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Вашевко О. Д. Тема проскомидии в росписях северной апсиды cобора Рождества Богородицы Снетогорского монастыря // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 33. С. 45-61. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201933.45-61
The article attempts to analyze the painting of the northern apse of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin of the Snetogorsky Monastery and its theological and theological content. The description of the iconographic program in accordance with the register division of the architectural volume. Thematic selection of plots gives a detailed theological commentary on the proskomedia. The sources of the origin of the scenes lie in the fi eld of the Holy Scripture and represent a doctrinal, historical and exegetical series regarding the formation and patristic understanding of the order of the proskomide.The article identifi es the semantic relationship of the content of the plots and their compositional structure. In the upper register, the sacrifi ce of Abraham is compared with the image of the Most Holy Trinity. The middle register contains a selection of biblical scenes from the Old and New Testaments. Lower case is represented by fi gures of saints, some of which are attributed. The iconographic program is analyzed in relation to the basics of Christian doctrine and traditions of liturgical practice, and a theological interpretation of the content of the painting is given. Some of the plots are intended to clarify the dogmatic signifi cance of the sacred rite performed in the north apse. Some of the plots show the historical development and tradition of off ering sacrifices and gifts to God. Some images of saints are textologically related to the order. Their names are mentioned during the commission of the proskomide, so they appear in the mural of the altar. The article specifies written sources, art history counterparts, and liturgical peculiarities that form the basis for plot formation. The dedication of the painting of the northern apse to the themes of the Atonement, sacrifi ce, preparation of the Gifts is an exceptional fact for the beginning of the 14th century. The preparation of the Lamb is commented in biblical, historical, symbolic, representative, textual perspectives. The study of the painting according to the principle of theological analysis made it possible to designate the infl uence of Christian dogma and liturgical practice on the monumental art of Ancient Russia. The study showed that the art history features of the monument were formed, primarily, under the infl uence of Christian dogma and liturgical practice. At the same time, the features of the selection of certain plots indicate their reliance on the liturgical tradition prevalent in Novgorod, in whose jurisdiction Pskov belonged. By the 14th century, the liturgical formation of the rank of proskomedia was completed, and in Snetogorsky Cathedral we encounter the earliest theological and artistic interpretation of this rite in ancient Russian art.
offertory, altar, northern apse, the Lamb, Eucharist, prototype, iconographic programme, rite, mural, liturgical context, theological signifi cance
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Nun Sophia (Vashevko O.)
Place of work: Snetogorsk Convent of Nativity of Vir gin Mary; 1 Snyatnaya Gora Str., Pskov, 180020, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-7819-320X;
Email: inparaskeva@rambler.ru.