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Смирнова Е. А., Гостев А. А. Роль научного наследия С. Л. Франка в развитии психологического человекознания // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2022. Вып. 65. С. 133-147. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202265.133-147
The relevance of this article is determined by the need for a scientific study of the psychological aspects of the spiritual and moral sphere of human existence against the background of the multifaceted crisis of modern civilization. The isolation of the psychological aspect in human consciousness is decided through an appeal to the domestic philosophical and psychological tradition of the pre-revolutionary period. In particular, the philosophical and psychological heritage of S.L. Frank, who was not only an outstanding Christian philosopher, but also a psychologist, is being considered. Frank's study of psychological ideas relies on the history of psychology and on the psychology of the spiritual and moral sphere of human existence. In particular, the following is considered a) the influence of Frank's scientific heritage on the "psychology of gnoseology", his contribution to b) human macrodescription; in this regard, the concepts of "soul", "mental life", "love", "consciousness", "personality" and "psychological health" are considered), and c) understanding the spiritual foundations of social life. Parallels are drawn with the understanding of other scientists of these and other psychological categories. The key theoretical and methodological provisions of Frank's creative heritage, which are important for the development of psychological science, are emphasized. The relevance of Frank's philosophical and psychological heritage is justified in the light of information and psychological psycho-manipulatory influences on a modern man. The special significance of Frank's legacy is emphasized for the development of a holistic approach to human psychology. Frank's philosophical reflections are compared with modern psychological ideas about the structure and development of the personality, about the spiritual and moral foundation of social relations. The importance of revealing the spiritual and moral foundations of interpersonal relations is emphasized. The starting point of the concept is the idea of the rootedness of human existence in God. The ways of subsequent research of the philosophical and psychological heritage of S.L Frank are outlined.
psychological science, history of psychology, historical psychology, soul, spirituality, morality, consciousness, transcendence, love, psychological health
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Smirnova Elena
Place of work: SBI "Crisis Center for Women and Children";
Post: psychologist;
ORCID: 0000-0002-4634-2124;
Email: enamirnova@gmail.com.
Gostev Andrey
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Psychological Sciences;
Place of work: Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Post: Leading researcher at the Laboratory of the History of Psychology and Historical Psychology;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8539-7312;
Email: aagos06@rambler.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.