Гарнова К. В. Третины в свете карнавализации (на материале романа "Преступление и наказание" Ф. М. Достоевского) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2016. Вып. 3 (48). С. 61-66. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201648.61-66
Третины (traditional commemorative meal that takes place on the third day after the funeral) is a carnival-related event. According to the Christian doctrine, the human soul leaves the earthly world and appears before God on the third day after death. The commemorative feast is part of the burial ritual. The meal of третины is described in only one novel by Dostoevsky, namely in Crime and Punishment: the singular character of this description attracts one’s attention. Detailed examination of this event in the novel shows that all ceremonial elements of третины are distorted, namely the purpose, choice of guests, their appearance (dress and manners) and behaviour, the widow’s arrangement of the meal, lack of communication between the participants. Everything points to the violation of long-established norms. The commemorative meal transforms into a social occasion, by means of which Katerina Ivanovna tries to support her claims on the nobility. The event is reduced to the material and bodily level, which profanes the spirit of the custom. The object world thus “participates” in the profanation and interferes with the transition to the spiritual level.
F. M. Dostoevsky, Сrime and Punishment, commemorative meal, object world, details, food, clothes, carnivalisation.
1. Bahtin M. M. Problemy tvorchestva/pojetiki Dostoevskogo (Problems of Works/Poetics of Dostojewskij), Kiev, 1994.
2. Bahtin M. M. Tvorchestvo Fransua Rable i narodnaja kul'tura Srednevekov'ja i Renessansa (Works of Francois Rablais and Folk Culture of Middle Ages and Renaissance), Moscow, 1990.
3. Bjelnep R. L. Struktura «Brat'ev Karamazovyh» / Per. s angl. SPb., 1997.
4. Darkevich V. P. Narodnaja smehovaja kul'tura Srednevekov'ja. Svetskaja i prazdnichnaja zhizn' v iskusstve IX–XVI vekov (Folk Laugh Culture of Middle Ages. Civil and Holiday Life in Art of IX–XVI Centuries), Moscow, 1998.
5. Kagarov E. G. Religija drevnih slavjan (Religion of Ancient Slavs), Moscow, 1918.
6. Kuz'menko P. V. Russkij pravoslavnyj obrjad pogrebenija (Russian Orthodox Rite of Funeral), Moscow, 1996.
7. Sedakova O. A. Pojetika obrjada. Pogrebal'naja obrjadnost' vostochnyh i juzhnyh slavjan (Rite Poetics. Funeral Rites of Eastern and Southern Slavs), Moscow, 2004.