Moscow, 2006.
7. Vorob'ev E. E. Rannie pamjatniki teorii pomet (Early Memorials of Theory of Marks), Nizhnij Novgorod, 2004.
8. Grigor’eva V. Ju. (ed.) «Kniga inoka Iosifa Lovzunskago, ego znameni i pomety». Pevcheskie Prazdniki XVII veka (“Book of Monk Joseph Lovzunskij, His Mark”. Song Feasts of XVII Century), Moscow, 2014.
9. Gusejnova Z. M. Russkie muzykal'nye azbuki XV–XVI vekov (Russian Musical Alphabets of XV–XVI Centuries), Saint-Petersburg, 2003.
10. Gusejnova Z. M. «Izveshhenie» Aleksandra Mezenca i teorija muzyki XVII veka (“Notification” of Alexandr Mezenc and Musical Theory of XVII Century), Saint-Petersburg, 2008.
11. Lozovaja I. E. 2011 “O soderzhanii ponjatij «glas» i «lad» v kontekste teorii drevnerusskoj monodii” (About Content of Notions “Echos” and “Mode” in Context of Theory of Old Russian Monodia), in Aktual'nye problemy izuchenija cerkovno-pevcheskogo iskusstva: nauka i praktika: sb. st. Gimnologija, Moscow, 2011, vol. 6: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii 12–16 maja 2009 g., pp. 344–359.
12. Parfent'ev N. P., Gusejnova Z. M. (eds.) Aleksandr Mezenec i prochie. Izveshhenie… zhelajushhim uchit'sja peniju (1670 g.) (Alexandr Mezenc and Others. Notification… for Those Who Want to Learn Singing (1670)), Cheljabinsk, 1996.
13. Mosjagina N. V. 2002 “Domezencevskie pomety v teoreticheskih rukovodstvah i rospevah XVII veka” (Domezencevskije Notes in Theoretical Handbooks and Chants of XVII Century), in Pevcheskoe nasledie Drevnej Rusi (istorija, teorija, jestetika), Saint-Petersburg, 2002, pp. 159–163.
14. Plavskaja E. L. Muzykal'no-teoreticheskie predstavlenija staroobrjadcev (na materiale sibirskogo regiona): Dis. … kand. iskusstv. (Musical-Theoretical Views of Old Believers (on Material of Siberian Region): Dissertation), Novosibirsk, 2005.
15. Slovar' russkogo jazyka XI–XVII vv. (Dictionary of Russian Language of XI–XVII Cent.), Moscow, 1977, vol. 4.
16. Slovar' russkogo jazyka XI–XVII vv. (Dictionary of Russian Language of XI–XVII Cent.), Moscow, 1978, vol. 5.
17. Slovar' russkogo jazyka XI–XVII vv. (Dictionary of Russian Language of XI–XVII Cent.), Moscow, 1980, vol. 7.
18. Slovar' russkogo jazyka XI–XVII vv. (Dictionary of Russian Language of XI–XVII Cent.), Moscow, 1987, vol. 12.
19. Frolov S. V. 1979 “K probleme zvukovysotnosti bespometnoj znamennoj notacii” (To Problem of Sound Highness of Non-Marked Znamennaja Notation), in Problemy istorii i teorii drevnerusskoj muzyki, Leningrad, 1979, pp. 124–147.
20. Shabalin D. S. Materialy i issledovanija po drevnerusskoj muzyke (Materials and Studies for Old Russian Music), Krasnodar, 2003, vol. 1: Pevcheskie azbuki Drevnej Rusi. Teksty (Song Alphabets of Old Rus’. Texts).
21. Shabalin D. S. Materialy i issledovanija po drevnerusskoj muzyke (Materials and Studies for Old Russian Music), Krasnodar, 2007, vol. 3–4: Drevnerusskaja muzykal'naja jenciklopedija (Old Russian Musical Encyclopedia).
Котовская М. Г. К истории женского образования в России (XVIII–XIX вв.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 4 (35). С. 103-113. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201435.103-113
This article addresses the issue of women’s education in Russia (XVII–XIXth centuries). Russian society’s need for female professionals in teaching and art required reforms in female education. And they were conducted. They were first executed under Catherine the Great, whose goal was to provide equal education for men and women. Smolny Institute was set up, and later «schools for petite bourgeoisie». In the mid-XIXth century, new clerical educational facilities — diocesan (eparchial) schools — were established in Russia. In the 1870s, Higher Women’s Courses were allowed in the leading university cities, e.g. Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women. Faced with the societal need for female specialists, inequality in education between men and women retreated.
education, women education, civil, religion education.

1. Beljakova E. V., Beljakova N. A. 2003 “Zhenskij vopros. Iz istorii zhenskogo duhovnogo obrazovanija v Rossii” (Woman Question. From History of Woman Spiritual Education in Russia), in KIFA, 2003, vol. 9.
2. Krjukov N. Rossijskie tradicii social'noj pomoshhi (Russian Traditions of Social Help), Saratov, 2001.
3. Mihajlov M. L. 1985 “Zhenshhiny, ih vospitanie i naznachenie v sem'e i obshhestve” (Women, Their Education and Objective in Family and Society), in Utopicheskij socializm v Rossii, Moscow, 1985.
4. Popov N. Istoricheskaja zapiska o dvadcatiletnej dejatel'nosti Mar'inskogo zhenskogo uchilishha popechitel'stva o bednyh v Moskve, sostojashhego v vedomstve uchrezhdenij imperatricy Marii (1851–1876) (Historical Notie about 20-Years-Activity of Mar’inskoje Woman School for Poor People Service in Moscow, Being in Department of Institutions of Empress Maria (1851–1876)), Moscow, 1876.
5. Stasov V. V. Nadezhda Vasil'evna Stasova, Saint-Petersburg, 1899.
Куровская Ю. Г., Безрогов В. Г. Учебники Валентина Икельзамера: когнитивно-лингвистический анализ школьных пособий раннего Нового времени // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 1 (36). С. 19-31. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201536.19-31
The national German language training textbooks of 1520–1530-ies authored by Valentin Ickelsamer are considered in the paper. The German pedagogue of the 16-th century is the founder of the Phonics method of literacy, developing learners’ ability to hear and identify phonemes allowing to find and distinguish the sounds from speech. One of the author’s most famous and significant books is the guide to reading “The Genuine Method to Learn to Read in the Shortest Time” (Die rechte Weis auff s kürtzist lesen zu lernen, 1527). In the course of cognitive linguistic analysis of the contents of this book the peculiarities of perception of the “Training to Read” notion in the pedagogical culture of German of that period and its representation in the educational process are revealed. The compositional logic of the textbook is revealed, the lexical and grammatical contours and the linguistic identity and structure are determined in the article. The authors make preliminary conclusions about the degree of formation of the “Textbook” notion.
ABC-book, grammar, primary training, phonics, German language training, Valentin Ickelsamer.

1. Bezrogov V. G. 2013 “Istorija pedagogiki v poiskah auditorii: kreslica na gigantah i dlja gigantov” (History of Pedagogic in Search of Auditory: Chairs on Giants and for Giants), in Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja pedagogika, 2013, vol. 1/10, pp. 14–29.
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4. Franck Jakob. 1881 “Ickelsamer, Valentin“, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB), Leipzig, 1881, vol. 13, p. 739.
5. Giesecke Michael. 1992 “Alphabetisierung als Kulturrevolution. Leben und Werk Valentin Ickelsamers (ca. 1500 — ca. 1547)“, in Sinnenwandel-Sprachwandel-Kulturwandel, Frankfurt, 1992, pp. 122–185.
6. Giesecke Michael. 1979 “Schriftspracherwerb und Erstlesedidaktik in der Zeit des ‘gemein teutsch’ — eine sprachhistorische Interpretation der Lehrbücher Valentin Ickelsamers“, in Osnabrücker Beiträge zur Sprachtheorie, 1979, vol. 11, pp. 48–72.
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9. Lobenstein-Reichmann A. & Reichmann O. (Hrsg.) Frühneuhochdeutsch. Aufgaben und Probleme seiner linguistischen Beschreibung (Germanistische Linguistik 213–215), Hildesheim; Zürich; New York, 2011.
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16. Schnurrer Ludwig. 2002 “Valentin Ickelsamer (ca. 1500–1547), Laientheologe und Pädagoge“, in Fränkische Lebensbilder, Würzburg, 2002, vol. 19 (Reihe VII A), pp. 51–64.
17. Velten Hans Rudolf. 2012 “Frühe Lese- und Schreiblernbücher des 16. Jahrhunderts. Zu Valentin Ickelsamers Die rechte weis, aufs kürtzist lesen zu lernen (1527) und Teütsche Grammatica (1532?)“, in Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 2012, vol. 17, pp. 31–48.
18. Vice Roy L. 1995 “Valentin Ickelsamer. Seine Wandlung vom Rebellen zum Quietisten“, in Die Linde, 1995, vol. 77, pp. 65–70, 73–80.
19. Winters Margaret E., Tissari Heli, Allan Kathryn. Historical Cognitive Linguistics, Berlin; New York, 2010.
20. Wozilka Jenny. 2002 “Lesenlernen im 16. Jahrhundert: Valentin Ickelsamer“, in Arnold Grömminger (ed.) Geschichte der Fibel, Frankfurt am Main, 2002, pp. 201–215.
Kurovskaia Iuliia
Bezrogov Vitalii
Григорьева В. Ю. Солов. № 690/752 как звено в осмыслении звукоряда древнерусскими мастеропевцами (публикация и исследование памятника) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 1 (17). С. 9-44. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201517.9-44
Soglasnik from manuscript NLR. Solov. № 690/752, p. 107, is a unique musical-theoretical management of the outmarks period. It is devoted to the description of the elements and the structure of the scale. In the article the detailed research and scientifi c treatment of the given monument for the first time is presented.
Old Russian church singing, Soglasnik, Solovetsky collection, scale, Old Russian musical-theoretical managements

1. Bogomolova M. V. Znamennaja monodija i bezlinejnoe mnogogolosie na primere velikoj panihidy (Znamennaja Monodia and Non-Linear Polyphony on Example of Great Pannychis), Moscow, 2005, vol. 2.
2. Vladyshevskaja T. F. Muzykal'naja kul'tura Drevnej Rusi (Musical Culture of Old Rus’), Moscow, 2006.
3. Vorob'ev E. E. Rannie pamjatniki teorii pomet. Rukopis' (Early Memorials of Notice Theory. Manuscript), Nizhnij Novgorod, 2004.
4. Grigor'eva V. Ju. 2014 «Kniga inoka Iosifa Lovzunskago, ego znameni i pomety». Pevcheskie Prazdniki XVII veka. Publikacija i issledovanie pamjatnika (“Book of Monk Joseph Lovzunskij, His Notices”. Chant Feasts of XVII Century. Publication and Study of the Memorial), Moscow, 2014.
5. Grigor'eva V. Ju. 2014 “Rannjaja teorija pomet v drevnerusskih muzykal'no-teoreticheskih rukovodstvah” (Early Theory of Notices in Old Russian Musical-Theoretical Handbooks), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija V, Moscow, 2014, vol. 3/15, pp. 42–76.
6. Gusejnova Z. M. «Izveshhenie» Aleksandra Mezenca i teorija muzyki XVII veka (“Notification” of Alexander Mezenc and Musical Theory of XVII Century), Saint-Petersburg, 1995.
7. Kruchinina A. N., Shindin B. A. 1979 “Pervoe russkoe posobie po muzykal'noj kompozicii” (First Russian Handbook for Musical Composition), in PKNO, 1978, Leningrad, 1979, pp. 188–195.
8. Smolenskij S. V. Azbuka znamennogo penija (Izveshhenie o soglasnejshih pometah) starca Aleksandra Mezenca (1668-go goda) (Alphabet of Znamennyj Singing (Notification about Coordinated Notices) of Elder Alexander Mezenc (of 1668)), Moscow, 2002.
9. Shabalin D. S. 2003 “Pevcheskie azbuki Drevnej Rusi. Teksty” (Song Alphabets of Old Russia. Texts), in Materialy i issledovanija po drevnerusskoj muzyke, Krasnodar, 2003, vol. 1.
10. Shabalin D. S. 2004 “Pevcheskie azbuki Drevnej Rusi. Perevody, issledovanija, kommentarii” (Song Alphabets of Old Russia. Translations, Studies, Commentaries), in Materialy i issledovanija po drevnerusskoj muzyke, Krasnodar, 2004, vol. 2.
11. Shabalin D. S. 2007 “Drevnerusskaja muzykal'naja jenciklopedija” (Old Russian Musical Encyclopedia), in Materialy i issledovanija po drevnerusskoj muzyke, Krasnodar, 2007, vol. 3–4.
Гончаров М. А., Плохова М. Г. Священный Синод и его роль в системе подготовки педагогических кадров в дореволюционной России // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 2 (37). С. 80-88. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201537.80-88
Recently began to revive interest in the Church and its spiritual and educational institutions, viewing them in the perspective of the overall process of capacity building of the Russian society. In historical science, they are not considered to be educational, although something spiritual Academy and Seminary of the XVIII — first half of the nineteenth century can be considered as such. The article analyzes the group of the concepts of «spiritual education institutions», «spiritual education», «spiritual school». Revealed the idea of creating a centralized management spiritually-educational institutions, the role of the Holy Synod in the organization and management of spiritually-educational and pedagogical institutions (diocesan school, second-class Church school teacher, and others) in pre-revolutionary Russia. Discusses the organization's projects in Russia unified spiritual education (1766–1778). Examines the complicated relationships in the sphere of national education Ministry of National Education and of the Holy Synod and of the Committee on the improvement of theological schools. Shows historical and cultural importance of teacher training in female diocesan schools, in the formation of the teacher corps for parochial schools.
the Holy Synod, spiritual educational institutions, religious education, teacher education, religious schools, seminarian, diocesan girl's school, a second-class parish schools (Church-school teacher).

1. Istoricheskij ocherk razvitija cerkovno-prihodskih shkol za istekshee dvadcatipjatiletie (1884–1909 gg.) (Historical Survey of Development of Church Parish Schools for Passed 25 Years (1884–1909)), Saint-Petersburg, 1909.
2. Florovskij G. Puti russkogo bogoslovija (Ways of Russian Theology), Paris, 1937.
Goncharov Mikhail
Plokhova Margarita
Хачаянц А. Г. Певческие рукописи XVI–XIX вв. Кодикологический аспект // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 2 (18). С. 117-122. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201518.117-122
Church singing manuscripts remain one of the main sources of studying Old Russian singing art. At the same time, this article underlines the importance of carrying out the research on church singing manuscripts from the point of view of the scientifi c discipline called codicology. In this case the manuscript becomes the subject of the research rather than its material or source. The present article focuses upon the codicological peculiarities of the manuscripts of the XVI–XIX centuries. Books of this period reveal the flowering of church singing art (XVI–XVII centuries), as well as the maintenance of traditions by old-believers (XVIII–XIX centuries). Codicology allows to analyse a manuscript as a semiotic object. Among the manuscripts of the XVI–XVII centuries the prevailing ones are small-format church singing collections with a large number of pages. These collections are organized in two ways: the fi rst one is represented by various cycles of chants, theoretical guides etc., whereas the second one consists in several basic types of liturgical books under the same cover. Both types of collections are handy only for private use, being uncomfortable for common singing in choir. This is the reason why such collections can be regarded as singing guides — the fact that also reflects one specific feature of neume notation, and namely, its mnemonic character. Codicological characteristics of old-believers’ manuscripts, on the contrary, indicate the fact that they were meant for church service singing. These manuscripts are in large format, with large writing and coloured decorations. One codex tends to contain one or two types of church singing books in order to make it comfortable to use during the service. The book becomes an attribute of service rituals. Thus, the research has revealed that the codicological characteristics of church singing manuscripts can bear the function of semiotic signs that are referred to its designatum: the liturgical and church singing specificity and the historical processes of the art of church singing.
Old Russia church singing art, manuscript, codicology, semiotics of book

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2. Zabolotnaja N. V. Cerkovno-pevcheskie rukopisi Drevnej Rusi XI–XIV vekov: osnovnye tipy knig v istoriko-funkcional'nom aspekte (Chuch-Singing Manuscripts of Old Rus’ of XI–XIV Centuries: Main Tupes of Books in Historical-Functional Aspect), Moscow, 2001.
3. Zahar'ina N. B. Russkie bogosluzhebnye pevcheskie knigi XVIII–XIX vekov: Sinodal'naja tradicija (Russian Service Song Books of XVIII–XIX Centuries: Synod Tradition), Saint-Petersburg, 2003.
4. Zahar'ina N. B. Russkie pevcheskie knigi: tipologija, puti jevoljucii: Avtoref. dis. … d-ra iskusstv. (Russian Song Books: Typology, Ways of Evolution: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2006.
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Безрогов В. Г. Предисловие к рубрике. Забота о себе как этическая, педагогическая и психологическая реальность // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 3 (38). С. 77-79.
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Пичугина В. К., Безрогов В. Г. Образование и забота о себе в эпоху метамодерна // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 3 (38). С. 116-128. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201538.116-128
Modern reconsideration of ways and means of purposeful socialization of the person in space of the city combine with a reflection of that, how pedagogical reality is integrated into daily reality or isolated from it. New technologies offer many options of this integration, putting in the forefront practicians of the «care for the self» during an era which succeeds a postmodern period. Transition to IT and internet (educational platforms, mobile applications, infographics, etc.) dictate new rules of creation of educational dialogue and new ranges of «care» for the sake of preservation of identity and finding of in culture. The man who cares for the self occupies one of the central places in the modern pedagogics which is diligently modernizing the antique project of education of «care for the self».
care for the self, pedagogics of metamodern, educational space, educational choice, educational success

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Pichugina Viktoriia
Bezrogov Vitalii
Мудрик А. В., Петрина М. Г. Социально-педагогическая виктимология как отрасль знания // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 1 (40). С. 38-45. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201640.38-45
The article characterizes social-pedagogical victimology as a branch of science that is a past of social pedagogics; consideres dessimination of this new branch of knowledge in the works on social pedagogics; gives the definitions of the subject, objects and the main notions (victimity, victimogenetics, victimizer, victim of inauspicious circumstances and go on); explores victimology’s theoretical, cognitive, applied and humanitarian functions; proposes to use the supplement in the social-pedagogical victimology; the tept is addressed to those working in social service, educators and psychologist.
socialization, victimization, victimity, victimogenetics, victimizer, victim of unfawourable circumstances of socialization.

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6. Mustaeva F. A. Osnovy social'noj pedagogiki (Grounds of Social Pedagogic), Moscow, 2001.
7. Seryh A. B. Formirovanie gotovnosti pedagoga k rabote s viktimnymi det'mi (Forming of Readiness of Pedagogue to Work with Victim Children), Kaliningrad, 2000.
Mudrik Anatolii
Petrina Mariia
Баранникова Н. Б., Безрогов В. Г. В позднеантичной школе: греко-латинский разговорник как учебное пособие // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 1 (40). С. 46-61. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201640.46-61
The school dialogues were manuals of late Antiquity that formed the basis for early medieval textbooks of bilingual Latin and Greek education. The analysis of them in the article is accompanied by a Russian translation of one version of the Pseudo-Dositheus manual. In the complex set of learning materials there was part of the dictionary (Glossary), grammar, collections of dialogues, sayings, fables, fragments guidelines for teaching of law and similar guidelines for the short review on history.
school textbook, Late Antiquity, Early Middle Ages, schooling, apprenticeship.

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17. Cribiore R. “[Rev.:] Johannes Kramer, Glossaria bilinguia altera (C. Gloss. Biling. II). Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete, Beiheft 8. München; Leipzig, 2001. Pp. ix + 128”, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.05.08, in http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2002/2002-05-08.html.
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Barannikova Natal'ia
Bezrogov Vitalii
Григорьева В. Ю. Ремарка "Христе" в крюковых певческих рукописях середины XVII века // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2016. Вып. 1 (21). С. 29-38. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201621.29-38
In the work the treatment of kinovarnaja note « хcе » — «Christ» is given. The note meets in a number of marked singing manuscripts of the middle of the XVIIth century and settles down in the same row with kinovarnye marks. On the basis of the analysis of the sources containing the given note, and also other ordinary singing manuscripts it was possible to define it music-scale character and to establish that on the value it is identical to the stepenaja mark « ». The reference to the musical-theoretical context of the epoch, Old Russian musical managements has allowed to reveal a source of the note: it is the third line of the index made by Ivan Shajdur for demonstration of the stepennye marks. It is the fragment of the litiynaja stihera of the Ascention of the Lord.
Old Russian church singing, the Old Russian theory of music, kinovarnye marks, notes.

1. Vorob'ev E. E. Rannie pamjatniki teorii pomet. Rukopis' (Early Memorials of Notice Theory. Manuscript), Nizhnij Novgorod, 2004.
2. Gusejnova Z. M. «Izveshhenie» Aleksandra Mezenca i teorija muzyki XVII veka (“Disappearing of Alexandr Mezenc and Musical Theory of XVII Century”), Saint-Petersburg, 1995.
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Безрогов В. Г. Концепция заботы о себе adversus nationеs: воцерковление Арнобия Афра // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 3 (42). С. 51-60. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201642.51-60
The article deals with the ideas of the Christian apologist of the 3rd - 4th centuries on the issues of man’s self-regard, his anthropological status and possibilities of the personality as a self-transcending subject. It is shown how the dialogue of Christian and Greco-Roman concepts of education produced a particular pedagogical concept that helps to move from the latter to the former.
self-regard, self-transformation, Christian education.

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11. Stefaniw B. 2016 “A Disciplined Mind in an Orderly World: Mimesis in Late Antique Ethical Regimes”, in Volp U., Horn F. W., Zimmermann R. (eds.) Metapher — Narratio — Mimesis — Doxologie. Begründungsformen frühchristlicher und antiker Ethik. Kontexte und Normen neutestamentlicher Ethik, Tübingen, 2016, p. 235.
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Григорьев А. Б. Сочинения блаженного Августина как аргумент в полемическом богословии сер. XVIII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 5 (72). С. 75-85. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201672.75-85
The article discusses the problem of the relation to the works of St. Augustine and the views of the representatives of the conservative theological episcopal start community — the middle of the 18th century. Metropolitan Stefan (Yavorsky) svyaschennomuchennika Metropolitan Arseny (Matseevich) and Archbishop Theophylact (Lopatinskii). Analyzing quoting St. Augustine in the work of Russian scholars, we can understand how and for what purposes they are treated to the authority of the ancient saint in what consisted their difference from the progressive part of the so-called “Russian avgustinistov”. As research shows, these authors are actively turning to the works of St. Augustine and quoted many times in his various works, but it does not make them representatives of the so-called “Russian Augustinian”. They use the authority of St. Augustine, to neutralize the possibility of using its own theological and political opponents.It should also be noted that due to the insufficient level of study of the works of the traditionalists of the 18th century., most of which are not only studied, but have not been published, and some are only open for the study of the manuscript. For this reason, it is impossible to adequately assess the level of reception of the ideas of St. Augustine in the Russian theology of the early period of the Synod. It can be concluded that they have the choice was made in favor of the perception of Augustine as the interpreter of Sacred Scripture, whose poetic images fi ll their sermons poetic and theological content, leading to edify necessary for the preacher to the moral conclusion.
Augustine, Metropolitan Stehpan (Yavorsky), Metropolitan Arseny (Matseevitch), Archbishop Theophylact (Lopatinsky), Russian Augustinianism, “Stone of Faith”, “The yoke of the Lord and the good time It’s easy”.

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Безрогов В. Г. Борьба за или против самого себя? Самовоспитание глазами Лактанция // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 4 (43). С. 54-67. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201643.54-67
The ideas of the Christian apologist of the 3d-4th centuries on the issues of self-education of a person, his anthropological status and possible boundaries of self-care have been investigated. The author shows how the sustaining power of the individual can use mundane and transcendential external factors of support. Based on the analysis of key works of Lactantius (Institutiones Divinae, Epitome divinarum institutionem, De ira Dei, De opificio Dei, De mortibus persecutorum), the author shows the conviction of the Latin apologetic at the same time of securing a righteous man cares about himself and at the same time the impossibility to reach such care, the pious results of self-education and fight with oneself just alone, by analogy with ancient philosophy. In the article theLactantius’s thesis has been reconstructed and defined that from his point of biew only with the help of God and otherpeople theChristian care of the person about himself is possible.
care of the self, self-transformation, Christian and pagan upbringing, Late Roman Empire, Lactantius, latin apologetics, self-education

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Авдеев А. Г. Идеальная стихотворная эпитафия для идеального архипастыря: из века XVII в век XVIII // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 74. С. 41-62. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201774.41-62
The article explores Russian syllabic epitaphs of the Baroque Era, which were very common in the “poetry” of the cemeteries from the last quarter of 17th century till the beginning of 1770s. Comparative analysis of epitaphs to patriarch Nikon, which were written in 1681/82s by Herman, the archimandrite of New Jerusalem Monastery, with epitaphs to provincial preachers, written from the end of 17th century till the beginning of 1770s shows that archimandrite of Novo-Jerusalem monastery Herman developed the structure of epitaph for an ideal preacher, which contained hagiotypes and biographic facts. It was followed in the 18th century by the authors of epitaphs for the Church hierarchs. The created by them basis of the ideal preacher’s image contained the hagiotypes of following the deeds of namesake saints and the image of Good Shepherd, Who herding graciously and humbly.
Epigraphy of Moscow Rus, Russian epigraphy of the 18th century, syllabic po etry, hagiotype, patriarch Nikon, Archimandrite Herman, Eparchy hierarchs of the Russian Or thodox Church

Avdeev A. G. Starorusskaja jepigrafika i knizhnost'. Novo-Ierusalimskaja shkola jepigraficheskoj pojezii. Moscow: Izd-vo PSTGU, 2006.
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Безрогов В. Г. К вопросу о ранних переводах «Orbis sensualium pictus» Яна Амоса Коменского на русский язык // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2017. Вып. 45. С. 11-30. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201745.11-30
The paper examines the emergence of interest (in Russian pedagogical culture) in the textbook A World of Things Obvious to the Senses Drawn in Pictures written by the great Moravian educator Jan Amos Comenius. Through the study of the West European editions with handwritten marginalia and unpublished manuscripts containing translations of this textbook from German and Latin into Russian, stages of the prehistory of the fi rst complete edition of Orbis sensualium pictus in Russian are reconstructed. The fi rst survived Russian translations date from the 1710s, when “German schools” ceased to work in Moscow and there appeared an “educational vacuum” in the teaching of foreign languages. The second stage is the period of the 1730s, when the necessity of a multilingual manual emerged. There were attempts at transforming the Latin-German textbook into German-Latin-French-Russian. Approximately semicentennial period of increasing interest in the Orbis pictus results in the Latin-Russian-German-Italian- French edition of 1768, which is based on the four-language Nürnberg edition of 1755. The study of contacts between several pedagogical cultures related to the preparation of textbooks appears to be a signifi cant part of the research into the history of primary education in the Orthodox region.
elementary education, Jan Amos Komenský (Jan Amos Comenius), school, translation, bilingual and multilingual education

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Григорьева В. Ю. Новые данные о ранних (относительных) пометах (на материале рядовых певческих рукописей 1-й пол. XVII в. из С.-Петербургских собраний) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 26. С. 76-95. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201726.76-95
This paper presents data on early vermilion marks in ordinary singing manuscripts. These data are obtained from the analysis of manuscripts from the Russian National Library, namely РНБ Быстр. № 17 and РНБ НСРК. Q.14. These MSs contain a wide range of such marks with various meanings. Their full list exceeds the total number of marks cited in relevant manuals on musicology. The most frequent are marks which specify the direction and forms of melodic movement. According to principles and specifi cs of sound pitch designation, and also with the aim of distinguishing them from another type of marks, we off er to refer to the marks in question as to “relative”.
early marks, relative marks, Old Russian music theory

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Grigor’yeva V. Y., “Osmyslenie obihodnogo zvukor’yada v drevnerusskoj musykal’noj teorii”, in: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Mai 2014 g. (в печати).
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Белик Ж. Г. Иконостас русского храма-памятника в Лейпциге: история создания и историко-культурное значение // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 27. С. 89-110. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201727.89-110
The article studies a significant complex of icons painted in the Moscow workshop of Nikolay Sergeyevich Yemelyanov in 1912-1913, including a seven-tier iconostasis, altar and church images located in the St. Alexis church-monument of Russian Glory in Leipzig. The local row and several other icons are decorated with silver basma revetments made by the Imperial Court supplier “The Association of the Manufacture of Silver, Gold and Jewelry Khlebnikov's sons and Co.” Restorer and iconographer Nikolay Yemelyanov is known for his works at the Feodorovsky Cathedrals in St. Petersburg and in Tsarskoye Selo, the Imperial Family residence. The article introduces a large icon ensemble, which has been preserved in the “native interior” outside of Russia, to scientific circulation; the other identified Yemelyanov icons are kept in museum and private collections. The article contains archival biographical information about the iconostasis masters, in particular unknown earlier the date of birth of the iconographer on April 28, 1879. The style of icons reflects the processes of scientific study of Ancient Russian art occurred at that time and attempts to reconstruct medieval icon painting. At the same time, artistic processes went within the prevailing Art Nouveau style reflected in unexpected color scheme and composition, free operation and simultaneously comprehension of iconography. Yemelyanov icons replaced Mstera paintings and show a style of preferences of cultural elite, testify to the undoubted personal support of the style he developed at the highest state level. The Revolution interrupted artistic carrier of great iconographer. There are relatively few remaining icons; church-monument in Leipzig has the largest collection.
Icon, iconostasis, iconographer Nikolay Sergeyevich Yemelyanov, Russian church-monument, Leipzig, St. Alexis Metropolitan of Moscow, St. Alexis church-monument of Russian Glory in Leipzig, Feodorovsky Cathedral, Khlebnikov, Basma, Russian style, art nouveau, Imperial Court supplier, Imperial Court supplier, architect V. A. Pokrovsky
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Belik Zhanna
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: Central Andrey Rublev Museum of Ancient Russian Culture and Art; 10 Andron'evskaia sq., Moscow 105120, Russian Federation;
Email: zhanna_belik@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Балашова Е. Г. К вопросу о существовании «католической группы» Высоко-Петровского монастыря (по материалам следственного дела 1935 г.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 79. С. 68-84. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201779.68-84
On 21 February 1935 and some days later, several people were arrested in Moscow; on 7 March ten of them were accused of “being a member of a Catholic group of a certain organisation operating at the prohibited Petrovsky Monastery and carrying out anti- Soviet propaganda”. In reality, there was no such group. It was artifi cially assembled by the investigators on the ground of the fact that people included in the group were acquainted with Pie Neveu, the Catholic bishop, as well as with archbishop Bartholomew Remow, head of the Vysoko-Рetrovsky Monastery. Archbishop Bartholomew Remow’s life and personality are not dealt with in this article. Among the people included into the above-mentioned group by the investigators, only three practiced Catholicism publicly. This being said, they had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community (Ekaterina Tsytsyrina, Lyubov Shorcheva and Vera Vert). Secret Catholics were Leonid Titov (he attended church services at the Petrovsky Community only from August 1934) and, as far as one can judge by her testimony and other documents, Elena Rozhina, archbishop Bartholomew’s religious daughter, who served as an interlink between him and bishop Pie Neveu. Professor Ivan Popov (celebrated in the Synaxis of New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church), Alexandra Kachalova and Nina Kenarskaya were Orthodox parishioners of the underground Vysokopetrovsky Monastery. Orthodox bishop Petr (Rudnev) and renovationist archbishop Nikolay Rozanov were not Catholics and had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community. The necessity of the exposure of counter-revolutionary activity of the Russian Catholic group, operating at an underground Orthodox monastery and puppeteered from Vatican, might have been brought about by the intensifi cation of repressions following Sergei Kirov’s assassination in December 1934.
Bartholomew Remov, Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery, persecution of the Church, Catholicism, martyrs, renovationist bishop, Pius Eugene Neveu, Orthodoxy, investigative file, secret Catholics, underground monastery
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  11. Osipova I. I., «Skvoz’ ogn’ muchenij i vody slyoz...», Sud’ba dvizheniya «Istinno-Pravoslavnaya Cerkov’», Moscow, 1998, 129–130.
Balashova Elena
Place of work: Expert on expert-accreditation activities of the Synodal Department of Religious Education and Catechesis of Russian Orthodox Church; 28/2 Petrovka Str., Moscow, 127051 Russian Federation;
Post: Expert on expert-accreditation activities;
Email: pravob@mail.ru.
Безрогов В. Г., Тендрякова М. В. «Gab ihnen der liebe Gott...», или Бог и природа в немецких и русских учебниках XVIII - начала XIX в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2018. Вып. 48. С. 19-48. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201848.19-48
In the last third of the 18th and early 19th centuries, religious education within courses in natural history appears to be important evidence that reveals the historical and cultural dialogue between the two pedagogical traditions. This article is based on a study of original and translated textbooks by J. Blumenbach, G. Große, G. Raff , V. Zuev (Russ. В. Зуев), N. Ozeretskovsky (Н. Озерецковский) and V. Severgin (В. Севергин), K. Ushinsky (К. Ушинский). The analysis demonstrates conscious and nonconscious differences in comprehending and explaining the role and place of God with regard to nature and humankind. In translated books (e.g. Naturgeschichte für Kinder by Raff ), we can see three levels of the presence of the Lord in nature (in terms of each living creature, their groups and communities, the cosmos as an interrelated system). In similar Russian books only the fi rst of them is regularly presented, if presented at all. The border between nature and God in Russian books on natural history is drawn more distinctly, the boundary between books about God and about nature is less transparent than in Germany. Such a distinction is eff ected by the features of the dialogue between education and religion, characteristic of these countries.
textbook, natural history, religious education, 1700-1799, 1800-1861, Russia, Germany
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Bezrogov Vitaly
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy and Theory of Education of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16 Makarenko Str., Moscow 105062, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6389-4783;
Email: bezrogov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Tendryakova Maria
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32a Leninskii Prospekt, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6206-8439;
Email: mashatendryak@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The work on the article was supported by the grants 17-06-00066a and 17-06-00288 by the Russian Foundation of the Basic Research (Dept.of the Humanities and Social Sciences).
Токарева Е. С., Талалай М. Г. Православие в Испании: трудный путь становления и развития // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 82. С. 37-52. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201882.37-52
This article examines the experience of setting up and maintaining an Orthodox embassy church in a traditionally Catholic country. In Spain, the establishing of the church at the embassy was directly conditioned by the development of Russian-Spanish diplomatic links. Since the mid-18th centry, parish clergy and necessary utensils were sent to Madrid, which, however, did not stay there permanently, but were taken to Russia or to other countries when diplomatic relations between Russia and Spain were severed. Deterioration in Russian-Spanish relations occurred when, for instance, the Spanish government denied to acknowledge Emperor Paul’s I election as Master of Maltese Order, or, on a diff erent occasion, when Russia did acknowledge Princess Isabella’s rights to the Spanish throne. The arrangement of the Orthodox church in Madrid depended considerably on the personality of the Russian ambassador. Thus, when Otto Magnus von Stackelberg, Lutheran by creed, occupied this post, the church in Madrid was closed down. The golden age of the embassy church in Madrid is associated with Revd. Konstantin Kustodiyev, its Father Superior in 1865‒1870. Kustodiyev learned Spanish, was elected a member of the Spanish Scientifi c Society Ateneo and since the mid-1860s published in the Russian periodical Pravoslavnoye obozrenie (“Orhtodox Review”) reports on contemporary religious and church life in the West: in Spain, France, Italy, Austria, Germany, Britain and the US. However, the congregation of Madrid church was never numerous and made up 15 persons at the most. Probably, this was the reason for the closure of the church in the early 1870s in the context of government spending cuts.
Russian Orthodox Church, Spain, Russian-Spanish relations, parish clergy in Spain, Russian embassy in Spain, Orthodox church in Madrid
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  4. Kordochkin A., svjashh., “Protoierej Konstantin Lukich Kustodiev”, available at: http://orthodoxmadrid.com/publikacii/istoriya/kustodiev.html (22.02.1018)
  5. Pozharskaja S. P., Saplin A. I., “Predislovie”, in: Rossija i Ispanija. Dokumenty i materialy, Moscow, II, 1991.
  6. Encinas Moral A. L., ed., Diario del viaje a Moscovia del Duque de Liria y Jèrica. Madrid, 2008.
Tokareva Evgenia
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Research Fellow; Head of the Centre for the History of Religion and Church;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5652-2348;
Email: estokareva@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Talalay Mikhail
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Representative of Institute of World History in Italy;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6070-9711;
Email: talalaym@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Григорьева М. Ю. Исследование позитивной идентичности подростков // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2018. Вып. 50. С. 114-126. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201850.114-126
This article presents results of studies of positive identity of adolescents, high school students and fi rst-year college students. The author has carried out a comparative analysis of the expression of a positive personal and social identity of teenagers at schools and colleges. The article includes a description of the qualitative results of the study of positive personal and social identities of adolescents and high school students, which allows us to discover the content of the achieved identity. The obtained data on the study of the positive social identity of school and college students prove that adolescents, on the whole, have a prosocial orientation, characterised by their willingness to share standards common for a group, rules and values which are broadcast in society. Positive personal identity is represented by a large number of respondents among the tenthgrade students. The qualitative analysis revealed the similarity of preferences in words which are self-descriptions of adolescents and high school students by the methods of MILI and MISI. As a result, in all groups of subjects the words “friendship” and “communication” coincided, which emphasises the importance of self-realisation in satisfying communication and among friends. Besides, the word “life” became characteristic of the positive social identity of adolescents and high school students. The materials of the research can be used in activities of teachers, social educators and practical psychologists working in the educational system while developing various assistance programmes for students.
adolescents, high school students, fi rst-year college students, positive identity, factor of socialisation, socialization, adolescent and teenage period
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Grigorieva Marina
Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Place of study: Moscow State Regional University; 10A Radio Street, Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8052-256X;
Email: marigree@mail.ru.
Авдеев А. Г. Суеверия, поминальная культура и старорусская эпиграфика // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2019. Вып. 86. С. 61-80. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201986.61-80
This article analyses the narrative sources and epigraphic monuments of Muscovite Russia which are related to various cases of violent (“vain”) death (drowning, murder, etc.); these were traditionally regarded as an obstacle to being buried in a Christian cemetery and to the subsequent church commemoration. The data registered by ethnographers in the latter half of the 19th — 20th centuries made them believe that these views were leftovers of heathendom. The article draws on epitaphs of the 16th — early 18th centuries as well as on epistles of hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church and draws a conclusion about the absence of obstacles to being buried in a cemetery and to a regular commemoration of those who died a violent death. Besides, inscriptions on funerary crosses set up on the place of death symbolised martyrdom. The sources analysed allow us to believe that the death while being in czar’s service came to be regarded as one of the basic values of those in service since the 1560s. Moreover, my conclusion is that the superstitions in question are not related to heathendom. They originated in Christian times and were gradually overcome in the culture of commemoration during the 16th — 17th centuries being preserved in the background of the people’s consciousness.
epigraphy of Muscovite Russia; funerary ceremonies; violent death; the dead; ceremonies of funerals and commemoration; paganism; Christian superstitions
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  4. Alekseev A. (2002). Pod znakom kontsa vremen: Ocherki russkoi religioznosti kontsa XIV — nachala XVI v. [Under the Sign of the End of Time. Essays on Russian Religiosity of the the Late 14th — Early 16th Centuries]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  5. Avdeev A. (2012). “K istorii starorusskoi epitafi i: Nadgrobie kniazia Fedora Ivanovicha Troekurova” [On the History of Old Russian Epitaph: The Monument of Prince Fedor Ivanovich Troekurov], in XIII Tikhomirovskie kraevedcheskie chteniia. K 150-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia Ilariona Aleksandrovicha Tikhomirova. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii. Yaroslavl’, 21–22.10.2011 [13th Tikhomirov’s Workhop in Local History. 150th Anniversary of Ilarion Alelsandrovich Tikhomirov. Conference Proceedings. Yaroslavl, 21‒22.10.2011], Yarloslavl, pp. 209–222 (in Russian).
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Avdeev Alexander
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: associate professor of the Department of Russian History;
ORCID: 0000-0001-7253-9126;
Email: avdey57@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Григорьева В. Ю., Григорьев Ю. А. Новые данные об авторстве и датировке «опекаловского» роспева // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 34. С. 111-133. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201934.111-133
The chants with the remark “Opekalov”, “Opekalovskoe” have more than once caused controversy among specialists regarding their authorship and provenance. At present, many scholars share the view about Tver’ origin of “Opekalovskiy” chant, associating it with Opekalovo-Voznesenskiy monastery. Newly-found hook lists of “Opekalov” chants make us reconsider the established opinion as they indicate that these chants were created and circulated in the milieu of Moscow master-singers. The main argument in favour of the new version is the indication of the author of the “Opekalov” chant Придете ублажим Иосифа [“Come to Praise Joseph”], namely Леонтий диякон [“Leontiy Deacon”]. This master-singer is known in the history of Old Russian church singing as the creator of one of the systems of cinnabar indexes. Other archive materials testify to his acquaintance with priest Luka from Moscow church of Nikola Yavlenny at Arbatskie Vorota. Later, Leontiy became monk of Tolgskiy monastery, Yarloslavl’, which was the reason why his name was not included in the list of singers of Сказание о зарембах. Time of creation of “Come to Praise Joseph” in “Opekalovskiy” chant is the second third — middle of the 17th century, as evidenced by the features of notation, system of cinnabar indexes in the hook copies of “Come to Praise Joseph”, as well as by paleographic features of manuscripts in which they are included.
«opekalovskiy» rospev, masteropevets Leonty, «Pridete ublazhim Iosifa», cinnabar letters, letter system, Old Russian chants, znamenny chanting
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  13. Uspenskii N. (1971) Drevnerusskoe pevcheskoe iskusstvo [Old Russian Art of Singing]. Moscow (in Russian).
Grigorjeva Veronika
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow, 127052, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of Precentor Training;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0934-792X;
Email: veronikagrigorjevaveronika@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Grigorjev Yury
Place of work: Patriarch’s Centre for the Old Russian Liturgical Tradition; 83/3 Bakuninskaya Str., Moscow, 105182 Russian Federation;
Post: Precentor;
ORCID: 0000-0003-1826-359X;
Email: dagdanilog@gmail.com.
Безрогов В. Г., Тендрякова М. В. Корф и Город: figura urbis capitis в учебных книгах для земской школы // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2019. Вып. 54. С. 84-105. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201954.84-105
This article discusses the textbook Наш друг: книга для чтения учащихся в школе и дома и руководство к начальному обучению родному языку (Russ. ‘Our friend: a book for students’ reading at school and at home and a manual for the elementary study of the native language’. It was published 19 times from 1871 to 1908 and was one of the popular textbooks for rural schools (земские школы) of the latter half of the 19th century. Its author is Nikolai Alexandrovich Korff , the “organiser of village schools”. Among his textbooks, Our Friend came to be the most popular. It included 120 topics for reading and discussing that were related to various sides of rural life, people, nature, and alongside this it refl ected those basic concepts that the author was devising for his audience but did not discuss overtly. Among the concepts of peasants’ life, the understanding of which was implied by the didactic aim of Our Friend, the authors of this article distinguish the notion “city” and study how it is refl ected and expressed by Korff in this texbook. The article analyses its fi rst eight editions in which this conception was left unaltered. Its revision is studied in a separate article. The analysis of the first variant of the textbook makes clear that Korff applies the traditional view of the pre-industrial city as a centre of the monarch’s sacral power; hence, the city comes to be capital. The existence of other cities is meaningful only in the light of their relations with the capital or capitals, as in Russia, where Korff emphasises the unity of Petersburg and Moscow. The notion of the capital city embedded in this textbook implies granting to the capital specifi c properties of regulating all space and time in the state. The link “capital — village” appears most important from the semiotic point of view. Manufacturing emerges not in the city and for reasons unrelated to urban development. The city adjacent to the village is seen as a source of power and development of network of education.
Nikolai Korff (1834–1883), elementary school textbook, rural education, educational notion, city image, second half of 19 century, urban idea
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Bezrogov Vitaly
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy and Theory of Education of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16 Makarenko Str., Moscow 105062, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6389-4783;
Email: bezrogov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Tendryakova Maria
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32a Leninskii Prospekt, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6206-8439;
Email: mashatendryak@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The study was supprted by the Russian Basic Reseach Foundation, grants 17-06-00066\ОГН и 17-06-00288\ОГН.
Безрогов В. Г., Тендрякова М. В. Город и Корф: figura urbis novae в учебных книгах для земской школы // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2019. Вып. 55. С. 110-127. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201955.110-127
This article continues the publication on the image of the city in N. A. Korff ’s textbook Nash drug: kniga dlya chteniya v shkole i doma (‘Our friend: a book for reading at school and at home’). This manual was fi rst published in 1871, and in 1881 it was signifi cantly amended. The preceding article studies the concept of “the city” in the fi rst eight editions, this article deals with its change that was made in the 9th edition and was registered up to the last, the 19th edition, in 1908. The single textbook was divided into two parts. One retained the former title. The other came to be “Guidelines” to it. In the “Guidelines to «Our Friend»”, Korff added nine special chapters on various Russian cities, from Novgorod, where Russian history started, to Tifl is, where it developed towards the territorial expance. The country where the cities proper were only St Petersburg and Moscow is changed in the new edition into a country where the brilliance of the capitals is secularised. The textbook also expounds on other urban centres. The capital city ceases to be the principal, the singular, the one that determines the being. Its status is already determined not only by the monarch, but by history, trade, education, and gradually by manufacturing. The rejection of cities of the rural Russia, as it existed in the fi rst edition of the textbook, still remains, but the positive role of urbanisation has already been acknowledged. The article shows how N. A. Korff ’s Russian reading textbook was aimed at overcoming the typical (of textbooks of its epoch) idealisation of abstract rural life in order to become for students of rural school the real “friend of ours” in enhancing the village, in establishing its dialogue with the city. The article analyses textual additions and the visual range that has fi rst appeared in this textbook. Before the 9th edition, there were no pictures in Our Friend. The pictures are now placed both in the the fi rst, the main, part of the manual, and in the supplementary. The urban scenes included in the visual range demonstrate the transitional stage in understanding the city from the traditional pre-industrial to the one being modernised. The new understanding of the concept of “the city”, notwithstanding all its controversial character, had conditioned the dawning of the instrumental attitude to the urban phenomenon. Korff ’s new manual nourished the generation from which the “social engineers” of the 1910s and 1920s came, who transformed the actual life of Russian cities.
Nikolai Korff (1834–1883), elementary school textbook, rural education, educational concept, city image, second half of 19th century
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Bezrogov Vitaly
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy and Theory of Education of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16 Makarenko Str., Moscow 105062, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6389-4783;
Email: bezrogov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Tendryakova Maria
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32a Leninskii Prospekt, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6206-8439;
Email: mashatendryak@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grants 17-06-00066\ОГН и 17-06-00288\ОГН.
Безрогов В. Г. Представление непредставимого: Бог и обложка учебной книги // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2020. Вып. 57. С. 25-53. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202057.25-53
This article deals with subjects presented on covers of textbooks and with images of the divine among them. The analysis highlights the role of the cover as a “pretext” that attracts the reader/viewer, causes his willingness or unwillingness to work with the book. It outlines the characteristic feature of a textbook as an object for “constant opening” with multiple use of its verbal and visual content. In connection with this, the article emphasises the signifi cance of a cover which triggers the process of forming the attitude to the textbook in the student’s mind. This can be an attitude to the teacher, interlocutor, preacher, or to a shop window, advertisement, poster, etc. The cover is seen as a “meta-message” with many meanings, e.g. addressee, means of decoding the content, implied “response” of the reader/viewer; as well as a way of multichannel communication. All elements of the cover act as a “director of the sight”, they educate, shape, and in a special way emphasise the attention of the student, teacher, parents and reviewer. For a systematic analysis of the cover, the article has identified components of its visual range, i.e. letters, words and texts; people, animals, things and their actions; colour, general emotional impression, as well combinations of these elements, their sizes and ranking (hierarchy). Based on an empirical analysis of a significant number of school textbooks (ABC-books, primers, manuals for study of religion and culture) of Russia, Germany, Great Britain and the USA (approx. 80 items), I have identifi ed ways to represent the divine principle on the covers. These are narratives from biblical history; Christ as a teacher, and his presence among people; religious symbols and objects of worship; nature as God’s cathedral; unity and mutual assistance of people (including in the family); existential situations and questions; religious holidays and architecture. The article also compares the implementation of these ways in pedagogical and religious traditions of various countries.
textbook, book cover, image, visualisation, religion, didactics, publishing house
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  6. Bezrogov V. (2018) “Die un/sichtbare Welt: retseptsiia Orbis sensualium pictus Ia. A. Komenskogo v Rossii pervoi pol. XVIII v.: obrazovatel'nye praktiki i rannie perevody” [Die un/sichtbare Welt: Reception of J. A. Komensky’s Orbis sensualium pictus. Pedagogical practices and early translations]. Detskie chteniia, 1 (013). Pp. 220–284.
  7. Bezrogov V. (2018) “Posobie Komenskogo Vestibulum v russkoiazychnom regione: k istorii russkikh perevodov” [Komensky’s manual Vestibulum in the Russian-speaking region: The history of Russian translations]. Intellektual'nye traditsii v proshlom i nastoiashchem, 4. Pp. 29–59.
  8. Bezrogov V., Kurovskaia Iu. (2016) “Mezhdunarodnyi aspekt obrazovatel'nogo prostranstva: Orbis pictus Komenskogo kak proekt uchebnika dlia vsekh stran” [The international aspect of the educational space: Komensky’s Orbis pictus as a textbook project for all countries], in K. Sultanov (ed.) Informatsionnoe prostranstvo i deti: obrazovatel'nye vozmozhnosti i manipuliativnye vozdeistviia [Information space and children: educational opportunities and manipulative influences]. St Petersburg. Pp. 298–307.
  9. Bezrogov V., Kurovskaia Iu. (2017) “Vizual'nyi kod v literature dlia nachal'nogo obucheniia kak faktor formirovaniia kartiny mira obuchaiushchegosia: ot Iakoba Griusboitelia k Ianu Komenskomu” [The visual code in literature for elementary education as a factor in the formation of the student’s worldview: from Jacob Grusbeutel to Yan Komensky], in A. Borkowski, R. Mnich (eds) Orbis Comenianus. Vol. 1. Comenius and the Problem of Interdisciplinary. Siedlce. Pp. 117–136.
  10. Bezrogov V., Makarevich G., Tendriakova M. (2013) “Pravilo v(z)gliada: k teorii semantikopedagogicheskogo analiza illiustratsii v uchebnike” [The rule of view: to the theory of semantic and pedagogical analysis of illustrations in the textbook], in N. Barannikova, V. Bezrogov, M. Kozlova (eds) “Kartinki v moem bukvare”: pedagogicheskaia semantika illiustratsii v uchebnike dlia nachal'noi shkoly [“Pictures in my ABC-book. Pedagogical semantics of illustrations in the textbook for primary school]. Moscow. Pp. 9–62.
  11. Bezrogov V., Makarevich, G. (2014) “Bukvar' 1930-kh gg.: ideal'nye deti na oblozhke shkol'nogo uchebnika” [ABC-book of the 1930s: Ideal children on the cover of a school textbook], in A. Sadrieva (ed.) Detskaya kniga: radosti i goresti shkol'noj pory [Children's book: Joys and sorrows of the school age. Conference materials]. Nizhnii Tagil. Pp. 120–128.
  12. Levinson K., Kurovskaia Iu., Bezrogov V. (eds) (2017) Shkol'nye posobiia rannego Novogo vremeni: ot Chasoslova k Orbis sensualium pictus [Early Modern school manuals: from Chasoslov to Orbis sensualium pictus]. Moscow.
  13. Makarevich G., Bezrogov V. (2014) “Rebenok v lokal'nom i global'nom mire: analiz obrazov detstva v uchebnike «Rodnaia rech'»” [The child in the local and global world: Analysis of childhood images in the textbook “Native speech”], in Aksiologiia massovoi kul'tury. Materialy XXI mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Rebenok v sovremennom mire. Detstvo i massovaia kul'tura” [Axiology of mass culture. Materials of the conference “A child in the modern world. Childhood and popular culture”]. St Petersburg. Pp. 563–571.
  14. Romashina E., Bezrogov V. (2015) “«Novyi rossiiskii bukvar' s kratkimi nravoucheniiami i povestiami» (1775–1785 gg.): opyt istoriko-pedagogicheskogo detektiva” [“The new Russian ABC-book with brief moral teaching and tales” (1775–1785): An attempt of a historical and pedagogical detective], in M. Tendriakova, V. Bezrogov (eds) “V Rossii nado zhit' po knige”: nachal'noe obuchenie chteniiu i pis'mu (stanovlenie uchebnoi knigi v XVI–XIX vv.)” [“In Russia one has to live according to a book”: Elementary instruction in reading and writing (Development of a textbook in the 16th — 19th cc.)]. Moscow. Pp. 87–108.
  15. Skliarova T., Ageeva A. (2017) Metodologicheskie osnovy issledovaniia uchebnykh posobii dlia nachal'nogo pravoslavnogo obrazovaniia detei [Methodological foundations of a study of textbooks for the primary Orthodox education of children]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, 47. Pp. 11–17.
  16. Tendriakova M., Bezrogov V. (2018) “‘Gab ihnen der liebe Gott…’, ili Bog i priroda v nemetskikh i russkikh uchebnikakh XVIII — nachala XIX v.” [“Gab ihnen der liebe Gott...”, or God and nature in German and Russian textbooks of the late 18th — early 19th centuries”]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, 48. Pp. 19–48.
Bezrogov Vitaly
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy and Theory of Education of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16 Makarenko Str., Moscow 105062, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6389-4783;
Email: bezrogov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Яковлева М. Г. Микросоциум как фактор виктимизации человека // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2020. Вып. 58. С. 35-45. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202058.35-45
This article deals with the issue of micro-society (a term is created by A. Mudrik) as a factor of turning a person into a victim of unfavourable conditions of socialisation. It presents statistical data from foreign and national studies and analyses social and psychological, sociological, urban, criminological and environmental theories that reveal the relationship between living conditions in neighbourhoods (i. e. areas, which are identical to the boundaries of micro-society) and victimisation of people who live there. The article specifi es and describes the signs of victimogeneity in urban micro-society, such as a criminal situation in the micro-society; spatial characteristics which increase the risk of becoming a victim of hostile socialisation; low quality of life and low income of people living in the micro-society; low level of collective efficacy; architectural and planning attributes of housing construction in a micro-society; instability and gender-based imbalance; unlawful nature of routine activities of members of the micro-society. The article also describes primary and secondary consequences of victimisation in the micro-society. In the fi nal section, the article states that the above-mentioned characteristics directly or indirectly aff ect people’s health and psychological condition (in particular, the level of aggression, level of stress tolerance, etc.); they also create a specifi c socio-psychological climate that determines the number of actual and potential victims of unfavourable socialisation in micro-society. This article supplements the mainstream discourse on micro-society as a factor of socialisation. The analysis of social deviations that are formed within victimogeneous neighbourhoods brings out the controversial nature of socialisation as a social phenomenon. The material of the article will be useful to social care teachers, psychologists, sociologists, as well as to all those who are interested in the issues of human socialisation in the present-day world.
socialisation, social pedagogy, social-pedagogical victimology, victimisation, victimogeneity, victims of adverse socialisation, micro-society, social deviations, criminality, primary and secondary consequences of victimisation
  1. Gibson C., Morris Z., Beaver K. (2009) “Secondary exposure to violence during childhood and adolescence: Does neighborhood context matter?”. Justice Quarterly, 26, p. 30–57.
  2. Hindelang M. S., Gottfredson M., Garofalo J. (1978) Victims of personal crime. Cambridge.
  3. Mudrik A. (2010) Sotsializatsiia cheloveka [Human socialisation]. Moscow; Voronezh (in Russian).
  4. Newman O. (1973) Defensible space. Crime prevention through urban design. New York.
  5. Park R., Burgess E. W., McKenzie R. D. (1925) The City. Chicago.
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  8. Ruback R. B., Thompson M. R. (2001) Social and Psychological Consequences of Violent Victimization. London; New Delhi.
  9. Sampson R. J., Lauritsen J. L. (1994) “Violent victimization and off ending: Individual-, situational- and community-level risk factors”, in: Reiss A. J., Roth J. A. (eds) Understanding and preventing violence. Washington, vol. 3, p. 1–114.
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  12. Siegel L. G. (2010) Criminology: The core. Belmont.
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Yakovleva Maria
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Place of work: Moscow State Pedagogical University; 6 Sukharevskiy pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-1335-5874;
Email: petrinamg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Григорьева В. Ю. «Надгробное» Трисвятое и стихера «Придете ублажим Иосифа» в русской богослужебной традиции // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 40. С. 77-99. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202040.77-99
The article is devoted to two chants of Good Friday and Holy Saturday which are termed “Sepulchral” (Rus. Надгробные) in Old Russian MSs. These are the Trisagion and the stichera Come to please Joseph. The article examines the rites associated with these chants, i.e. the removal, burial and kissing of the Shroud, the Gospel and the image of the “Position in the Sepulchre”. A review of various sources has shown that throughout the entire period of the Jerusalem Charter in Russia, these rites did not receive a full reglamentation and in practice allow variants that fi t into two main types, i.e. the one of the monastery (монастырский) and of the cathedral (соборный). Moreover, in all cases there are strong ties between the “Sepulchral” chants and the rites in that the Trisagion accompanies the exit with the Gospel and the Shroud and the burial of the latter, while the stichera Come to please Joseph accompanies the order of kissing the Shroud and the image “Position in the grave”. It is interesting that despite its Greek origin, it is only in the Russian tradition that the stichera Come to please Joseph occupies a particularly important and significant place in the church service of Holy Saturday. The exceptional signifi cance of the “Sepulchral” Trisagion and the stichera in Russia was expressed, in particular, in the fact that there developed specific “Sepulchral” chants of the Trisagion for the exit in the matins. For the stichera Come to please Joseph, a tradition of singing in two diff erent voices was formed, i.e. in the 5th and the 8th, which correlates with the monastery and cathedral types of the Holy Saturday rites. Other singing versions of this stichera are also known. A common feature of the “Sepulchral” chants is its rather slow tempo, which is due to the fact that both the exit and procession with the Gospel and the Shroud, and the order of kissing the Shroud or the icon take quite a long time.
“Sepulchral” Trisagion, stichera Come to please Joseph, exit, burial, kissing, Shroud, “Position in the grave”, Old Russian church singing, Old Believers’ singing traditions
  1. Panchenko F. (2001) Pevcheskie knigi vygoleksinskogo pis’ma. XVIII — pervaia polovina XIX v. [Chanting books of Vygoleksinskoe version. 18th — fi rst half of the 19th centuries]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  2. Zheltov M., Tkachenko A. (2004) “Velikaia Subbota” [Holy Saturday], in Pravoslavnaia entchiklopediia [Orthodox Encyclopaedia], vol. 7, pp. 431–443 (in Russian).
Grigorjeva Veronika
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow, 127052, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of Precentor Training;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0934-792X;
Email: veronikagrigorjevaveronika@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Мец А. Г. «Камень» О. Э. Мандельштама, новые данные: варианты стихов и авторские пометки // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2021. Вып. 66. С. 89-94. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII202166.89-94
This article describes a copy of Osip Mandelstam’s Stone with the author’s notes and variants of the poems. It mentions V.I. Ivanov, O.A. Glebova-Sudeikina, the Timofeev family.
textology, Osip Mandelstam, Stone, variant in poetry, Vyacheslav Ivanov, Olga Sudeikina, the Timofeevs
Mets Alexander
Place of work: Independent Researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1456-5462;
Email: agmets@mail.ru.
Саралидзе М. Г. Состояние российского общества второй половины XIX – начала XX в. в оценке епископа Гурия (Буртасовского) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2021. Вып. 99. С. 98-109. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202199.98-109
This article attempts to identify the civic stance and views of the famous priest of the Russian Orthodox Church, Bishop Guriy (Burtasovsky) concerning the state of the Russian society during the period of changes in political and public life caused by modernisation. The article contains a brief analysis of the secular worldview, the role of the church and the clergy in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries. It establishes a link between class restructuring and the emergence and development of Russian parliamentarism. It discusses reports, decisions and notes by Bishop Guriy kept at state archives, his thoughts about the situation with other denominations, with convicts, requirements for clergymen, women’s education, the woman’s role in the family during the crisis of this social institution. The article also provides evaluation of these ideas that are based on historical and sociological studies. In the fi nal section, the article draws conclusions about the general relevance of the bishop’s understanding of the current historical situation and about his progressive egalitarian missionary views which did not contradict conservative political views.
modernisation, secularisation of consciousness, religious image of the world, rationalism, Bishop Guriy (Burtasovsky), Orthodox mission, education of members of national minorities, correction of convicts, marginality in society, patriarchalauthoritarian model of family, women’s education
  1. Alyoshkin A., Kalmykov A. (2006) Dumy Tavricheskogo dvortsa: Gosudarstvennaia Duma Rossii. 1906–2006 [Dumas of the Tauric Palace: State Duma in Russia. 1906–2006]. Moscow (in Russian).
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Saralidze Merab, priest
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127 051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3381-687X;
Email: saralidze.m@gmail.com.