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Вишняк М. А. Участие женщин в арсенитском расколе (1265 – 1310) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 83. С. 48-58. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201883.48-58
Based on the works of patriarch St. Athanasius I of Constantinople (1289–1293, 1303–1309) and some other sources, this paper deals with the participation of women in the Arsenite schism (1265–1310). There are three main roles of women in the schism: 1) The role of high patronesses as well as mothers and educators of new members. A typical example is the sister of Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologos, Maria- Marfa, mother of Ioannes Tarchaneiotes and grandmother of Alexios Philanthropenos, the two distinguished Arsenites. 2) The role of ordinary participants, which was, mainly, a passive position in the schism and participation in the creation of informational and propagandistic background. 3) The “charismatic” role of active participants in liturgical life, performers of rituals and sacraments; this is the most extraordinary and least documented role of women in the Arsenite movement. It demonstrates clearly the processes of degeneration of a church schism into a para-Christian sect. This duty of women in the Arsenite schism has probably no connection with the “custom of the deaconesses”, which was liquidated by Patriarch Athanasius I.
Arsenite schism, Arsenites, patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople, antischismatic literature, woman in Byzantine Empire, woman in church, female priesthood, deaconess, parachristianity
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Vishnyak Mikhail
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Moscow Theological Academy; Troitse-Sergieva Lavra, Sergiev Posad 141300, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3354-9553;
Email: gweharall@gmail.com.
Вишнякова Ю. И. Воспитание на образце: 80 лет биографической серии «Жизнь замечательных людей» издательства «Молодая гвардия» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2019. Вып. 53. С. 120-132. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201953.120-132
The series “Lives of Remarkable People” over the years of its existence has become a sui generis quality mark. Books of this series are often recommended by teachers to their students when there arise questions about life and work of a certain historical fi gure. They are also off ered as extracurricular reading and are a source of life experience for contemporary young people, this experience being not superfi cial but refi ned, checked many times, time-honoured, having absorbed features of many fates and periods which are impossible to anybody to go through in their life, but are possible to be assimilated, internalised and acquired through reading. Last year, 2018, was 85 years since the moment when the series was initiated by Журнально-газетное объединение (“Association of Magazines and Newspapers”) and 80 years since the series started to come out in the publishing house Молодая гвардия. Contemporary readers of the series are well familiar with its current layout, repertoire, numbers of copies printed. In this article, we would like to address its origins, the fi rst decennia of the existence of the series and, consequently, to the formative period of its famous image. The study has shown that from 1933 to 1959, 264 biographies were published, the numbers of their copies being 15,000 — 100,000. These biographies were written by the best authors. Biographies of writers, poets, and scholars were prevailing as to the numbers of editions during all the three decades. The number of reprinted editions was increasing, which demonstrates the popularity of the series with its readers. Despite difficult periods and circumstances in the history of the country, the series continued to be published and did not lose its standards. The layout was transforming and was acquiring its distinguished style. The history of the series contunues nowadays as well. The idea of the series — moral education based on the biography of an outstanding person — is still living, though its ideology has broadened. The series has good reasons to promote continuous moral education, desire for knowledge and for obtaining authoritative information, developing aesthetical and literary taste, making people accustomed to thoughtful reading.
Lives of Remarkable People (series of biographies), Young Guard (publishing house), book series, biographical series, example, education, pedagogy, publishing, Pavlenkov, Gorky
  1. Bordovskaia N. (2013) “Psikhologiia i pedagogika. Standart tret’ego pokoleniia” [Psychology and Pedagogy. Standard of the Third Generation]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  2. Gorbunov Iu. (1999) Florentii Pavlenkov. Ego zhizn’ i izdatel’skaia deiatel’nost’ [F. Pavlenkov. His Life and Editorial Work]. Cheliabinsk (in Russian).
  3. Prometei: Istoriko-biografi cheskii al’manakh serii «Zhizn’ zamechatel’nykh liudei» [Prometheus: Historical and Biographical Almanach of the Series Lives of Remarkable People], vol. 1–2 (1966‒1967) (in Russian).
  4. Trainev V. (2013) Novye informatsionnye kommunikatsionnye tekhnologii v obrazovanii: Informatsionnoe obshchestvo. Informatsionno-obrazovatel’naia sreda. Elektronnaia pedagogika. Blochno-modul’noe postroenie informatsionnykh tekhnologii [New Technologies of Information and Communiation in Education. Information Society. Information and Educational Environment. Electronic Pedagogy. Module-Based Building of Information Technologies]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Zhizn’ zamechatel’nykh liudei: Katalog 1933–1973 [Lives of Remarkable People. Catalogue 1933‒1973] (1976). Moscow (in Russian).
  6. Zhizn’ zamechatel’nykh liudei: Katalog 1933–1985 [Lives of Remarkable People. Catalogue 1933–1985] (1987). Moscow (in Russian).
Vishnyakova Yulia
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Russian State Library; 3/5, Vozdvizhenka str., 119019, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8706-6106;
Email: muzkn2@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.