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Готовцова О. А. Численность и социальный состав рабочих Фряновской шелковой мануфактуры // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 1 (50). С. 29-43.
This article examines questions about changing workers’ strength on the Fr’anovo silk manufacture in the XVIII — beginning of XIX century on the ground of the archival materials, and also analyzes social structure of the manufacture’s qualified workers, who are ascribed to it on the ground of the decree of 7 January 1736
Fr’anovo, silk manufacture, possessive enterprise, decree of 7 january 1736, ascribed workers, purchased workers, freelance workers, Ignatius Sheriman, Lazarevs
1. Doroshenko A. P. (1958). “O sushhnosti social'no-jekonomicheskih otnoshenij v ukaznoj legkoj promyshlennosti Moskvy v 1730–1760-e gody” (About the essence of social-economic relations in ukaznaya light industry of Moscow in 1730-1760), in Uchenye zapiski Moskovskogo oblastnogo pedagogicheskogo instituta im. N. K. Krupskoj, vol. 74, 1958.
2. Kizevetter A. A. Posadskaja obshhina Rossii XVIII st. (Posad Community of Russia in XVIII cent.), M., 1903.
3. Zaozerskaja E. I. Rabochaja sila i klassovaja bor'ba na tekstil'nyh manufakturah v 20– 60-e gg. XVIII v. (The Worker’s Fore and the Class Conflict in textile manufacturers in 1720-1760), M., 1960.
4. Ljubomirov P. G. Ocherki po istorii russkoj promyshlennosti (Essays on the History of Russian Industry), M., 1947.
Готовцова О. А. Повседневная жизнь рабочих фряновской шелкоткацкой мануфактуры в XVIII — первой четверти XIX в // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 1 (56). С. 50-72. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201456.50-72
Based upon a wide range of archive records, the article covers issues relating to particular aspects of life and living standards of silk weaving factory workers’ families in a village of Fryanovo of Moskovski county in XVIII — first quarter of XIX centuries. Workers’ daily life was significantly influenced by living conditions. It is via this article that we analyze dimensions and types of living premises provided to workers by the factory owners, as well as its improvements. The Fryanovo factory office records that remain intact allow consideration of issues relating to food for workers, including sources for providing Fryanovo inhabitants with bread and other food products, the composition and the average amount thereof. One chapter of the article is specifically devoted to workers’ worship service attendance, as well as differences in religion belief of Fryanovo inhabitants. In addition to the orthodox Christian majority of its population, there were also Catholics and Old Believers among its inhabitants. The issues directly relating to working at the silk weaving factory include work schedule and rules, average age of workers, wage payment methods, as well as workers motivation by the silk weaving factory owner. Considered are the issues relating to employment of children and women at the silk weaving factory. An important part of the research relates to living conditions of non-working population groups: young children, retired and handicaps who were given some money or bread, on monthly bases, by silk weaving factory owners. Medical services for the silk weaving factory workers, personal taxation and other fees, participation by factory workers, in recruitments, penalties and fines system as implemented by the silk weaving factory in Fryanovo are also within the spectrum of questions that are discussed within the article. The final chapter of the research points out the village inner life issues, such as alcohol abuse among workers, crimes they committed, as well as workers’ interrelations with other neighbor villages inhabitants. In general, the matters considered allow improving understanding the life of workers and their families by large possession enterprises of Russia in XVIII — first quarter of XIX centuries.
Moscow district, Frianovo, silk weaving factory, possession factory, workers, standard of living, Sheriman, Lazarev

1. Zaozerskaja E. I. Rabochaja sila i klassovaja bor'ba na tekstil'nyh manufakturah v 20–60-e gg. XVIII v. (Work Power and Class Conflict), M., 1960.
2. Zaozerskaja E. I. Razvitie legkoj promyshlennosti v Moskve v pervoj chetverti XVIII v. (Development of the Light Industry in Moscow in First Quarter of XVIII Cent.), M., 1953.
3. Semevskij V. I. Krest'jane v carstvovanie imperatricy Ekateriny II (Peasants in the Reign of Empress Ekaterina II), SPb., 1908.
4. Sergazina K. T., Chistjakov P. G. Frjanovo glazami istorika (Frjanovo in the Eyes of a Historian), Vladimir, 2009.
5. Tugan-Baranovskij M. I. (1997) “Russkaja fabrika v proshlom i nastojashhem” (Russian Factory in Past and Present), in Idem, Izbrannoe, M., 1997, p. 171.
6. Holmogorov V. I., Holmogorov G. I. Istoricheskie materialy o cerkvah i selah XVI–XVIII st. (Historical Sources about Churches and Villages of XVI–XVIII Cent.), vol. 5, M., 1887.