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Ефимов А. Б., Ласаева О. В. Становление православия в Канаде на рубеже XIX-XX вв. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 4 (41). С. 60-75.
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The canadian mission, Uniates, Orthodox Bishop Tikhon (Bellavin), Archbishop Platon (Rozhdestvensky)
Efimov Andrei
Lasaeva Oksana
Григорьев А. Б. Сочинение митрополита Рязанского и Муромского Стефана Яворского «Иго Господне благо и бремя Его легко» / Публ. Григорьев А.Б. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 1 (39). С. 87-113.
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This article contains the first complete and annotated edition of a theological work written by Stefan Javorskij, the Metropolitan of Rjazan’ and Murom and the locum tenens of the patriarchal throne of Moscow and all Rus’. For the Yoke of the Lord is Easy and His Burden Light is written as a kind of answer to Feofan Prokopovič’s polemic disputation The Tale of the Dispute of Paul and Barnabas with the Judaizers and the Difficulty of the Oration of the Apostle Peter Concerning the Unbearable Burden of the Law. It also marks the starting point for one of the most significant theological controversies of the eighteenth century.
STEFAN JAVORSKIJ, FEOFAN PROKOPOVIč, YOKE OF THE LORD, FALL OF MAN, LAW, FREE WILL, OLD TESTAMENT, GOD’S LOVE, SIN, GRACE, JUSTIFICATION, DEGREES OF PERFECTION
Григорьев А. Б. Сочинение митрополита Рязанского и Муромского Стефана Яворского «Иго Господне благо и бремя его легко» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 2 (40). С. 113-138.
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This article contains the first complete and annotated edition of a theological work written by Stefan Javorskij, the Metropolitan of Rjazan’ and Murom and the locum tenens of the patriarchal throne of Moscow and all Rus’. For the Yoke of the Lord is Easy and His Burden Light is written as a kind of answer to Feofan Prokopovic’s polemic disputation The Tale of the Dispute of Paul and Barnabas with the Judaizers and the Difficulty of the Oration of the Apostle Peter Concerning the Unbearable Burden of the Law. It also marks the starting point for one of the most significant theological controversies of the eighteenth century.
STEFAN JAVORSKIJ, FEOFAN PROKOPOVIC, YOKE OF THE LORD, FALL OF MAN, LAW, FREE WILL, OLD TESTAMENT, GOD’S LOVE, SIN, GRACE, JUSTIFICATION, DEGREES OF PERFECTION
Милякова Л. Б. Летописцы гонений // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 3 (46). С. 132-134. — Rev. op.: Косик О. В. Голоса из России: очерки истории сбора и передачи за границу информации о положении Церкви в СССР (1920-е — начало 1930-х гг.). М.: Изд-во ПСТГУ, 2011
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Михайлов П. Б. История как признание богословия // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 4 (47). С. 7-22.
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Proposed article is dedicated to development of wide problematic areas of historical as well as theological science. Author mentions the fundamental changes in historical cognition occurred during last century. First of all they relating to revision of hermeneutical paradigm — cognition of obj ect replaced by cognition of subj ect cognizing object. Christian theologians were involved to the contemporary discussions and tried to ask the raised question in theological context. They guided by the fact that the general aspects of historical reflection were formed just in Christian tradition. Author supposes that interpretation narrowed by only one of possible approaches makes its satisfactory perception impossible. That’s why he proposes a hierarchical classification of types of historical cognition. Finally problem of time is regarded as one of the most critical and relevant aspect of historical cognition; it explored in the frames of general conceptions used in one or another scientific and world outlook.
philosophy of history, historical turn, theology of history, historiography, conceptions of time
Михайлов П. Б. История как предмет богословия // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 6 (44). С. 30-40.
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This article presents a panoramic view of the ideas posited by Roman Catholic and Orthodox theologians of the twentieth century regarding history from a theological point of view and as they were propounded during discussions of philosophy and history. The author wishes to shed light on one of the more knotty problems of the relationship between theology and history, understood as a novel type of theological reflection — the relationship between sacred and profane history. After deep reflection on these questions, one is able to define how theologians are to view history and precisely the way God and man interact throughout it.
PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY, THEOLOGY OF HISTORY, SACRED AND PROFANE HISTORY
Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 1 (45). С. 93-100. — Rev. op.: Larchet J.-C. Personne et nature. La Trinité — Le Christ — L’homme. Contributions aux dialogues interorthodoxe et interchrétien contemporains. P.: Cerf, 2011
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Ермишина К. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 2 (46). С. 146-151. — Rev. op.: Лев Платонович Карсавин / Под ред. С. С. Хоружего. РОССПЭН, 2012
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Зонов О. Б. Хрущевские гонения в Удмуртии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 2 (51). С. 54-68.
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The article concerns persecutions against the Church in Udmurtiya in 1958-1964. On the basis of archival materials the author describes methods that were used by the attorney of the Council for Russian Orthodox Church’s affairs D.M. Shestakov for eradicating Orthodoxy in the Izhevsk diocese. Financial discredit of the diocese also had a great significance in the state policy. The inhibition of a repair, of decorating legacy churches, development and enlargement of church choruses were besides closing up temples the leverages of the local authorities. Also the author investigates the question of the campaign, which was developed by the authorities against bishop Michael (Chub), and circumstances of his retiring.
the Russian Orthodox Church, Izhevsk diocese, church-state relations, Khruschev persecutions, the Council for Russian Orthodox Church’s aff airs, archbishop Juvenaly (Kilin), bishop Michael (Chub)
1. Shkarovskiy M.V. Russkaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov v XXveke (The Russian Orthodox Church in XX c.). Moscow. 2010.
2. Shkarovskiy M.V. Russkaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov pri Staline i Hrushove. (The Russian Orthodox Church under Stalin and Khrushov). Moscow. 2005.
3. Tsypin V., prot. Istoria Russkoy Tserkvi. 1917—1997. (The history of the Russian Church. 1917— 1997). Moscow. 1997.
4. Vasil'eva O.Y. Russkaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov i Vtoroy Vatikansriy Sobor (The Russian Orthodox Church and the Second Vatican Council). Moscow. 2004
5. Marchenko A., prot. Hrushevskaya tserkovnaya reforma (The Khrushchev Reform of the Church). Perm'. 2007.
6. Chumachenko T. Gosudarstvo, Pravoslavnaya Tserkov, veruushie (The State, the Orthodox Church, the Faithful). Moscow. 1999.
7. Malih A., svjaschennik. Istoria Izhevskoy i Udmurtskoy eparhii v XXveke (The History of the Izhevsk and Udmurtia Diocese in XX c.). Izhevsk. 2010.
8. Shumilov E. Pravoslavnaya Udmurtia. Istoria Izhevskoy i Udmurtskoy eparhii. XX v. (The Orthodox Udmurtia. The History of the Izhevsk and Udmurtia Diocese. XX c.). Izhevsk. 1996.
9. Shumilov E. Hristianstvo v Udmurtii. Tsivilizatsionnie protsessi i hristianskoye iskusstvo. XVI — nachalo XX v. (Christianity in Udmurtia. Civilizational Processes and the Christian Art. XVI — the Beginning of the XXth century). Izhevsk. 2001.
Zonov Ole, archdeacon
Милякова Л. Б., Кривошеева Н. А. Встреча с новомучениками: выставка «Преодоление. Русская Церковь и советская власть» в отзывах посетителей // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 2 (51). С. 149-153.
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Miliakova Lidiia
Krivosheeva Nataliia
Резниченко Е. Б. Свадебные причитания Беломорья в контексте изучения народной религиозности // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2013. Вып. 1 (10). С. 169-180.
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Folk religious beliefs of the Eastern Slavs is a holistic system inside of which Christian and pagan (mythological) components are opposed. This article represents the experience of studying the local specific character of North Russian national religiosity in the light of traditional wedding of the White Sea. Originally archaic model of the coast-dwelle (Pomor) wedding ritual is enriched with Christian components which are reflected in different semiotic «languages-codes» (activity language, subject language, verbal-music language). The records of the last third of the 19th century have particular importance for clarifying the role of Christian component of the local wedding. These records include detailed cycles of canonical Orthodox lamentations, using traditional for North Russian lamentations vocabulary.
folk religiousness, regional investigations, Pomorye, wedding lamentations
1. Bajburin A. K., Levinton G. A. 1978, in Russkij narodnyj svadebnyj obryad, pp. 89-106.
2. Belova O. V. 2012, in Slavyanskie drevnosti: Etnolingvisticheskij slovar, vol. 5, pp. 488-493.
3. Bernshtam T. A. Prihodskaya zhizn russkoj derevni: Ocherki po cerkovnoj etnografii (The Parish Life of Russian Countries: Essays at the Church Ethnography), Sankt-Peterburg, 2005.
4. Bernshtam T. A. Russkaya narodnaya kultura Pomorya v XIX — nachale XXv. Etnograficheskie ocherki (Russian Folk Culture of Pomorje from XIX Century to the Beginning of the XX Century), Leningrad, 1983.
5. Gemp K. P. Skazo Belomor'e. Slovar pomorskih rechenij (Narration about Belomorje. Pomor's dialectic dictionary). Moscow, Arhangelsk, 2004.
6. Gippius E. V. 1982, in Tradicionnoe narodnoe muzykalnoe iskusstvo i sovremennost (voprosy tipologii), pp. 5-13.
7. Gurevich A. Ya. Problemy srednevekovoj narodnoj kultury (The Problems of Medieval Folk Culture), Moscow, 1981.
8. Denisov N. G. Strelnikovskj hor Kostromskoj zemli: Traditzii staroobryadcheskogo tserkovnogo peniya (Strelnikov's Choir of Kostroma: Tradition of Old Believers' Church Singing), Moscow, 2005.
9. Durov I. M. Slovar zhivogo pomorskogo yazyka v ego bytovom i etnograficheskom primenenii (The Dictionary of pomors' Language in its Ethnographic Application), Petrozavodsk, 2011.
10. Efimenko P. S. Obychai i verovaniya krestyan Arhangelskoj gubernii (Peasant Customs and Relief in Arhangelsk' Province), Moscow, 2009.
11. Efimenkova B. B. Vostochnoslavyanskaya svadba i eyo muzykalnoe napolnenie (East-Slavic Wedding and its Musical Component), Moscow, 2008.
12. Podrezova S. V. Narodnye raspevy Paskhalnogo troparya "Khristos Voskrese" v traditziyah Verhnego Podneprovja (Paschal Troparion "Christ is resurrected" in the Folk Manner and Traditions of Upper Podneprovie), Sankt-Peterburg, 2009.
13. Russkaya svadba (Russian Wedding), Moscow, 2000, vol. 1.
14. Russkaya svadba Karelskogo Pomorya [v selah Kolezhme i Nyuhche] (Russian Wedding of Karelian Pomorje [in Countries as Koledgma and Niukhche]). Petrozavodsk, 1980.
15. Tolstaya S. M. 2012, in Slavyanskie drevnosti: Etnolingvisticheskij slovar, vol. 5, pp. 616-619.
16. Tolstoy N. I. 1995, in Slavyanskie drevnosti: Etnolingvisticheskij slovar, vol. 1, pp. 465-466.
17. Tolstoy N. I. 1995, in Slavyanskaya mifologiya. Entsiklopedicheskij slovar, pp. 15-26.
18. Tolstoy N. I. Izbrannye trudy (Selected Works), vol. 2, Moscow, 1998.
19. Tsejtlin G. 1912, in Izvestiya Arhangelskogo obschestva izucheniya Russkogo Severa, vol. 1, pp. 8-16.
20. Shejn P. V. Velikoruss v svoih pesnyah, obryadah, obychayah, verovaniyah, skazkah, legendah (Great Russian in his songs, customs, habits, reliefs, stories, legends), Sankt-Petersburg, 1900, vol. 1/2.
Милякова Л. Б. «Мы благоговеем перед твоею верою...» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 3 (52). С. 143-144. — Rev. op.: Ефимов А. Б., Ласаева О. В. Алеутская и Северо-Американская епархия при святителе Тихоне. М.: Изд-во ПСТГУ, 2012
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Ефимов А. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 4 (53). С. 139-140. — Rev. op.: Петров А. Ю. «Наталья Шелихова у истоков Русской Америки». М.: Изд-во «Весь Мир», 2012
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Катцер Н., Бакиров В. С., Борисов Н. С., Сухова Н. Ю., Савчук В. С., Иванов А. Е., Петров Ф. А. Круглый Стол, посвященный выходу в свет книги // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 4 (53). С. 141-157. — Rev. op.: «Университет в Российской империи XVIII — первой половины XIX века» / Под общ. ред. А. Ю. Андреева и С. И. Посохова. М.: РОССПЭН, 2012
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Kattser Nikolaus
Bakirov Vil'
Borisov Nikolai
Sukhova Nataliia
Savchuk Varfolomei
Ivanov Anatolii
Petrov Fedor
Хохлова А. Б. Проблема открытия нового знания в трудах свт. Феофана Затворника // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2013. Вып. 3 (30). С. 100-109.
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In the article the nature of innovative processes is revealed in the context of modern scientific approaches aimed at finding answers to questions: what is creativity? what is development of creative abilities? The author points out the fact that modern science giving the definition of the creativity on the whole can not yet define the nature of human creative abilities. The author believes that it is not by chance. The problem of understanding of the process of getting knowledge and discovering can not be solved with the help of research approaches that exclude spirituality of a man. The article reveals the approach aimed at understanding a human as originally a spiritual being. Spirituality is the most important characteristic of a person. It is stated in the ability of cognition, guiding of the voice of conscience, striving for perfection. Only spiritual sphere determines the norm of humanity. The Holy Fathers heritage lets us to get closer to comprehension of the mystery of spirituality and spiritual knowledge, especially in the works of Theophan the Recluse. He substantiated the idea of synergism of the cognitive process as a unity of mental process of a person and knowledge that God gives to a man. As the spiritual basis is dominant in the knowledge, spiritual cognition should be put into the basis of mental education: it will be the most important factor of development of human creativity. So, the material issues of Theophan the Recluse allows to understand and organize the mental education properly. It makes possible not only to understand creativity and creative abilities of a person correctly but it also enables the real development of human creativity. Keywords: innovation, anthropology, education, Holy-father heritage, insight, spirituality, mind, spiritual-moral development of human, creation, innovative processes, creative skills, mental education.
innovation, anthropology, education, Holy-father heritage, insight, spirituality, mind, spiritual-moral development of human, creation, innovative processes
1. Dolzhenko O. V. Universitet v tochke Omega (University at Omega), Moscow, 2010.
2. Losskij V. N. Ocherk misticheskogo bogoslovja Vostocnoj Cerkvi (Essay of Mystical Theology of Easter Church), Moscow, 1991.
3. Podymova L. S. Vvedenie v innivacionnuju pedagogiku (Introduction to Innovative Pedagogy), Kursk, 1994.
4. Pushkin V. N. Euristica — nauka o tvorcheskom myshlenii (Heuristic — Science of Creative Thinking), Moscow, 1967.
5. Slobodchikov V. I. Antropologicheskaja perspektiva otechestvennogo obrazovanija (Anthropological Perspective of Native Education), Ekaterinburg, 2009.
6. Zapesockij A. S. Obrazovanie: filosofija, kulturologja, politika (Education: Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Policy), Moscow, 2002.
7. Zenkovskij V. V. Osnovy hristianskoj filosofii (The Elements of Christian Philosophy), Moscow, 1997.
Милякова Л. Б., Зюзина И. А. Нереализованный проект: Московский кремль как музейный город // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 6 (55). С. 111-126.
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The published document «The Adaptation’s Project of the Moscow Kremlin’s Building to a Museum city» has appeared on June, 17th, 1917 in the time of the Provisional government. This is the typewritten text publishing by means of a hectograph. Authors of the document — the outstanding Russian art workers: architect R. I. Klein, critic I. E. Grabar, collector E. F. Vishnevsky, professor of the Moscow State University P. Langovoj and architect-collector I. A. Kuznetsov. All of them were the part of the Commission of the protection of the Kremlin and the Moscow palaces and the takeover of palace property (March 1917 — spring of 1918) that existed at the Moscow municipal duma. The project had a unique large-scale character: it suggested to convert the Kremlin into the basic Moscow museum centre and to concentrate all available museum and private collections in the center. The knowledge of the condition of the Kremlin relics and monuments and the plan’s scrupulousness distinguished this Project. The project has not been discussed in a press, did not become public, however domestic historians remember it.
the Moscow Kremlin, a museum city, Russian art workers, collectors, monuments’ protection, the Commission of the protection of the Kremlin and Moscow palaces, R. I. Klein, I. E. Grab
Miliakova Lidiia
Ziuzina Irina
Михайлов П. Б. Проблема развития в богословии и догматике // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 6 (50). С. 9-23.
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The author attempts to study the history of the concept of the development of dogma as it early was stated during the nineteenth century and later discussed in Europe and Russia during a period dating from near the end of the nineteenth and around the beginning of the twentieth centuries. To do this, the author adopts the method of defining the limit and the borderline of a dogma as two separate concepts. It seems sensible to include a discussion of this concept in theology in the context of such scientific ideas as progress and development. As the selection of literature provided by the author demonstrates, this concept is of capital importance and is presented in a variety of serious publications, which step into the role of dogmatic manifestos or statements of belief for various Christian confessions. The idea of the development of dogma is often used as a defining point which acts as an identification mark for a particular Christian confession. Two of the most notable examples are the spiritual biographies of Cardinal Newman who became a Roman Catholic in the middle of the nineteenth century and that of Jaroslav Pelikan who converted to Eastern Orthodoxy at the end of the twentieth. The discussion of this problem continued in a series of large scale research projects which demand serious reading but which are not without their own inherent difficulties. The second part of this article is devoted to a presentation and analysis of patristic texts dealing with this problem. The author suggests various ways in which patristic thought evolved and finally concludes that these patristic witnesses allow for border areas in theology in which evolution or movement may be acceptable but also place firm limits on the development of dogma and theology. Help with the interpretation of the early fathers of the Church may be found in the distinction which the pre-Nicene fathers make in the understanding of the concepts of pisiis and gnosis and which Gregory the Theologian makes between oikonomia and teleiotes.
dogma, development of dogma, Revelation, Cardinal Newman, A. von Har-nack, A. Loisy, S.V. Soloviev, A.L. Katansky, J. Pelikan, Irenaeus of Lyons, Origen, Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, faith and knowledge.
1. Brande R. (2011) “Franz Overbeck und Oscar Cullmann zu Christentum und Kultur” in: Εὔκαρπα. Etudes sur la Bible et ses exegetes, Paris, 2011, pp. 323–330.
2. Congar Y. (1946) “Theologie” in : Dictionnaire de theologie catholique, 1946, vol. 15/1, pp. 341–502.
3. Darwin C. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, London, 1859.
4. Fedou M. (2011) “Tradition et vie ecclesiale: le temoignage des premieres communautes chretiennes” in: Du bon usage de la tradition. Enracinements et nouveaute, Paris, 2011, pp. 49–65.
5. Fiedrowicz M. Handbuch der Patristik. Quellentexte zur Theologie der Kirchenvater, Freiburg,
2010.
6. Loisy A. L’Evangile et l’Eglise. Paris, 1902.
7. Martin B. John Henry Newman. His Life and Work, London, 2000.
8. Newman J. H. The Arians of the Forth Century, London, 1833.
9. Newman J. H. An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine, London, 1845.
10. Pelikan J. Development of Christian Doctrine: Some Historical Prolegomena, London, 1969.
11. Pelikan J. The Christian Tradition: A History оf the Development of Doctrine, Chicago,
1971–1989, vol. 1–5.
12. Tixeront J. Histoire des dogmes dans l’Antiquite chretienne, Paris, 1915, vol. 1.
13. Garnak A. Sushhnost' hristianstva (The Essence of Christianity), Moscow, 2001.
14. Katanskij A. L. (1871) “Ob istoricheskom izlozhenii dogmatov” (On Historical of Dogmas) in: Hristianskoe chtenie, 1871, vol. 5, pp. 791–843.
15. Mihajlov P. B. Kategorii bogoslovskoj mysli (Categories of Theological Thought), Moscow, 2013.
16. Pelikan Ja. Hristianskaja tradicija. Istorija razvitija verouchenija (Christian Tradition. History of the Development of the Doctrine), Moscow, 2007, vol. 1, Moscow, 2009, vol. 2.
17. Solov'ev V. S. Dogmaticheskoe razvitie Cerkvi (v svjazi s voprosom o soedinenii Cerkvej) (Doctrinal Development of the Church (in Connection with the Question of Unity of the Churches)), Moscow, 1886.
Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 6 (50). С. 105-108. — Rev. op.: Ευκαρπα. Études sur la Bible et ses exégètes / M. Loubet, D. Pralon, éds. Paris: Cerf, 2011
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Сержантов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 6 (50). С. 120-123. — Rev. op.: Larchet J.-C. L'Église, Corps du Christ. Vol. 1. Cerf, 2012
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Serzhantov Pavel, диакон
Сержантов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 1 (51). С. 137-140. — Rev. op.: Larchet J.-C. L’Église, Corps du Christ. V. II. Les relations entre les Églises. Cerf, 2012
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Serzhantov Pavel, диакон
Михайлов П. Б. Тайна истории у Оригена: конфликт интерпретаций // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 1 (56). С. 16-30. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201456.16-30
He proposed issue represents an analytical review of the most striking as well as opposite interpretations of theology of history of Origen. They belong to the Christian theologians and researchers in the field of patristic thought — archpriest George Florovsky and cardinal Henri de Lubac. Both approaches are characterized by large and at the same time contextual vision of their subject. As has been shown behind each explanation is lying certain theological position of author determined by his biographical and historical situation. For example an impulse for Florovsky in turning to the historical thought of Origen is an ideological conflict of his own time, as for de Lubac such a reason became a demand of contemporary catholic theology in hermeneutical resource of ancient Christian tradition. The comparison of different approaches is completed by short characteristic of an essence of historical and hermeneutical position of Origen. As has been shown by the latest researches of B. Studer history as such for Origen was completely enclosed in the Scripture. The Greek word ιστορία is related to the idea of narration. Some kind of “bibliocentrism” is typical for his thought, and the only possible history is a narration of Holy Scripture as well as its interpretation is a spiritual explanation of its history. Scripture includes the first moments of being of the world, the creation of manhood, the fall and a long way of humanity towards Incarnation, that collects in itself all the dimensions of biblical testimony and conducts believers to its final fulfillment in the future age.
theology of history, reception of Origen, modern Orthodox theology, modern Catholic theology, hermeneutic and exegesis, George Florovsky, Henri de Lubac

1. Blejn Je. (1995) “Zhizneopisanie otca Georgija” (Life of Father George), in Georgij Florovskij: svjashhennosluzhitel', bogoslov, filosof, M.: Progress — Kul'tura, 1995, pp. 7–240.
2. Ljubak A. de. Katolichestvo: Social'nye aspekty dogmata (Catholicity: Social Aspects of the Dogma), M.; Milan: Hristianskaja Rossija, 1992.
3. Mihajlov P. B. Kategorii bogoslovskoj mysli (Categories of the Theological Thought), M.: Izd-vo PSTGU, 2013.
4. Florovskij G. V. Dogmat i istorija (Dogma and History), M.: Izd-vo Svjato-Vladimirskogo bratstva, 1998.
5. Florovskij G. V. (2005) “Metafizicheskie predposylki utopizma” (Metaphysical Premises of the Utopianism), in: Florovskij G. V. Hristianstvo i civilizacija: Izbrannye trudy po bogosloviju i filosofii, SPb.: RHGA, 2005, pp. 197–228.
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7. Florovskij G. V. (1998) “Protivorechija origenizma” (Contradictions of Origenianism), in Florovskij G. V. Dogmat i istorija, M.: Izd-vo Svjato-Vladimirskogo bratstva, 1998, pp. 292–302.
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13. Harl M. (1975) “Structure et cohérence du Peri Archôn”, in Origeniana (I colloque international des études origéniennes. Montserrat, 18–21 septembre 1973), Bari, 1975, pp. 11–32.
14. Lubac H. de. Histoire et Ésprit. L’intelligence de l’Écriture d’après Origène, Paris: Aubier, 1950, pp. 16, 37–38.
15. Studer B. (2003) „Der Begriff der Geschichte im Schrifttum des Origenes von Alexandrien“, in Origeniana octava. Papers of the 8th International Origen Congress. Pisa, 27–31 August 2001, Leuven, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 757–777.
16. Studer B. Durch Geschichte zum Glauben: Zur Exegese und zur Trinitätslehre der Kirchenväter, R.: Pontifi cio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 2006.

Григорьев А. Б. Гектографические издания в собрании РГБ, посвященные полемике вокруг «Окружного послания» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 3 (53). С. 93-130. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201453.93-130
The author tells in his introductory article to the publication the history of the emergence of hectography in Russia and touches upon the related questions of describing hectograph texts from the collection of the Russian State Library devoted, among other things, to the «Encyclical» by I. G. Kabanov. At present such editions are bibliographic rarities. The publication of hectograph texts dating to the 19th and 20th centuries, that follows, is dedicated to the polemics between the supporters of the «Encyclical», the champions of the Old Believer I. G. Kabanov — the author of the «Encyclical Letter of 1862» and an advocate of a rapprochement with the Russian Church, and the «non-Encyclicals», his adversaries. Kabanov’s letters reveal his views on the relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the «Belokrinitsky Agreement» of the Old Believer Church. These texts, written after his death, present a picture of an appreciation of Kabanov’s activities on the part of various ecclesiastical, political and cultural circles of the then Russia. In them Kabanov singles out several key reasons for the ever-deepening schism between the two Churches: he notes an influence on the Old Believers exercised by a certain semi-legendary personality, Martin the Armenian, as well as previously unheard-of circulation among the Old Believers of apocryphal texts presenting a most hostile view on the Russian Church. The second of the published hectograph texts deals with a later stage of polemics between the «Encyclicals» and the leader of their adversaries, Bishop Iov (Borisov). The author of the text, priest V. Mekhannikov, conducted a most detailed analysis of Bishop John Kartushin’s literary work and singled out his principal mistakes which led to the separation of the «non-Encyclicals».
I. G. Kabanov, Encyclical letter of 1862, St. Dmitri of Rostov, Archbishop John (Kartushin), S. T. Bol’shakov, T. I. Filippov, Bishop Sil’vestr (Malygin), priest E. Mel’nikov, Bishop Iov (Borisov), Bishop Anthony (Guslitsky), priest V. Mekhannikov, M. I.
Ванькова А. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 3 (53). С. 136-141. — Rev. op.: Войтенко А. А. Египетское монашество в IV веке: Житие прп. Антония Великого, Лавсаик, История монахов. ЦЕИ РАН, 2012
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Борисова О. Г. Лексика и фразеология кубанских говоров: материалы к словарю // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2014. Вып. 4 (39). С. 99-116.
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Михайлов П. Б. История и истина: возможности взаимодействия богословской и исторической методологий // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 5 (60). С. 109-122. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201460.109-122
In the given text the author attempts to offer a statement of the question about relations between theological and historical methodologies. Universal categories - History and Truth - work as a general scheme of discourse. They are examined in their widest meaning and in the ultimate concrete sense. As has been shown in the conclusion both universals are equally important for historical research as well as for theological. Both academic disciplines expose given generalities from their own point of view accomplishing thereby their mission. In the first part the contemplation is devoted to survey, identification and definition of some integrated theological method that could be found in different theological systems as the most general tool for this type of science. There are the following versions: method of subalternation, method of referring, method of hermeneutical referring, method of correlation, transcendental method. The author proceeds proposing detection and identification of fi ve principles of theological operation with their proper representations: confessionality, historicity, twofold contextuality, verification and systemacy. This part is of the most innovative nature: selection and definition of this five principals is a result of multiple discussions in various scientific colloquiums and conferences with high rate of representativeness. Moreover these systematic propositions could be used not only in the theological fi eld but also in other humanities with relevant content. At last the third part deals with the general elements of historical methodology compared to their theological equivalents: source of historical research, drawing up of historical text, subject area of historical study.
theological methodology, historical methodology, theories of truth, confessionality, historicity, contextuality, verifi cation, systemacy, historical source

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17. Mpegzos M. To mellon tou parelthontos. Kritike eisagoge ste theologia tes Orthodoxias (The Future of the Past. Introductory Criticism of the Orthodox Theology), Athena, 1993.
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Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 6 (56). С. 121-123. — Rev. op.: Dîncă L. Le Christ et la Trinité chez Athanase d’Alexandrie. Les éditions du Cerf, 2012
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Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 1 (57). С. 122-126. — Rev. op.: Guinot J.-N. Théodoret de Cyr. Exégète et théologien. Vol. 1-2. Paris: Cerf, 2012
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Михайлов П. Б. Богословие на перепутье: философская или историческая теология // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 2 (58). С. 9-24. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201558.9-24
The article continues the accomplishment of methodological support for the basic theological sciences initiated in recent publications of Vestnik of St Tikhon’s University concerning a systematization of the encyclopedia of theological sciences and its components. The precedents of such kind of systematization go to the epoch of the “historical turn” in German Protestantism at the beginning of the 19th century and to the works of Fr. Schleiermacher in particular. Yet during that time the general rubrics of theological knowledge were sorted out: philosophical, historical and practical theology, as well as some incoming special disciplines: apologetics and polemics, history of theology and history of the Church, systematical and Biblical theology, homiletics and catechism, liturgical and Church ministry. The author accentuates that all different theological disciplines could fruitfully develop only in close interaction observing particular competences of each other. In the case of advancement of one theological discourse to the dominating role, the inner confl icts are inevitable as well as unsolvable diffi culties in its application. The project of a reform of theological knowledge proposed by professor of Moscow Spiritual Academy M. Tareev in 1916–1917 clearly demonstrates fatal abuses following the usurpation of a leader position by single division of theological knowledge. Special attention is paid to one general rubric ― historical theology: author tries to propose its substantial definition, variants of its inner disciplinary fulfilling, historical survey of its development (16–21th cc.) as well as formulating of its general postulates, principles and goals.
theological methodology, philosophical theology, historical theology, F. Schleiermacher, M. Tareev, history of theology, history of dogmas, history of doctrines, history of the Church

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Сержантов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 4 (60). С. 143-146. — Rev. op.: Larchet J. -C. La vie sacramentalle. Cerf, 2014
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Serzhantov Pavel, диакон
Мурзин Е. Б. «В годину тяжких испытаний»: духовная жизнь и социально-политическая проблематика в проповедях архимандрита Александра (Ловчего) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 4 (65). С. 110-124. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201565.110-124
The article is devoted to the study of the Orthodox segment of the religious and social thought in Germany during the Third Reich. The basis of the research were «Sunday flyers» — sermons compiled in the period of 1941–1945 by the prior of the st. Nicholas church in Munich, archimandrite Alexander (Lovchiy), one of the most prominent figures of Russian Orthodoxy. The article shows what the current issues the preacher cared about, demonstrates the specificity of his perception of the events. The author explores such themes as USSR and the Russian Orthodox Church, Christianity and national socialism, Russian emigration and its historic mission, science and religion, etc. Reflecting about the fate of Russia, Archimandrite Alexander appreciate happenings in the USSR as the punishment of God for anti-Church policy of the Bolsheviks. Нe compares Godless Soviet Russia and Russian Empire and dreams about its revival. He believes that the revival of the Empire is the duty of the Russian emigration. Simultaneously with the rejection of Communist ideology, Alexander criticizes and national-socialism and accuses its followers of trying to rehabilitate the paganism, hatred and cruelty. The preacher contrasts the ideas of racial superiority the gospel love, compassion and mercy, which constitute the moral basis of European civilization and guarantee its further development. He calls for the conviction of the authorities in cases when their actions are contrary to gospel principles. The article traces a parallel between denunciatory sermons rev. Alexander and leaflets, distributed in Bavaria by members of anti-fascist youth organization «White rose». Denunciatory sermons and leaflets have not only similar content. They also belong to the same period of time (The autumn of 1942). Based on the analysis of the content of leaflets and sermons, as well as specific historical circumstances, the autor suggestes that the relationship between Archimandrite Alexander and the leader of the «White rose» Alexander Scmorel, parishioner of the st. Nicolas church, has private and confi dential nature
The Russian Orthodox Church abroad, WWII, opposition, religious and social thought, collaboration

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Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 6 (62). С. 119-122. — Rev. op.: Ramelli Ilaria L. E.The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis. A Critical Assessment from the New Testament to Eriugena. Brill, 2013
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Смагина Е. Б. Мистерии Иоанна, апостола и святого девственника (предисл., пер. и примеч.: Е. Б. Смагина) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2015. Вып. 5 (45). С. 97-110.
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Борисов А. А. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 1 (63). С. 133-136. — Rev. op.: Avis P. D. L. In Search of Authority. Anglican Theological Method from the Reformation to the Enlightenment. Bloomsbury, 2014
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Borisov Antonii, priest
Баранникова Н. Б., Безрогов В. Г. В позднеантичной школе: греко-латинский разговорник как учебное пособие // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 1 (40). С. 46-61. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201640.46-61
The school dialogues were manuals of late Antiquity that formed the basis for early medieval textbooks of bilingual Latin and Greek education. The analysis of them in the article is accompanied by a Russian translation of one version of the Pseudo-Dositheus manual. In the complex set of learning materials there was part of the dictionary (Glossary), grammar, collections of dialogues, sayings, fables, fragments guidelines for teaching of law and similar guidelines for the short review on history.
school textbook, Late Antiquity, Early Middle Ages, schooling, apprenticeship.

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Barannikova Natal'ia
Bezrogov Vitalii
Ковалев А. Б. Некоторые жанровые особенности хорового цикла Всенощного бдения в творчестве П. И. Чайковского, С. В. Рахманинова, А. Т. Гречанинова // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2016. Вып. 1 (21). С. 109-120. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201621.109-120
The article highlights issues specific genre characteristics copyright spiritual music in the works of Russian composers of the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries. an example of choral cycles Vigil Tchaikovsky, Rakhmaninov, A. T. Grechaninova. Purpose — to show the nature of the refractive index in the individual composition creativity canonical bases singing succession Vigil service in the use of traditional chant, and general construction of choral cycle. The methodology of work is determined by the specifics of the genre sphere of Russian sacred music and is based on the provisions and terminology of the liturgy (the science of worship), as well as scientific categories of domestic musicology. The basis of the scope of choral intonation cycles Vigil Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov up banners, Kiev and Greek chant that brings together these works with singing tradition. However, the nature of harmonization chant, especially in the choral cycle Rachmaninov displays that work in the sphere of vnebogosluzhebnuyu genre. Choir cycle A. T. Grechaninova does not contain exact quotations of the chant, but in the musical fabric of his works certainly felt reliance on liturgical melos. Characteristic feature of the organization of choral cycle of Tchaikovsky is the inclusion of immutable chants along with a variety of life forms of everyday singing osmoglasiya that reflects the desire of the composer to hear his music in the walls of the temple. Vigil Rachmaninov includes nearly all immutable chants Sunday service. Canticles of Vespers performed peace and tranquility, which brings this part of the cycle to the nature of Orthodox worship. Chants Matins different scale, the composer is widely used means of expression of secular music. Choir cycle Vigil A. T. Grechaninova built on the gradual development of solemn praise topics that most clearly expressed in terms of tone. Thus, in each of these works differently manifested ratio of elements associated with the canonical-liturgical singing foundation and individual creative thinking composers, proximity to the tradition, or vice versa, away from it.
liturgical-singing, liturgy, genre, spiritual music, choral cycle, harmonization chant, is famous for painting, Greek painting, Kievan chant, small chant.

1. Kovalev A. B. S. V. Rahmaninov i tradicionnye zhanry russkoj duhovnoj muzyki: Issledovanie (Rahmaninov and Traditional Genres of Russian Spiritual Music: Study), Tambov, 2015.
2. Pashkova M. 2004 “Vsenoshhnoe bdenie A. T. Grechaninova” (Pannychis of A. T. Grechaninov), in Paisov Ju. I. (ed.) Tradicionnye zhanry russkoj duhovnoj muzyki i sovremennost': Sb. statej i issledovanij, Moscow, 2004, vol. 2, pp. 195–205.
3. Protopopov Sergij, prot. 1901 “O hudozhestvennom jelemente v cerkovnom penii” (About Art Element in Church Singing), in Bogoslovskij vestnik, 1901, Fevral'.
4. Rahmanova M. P. 1997 “A. T. Grechaninov“, in Istorija russkoj muzyki, Moscow, 1997, vol. 10A: 1890–1917-e gg., pp. 170–216.
5. Rahmanova M. P. 1990 “Ogromnoe i eshhe edva tronutoe pole dejatel'nosti” (Huge and Else Hardly Touched Field of Activity), in Sovetskaja muzyka, 1990, vol. 6, pp. 67–74.
Михайлов П. Б. Отечество земное или небесное? К проблеме локализации Предания // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 3 (65). С. 9-24. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201665.9-24
The author tries to discern temporal and eternal in the Holy Christian Tradition. He proceeds from the opinion that the theological activity of some canonized hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Synodal period constitutes the most complete representation of a common Tradition of the Church.In a case like this, one has to measure the parameters of Tradition according to the degree of its proximity to our present ecclesiastical factors — linguistic, cultural, historical and hierarchical. As an alternative reason one could propose a period nearer to us from the historical point of view — an experience of perception and continuation of Tradition in theological work of Russian Silver Age and Russian Expatriate period that offers lavish data for the specification of the inner structure of the Holy Tradition. The main theological conceptions, such as sophiology, and methodological programs, such as the concept of neopatristic synthesis, make it possible to speak about some kind of dynamics in the Holy Tradition, its universal or historical and vertical or pneumatological dimensions. Occasionally the author touches upon the understandingof theneopatristic program proposed by G. Florovsky — the principle of Hellenism that becomes clearer in the light of the still unpublished materials of Florovsky’s Archive deposited at Princeton University. The author also appeals to different conceptions of the Holy Tradition, such as the Catholic experience of its interpretation (J. A. Moehler, M. Blondel, Y. Congar), and considers ashis final task some data for formulating the general points of the theology of the Holy Tradition — its unique (local), universal and vertical dimensions.
The Holy Tradition, Russian emigration, ecclesiology, pneumatology, f. PavelFlorensky, f. SergeyBulgakov, f. Georges Florovsky, V. N. Lossky, J.-A. Moehler, M. Blondel, Y. Congar.

1. Georgij Florovskij: svjashhennosluzhitel', bogoslov, filosof (Georgij Florovskij: Priest, Theologian, Philosopher), Moscow, 1993.
2. Ilarion (Alfeev), igum. 2000 “Svjatootecheskoe nasledie i sovremennost'” (Patristic Heritage and Modernity), in On zhe. Pravoslavnoe bogoslovie na poroge tret'ego tysjacheletija. Bogoslovskaja konferencija RPC. Moskva, 7–9 fevralja 2000 g.: Materialy, Moscow, 2000. S. 76–107.
3. Lakrua Zh. 2004 “Moris Blondel', ego zhizn' i tvorchestvo” (Moris Blondel, His Life and Works), in On zhe. Izbrannoe: Personalizm, Moscow, 2004, pp. 536–577.
4. Losskij V. N. Spor o Sofii (Dispute about Sophia), Moscow, 1996.
5. Losskij V. N. 2000 “Predanie i predanija” (Tradition and Traditions), in Losskij V. N. Bogoslovie i Bogovidenie, Moscow, 2000, pp. 513–544.
6. Florovskij G. V. Dogmat i istorija (Dogma and History), Moscow, 1998.
7. Florovskij G.V. 2005 “Sobornost' Cerkvi” (Catholity of the Church), in On zhe. Hristianstvo i civilizacija. Izbrannye trudy po bogosloviju i filosofii, Saint-Petersburg, 2005, pp. 525–542.
8. Hondzinskij P., prot. Russkoe bogoslovie: istorija i perspektivy (Russian Theology: History and Perspectives), in http://pstgu.ru/news/life/new3/2015/11/19/62162/ (Date: 5.04.2016).
9. Chernjaev A. V. G. V. Florovskij kak filosof i istorik russkoj mysli (G. V. Florovskij as Philosopher and Historian of Russian Thought), Moscow, 2010.
10. Blondel M. Carnets intimes, Paris, 1966.
11. Blondel M. Les Premiers écrits de M. Blondel, Paris, 1956.
12. Boeglin J.-G. La question de la Tradition dans la théologie catholique contemporaine, Paris, 1998.
13. Congar Y. La Tradition et les traditions, Paris, 1960, vol. 1; Paris, 1963, vol. 2.
14. Congar Y. La Tradition et la vie de l’Église, Paris, 1963.
15. Florovsky G. 1969 “Patristics and Modern Theology”, in Diakonia. A Quarterly Devoted to Advancing Orthodox-Catholic Dialogue, 1969, vol. 4/3, pp. 227–232.
16. Gavrilyuk P. L. Georges Florovsky and the Russian Religious Renaissance, Oxford, 2013.
17. Möhler J. A. Die Einheit in der Kirche, oder Das Princip des Katholicismus, dargestellt im Geiste der Kirchenväter der drei ersten Jahrhunderte, Tübingen, 1825.
18. Möhler J. A. Symbolik, oder Darstellung der dogmatischen Gegensätze der Katholiken und Protestanten nach ihren öffentlichen Bekenntnisschriften, Mainz, 1834.
19. Plested M. Orthodox Readings of Aquinas, Oxford, 2012.
Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities, 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Лифинцев Д. В., Серых А. Б., Анцута А. Н. Социальная поддержка: сопоставительный анализ политико-правового и социально-психологического подходов // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 2 (41). С. 7-14. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201641.7-14
The article highlights two approaches to understanding of social support, which are based on its political and socio-psychological interpretations. It is shown that in the framework of political approach, social support as a concept has no clear boundaries and its content in legislation is not separated from other concepts that regulate social policy («social assistance», «social protection», «social security»). Within legal interpretation the state is the main subject of social support, and the recipient is the population as an undifferentiated entity and target for public administration. In terms of sociopsychological approach social support is regarded as a communicative phenomenon, based on the exchange of vital information, emotions, various forms of care and practical assistance between people. Social support as a psychological phenomenon refer to individual’s well-being as a result of stable and satisfying relationships with his/ her close social environment. It is alleged that the psychological view on social support is much easier to integrate into social work practices, as it is closer to the natural forms of organization of life in family, small groups and communities.
interpersonal communication, political and legal approach, social support, social and psychological approach.

1. Butaev G. R. 2011 “Konceptual'nye osnovy reformirovanija konstitucionno-pravovogo instituta social'nogo gosudarstva na sovremennom jetape” (Concept Basics of Reform of Constitutional-Law Institute of a Social State on Modern Stage), in Sovremennoe pravo, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 19–23.
2. Goncharov P. K. 2000 “Social'noe gosudarstvo: sushhnost' i principy” (Social State: Essence and Principles), in Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Serija: Politologija, 2000, vol. 2, pp. 46–59.
3. Kardanova I. V. 2010 “K voprosu ob opredelenii ponjatija «social'naja podderzhka» (konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt)”, in Chernye dyry v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve, 2010, vol. 4, pp. 40–42.
4. Kirillovyh A. A. 2010 “Sistematizacija norm o social'noj zashhite grazhdan: problemy i perspektivy razvitija zakonodatel'stva” (Systematization of Norms about Social Defence of Citizens: Problems and Perspectives of Law Development), in Zakonodatel'stvo i jekonomika, 2010, vol. 7, pp. 72–83.
5. Dmitriev Ju. A. (ed.) Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: doktrinal'nyj kommentarij (postatejnyj) (Constitution of Russian Federation: Doctrinal Commentary (Article by Article)), Moscow, 2009.
6. Kutafin O. E. Rossijskij konstitucionalizm (Russian Constitutionalism), Moscow, 2008.
7. Lifincev D. V., Seryh A. B., Lifinceva A. A. 2014 “Social'naja podderzhka kak psihologicheskij fenomen” (Social Support as Psychological Phenomenon), in Voprosy psihologii, 2014, vol. 5, pp. 105–117.
8. Ohohonin E. M. 2010 “Genezis idej social'nogo gosudarstva” (Genesis of Ideas of a Social State), in Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo, 2010, vol. 25/201, pp. 6–10.
9. Firsov M. V., Studenova E. G. Teorija social'noj raboty (Theory of Social Work), Moscow, 2001.
10. Carstensen L. L. 1991 “Socioemotional and selectivity theory: Social activity in life-span context”, in Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 1991, vol. 11, pp. 195–217.
11. Cohen S. E., Wills T. A. 1985 “Stress, Social Support, and the Buffering Hypothesis”, in Psychological Bulletin, 1985, vol. 98/2, pp. 310–357.
Lifintsev Dmitrii
Serykh Anna
Antsuta Anna
Криницын А. Б. Функция предыстории героя в романном построении Ф. М. Достоевского // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2016. Вып. 3 (48). С. 67-77. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201648.67-77
In preparatory materials for Dostoevsky’s novels, we see a large number of dramatically evolving plots, typical of adventure novels, whereas in the final variant their number is substantially reduced due to the fact that most events remain in the pre-novel past and in characters’ prehistory. Dostoevsky clearly tends to place all decisive actions of his characters outside the confines of the «present» of the novel. The prehistory can be introduced by means of a story within a story, due to which it approaches the novel’s storyline, the only difference being in the number of details. As a result, it is often impossible to differentiate between (1) prehistory as the beginning of the plot, and (2) characteristics of a personage (in the exposition). The concise prehistory becomes a characterisation of the personage. This characterisation is, in its turn, necessary as a potential for the development of the plot. Dostoevsky thinks through his characters’ biographies in minute details, yet concealing them from his reader. This enables him to complicate the perception of his characters, making the reader think of most unexpected clues. Prehistory looks unstated and the reader feels that the author is always holding something back. Dostoevsky applies a remarkable psychological device: he constructs a psychological novel on the basis of an undeveloped adventure novel. As a result, prehistory contains most important units of the plot, entire novels-in-the-past, pertaining to the main characters and leading directly to the plot. This device becomes most conspicuous in Бесы (The Demons) and enables the author to maintain high degree of tension, characteristic of plots of adventure novels.
Dostoevsky’s novels, adventure novel, idea, prehistory, plot.

1. Gershtejn Je. G. 1970 “Neizdannye zametki A. Ahmatovoj” (Unpublished Notices of A. Ahmatova), in Voprosy literatury, 1970, vol. 1, pp. 158–206.
2. Ginzburg L. Ja. O literaturnom geroe (About Literary Hero), Leningrad, 1979.
3. Davidovich M. G. 1924 “Problema zanimatel'nosti v romanah F. M. Dostoevskogo” (Problem of Interests in Novels of F. M. Dostojewskij), in Tvorcheskij put' F. M. Dostoevskogo, Leningrad, 1924, pp. 104–130.
4. Ivanov V. I. 1995 “Dostoevskij. Tragedija — mif — mistika” (Dostojewskij. Tragedy — Myth — Mystic), in Lik i lichiny Rossii: Jestetika i literaturnaja teorija, Moscow, 1995, pp. 351–458.
5. Istorija russkogo romana (History of Russian Novel). Moscow; Leningrad, 1964, vol. 2.
6. Lihachev D. S. 1968 “Vnutrennij mir hudozhestvennogo proizvedenija” (Inner World of Artistic Work), in Voprosy literatury, 1968, vol. 8, pp. 74–87.
7. Lihachev D. S. 1971 “Predislovnyj rasskaz Dostoevskogo” (Introductory Story of Dostojewskij), in Pojetika i stilistika russkoj literatury: pamjati akad. Viktora Vladimirovicha Vinogradova, Leningrad, 1971, pp. 189–194.
8. Toporov V. N. 1995 “O strukture romana Dostoevskogo v svjazi s arhaichnymi shemami mifologicheskogo myshlenija («Prestuplenie i nakazanie»)” (About Structure of Novel of Dostojewskij in Connection with Archaic Schemes of Mythological Thinking (“Crime and Punishment”)), in Mif. Ritual. Simvol. Obraz: Issledovanija v oblasti mifopojeticheskogo: Izbrannoe, Moscow, 1995, pp. 193–258.
Меньшиков В. М., Хохлова А. Б., Гатилова Н. Н. О научном и теологическом понимании человека // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 3 (42). С. 77-96. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201642.77-96
Seeking to answer the question ‘what is a human being?’ the authors consider two opposite approaches to understanding its nature: materialistic and religious. In the article the texts of outstanding Soviet thinkers A. N. Leontiev and E. V. Ilienkov were analyzed. The analysis of their interpretation of a human being was implemented in the form of a friendly dialogue with representatives of materialistic approach to understanding human nature. The article shows that materialistic approach reveals important characteristics of man, his evolution and the mechanisms of his formation. But it doesn’t give an opportunity to understand the essence of a human being. So thinkers working within the first approach are faced with the problem of impossibility of understanding human nature because they exclude the fundamental human characteristic — spirituality. Spirituality is an ontological, objective characteristic of human being. It distinguishes him from any other living creature and enables him to be human. Recognizing and understanding this characteristic of a human being is only possible within theological approach. Therefore theological approach proves objective existence of man’s spirituality and gives a great opportunity to start understanding the human essence.
human being, materialistic approach to understanding of human, spiritual approach to understanding of human, personality, spirituality, soul, spirit, spiritual basis, thinking, work, society, spiritual-moral perfection.

1. Il'enkov Je. V. 1979 “Problema ideal'nogo“ (Problem of Ideal), in Voprosy filosofii, 1979, vol. 6, pp. 128–140.
2. Il'enkov Je. V. Chto zhe takoe lichnost'? (What Is Person), Moscow, 1984.
3. Leont'ev A. N. 1972 “Chelovek i kul'tura” (Human and Culture), in Problemy razvitija psihiki, Moscow, 1972, pp. 401–426.
4. Rubinshtejn S. L. 1976 “Chelovek i mir” (Human and World), in Problemy obshhej psihologii, Moscow, 1976, pp. 253–410.
Men'shikov Vladimir
Khokhlova Anna
Gatilova Natal'ia
Григорьев А. Б. Сочинения блаженного Августина как аргумент в полемическом богословии сер. XVIII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 5 (72). С. 75-85. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201672.75-85
The article discusses the problem of the relation to the works of St. Augustine and the views of the representatives of the conservative theological episcopal start community — the middle of the 18th century. Metropolitan Stefan (Yavorsky) svyaschennomuchennika Metropolitan Arseny (Matseevich) and Archbishop Theophylact (Lopatinskii). Analyzing quoting St. Augustine in the work of Russian scholars, we can understand how and for what purposes they are treated to the authority of the ancient saint in what consisted their difference from the progressive part of the so-called “Russian avgustinistov”. As research shows, these authors are actively turning to the works of St. Augustine and quoted many times in his various works, but it does not make them representatives of the so-called “Russian Augustinian”. They use the authority of St. Augustine, to neutralize the possibility of using its own theological and political opponents.It should also be noted that due to the insufficient level of study of the works of the traditionalists of the 18th century., most of which are not only studied, but have not been published, and some are only open for the study of the manuscript. For this reason, it is impossible to adequately assess the level of reception of the ideas of St. Augustine in the Russian theology of the early period of the Synod. It can be concluded that they have the choice was made in favor of the perception of Augustine as the interpreter of Sacred Scripture, whose poetic images fi ll their sermons poetic and theological content, leading to edify necessary for the preacher to the moral conclusion.
Augustine, Metropolitan Stehpan (Yavorsky), Metropolitan Arseny (Matseevitch), Archbishop Theophylact (Lopatinsky), Russian Augustinianism, “Stone of Faith”, “The yoke of the Lord and the good time It’s easy”.

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15. Feofilakt (Lopatinskii), arkhiep. Oblichenie nepravdy raskol'nicheskiia, pokazannyia vo otvetakh vygotskikh pustosviatov na voprosy chestnago ieromonakha Neofita, ko uveshchaniiu i prizyvaniiu ikh k Sviatei Tserkvi, ot Sviateishago Pravitel'stvuiushchago Sinoda k nim poslannago, sochinennoe poveleniem zhe Blagochestiveishiia Velikiia Gosudaryni nasheia Imperatritsy Elisaveti Petrovny Samoderzhitsy Vserossiiskiia pri Naslednike Eia Imperatorskago Velichestva, vnuke Gosudaria Imperatora Petra Velikago, Ego Imperatorskom Vysochestve, Blagovernom Gosudare Velikom Kniaze Petre Feodoroviche i pri Obruchennoi Neveste Ego, Eia Imperatorskom Vysochestve, Blagovernoi Gosudaryne Velikoi Kniazhne Ekaterine Alekseevne, i blagosloveniem Sviateishago Pravitel'stvuiushchago Sinoda napechatannoe v leto ot sotvoreniia mira 7254 ot Rozhdestva zhe po ploti Boga Slova 1745. Moscow, 1745.
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17. Khondzinskii Pavel, sviashch. Blazhennyi Avgustin v russkoi dukhovnoi traditsii XVIII v., in Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. 2011. Vol. 1 (33).
18. Khondzinskii Pavel, sviashch. Dva truda ob istinnom khristianstve: Sviatitel' Tikhon Zadonskii i Iogann Arndt, in Zhurnal Moskovskoi patriarkhii. 2004. № 2. P. 62–73.
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Михайлов П. Б. Богословские ответы на вызовы европейского утопизма: некоторые теологические программы первой половины XX в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 5 (72). С. 86-98. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201672.86-98
Author supposes that the major social-politic events in European history of the fi rst half of the 20th century have as their root an eschatological utopian tradition that subdues the fact of world Redemption to progressive logic of history. The circle of theologians from Dominican and Jesuit’s Orders associated with Saulchoir (Tournai, Belgium) and Fourvière (Lyon, France) has proposed some theological responses for such kind of opposition to the Christian testimony in the world. They have evident correlation with each other in their general principals and common convictions in the inner structure of theology (cf. M. Blondel and M.-D. Chenu). The theological system has an experience of faith and obedience to the Church as its root, historical research (cf. «théologie de ressourcement», «positive théologie» or historical theology) as its foundation. Two great representatives of Catholic theology — Yves Congar and Henri de Lubac — followed that direction in their scientific works. Congar succeeded in his project of theology of unity that had to resolve two great schisms: 1) between faith and life, 2) between the Church and the world. He developed his ideas in two vectors of ecclesiology: historical ecclesiology (nature and theology of the Church) and practical ecclesiology (position of the Church in dialogue with the other confessions and external world). Henri de Lubac saw the beginning of the crisis of the world Christianity in the actual condition of contemporary theology as a result of inner opposition between reason and faith. His activity was directed at its overcoming. He edifies the structure of theology from the phenomenon of faith understood as a supernatural gift of God. Further lines were identified as a unity in social, historical and transcendent dimensions.
Eschatology, utopian tradition, theological programmes, postitive theology, speculative theology, théologie de ressourcement, ecclesiology, M.-D. Chenu, Y. Congar, M. Blondel, H. de Lubac, surnaturel.

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5. Congar Y. Chretiens desunis. Principes d’un «oecumenisme» catholique. P., 1937.
6. Congar Y. Esquisses du mystere de l’Eglise. P., 1941.
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9. Congar Y. Jalons pour une theologie du laicat, 1953, 19642.
10. Congar Y. La foi et la theologie. Tournai, 1962.
11. Congar Y. Chretiens en dialogue. Contributions catholiques a l’oecumenisme. P., 1964.
12. Congar Y. Sainte Eglise — Etudes et approches ecclesiologiques. P., 1964.
13. Congar Y. L’Ecclesiologie du haut Moyen Age: de saint Gregoire le Grand a la desunion entre Byzance et Rome. P., 1968.
14. Congar Y. L’Eglise. De Saint Augustin a l’epoque moderne. P., 1970.
15. Congar Y. L’unite: Refl exions souvenirs 1929–1973. P., 1974.
16. Congar Y. Diversite et communion. Dossier historique et conclusion theologique. P., 1982.
17. Congar Y. Theologie historique // Initiation a la pratique de la theologie. Introduction. P., 1982. P. 233–262.
18. Flynn G. Yves Congar’s vision of the Church in a world of unbelief. Ashgate, 2004.
19. Le nouveau Petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabetique et analogique de la langue francaise. Paris, 2008.
20. Lubac H. de. Apologetique et Theologie, in Nouvelle Revue Theologique. N. 57 (1930). P. 361–378.
Постников А. Б. Исповедные росписи как источник по истории Псковской Церкви и духовенства в 1727-1762 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 6 (73). С. 21-44. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201673.21-44
The task of the article is to introduce of the new mass sources for the research of the Pskov church and clergy into the scientific circulation. The work is based on the Pskov confessional records of the 1727–1762, kept in State Archive of the Pskov Region (SAPR), for the first time raised in full amount for research. The general historiography on the subject as well as history of introduction of the confessional records into church usage are presented in the article. Results of systematization of the confessional records given have afforded to defi ne the cast of the functioning parishes in Pskov. As a whole it was identified 597 confessional records of 57 “Pskov Town” churches for the period of research. They contain the extensive knowledge on the personnel of Church clergy and the number of white clergy in Pskov during the first decades of the synod period in the Russian Orthodox Church history. On their basis it is possible to find out about the time and periods of clergy personnel’s service in every temple, about movements by the “ladder of ranks”, that shows life path of the clergy representatives in the years when there was no service records and clergy accounts, containing biography data. The remarkable feature of the confessional records is that they are the fi rst source to appear by time where with the highest degree of completeness the people “spiritual and their household” were taken into account. There are data given here about all members of the priesthood and clergy families and their age (including female part), that opens the wide opportunities for reconstruction of the clergy representatives’ genealogies and study of the spiritual estate as a whole. Refs 16 names.
confessional records, clergy, Church, Pskov, Priesthood and Clergy,State Archive of the Pskov Region (SAPR)

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13. Postnikov A. B. Perepisnye knigi i revizskie skazki kak istochniki po istorii pskovskoi Tserkvi i dukhovenstva poslednei treti XVII — pervoi poloviny XVIII v., in Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 2: Istoriia. 2015. № 2. Saint-Petersburg, 2015. P. 92–114.
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Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 69. С. 141-143. — Rev. op.: Casiday A. Remember the Days of Old. Orthodox Thinking on the Patristic Heritage. St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2014
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Mikhailov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Associate Professor of St Tikhon’s Orthodox University Lihov per., 6–1 Moscow 127051 Russia;
Email: email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Михайлов П. Б. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 69. С. 144-148. — Rev. op.: Gavrilyuk P. L. Georges Florovsky and the Russian Religious Renaissance. Oxford University Press, 2013
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Mikhailov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Associate Professor St Tikhon’s Orthodox University Lihov per., 6–1 Moscow 127051 Russia;
Email: email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Фолиева Т. А., Борисов Л. А. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 69. С. 153-157. — Rev. op.: The Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion / L. R. Rambo, Ch. E. Farhadian, eds. Oxford University Press, 2014
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Folieva Tat'iana
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
Email: email: tatiana_folieva@yahoo.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Borisov Leonid
Academic Degree: graduate student;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
Email: email: leonidborisoff@gmail.com.
Рецензия подготовлена при поддержке гранта РНФ 14-18-03771 «Современная западная психология религии: адаптация в российском контексте», организация-адресат финансиро- вания — Православный Свято-Тихоновский гуманитарный университет
Семенов В. Б. "Buona pulcella fut Eulalia": "германский" след во "французском" памятнике // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2017. Вып. 50. С. 44-59. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201750.44-59
The article deals with stereotypical ideas as to the poem Buona pulcella fut Eulalia... According to these, it is a song-type text; it consists of couplets; is decorated by a typical French assonance; belongs to the sphere of syllabic versification; represents a Romance example of the Latin genre of sequence, namely its subgenre «with double cursus». The paper considers these stereotypic judgments controversial and gives a general description of reasons that had led to inaccurate interpretations of the text. The main reason is traditionally established correlation between the Romance text and the preceding text, i.e. a Latin sequence, in Valenciennes MS. The latter text was written by another scribe, but it also employs the Eulalia theme. The paper argues in favour of the need to consider the poem not with the preceding Latin text as the background, but in the light of the following German text, which was written by the hand that included the Romance poem into the manuscript. The two texts, Romance and German, demonstrate parallels in the genre and the form. They are both narratives and are both shaped as a verse column, unusual for the Middle Ages, with no notation. Some lines of the Romance text contain specifically German alliteration, while final parts of the German text are strangely linked by a specific Romance assonance. In its conclusion, the paper draws attention to the fact that the shape of the Romance text manifests the presence of the organising principle of accentual versification to a much greater extent than syllabic. The paper is concluded by an assumption about possible existence of presyllabic Romance accentual versification as a system of folk verse form.
cantilena, sequence, Buona pulcella fut Eulalia…, syllabic verse, syllabic vocalisation, accentual verse, alliteration, assonance, epic poem, Romance literature

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Ковалев А. Б. Духовный концерт как хоровой цикл на рубеже XX–XXI вв.: жанровые и стилевые особенности // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 25. С. 95-106. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201725.95-106
The paper deals with features of genre and style of the spiritual concerto as a choral cycle designed for non-liturgical purposes in creative works of composers the late 20th and early 21st centuries. This type of concerto contrasts with the spiritual concerto performed during the Liturgy instead of singing the sacramental extended verse. The paper examines three cyclic works, Spiritual Concerto by N. Sidel’nikov, We Sing to You by D. Smirnov, the concerto for a female and children’s choir, spiritual concerto Theotokos Chants by A. Mikita.
spiritual concerto, choral cycle, traditional genres, non-traditional genres, genres of mixed type, tradition, individual compositional style

Dabaeva I. P., Dukhovny kontsert v tvorchestve russkikh kompozitorov vtoroj poloviny XIX – nachala XX veka, in: Vestnik Adygejskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2008, 10, 191-195.
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Kovalev A. B., «Dukhovnyj koncert “Bogorodichnye pesnopeniya” Andreya Mikity: zhanrovye i kompozitzionnye osobennosti», in: Observatoriya kul'tury, 2014, 6, 42-47.
Paisov Yu. I., Tradicionnye zhanry russkoj duhovnoj muzyki i sovremennost', Moscow, 2004.
Михайлов П. Б. Концепция эллинизации христианства в истории теологии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 71. С. 50-68. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201771.50-68
This article offers an analytical outline of historical and theological conception of “Hellenisation of Christianity”. It covers the period from the 16th to the 21st centuries and discusses the following: 1) establishment of the conception during confessional controversy between Catholics and Protestants (from the beginning of the Reformation till the beginning of the 19th century); 2) conceptualisation of the problem in German Protestant theology of the 19th century; 3) attempts of its solution in confessional studies of the 20th century. The paper proposes some generalisations as to the division into periods, which are polemical, critical and apologetical; it also proposes the typology of the main versions of the conception in question, namely the “theory of convergence”, “theory of dеsintegration”, “theory of accommodation”, “theory of succession”. The main figures in the history of the conception are J. L. Moscheim, F. Baur, A. Harnack, R. Seeberg, G. Florovsky. The Hellenisation of Christianity as a historical phenomenon is considered from different points of view. These are: 1) the language and formation of the basic corpus of Christian texts; 2) ancient metaphysics and use of its philosophical tools for theological work; 3) classical culture, i. e. Paideia. The main question is the following: has the Christian tradition of late Antiquity, of Byzantine and Medieval periods as well as that of Modernity saved the identity with the fi rst Christian community, or has it been lost as a result of the all-pervading synthesis with the Greek culture and civilisation that took place during late Antiquity? The paper attempts to suggest an answer to these questions.
hellenism, hellenisation of Christianity, history of theology, metaphysics, Greek Paideia, liberal theology, historical theology, A. Harnack, G. Florovsky, neopatristic synthesis

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Mikhailov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
Email: email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Пермиловская А. Б. Деревянные часовни в православных традициях Русского Севера и Арктики // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 27. С. 69-88. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201727.69-88
The chapels are one of the most striking manifestations of the traditional culture and wooden architecture of XVIII early XX centuries. They are firmly entrenched in the existing system of the Russian North and the Arctic sacred and cultural landscape. The article discusses the reasons for setting chapels in the historical-typological characteristics place of worship, prayer for the dead, chapels-burial vaults, chapels of promise and “ordinary”, commercial chapels. These functional characteristics are reflected in the formation of their architectural and design features. The study empirical considers revising 34 architectural expeditions’ materials, which 368 settlements were surveyed. Another significant part of the material was collected in the Arkhangelsk, Vologda regions, Karelia, Moscow, St.-Petersburg, Nenets Autonomous Okrug archives and museums. The Russian and Western Europe material acquired through many years of study open air museums exhibits and folk architecture monuments "in situ" were considered in the study also.
Russian North, Arctic, chapel, wooden architecture, Orthodox Christianity, chapel’s typology.
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  17. Permilovskaya A. B., “Russkij Sever – specifi cheskij kod kul'turnoj pamyati”, in: Kul'tura i iskusstvo, 2, 2016, 155–163.
  18. Platonov E. V., Chasovni Tihvinskogo uezda (rubezh XIX –XX vv.), St. Petersburg, 2011.
  19. Terebihin N. M., Metafi zika Severa, Arhangel'sk, 2004.
  20. Pul'kin M. V. “Stroitel'stvo chasoven v XVIII – nachale HKH v.: zakonodatel'stvo i prihodskaya tradiciya (po materialam Oloneckoj eparhii)”, in: Narodnoe zodchestvo: mezhvuz, Petrozavodsk, 2004, 123–138.
  21. Reznichenko O. P., “Svadebnye prichitaniya Belomor'ya v kontekste izucheniya narodnoj religioznosti”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. V: Voprosy teorii i istorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 1(10), 2013, 169–180.
  22. Skopin V. V., “Recenziya na knigu: I. N. SHurgin, Ischezayushchee nasledie. Ocherki o russkih derevyannyh hramah XV–XVIII vekov. Moscow, 2006”, in: Iskusstvo Hristianskogo Mira, Moscow, 2007, 600–602.
  23. Sosnina L. M., Artemievo-Verkol'skij monastyr', Arhangel'sk, 2007.
Permilovskaya Anna
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Culturology;
Place of work: Federal research centre for integrated study of the Arctic, Russian Academy of Sciences; 23, naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny st., Arkhangelsk 163000, Russian Federation;
Email: permikh@mail.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Серых А. Б., Зайцева А. А. Формирование профессиональной идентичности у студентов, обучающихся по направлениям биономических профессий // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2017. Вып. 46. С. 129-135. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201746.129-135
This article, based on theoretical and experimental studies of various aspects of professional identity as one of the essential components of the present-day qualifi ed specialist, introduces and describes a structural and functional model of specialists of bionomic spheres, which includes a system of axiological, emotional, motivational, cognitive and activity-oriented elements, whose degree of completeness determines processes of self-identifi cation and identifying the person with the group. The article identifi es and describes main forms and methods of work of a university teacher directed at the development of professional identity of future specialists in bionomic spheres. They are distinguished on the following conditions: acceptability for the student audience; provoking interest; effi ciency in infl uencing the spheres of an individual’s uniqueness; time-eff ectiveness. Due to the fact that the process of development of professional identity should be purposefully organised, it is reasonable to implement it in the process of teaching one of the disciplines of the core syllabus. In connection with this, we propose a range of techniques for the development of professional identity of future specialists in bionomic spheres, eff ectively exemplifi ed by the teaching of one of the disciplines of the core syllabus to students of zootechnology.
bionomic professions, professional identity, students, model, methodology
  1. Baranovskij P. N., Zajceva A. A., Nasonova N. A., “Jeksperimental'nye issledovanij a nachala pozitivnoj professional'noj deformacii u studentov bionomicheskih professij”, in: Izvestija Baltijskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii rybopromyslovogo flota: psihologopedagogicheskie nauki (teorija i metodika professional'nogo obrazovanija), 2 (36), 2016, 124–139.
  2. Vershinin S. I., Savina M. S., Mahmudov L. Sh., Borisova M. V., “Oprosnik professional'noj gotovnosti (OPG)”, in: Osnovy proforientologii: ucheb. posobie dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, Moscow, 2009, 168–173.
  3. Garbuzova G. V., “Process formirovanij a professional'noj identichnosti studentov”, in: Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A. I. Gercena, 44, 18, 2007, available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/protsess-formirovaniya-professionalnoy-identichnosti-studentov.
  4. Klimov E. A., Put' v professiju: posobie dlja starshih klassov obshheobrazovatel'nyh shkol, Leningrad, 1974.
  5. Libin A. V., Libina A. V., Libin V. V., Psihografi cheskij test: Konstruktivnyj risunok cheloveka iz geometricheskih form, Moscow, 2008.
  6. Odegov Ju. G., Rudenko G. G., Apen'ko S. N., Merko A. I., Motivacija personala: ucheb. posobie. Prakticheskie zadanija (praktikum), Moscow, 2010, available at: http://uchebnik.online/uch-motivatsiya/motivatsiyapersonala-odegov.html.
  7. Povarenkov Ju. P., Psihologicheskoe soderzhanie professional'nogo stanovlenija cheloveka, Moscow, 2002.
  8. Golovej L. A., Rybalko E. F., eds., Praktikum po vozrastnoj psihologii: ucheb. Posobie, St. Petersburg, 2006.
  9. Filimonova O. G., “Modifi kacij a karty interesov”, in: Shkol'nyj psiholog, Moscow, 2, 2007, 40–45.
Serykh Anna
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Psychological Sciences;
Place of work: Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University; 4-2 Bankovskaia st., Kaliningrad, 236022, Russian Federation;
Email: annaserykh@rambler.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Zajtseva Alexandra
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Kaliningrad State Technical University; 1 Sovetskij prosp., Kaliningrad, 236000, Russian Federation;
Email: aazaytseva39@mail.ru.
Постников А. Б. А. Л. Ордин-Нащокин и подъем благотворительного движения в Пскове в конце XVII – первой половине XVIII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 79. С. 11-29. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201779.11-29
This article deals with the contribution of the Abbot of Pskov Nikolo-Lubyatov monastery monk Anthony (the outstanding Russian statesman A. L. Ordin- Nashchokin) to the establishment of private charitable institutions in Pskov at the end of the 17th century. The article traces his interaction in the fi eld of charity with another prominent fi gure of the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich, namely the “gracious man” okolnichy F. M. Rtishchev. The article also looks into the moral infl uence on Pskov residents of the monastic service of the elder Antoniy Nashchokin, who built the church in honour of Mother-of-God of Kazan, as well as the largest charity institution in Pskov for 150 persons of both genders. The Christian example of Ordin-Nashchokin’s deeds of mercy animated Pskov residents, who carried on the charitable care for the poor, the sick, the elderly and the needy. This led to the emergence of a widespread charitable movement, in the course of which by the mid-18th century 37 hospitals and almshouses were established in Pskov; three of them were government-run and 34 were supported by representatives of all layers of society. The nobility had custody of 7 institutions, the clergy and tradespeople of 14 and 13 institutions respectively. On the whole, in Pskov almshouses simultaneously resided more than 400 people, i.e. approximately each 14th resident. The article draws on new documentary sources from both Pskov and metropolitan archives. It is accompanied by the table “Charity institutions in Pskov of the 16th — fi rst half of the 18th centuries” compiled on the material of census books, confessional records and poll-tax registers.
A. L. Ordin-Nashchokin, F. M. Rtischev, charity, mercy, monastic service, a Church, charity house, almshouses, hospitals, Pskov, Mother-of-God of Kazan, the needy
  1. Vlasov P., Obitel’ miloserdiya, Moscow, 1991.
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Postnikov Arsenii
Place of work: Pskov State United Historical and Architectural Museum’s Depository of Old Records; 7 Nekrasova Str., Pskov, 180000, Russian Federation;
Post: senior researcher;
Email: postnikovarsenii@mail.ru.
The article is written in 2017 within the framework of the project "The Church and the clergy of Pskov in the reforms of the last third of the 17th — first half of the 18th century" supported by RFBR Foundation.
Ковалев А. Б. Нетрадиционные жанры русской духовной музыки в композиторском творчестве на рубеже XX–XXI вв. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 28. С. 159-169. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201728.159-169
The article deals with specifi c features of non-traditional genres of Russian sacred music, the compositional basis of which is made up by non-liturgical genres widely employed in academic music of the 19–20th centuries: cantata, oratorio, choral concert, etc. Non-traditional genres play an important role in the typology of Russian sacred music alongside traditional genres and genres of a mixed type. The main criterion for their diff erentiation is their connection with the liturgical and singing tradition, as well as certain lexical properties, composition techniques, means of musical expressiveness that support their affi nity with canonical foundations of Russian sacred music and, conversely, remoteness from them. Historical prerequisites for the emergence of nontraditional genres are examined in two aspects: in the perspective of development of the cantata-oratorial genre (from works by S. Taneyev to cantatas and oratorios by G. Sviridov, V. Gavrilin) and also as a consequence of transformation of the traditional genres of Russian spiritual music in works by A. Kastalsky, A. Grechaninov. The aim of the paper is to identify specifi c properties of non-traditional genres of Russian sacred music. The methodology of the study is conditioned by the features of the genre sphere of Russian sacred music and is based on provisions and terminology of liturgics, as well as scientifi c categories of Russian musicology. The specifi city of non-traditional genres is determined by the combination of individual elements of sacredness with properties of non-liturgical genres: cantatas, oratorios, concertos, symphonies lit by the liturgical idea, the light of the Christian creed. The properties of non-liturgical genres are determined by non-liturgical conditions of the performance, by the use of diff erent line-ups of performers and the textual basis, the combination of traditional means of musical expressiveness with techniques of modern composition. The elements of indirect relationship with the liturgical basis can be presented on the level of the liturgical text, allusions to the liturgical follow-up, as well as in the musical composition or the programme content of the work.
traditional genres, non-traditional genres, cantata, oratorio-liturgical singing tradition, liturgical idea, Biblical-Christian themes, canonical model, concert performance
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Kovalev Andrey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676;
Email: andrej-kovalev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Михайлов П. Б. Международные исследования православного богословия: смена парадигмы? // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2018. Вып. 75. С. 135-145. — Rev. op.: Louth A. Modern Orthodox Thinkers. From the Philokalia to the present. London: SPCK, 2015. 382 p.; Mong A. Purification of Memory. A Study оf Modern Orthodox Theologians from a Catholic Perspective. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, 2015. 212 p.
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Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3492-5055;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Альбрехт Ф. Б. К вопросу об экспрессивном и эстетическом употреблении терминов: попытка коммуникативного анализа (на примере русских и хорватских лингвистических терминов) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2018. Вып. 55. С. 20-31. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201855.20-31
This article analyses several Russian and Croatian linguistic terms and aims to demonstrate that linguists tend to equate characteristic features of communicative situations with features of linguistic units occurring in these situations. The terms coined to be exact designations of a certain scientifi c notion and used in the academic style are perceived by many scholars as signs devoid of any emotion and expressiveness. Clearly, the use of terms does not imply any expressiveness if they are employed for the purpose they have been created for, namely for the sake of alloting the exact name to a newly-discovered phenomenon and incorporating the given name into the existing terminological framework. However, the coinage of terms sometimes ceases to be a vital need and transforms into designating something new for the sake of it, which conceals a totally diff erent aim. This aim might be, e.g., designating oneself as different from “laymen”, and to this end terms of foreign origin are readily at hand (the tendency to alienate terminology from everyday language). This aim might also be the demonstration of the fact that a certain language can well serve as a language of science and elite culture making use of its own resources of word formation and semantics (the tendency to create new words despite the established tradition and in contrast to the opinion of another nation about this language). Thus, if creating terms transforms from a vital need into the process of designating for the sake of it, the main communicative aim of employing terms also shifts from its academic function to serving the goal of the writer/speaker to alienate him- or herself from anybody else (laymen, non-professionals, other nations etc.). And it is in this case that the use of terminology becomes expressive. Consequently, the expressiveness of the term is not determined by the properties of the term as a linguistic unit because these properties are secondary with regard to the initial intention of the speaker/writer.
linguistic term, Russian language, Croatian language, communicative situation, communicative purpose, alienation from everyday language, creating terms by means of native semantic and word-formational resources, purism, expressiveness, style
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Albrekht Fedor
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Maxim Gorky Institute of Literature and Creative Writing; 25 Tverskoi Boulevard, Moscow 123104, Russian Federation; St. Tikhon’s University for the Humanities; Ilovaiskaia Str. 9, Moscow 109651, Russian Federation;
Post: associate Professor of the Department of the Russian Language and the Stylistics;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8965-6908;
Email: reductio1@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Абдоков Ю. Б. Метафоро-символическая онтология оркестра и симфоническая метафизика Бориса Чайковского // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 30. С. 138-152. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201830.138-152
This article analyses the phenomenon of the orchestral rendering of the visible and the audible worlds. It discusses musical and poetical attributes of “orchestral natural philosophy” characteristic of many prominent masters of national schools and aesthetic trends. It also defi nes religious etymology of orchestral painting of Boris Tchaikovsky (1925‒1996), one of Russia’s greatest composers of the 20th century. B. Tchaikovsky’s symphonic aesthetics is viewed as a religious and metaphysical concept aimed at uniting man with the world of sublime values.
orchestra, timbral palette, “orchestral pantheism”, religious etymology, symphonic metaphysics, Boris Tchaikovsky
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Abdokov Yuri
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory; 13/6 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9033-3279;
Email: abdokovgeorg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Ванькова А. Б. К вопросу о статусе так называемых «двойных монастырей» в Византии IV-VI вв. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 83. С. 11-25. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201883.11-25
In the early Byzantine Empire (4th — 6th cc.), besides (male) monasteries and (female) convents, there were certain variants of coexistence of monastic communities for men and women. The aim of this paper is to analyse data from the relevant sources and clarify what the term dipla monasteria referred to and whether it was equivalent to the concept of “double monasteries” in modern historiography as well as to introduce the concept twin-monasteries. The article also raises the question if there were changes in the number of such monasteries and if this depended on the geographical location of the community. The sources for this study are a broad range of texts, namely Justinian’s laws; canons of church councils; patristic works (Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil the Great); hagiographic literature. The article comes to the conclusion that dipla monasteria referred to mixed monasteries. However, there was a range of variants of coexistence of men’s and women’s monastic communities. The sources contain information about double monasteries and twinmonasteries. Double ans mixed monasteries were mostly spread in Asia Minor of the 4th century, whereas in Byzantium on the whole other forms of monasticism prevailed.
Byzantine Empire, law, monasteries, convents, mixed monasteries, double monasteries, twin monasteries
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  8. Delehaye, H. (éd.) (1923) Les saints stylites. Bruxelles, Paris: Socié té des bollandistes. Del Ton, Giuseppe (1950) S. Paolo romana (Paula of Rome). Milano.
  9. Fokin, Alexej R. (2011) “Ieronim Stridonskii” [“Jerome of the Stridon”], in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopedia [Orthodox Encyclopedia], vol. 21, pp. 336‒375 (in Russian).
  10. Halkin, F. (éd.) (1932) Sancti Pachomiae vitae graecae. Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes.
  11. Halkin, F. (éd.) (1982) Le corpus Athénien de saint Pachome. Genève: P. Cramer (Cahiers d’Orientalisme II).
  12. Gribomont, Jean (1984) “Les Règles épistolaires de saint Basile, Lettres 173 et 22”, in Saint Basil. Évangile et Église. Mélanges, Bé grolles-en-Mauges (Maine-&-Loire): Abbaye de Bellefontaine, vol. 1, pp. 157‒192.
  13. Gribomont, Jean (2003) “Monastery double”, in New Catholic encyclopedia, Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America 2003, vol. 9, pp. 784‒785.
  14. Kelly John. N. D. (1975) Jerome: His Life, Writings and Controversies. New York: Harper and Row.
  15. Khosroev, Aleksandr L. (2004) Pakhomii Velikii (Iz rannei istorii obshchezhitel’nogo monashestva v Egipte) [Pachomios the Great. From the Early History of the Community Monasticism]. St Peterburg (in Russian).
  16. Lagrange, F. (1931) Histoire de sainte Paule. Paris.
  17. Maraval, P. (éd.) (1971) Grégoire de Nysse. Vie de sainte Macrine. Sources chrétiennes, 178. Paris.
  18. Maraval, P. (éd.) (1982) Égérie. Journal de voyage (itinéraire). Sources chrétiennes, 296. Paris.
  19. Meester de Placidius (1942) De monachico statu juxta disciplinam Byzantinam. Statuta selectis fontibus et commentariis instructa. Roma: Typis polyglottis Vaticanis.
  20. Murphy, F. X. (ed.) (1952) A Monument to Saint Jerome. Essays on Some Aspects of His Life, Works and Influence. New York: Sheed & Ward.
  21. Murphy, F. X. (2003) “St Paula”, in New Catholic Encyclopedia. Second edition, Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America, vol. 11, p. 37.
  22. Schoell, R., Kroll, G. (eds.) (1954) Corpus Juris civilis. Vol. 3: Novellae Constitutiones. Berolini: Apud Weidmannos.
  23. Stramara, Daniel F. (1997) “Adelphotes: Two Frequently Overlooked Meanings”. Vigiliae Christianae, 1997, vol. 51, pp. 316‒320.
  24. Stramara, Daniel F. (1998). “Double Monasticism in the Greek East, IV‒VIII c.” Journal of Early Christian Studies, 1998, vol. 6, № 2, pp. 269‒312.
  25. Talbot, Alice M. (1991) “Monasteries, double”, in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, p. 1392.
  26. Tsiknopoullos, loannos P. (ed.) (1969) Kypriaka Typika, Pēgai kai meletai tēs Kypriakēs istorias [Cyprus’ Typicons. Sources and Studies of Cyprus’ History]. Nicosia, pp. 3‒68 (in Greek).
  27. Whiting, Marlena (2011/2012) “Asceticism and Hospitality as Patronage in the Late Antique Holy Land: the Examples of Paula and Melania the Elder”. Female Founders in Byzantium and Beyond, Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte, 2011/2012, vol. 60‒61, pp. 74‒83.
Vankova Anna
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3948-9427;
Email: avankova@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The research is supported by a grant from the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research (RFBR) “Byzantine monasticism, the 4th-15th cent.: tra-ditions and innovation”.
Абдоков Ю. Б. Оркестровая поэтика пятой симфонии Николая Пейко: этос, лексика, стиль // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 31. С. 159-174. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201831.159-174
This article deals with the orchestral and, in a broader sense, transcendental poetics of one of the most signifi cant phenomena of Russian symphonic music of the 20th century, namely N. I. Peyko’s Fifth Symphony. This topic has not been studied earlier in a broad context of aesthetic, lexical, metaphysical, imagery-related and poetical problems. The Christian ethos of the “orchestral poetry” is examined in the perspective of the religious outlook of the artist, who has found a natural and vivid expression in the sphere of non-programme, secular academic music. The orchestral language and religious, imagery-related poetical ontology of the score are being analysed in their relationship with problems of the conductor’s interpretation.
Nikolay Peyko, orchestral poetics, ethos, lexicon, symphonic metaphysics, style, interpretation
  1. Florenskii P., priest. (2017) Istoriia i fi losofi ia iskusstva [History and Philosophy of Art]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Ionesco E. (1999) Mezhdu zhizn'iu i snovideniem [Between Life and Dream]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  3. Iustin (Popovich) (2005) Filosofskie propasti [Abysses of Philosophy]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Khart D. (2010) Krasota beskonechnogo: Estetika khristianskoi istiny [The Beauty of the Endless. Aesthetics of the Christian Truth]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Solovyev V. (2017) Krasota kak preobrazhaiushchaia sila [Beauty as the Power of Transfi guration]. Moscow (in Russian).
Abdokov Yuri
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory; 13/6 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9033-3279;
Email: abdokovgeorg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Шевцова О. Б. Архивные материалы В. Ф. Одоевского: общий обзор. Ф. 210 и 380 РГБ // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 31. С. 126-135. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201831.126-135
The article is devoted to archival materials of Prince V. F. Odoevsky, the Russian theorist of music, author of the pioneer articles on the theory of Znamenny Chant. The article deals with the history of V. F. Odoevsky’s archives and their locations, the collection of church-singing books and handbooks of the theory of music, as well as his manuscript and epistolar legacy; particular attention is paid to materials kept at the Russian State Library.
archives of V. F. Odoevsky, church music, theory of church music, history of church music, studies in medieval music, Old Russian art, Znamenny Chant
  1. Bernandt G. (ed.) (1956) Odoevskii V. F. Muzykal'no-literaturnoe nasledie [Odoevsky. Musical and Literary Legacy]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Granovskii B. B. (1987) “D. V. Razumovskii: Kratkii ocherk zhizni i deiatel'nosti. Materialy arkhiva” [“D. V. Razumovskii: Brief Outline of Life and Work. Archival Materials”], in Katalog biblioteki V. F. Odoevskogo. Moscow, pp. 23‒35 (in Russian).
  3. Katalog biblioteki V. F. Odoevskogo (1987) [Catalogue of V. F. Odoevsky’s Library]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Kniaz' Vladimir Odoevskii. Dnevnik. Perepiska. Materialy (2005) [Prince Vladimir Odoevsky. Diary. Letters. Materials]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Kudriavtsev I. M. (ed.) (1960) Sobraniia D. V. Razumovskogo i V. F. Odoevskogo. Arkhiv D. V. Razumovskogo. Opisaniia [Collections of D. V. Razumovsky and V. F. Odoevsky. Archive of D. V. Razumovsky. Desriptions]. Moscow (in Russian).
  6. Odoevskii V. F. (2002) “K voprosu o drevnerusskom pesnopenii”[“On the Problem of Old Russian Chants”], in Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh [Russian Spiritual Music in Documents and Materials], vol. 3. Moscow, pp. 50‒61 (in Russian).
  7. Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh. T. 3: Tserkovnoe penie poreformennoi Rossii v osmyslenii sovremennikov (1861‒1918) (2002) [Russian Spiritual Music in Documents and Materials. Vol. 3: Church Singing of Post-Reform Russia in Interpretation of Contemporaries (1861–1918)]. Moscow (in Russian).
  8. Shevtsova O. (ed.) (2008) “Odoevskii V. F. Drevnerusskoe pesnopenie. Opyt rukovodstva k izucheniiu osnovnykh zakonov melodii i garmonii dlia ne-muzykantov, prisposoblennogo v osobennosti k razrabotke rukopisei o nashem drevnem pesnopenii” [“Odoevsky V. F. Old Russian Chants. An Attempt at Guidelines for Study of Main Regularities of Melody and Harmony for Non-Musicians, Designed Particularly for Dealing with Manuscripts on Our Ancient Chants”]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V. Muzykal'noe iskusstvo khristianskogo mira. 2008, vol. 1 (3), pp. 121‒153 (in Russian).
  9. Shevtsova O. B. (2008) “Kniaz' V. F. Odoevskii kak issledovatel' drevnerusskogo tserkovnopevcheskogo iskusstva” [“Prince V. F. Odoevsky as an Explorer of Old Russian Art of Church Singing”]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. 2008, vol. 1 (3), pp. 44‒68 (in Russian).
Shevtsova Olga
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Theory of Music;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-9331;
Email: 111.
Смагина Е. Б. Гермения как жанр в коптской богослужебной литературе // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2018. Вып. 57. С. 102-109. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201857.102-109
This article deals with a genre known as hermenia and attested in early Coptic religious literature. Hermenia represents a compilation of verses from Psalter (with a rare addition of verses from other Biblical books) that are picked according to the occurence of the same keyword, i. e. it was a predecessor sui generis of Biblical concordance. The most extensive hermenia preserved is contained in the manuscript M 574 from the collection of Pierpont Morgan, dated to the 9th century; it serves as a source for this study. There arises the question why this genre has this particular name, literally meaning “defi nition, translation”. Comparing it with the biblical “literature of Wisdom”, we see its succession with regard to the numerical parable, where a certain number of objects and phenomena mentioned at the beginning are classifi ed according to the shared property or characteristic. In the Jewish exegesis of Tanakh, the numerical parable is transformed into a numerical midrash, where the source of material is Scripture, while the complilation is made by the shared keyword or root. A variety of a similar explanation, expanded and elaborated in a detailed way, is employed in the Manichean literature. The Coptic hermenia is presumably an abridged variant of the numerical midrash, employed by the early Coptic church with liturgical aims.
Coptic literature, hermenia, Psalter, Biblical exegesis, numerical parable, numerical midrash, genres of early Christian literature
  1. Bar-Asher Siegal M. (2012) “Shared Worlds: Rabbinic and Monastic Literature”. The Harvard Theological Review, 105, 4 (October 2012), pp. 423–456.
  2. Cramer M. (1941) “Die Totenklage bei den Kopten”. Wien; Leipzig.
  3. Crum W. E. (1979) A Coptic Dictionary. Oxford.
  4. Depuydt L. (1993) Catalogue of Coptic Manuscripts in the Pierpont Morgan Library (Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts. Vol. 4. Oriental Series 1.) Leuven.
  5. Drescher J. (1958) “The Earliest Biblical Concordances”. Bulletin de la Société d’Archéologie Copte, 15, pp. 63–67.
  6. Gottlieb I. B. (1990) “Pirqe Abot and Biblical Wisdom”. Vetus Testamentum, 40, 2, pp. 152–164.
  7. Hyvernat H. (ed.) (1922) Bibliothecae Pierpont Morgan codices Coptici photographice expressi. Vols. I–LVI. Romae.
  8. Jernstedt P. (1959) Koptskiye texty Gosudarstvennogo Muzeya izobrazitel’nykh iskusstv imeni A. S. Pushkina [Coptic Texts of Pushkin State Museum of Visual Arts]. Moscow; Leningrad.
  9. “Leviticus Rabbah”, in Midrash Rabbah. hmbw’r . Wayiqra Rabbah. Jerusalem, 1983.
  10. McKane W. (1970) Proverbs. A New Approach (The Old Testament Library). Philadelphia.
  11. Mekhilta de-Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai. Jerusalem, 1955.
  12. Quecke H. (1970) Untersuchungen zum koptischen Stundengebet (Publications de l’Institut catholique de Louvain. 3). Louvain.
  13. Roth W. M. W. (1965) “Numerical Sayings in the Old Testament. A Form-Critical Study”. Vetus Testamentum. Supplements, xiii. Leiden.
  14. Saldarini A. J. (1977) “«Form Criticism» of Rabbinic Literature”. Journal of Biblical Literature, 96, 2, pp. 257‒274.
  15. Smagina E. (2010) “K voprosu o zhanre traktata Kephalaia v kontexte iudeyskoi i rannekhristianskoi literatury” [“The Problem of the Genre of the Treatise Kephalaia in the Context of Jewish and Early Christian Literature”]. Vestnik PSTGU III: Philologia, 2010, 4 (22), pp. 54–76 (in Russian).
  16. Theodor J., Albeck Ch. (eds.) (1996) Midrash Bereshit Rabbah. Critical Edition with Notes and Commentary, 1‒3. 2nd edition, Jerusalem.
  17. Towner W. S. (1973) The Rabbinic “Enumeration of Scriptural Examples”: A Study of a Rabbinic Pattern of Discourse with Special Reference to Mekhilta D’R. Ishmael. Leiden.
Smagina Eugenia
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences; 12 Rozhrestvenka Str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9816-6997;
Email: esmagi54.54@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Ванькова А. Б. «Двойные», смешанные или монастыри-побратимы? O статусе так называемых двойных монастырей в Византии VIII–XV вв. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2019. Вып. 86. С. 25-39. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201986.25-39
Already in the early Byzantine Empire (4th–6th centuries), beside monasteries and convents, there were certain kinds of co-existence of monastic communities for men and women, i.e. double, mixed and twin-monasteries. These institutions were inherited by the middle and late Byzantine Empire. The aim of this article is to analyse the evidence of the primary sources and to understand what was concealed under the term dipla monasteria, to see if it was equivalent to the modern scholarly concept of “double monasteries” and to introduce the concept of “twin monasteries”. The article also raises the question about the eff ectiveness of measures taken by patriarch Nikephoros I against joint communities of men and women. It analyses the character of communities in the period after Nikephoros. The study draws on a broad range of sources, namely Justinian’s laws, canons of church councils, hagiographic texts, typica. Following the analysis of the sources, the article comes to the conclusion that διπλ¢ μοναστήρια of canons implied mixed monasteries. However, there were a whole range of other variants of co-existence of men and women in a monastic community. The sources contain information about double monasteries and twin monasteries. These were most common in the fi rst period of the iconoclastic movement, but, on the whole, other types of monasticism prevailed. The measures taken by patriarch Nikephoros did not totally eliminate “double” monasteries.
Byzantine Empire, law, monasteries, convents, mixed monasteries, double monasteries, twin monasteries
  1. Darrouzès J. (ed.) (1979) Les Regestes des actes du patriarcat de Constantinople. Vol. 1. Fasc. VI. Les regestes 1377–1410. Paris.
  2. Gautier P. (ed., transl.) (1985) “Le typicon de la Théotokos Kécharitôménè”. Revue des études byzantines, vol. 43, pp. 5–167.
  3. Gribomont J. (2003) “Monastery double”. New Catholic encyclopedia, vol. 9, pp. 784–785.
  4. Janin R. (1946) “Les monastères du Christ Philanthrope à Constantinople”. Revue des études byzantines, vol. 4, pp. 135–162.
  5. Janin R. (1964) “Le monachisme byzantine au Moyen age. Commende et typical (X–XIV siècle)”. Revue des études byzantines, vol. 22, pp. 5–44.
  6. Konidaris I. M. (1990) “Die Novelle 123 Justinians und das Problem der Doppelklöster”. Zētēmata byzantinoy kai ekklēsiastikoy dikaioy. Athens, 1, pp. 257‒269.
  7. Külzer A. (2008) Ostthrakien (Tabula imperii byzantine, 12). Wien.
  8. Laurent V. (ed.) (1971) Les Regestes des actes du patriarchat de Constantinople. Les regestes 1208–1309, Paris, vol. 1, fasc. 4.
  9. Leclercq J. (1982) “Feminine Monasticism in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries”. In W. Skudlarek (ed.) The Continuing Quest for God: Monastic Spirituality in Tradition and Transition. Collegeville.
  10. Mango C. St. (1982) “Anthusa of Mantineon and the family of Constantine V”. Analecta bollandiana, vol. 100, pp. 401–411.
  11. Meester de P. (1948) De monachico statu juxta disciplinam Byzantinam. Roma.
  12. Mitsiou E. (2008) “Das Doppelkloster des Patriarchen Athanasios I in Konstantinopel. Historischprosopographische und wirtschaftliche Beobachtungen”. Jahrbuch der Österreichischen byzantinistik, vol. 58, pp. 87–107.
  13. Mitsiou E. (2014) “Frauen als Gründerinnen von Doppelklöstern im byzantinischen Reich”. In Female Founders in Byzantium and Beyond. Wien, pp. 333–345.
  14. Rigo A. (1995) “Il monte Ganos e isuoi monastery”. Orientalia Christiana periodica, vol. 61, pp. 235–248.
  15. Schoell R., Kroll G. (eds.) (1954) Corpus Juris civilis. Vol. 3: Novellae Constitutiones. Berolini.
  16. Sinkewicz R. (ed., transl.) (1992) Phioleptos of Philadelpheia. The Monastic discourses. Toronto.
  17. Sokolov I. (2003) Sostoianie monashestva v Vizantiiskoi Tserkvi s serediny IX do nachala XIII v. (842–1204) [The State of Monasticism in the Byzantine Church from the Mid-9th century to the Early 13th Century]. Мoscow (in Russian).
  18. Stramara D. (1998) “Double Monasticism in the Greek East, IV–VIII c.”. Journal of Early Christian Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 269–312.
  19. Stramara D. (1998) “Double monasticism in the Greek East, VIII–XV c.” The Greek Orthodox Theological Review, pp. 185–202.
  20. Talbot A. M. (1991) “Monasteries, double”. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford.
  21. Talbot A. M. (1985) “A Comparison of the Monastic Experience of Byzantine Men and Women”. The Greek Orthodox Theological Review, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1–20.
  22. Thomas J., Hero A. C. (eds.) (2000) Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents. A Complete Translation of the Surviving Founders’ Typica and Testaments. Washington.
  23. Tsiknopoullos I. (1969) Kypriaka Typika. Nicosia, pp. 3–68.
  24. Choras U. (1975) Hē agia monē Areias [The Holy Nunnery of Areias]. Athens (in Greek).
Vankova Anna
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3948-9427;
Email: avankova@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The research is supported by a grant from the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research (RFBR) “Byzantine monasticism, the 4th-15th cent.: tra-ditions and innovation”.
Ковалев А. Б. Русская литургия Родиона Щедрина «Запечатленный ангел»: загадка жанрового наименования // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 32. С. 139-150. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201832.139-150
This article deals with features of the genre and specifi city of the musical and compositional approach of R. Shchedrin’s work “The Sealed Angel”. It has a subtitle “Russian Liturgy”, though it has no direct relation to the church service since there is no rite of Divine Liturgy. However, the liturgical idea underlies the musical and artistic conception of this work of art, linking together the sacred essence of Divine Liturgy, the deep sense of Leskov’s novella and the content of the texts of church-service chants employed by the composer that mainly belong to the period of Great Lent. The purpose of the article is to defi ne the essence of the musical and artistic design of the composer, which is expressed in the genre subtitle of the work: Russian Liturgy. The methodology of the article includes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of spiritual piece of music and employs the theses and terminology of liturgical studies as a science dealing with church service, as well as scientifi c categories of Russian musicology. The meaning of the genre title of “The Sealed Angel” — Russian Liturgy — is purely metaphorical, indicating the large-scale idea, the depth of the embodiment by the composer of spiritual and moral topics, as well as the presence of certain allusions to the liturgical service in the compositional structure. As a work of art belonging to nontraditional genres of Russian spiritual music, “The Sealed Angel” is distinguished by the specifi city of the compositional structure, the range and presentation of canonical and extraliturgical texts, the embodiment of the sacral content in the harmonious link between the extrapersonal and the individual creative thinking of the author, the wide range of applications of the modern compositional technique.
liturgical idea, spiritual music, non-traditional genres, worship, lenten songs, novellas by N.S. Leskov, allusion, Old Believers
  1. Anninskii L. (ed.) (1993) N. S. Leskov. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. [N. S. Leskov. Collected Works (in 6 vols.)]. Vol. 5: Novellas an Short Stories (in Russian).
  2. Kovalev A. B. (2016) “Voprosy klassifi katsii zhanrov russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki na rubezhe XX–XXI vv.” [“Issues in the Classifi cation of Genres of Russian Spiritual Music of the Late 20th — 21st Centuries”], in 26 Ezhegodnaia bogoslovskaia konferentsiia PSTGU: Materialy [26th Annual Theological Conference of St Tikhon Orthodox University for the Humanities: Proceedings]. Moscow, pp. 344–349 (in Russian).
  3. Kholopova V. N. (2000) Put' po tsentru. Kompozitor Rodion Shchedrin [The Middle Way. The Composer Rodion Shchedrin]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Kovalev A. B. (2018) Zhanry russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki v tvorchestve otechestvennykh kompozitorov (vtoraia polovina XIX — nachalo XXI vekov) [Genres of the Russian Spiritual Music in Works by Russian Composers (Second Half of the 19th — Early 21st Centuries]. Tambov (in Russian).
  5. Shmeman A., archpriest (2002) Velikii post [Great Lent]. Moscow (in Russian).
Kovalev Andrey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676;
Email: andrej-kovalev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Шевцова О. Б. Архивные материалы В. Ф. Одоевского: Ф. 380 РГБ // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 34. С. 146-156. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201934.146-156
This article deals with materials of archives of Prince V. F. Odoyevsky, the remarkable Russian musician and scholar, the author of the fi rst publications on the theory of Znamenny chant. Expounding on Odoevsky’s MSs, the author of the article focuses on those which are kept at the Russian State Library: excerpts from the musical-theoretical treatise by Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, a letter to A. F. Lvov, Музыкальные беседы (“Musical Conversations”) by V. F. Odoyevsky, his musical compositions and, in particular, the play Запрещенные квинты (“Forbidden Quints”).
Prince V. F. Odoyevsky, archives of V. F. Odoyevsky, piano works by V. F. Odoyevsky, church singing, theory of church singing, studies in Mediaeval music, Znamenny chant, Old Russian art
  1. Baiuk D. (1999) “Matematicheskaia teoriia temperatsii. Kniaz' Vladimir Fedorovich Odoevskii i ego «engarmonicheskii klavesin»” [Mathematical Theory of Temperament. Prince V. F. Odoevsky and his “Enharmonic Cembalo”]. Istoriko-matematicheskie issledovaniia, vol. 4, pp. 288‒303 (in Russian).
  2. Bernandt G. (ed.) (1956) Odoevskii V. F. Muzykal'no-literaturnoe nasledie [V. F. Odoevsky. Musical and Literary Legacy]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Kudriavtsev I. (ed.) (1960) Sobraniia D. V. Razumovskogo i V. F. Odoevskogo. Arkhiv D. V. Razumovskogo. Opisaniia [Collections of D. Razumovsky and V. Odoevsky. Archive of D. Razumovsky. Descriptions]. Moscow (in Russian).
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Shevtsova Olga
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127052, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Th eory of Music;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-9331;
Email: shvts@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Альбрехт Ф. Б. К проблеме лингвистической интерпретации образований яжемать, онжеребёнок // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2019. Вып. 60. С. 11-28. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201960.11-28
This article studies patterns of the type яжемать in Russian and shows the insufficiency of the so-called “word-dependent” (system-oriented) approach to the description of semantics and derivational structure of speech units (Russ. яжемать is originally the phrase я же мать, approximately ‘I’m a mother, in fact’, functioning as a single word in the sentence). According to this approach, words and morphemes are self-sufficient sense-generating entities, and the linguist needs to determine their structural properties correctly defi ning their meaning on the base of these properties. Meanwhile, the representation of the speech process as a certain number of formalsemantic elements organising themselves into self-suffi cient rules is not quite adequate when describing the reason for the occurrence of words and their communicative purpose. Besides, most of these elements and rules are interpreted diff erently by linguists. The diff erence in the interpretation depends on what scientifi c area or a direction the linguist follows. It also depends on the scope of the test material examined by the linguist. The article shows that within the framework of the “word-dependent” approach, there is no common understanding of the essence of a compound word, nor a common approach to the means of forming compounds, nor a common interpretation as to whether certain means of word formation (in particular, lexico-syntactic means) should be regarded as diachronic or synchronic. Therefore, such speech units as яжемать cannot be described consistently either in terms of a word-formation process, nor from the point of view of their belonging to occasional words or common everyday words, nor from the point of view of their diachronic structure. The “word-dependent” approach to communicative phenomena turns out to be insuffi cient. Word-formation per se is not responsible for attributing the meaning to the word. It is the speaker who grants the meaning, and this is relevant not exclusively to the isolated word sign as the speaker is acting within the whole conceivable communicative situation (of a speech act). Only by reproducing the conceivable communicative situation, one can understand the meaning which the speaker attributes to speech units within a certain communicative situation. Besides, one should remember that language signs are never identical to themselves. In this paper, I analyse sources which contain speakers’ metalinguistic reflection on the pattern яжемать. The conclusion is that speakers of Russian have made the language element (initially, the hashtag #яжемать) “responsible” for the sense “mother violating socially acceptable rules of behaviour in favour of her child or in order to defend herself or her child”. Subsequently, this pattern came to be productive not only with regard to ‘mothers’, but also to their children (онжеребёнок), relatives (яжебабка), and, more broadly, to any persons (яжиндивидуум).
compound, means of word formation, lexico-syntactic means of word formation, sense-generating, occasional word, language usage, word-dependent approach, speaker, communication, conceivable communicative situation of speech act
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Albrekht Fedor
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Maxim Gorky Institute of Literature and Creative Writing; 25 Tverskoi Boulevard, Moscow 123104, Russian Federation; St. Tikhon’s University for the Humanities; Ilovaiskaia Str. 9, Moscow 109651, Russian Federation;
Post: associate Professor of the Department of the Russian Language and the Stylistics;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8965-6908;
Email: reductio1@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Абдоков Ю. Б. У истоков поэтики оркестра // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 35. С. 181-207. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201935.181-207
This article analyses the nature of comprehension of orchestra writing. It substantiates the morphological correlation between artistic practice and orchestrating theory as integral part of the process of composing music in the context of understanding stylistic etymology in art. It emphasises the symbolic and semiological character of the orchestral language as one of the most perfect means of expression of aesthetical and metaphysical ideas. The methodology of the analysis is based on viewing the art of orchestrating in the context of a wide range of professional and composing-related, historical and aesthetical, philosophical and religious problems. It denies the priority of the linear and evolutionary approach to the study of development of orchestrating. The article off ers arguments for the insuffi ciency of exclusively instrument-related, formal and techicising assessment of the most important factors of orchestral style-formation. It also proposes ways of relevant scientifi c cognition of orchestral vocabulary in a wide historical and stylistic dimension, taking into account the achievements of modern performing practice, including historical (authentic). For the fi rst time, the main categories of orchestral poetics are formulated, i.e. the logic of spatial and proactive thinking, timbral progression, texture agility, coloristic dramaturgy, orchestral tectonics, timbre “optics”, metaphorical and symbolical ontology of orchestra. The poetic basis of orchestral writing is interpreted as an integral unity of universal (generally valid) and personal (author’s individual) aesthetic categories from which the style of the epoch is being derived, as well as poetical originality of specifi c artistic trends and authors. Poetics of orchestral writing is viewed as the mainstay of modern orchestral science, the major principle of which is derivation of analytical inventory from specific (possible to be analysed) artistic artifacts, rather than from unifi ed schemes of general usage.
orchestra, poetics, orchestration, theory of orchestral writing, orchestral style, organology, evolution, style diagnostics
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Abdokov Yuri
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory; 13/6 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9033-3279;
Email: abdokovgeorg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Лавринович М. Б. Модернизация системы призрения в России: в поисках «достойных бедных» в Странноприимном доме графа Шереметева (1800-е гг.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2019. Вып. 91. С. 28-46. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201991.28-46
At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, the new ideas on poor relief began to find their way into Russia. On the one hand, they were based on the assessment of need, and on the other hand, on the moral qualities of the potential recipient. N. P. Sheremetev and A.F. Malinovskiy, who managed the construction of the Almshouse and developed its system of in- and outdoor relief, drew their attention to the “Rumford system” and the related practice of Hamburg Patriotic Society that developed the principles of selection of the recipients of outdoor relief. These systems focused on the “new poor”, i.e. working people whose earnings were not suffi cient to provide for themselves and their families. The adherents of this system did not consider poverty to be a consequence of personal immorality, as the British social reformers insisted. Still, these systems complemented each other. The Hamburg society applied the assessment of need and an individual approach when granting assistance; B. Thompson Rumford taught the inmates of the workhouse labor skills and fed the poor on the regular basis. Sheremetev and Malinovskiy decided to cut off “parasites” and “vagabonds”, because they did not aim to reeducate them, thus having excluded the lower urban strata. They also abandoned the idea of “Rumford soup” but did not abandon the idea of selecting the needy who would be “worth” to be granted allowances. They took into account not only the objective criteria (large family or illness) but also the years of “immaculate” service, one’s industry and “decency”. As a result, the Moscow middle-ranking offi cials and officers, who belonged to Malinovskii’s milieu and had obtained recommendations from the well-known persons, prevailed as the perspective recipients of the outdoor poor relief, and social status turned to be the main criterion of selection.
institutions of poor relief, social status, «worthy poor», Sheremetev’s Almshouse, Nikolai Sheremetev, Aleksei Malinovskii, Benjamin Thompson Rumford, Alexander I, Hamburg Patriotic Society
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Lavrinovich Maya
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: National Research University “Higher School of Economics”; 21/4-3 Staraya Basmanaya Str., Moscow 105066, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1071-1469;
Email: mlavrinovich@hse.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Ковалев А. Б. Современная духовная музыка: вопросы терминологии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 36. С. 196-204. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201936.196-204
This article studies two aspects of terminology in the fi eld of modern sacred music, i.e. typology of genres and names of authored spiritual works related to their content. It proposes a genre-based typology of sacred music, where three main types are distinguished: traditional genres, genres of a mixed type, non-traditional genres. Traditional genres include works directly related to the liturgical order. The works of genres of a mixed type preserve the features of a liturgical and singing tradition, but have no connection with a particular divine service. Works of non-traditional genres are distinguished by a relatively free composition, not related to the structure of church service and the singing canon, as well as by an extensive use of expressive means of modern music. The problem of naming of works is discussed in connection with specifying their genre variety conditioned by its idea- and image-related content. The article gives examples of works belonging to non-traditional genres with the name Liturgy and its derivative adjective liturgical in a diff erent syntactic context (R. Shchedrin, The Sealed Angel. Russian Liturgy; Yu. Butsko, Chamber Cantata No. 6 “Liturgical Chant”, etc.). The article also aims to clarify certain issues related to terminology in the fi eld of modern sacred music. In terms of methodology, the article employs the interdisciplinary approach to the study of spiritual and musical works as well as elements of liturgics and scientific categories of Russian musicology. Issues in the terminology of sacred music are relevant in connection with the emergence at the turn of the 20th —21st centuries of a wide range of works written in various genres and forms, with diff erent line-ups, focused on both liturgical and concert performance. The use of the word Liturgy (liturgical), which is particularly important in the Orthodox church service, requires in each particular case a logical justifi cation which should convey to the listener the idea and design of the composer.
typology of genres, traditional genres, genres of mixed type, non-traditional genres, Liturgy, liturgical chants, spiritual concerto
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Kovalev Andrey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676;
Email: andrej-kovalev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Захарьина Н. Б. О нотации стихиры «Благовествует Гавриил» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 36. С. 66-79. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201936.66-79
The sticheron for the Annunciation Blagovestvuet Gavriil (Church Slavonic Благовествует Гавриил ‘Gabriel Announceth’) has been preserved in Old Russian notated manuscripts of the mid-15th century (previously, it existed without notation). The text is a translation of the Byzantine sticheron E´αγγελίζεται Γαβριήλ, but the chant is diff erent. The copies of the mid-15th — early 16th centuries are notatied in an unknown notation of the palaiobyzantine type (probably Chartres). In chant manuscripts of the 16th century Znamennaya notation is used, the hook line consists completely of litsa. Probably, the shape of litsa implied variability of writing. In copies of the 17th century, the litsa are almost always given as a split znamya. Several versions of the chants are being created, each of them is marked with a remark about a local or an author’s chant. Most Old Russian church chants have gone through the same stages, but the sticheron Blagovestvuet Gavriil shows some unique features. All changes of the musical text occur non-synchronically with commonly known versions of books of singing. The unique chant and unknown notation of the early copies were infl uenced by Znamenny chant and Znamennaya notation in the later copies.
Znamennaya notation, palaiobyzantine notation, Chartres notation, neumatic notation, Znamenny chant, stichera, hook line, litsa, methods of combinatorial analysis
  1. Brazhnikov M. (1984) Litsa i fity znamennogo raspeva. Leningrad (in Russian).
  2. Drozdetskaia N. (2005) “Opekalovskii raspev: Imenovanie i bytovanie” [Opekalovskiy Chant: Naming and Occurrence]. Drevniaia Rus': Voprosy medievistiki, 1(19), pp. 80–91 (in Russian).
  3. Gertsman E. (1988) Vizantiiskoe muzykoznanie [Byzantine Musical Science]. Leningrad (in Russian).
  4. Guseinova Z. (1990) “Rukovodstva po teorii znamennogo peniia 15 veka (istochniki i redaktsii)” [Manuals in the Theory of Znammenoe Singing of the 15th Century (Sources and Editions), in: Drevnerusskaia pevcheskaia kul'tura i knizhnost' [Old Russian Singing Culture and Booklore]. Leningrad. Pp. 20–46 (in Russian).
  5. Guseinova Z. (1999) Russkie muzykal'nye azbuki 15–16 vekov [Russian Musical ABC-Books of the 15th — 16th Centuries]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  6. Guseinova Z. (2008) “Notirovannye rukopisi Kirillo-Belozerskogo monastyria XV veka” [Notated Manuscripts of Kirillo-Belozerskiy Monastery of the 15th Century], in Ustnaia i pis'mennaia transmissiia tserkovno-pevcheskoi traditsii: Vostok–Rus'–Zapad [Oral and Written Transmission of Church Singing Tradition: East — Rus’ — West]. Moscow. Pp. 85–97 (in Russian).
  7. Lebedev S. (ed.) Istoricheskii atlas srednevekovoi muzyki [Historical Atlas of Medieval Music]. Moscow (Russian translation).
  8. Lozovaia I. (1999) “Vizantiiskie prototipy drevnerusskoi pevcheskoi terminologii” [Byzantine Prototypes of Old Russian Singing Terminology], in: Keldyshevskii sbornik: Muzykal'noistoricheskie chteniia pamiati Iu. V. Keldysha 1997 [Keldysh’s Collection. Musical and Historical Readings in Memory of Iu. V. Keldysh]. Moscow. Pp. 62–72 (in Russian).
  9. Parfent'ev N. (1991) Drevnerusskoe pevcheskoe iskusstvo v dukhovnoi kul'ture Rossiiskogo gosudarstva XVI–XVII vv.: Shkoly. Tsentry. Mastera [Old Russian Art of Singing in Spiritual Culture of the Russian State of the 16th — 17th Centuries: Schools, Centres, Masters]. Sverdlovsk (in Russian).
  10. Pletneva E. (2003) “Notatsiia v pesnopeniiakh drevnerusskikh Oktoikhov Izbornykh i Shestodnevov Sluzhebnykh (XIII–XV vv.)” [Notation in Chants of Old Russian Oсtoechoi and Hexaemeroi (13th — 15th Centuries). XIII Ezhegodnaia Bogoslovskaia Konferentsiia Pravoslavnogo Sviato- Tikhonovskogo Bogoslovskogo Instituta: Materialy 2003 [13th Annual Theological Conference of St. Tikhon Theological Institute]. Moscow. Pp. 443–451 (in Russian).
  11. Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh [Russian Spiritual Music in Documents and Materials]. Vol. 7: Afonskaia ekspeditsiia Obshchestva liubitelei drevnei pis'mennosti, 1906 [Athos Expedition of the Society for Ancient Manuscripts, 1906]. Book 2: Afonskaia kollektsiia [Athonite Collection]. Moscow, 2012 (in Russian).
  12. Troelsgård Ch. (2011) Byzantine Neumes. Copenhagen.
  13. Uspenskii B. (2013) “Bukva E v drevnerusskikh pevcheskikh tekstakh i v spiskakh bibleiskoi knigi Iskhod” [The Letter E in Old Russian Singing Tests and in Copies of the Book of Exodus]. Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 6, pp. 79–114 (in Russian).
  14. Wolfram G. (ed.) (1987) Codex Vindobonensis theol. gr. 136 (Sticherarium antiquum Vindobonense). Reproduction integrale. Pars Principalis. Wien.
  15. Zabolotnaia N. (2001) Tserkovno-pevcheskie rukopisi Drevnei Rusi XI–XIV vekov: Osnovnye tipy knig v istoriko-funktsional'nom aspekte [Church Singing Manuscripts in Ancient Rus’ of the 11th — 14th Centuries: Main Types of Books in Historical and Functional Aspect]. Moscow (in Russian).
Zakharina Nina
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: St. Petersburg State Conservatory; 3 Teatral’naya Sq., St. Petersburg 190000, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9511-7794;
Email: zakharina@rambler.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
This research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) grant № 17-34-00023 (Monodic hymns to the Mother of God on the Great Feasts of the 11th-17th centuries: Greek-Slavonic parallels). I thank I.Geraimova for provided materials.
Михайлов П. Б. Анри де Любак в борьбе за сверхприродное // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2020. Вып. 87. С. 148-153. — Rev. op.: T & T Clark Companion to Henri de Lubac / Ed. by J. Hillebert. London; NY: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2017 — 492 p.
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Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3492-5055;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Михайлов П. Б. Тайна Предания на Тридентском соборе // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2020. Вып. 88. С. 145-149. — Rev. op.: Mathias Mütel. Mit den Kirchenvätern gegen Martin Luther? Die Debatten um Tradition und auctoritas patrum auf dem Konzil von Trient. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2017. — 357 s.
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Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3492-5055;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Шевцова О. Б. Князь В. Ф. Одоевский о преподавании церковного пения (на материалах РНММ) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 38. С. 62-73. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202038.62-73
Тhe article deals with archival materials of Prince V. F. Odoevsky, the Russian musician and theorist, author of the fi rst articles on the theory of Znamenny chant. Specifically, it describes his text “Church-related notation for the initial teaching of Orthodox church singing”, kept at the Russian National Museum of Music.
Prince V. F. Odoyevsky, archives of V. F. Odoyevsky, church singing, theory of church singing, studies in mediaeval music, Znamenny chant, Old Russian art
  1. Bernandt G. (ed.) (1956) V. Odoevsky. Muzykal’no-literaturnoe nasledie [Musical and literary heritage]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Liapunova A. (2005) “N. G. Rubinshtein i V. F. Odoevsky”, in V. Odoevsky. Dnevnik. Perepiska. Materialy. Moscow. Pp. 15‒68 (in Russian).
  3. Odoevsky V. Dnevnik. Perepiska. Materialy (2005) [Diary. Letters. Materials]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh (2002) [Russian sacred music in documents and materials], vol. 3. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Shevtsova O. (ed.) (2008) “V. Odoevsky. “Drevnerusskoe pesnopenie. Opyt rukovodstva k izucheniyu osnovnykh zakonov melodii i garmonii dlya ne-muzykantov, prisposoblennogo v osobennosti k razrabotke rukopisei o nashem drevnem pesnopenii” [Old Russian chant. Attempt of a guide to the study of the basic laws of melody and harmony for non-musicians, adapted in particular to the study of manuscripts of our ancient chants]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva, 1 (3), pp. 121‒153 (in Russian).
  6. Shevtsova O. (2019) “Arkhivnye materialy V. F. Odoevskogo” [Archival materials of V. F. Odoevsky]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva, 34, pp. 146‒156 (in Russian).
Shevtsova Olga
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Theory of Music;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-9331;
Email: 111.
Абдоков Ю. Б. Герман Галынин: «свеча, горящая с обоих концов». Камерно-оркестровая и ансамблевая музыка для струнных // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 38. С. 161-178. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202038.161-178
This article deals with key events in the life and work of the outstanding Russian composer of the 20th century, Herman Galynin (1922‒1966), whose artistic heritage is one of the obvious lacunae in modern Russian art history. Due to the initiatives of the international creative workshop Terra Musica over the past two years, all of the composer's chamber-orchestral and string-ensemble opera without exception were performed and recorded for the fi rst time for the British company Toccata Classics. The preparation of these recordings required a thorough intertextual analysis of the most striking scores, strangely excluded from the concert repertoire and academic publicity. The article clarifi es and systematises information about the diffi cult and tragic fate of the artist. For the fi rst time, it studies the entire corpus of H. Galynin's chamber-orchestral and ensemble compositions for various string ensembles. These are two string quartets, a suite for string orchestra, aria and scherzo for violin and string orchestra. Most of these works have never been dealt with in the context of a phenomenological analysis that addresses a wide range of issues of professional and aesthetic, historiographical, and metaphysical nature. The methodology applied is based on lexical attribution of the author's style, poetics, and of the composer's ethos. For the fi rst time, the questions of stylistically adequate interpretation of all the considered scores have been raised. One of the important components of the analysis is a connection of the studied works with the fundamental problems of theory and practice of modern instrumental (orchestral) writing. The article argues for the need to revise a number of published “editions” that appeared during the preparation and implementation of the fi rst world (digital) recordings of all string scores by Herman Galynin.
Herman Galynin, string orchestra, score, quartet, style, poetics, interpretation, ethos
  1. Abdokov Iu. (2020) Nikolai Peiko. Vospolnivshi tainu svoiu… [Nikolai Peiko. Having fulfi lled one’s mystery…]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Chaikovskii B. (2001) “Stat'ia o G. Galynine” [Essay on G. Galynin]. In K. Korganov. Boris Chaikovskii: lichnost' i tvorchestvo [Boris Chaikovsky: Personality and work in art]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Dorman O. (2013) Nota. Zhizn' Rudol'fa Barshaia, rasskazannaia im v fi l'me Olega Dormana. [A musical note. The life of Rudolf Barshay, narrated by himself in Oleg Dorman’s film]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Prishvin M. (2016) Dnevniki: 1950‒1951. [Diaries: 1950‒1051]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  5. Sabinina M. (2016) “Mozaika proshlogo” [Mosaic of the past]. In D. D. Shostakovich. Pro et contra. Antologiia. [D. D. Shostakovich. Pro et contra. Anthology]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
Abdokov Yuri
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory; 13/6 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9033-3279;
Email: abdokovgeorg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Захарьина Н. Б. О музыкальной композиции канона Успению Богородицы «Преукрашенная Божественною славою» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 38. С. 9-22. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202038.9-22
Church hymns of Eastern Christian tradition have some common musical forms constructed with intonation formulae. The use of these forms is connected with the system of podobie (‘similarity’). Musical composition of the canon to the Dormition of Theotokos The one adorned by divine glory (Church Slav. Преукрашенная Божественною славою) is made of intonation formulae of Znamenny chant. Two formulae have the same beginning and diff erent endings, thus forming the intrigue of the hearer’s expectation. The canon is preseved in Byzantine, Old Russian and Kievan chant books. It is written with Paleobyzantine, Middle Byzantine (round) and fi ve-line (Kievan) notation. The Paleobyzantine version is a basis of the Znamenny version, and the Kievan copies (both neumatic and fi ve-line) are based on the Znamenny version. Comparison of manuscripts of the three traditions shows stability in the musical form. Manuscripts with the Middle Byzantine notation and printed chant books are additional sources which were used for the reconstruction of the melodic line. Comparison of the melodies demonstrates certain diff erences in the three traditions. The composition based on two intonation formulae is also used in Slavonic copies of the automelon O wonderful miracle (O дивное чудо, sticheron to the Dormition). The automelon is preserved in the same manuscripts as the canon. The structure of the sticheron was changed over the centuries, which may be due to the infl uence of the canon.
comparative studies, Znamenny chant, canon, automelon, musical structure, intonation formula
  1. Brazhnikov M. (1984) Litsa i fity znavennogo raspeva [‘Litsa’ i ‘fi ty’ of Znamenny chant]. Leningrad (in Russian).
  2. Guseinova Z. (2009) “Rannie Irmologii Troitse-Sergievoi lavry” [Early Heirmologions of Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva, 1 (4), pp. 7‒16 (in Russian).
  3. Jakobson R. (ed.) (1957) Fragmenta Chilandarica palaeoslavica: B.: Hirmologium: Codex monasterii Chilandarici 308: Phototypice depictus. Copengagen.
  4. Krysko V. (ed.) (2005) Il’ina kniga: Rukopis RGADA, Typ. 131 [Il’ina kniga: Manuscript of RGADA, 131]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Kruchinina A. (2002) “Popevka znamennogo rospeva v russkoi muzykalnoi teorii XVII veka” [‘Popevka’ of Znamenny chant in Russian music theory of the 17th century], in Pevcheskoe nasledie Drevnei Rusi [Legacy of the art of singing of Ancient Rus’]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  6. Parfentieva N., Parfentiev N. (2015) “Stikhiry ‘na podoben’ tsaria Ivana Groznogo v chest’ Vladimirskoi ikony presviatoi Bogoroditsy” [Ivan’s the Terrible Stichera “on automelon” dedicated to Vladimir icon of Theotokos]. Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series Social Sciences and the Humanities, 15 (4), pp. 83–99. (in Russian)
  7. Popov A. (2000) “Tekhnika kompozitsii drevnerusskikh rospevshchikov (Na primere Irmologia kontsa XVII v.” [Technique of composition of Old Russian chanters, with Heirmologion of the late 17th c. as an example]. Gimnologiia, 1 (1), pp. 281‒290 (in Russian).
  8. Ramazanova N. (1992) “Ob ierarkhii zhanrov v drevnerusskoi sluzhbe” [On the hierarchy of genres in Old Russian church service], in A. Kruchinina, N. Ramazanova (eds) Istochnikovedcheskoe izuchenie pamiatnikov pis'mennoi kul'tury: Poetika drevnerusskogo pevcheskogo iskusstva [Study of sources of literary monuments. Poetics of Old Russian art of singing]. St Petersburg. Pp. 150–160 (in Russian).
  9. Rakhmanova M., Borisovets E., Shekhovtsova I., Tutolmina S. (eds) (2012) Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh [Russian spiritual music in documents and materials]. Vol. 7: Afonskaia ekspeditsiia Obshchestva liubitelei drevnei pis'mennosti (1906) [Athos expedition of the Ancient Texts Society (1906)]. Book 2: Afonskaia kollektsiia [Athos collection]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Starikova I. (2017) “Kanon” [Canon], in Pravoslavnaia encyklopedia [Orthodox Encyclopaedia], vol. 30. Moscow. Pp. 204–212 (in Russian).
  11. Strunk O. (1977) Essays on Music in the Byzantine World. New York.
  12. Troelsgard Ch. (2000) The Repertories of Model Melodies (Automela) in Byzantine Musical Manuscripts. Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec et Latin, 71. Copenhagen. Pp. 3–27.
  13. Uspenskii B. (ed.) (2006) Tipografskii Ustav: Ustav s kondakarem kontsa XI — nachala XII veka. Moscow (in Russian).
Zakharina Nina
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: St. Petersburg State Conservatory; 3 Teatral’naya Sq., St. Petersburg 190000, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9511-7794;
Email: zakharina@rambler.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
This research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) grant № 17-34-00023 (Monodichymns to the Mother of God on the Great Feasts of the 11th-17th centuries: Greek-Slavonic parallels)My thanks to N. A. Shchepkina for consulting on the Greek copies of hymns.My thanks to I. V. Gerasimova for the materials provided by the Kiev-Lithuanian tradition
Ковалев А. Б. Литургический аспект в творчестве С. В. Рахманинова // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 39. С. 99-114. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202039.99-114
The article looks at the question of whether S. V. Rakhmaninov’s works of various genres contain content of liturgical ideas and imagery as well as accompanying meaningful intonational elements, i.e. quotations and allusions of Znamenny chant. Such structures can be either directly connected with the content of church service and, accordingly, with the tradition of church singing, or can rather indirectly carry a hidden symbolical context determined by the themes and images of the Bible. The fi rst case implies, in the first hand, traditional genres of Russian spiritual music, i.e. Liturgy, the All-Night Vigil, the Spiritual concert В молитвах неусыпающую Богородицу (Church Slavonic “Theotokos not sleeping in prayers”). The second case implies works of nonchurch, secular, character (piano and symphonic works, romances). The aim of the article is to trace the correlation between the ideologial and imagery-related content of Rahmaninov’s works and his individual author’s style, in which intonations of the church melos prevail. The methodology is based on the combination of scientifi c categories of theoretical and historical musical science. The scientifi c and theoretical foundation of the study are works of V. N. Bryantseva, Yu. V. Keldysh, V. V. Medushevsky, etc. With all the broad range of genres of Rakhmaninov’s works, their multidimensional and multifaceted character, many of them show, either directly or very indirectly, the ideological and imagery-related content of the liturgy, as well as the presence of intonational structures that are to a certain extent associated with the Orthodox culture of singing.
Rachmaninov, banner raspev, Russian sacred music, traditional genres, popevka, toneme, of topics.
References1.Asafyev, BorisV. (1988) “S. V. Rakhmaninov” [“S. V. Rachmaninov”] in Vospominaniya o Rakhmaninove [Memories of Rachmaninoff], Moscow, vol. 2, pp.373-400 (in Russian).2.Beketova, Natalia V. (2016) “Rakhmaninov iChaykovskiy: ekzistentsionalnaya dialektika” [“Rachmaninoff and Tchaikovsky:existential dialectics”] in MaterialyII nauchnogo sobraniya pamyati S. V.Rakhmaninova. 14-15 maya 2015 goda [Materials of the II scientificcollection in memory of S. V. Rachmaninov, may 14-15, 2015 ] Ivanovka, pp. 3-24(in Russian).3.Bryantseva, Vera N. (1976) S. V. Rakhmaninov [S. V.Rakhmaninov], Moscow, 1976 (in Russian).4.Kandinskiy,Aleksey I. (2005) “Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye Rakhmaninova i russkoye iskusstvorubezha vekov” ["Rachmaninoff's all-night vigil and Russian art at theturn of the century"] in AlekseyIvanovich Kandinskiy: Vospominaniya. Stati. Materialy [Alexey IvanovichKandinsky: memoirs. Article. Material], Moscow, pp. 73-78 (in Russian).5.Keldysh, YuriyV. (1997) “S. V. Rakhmaninov” [“S. V. Rakhmaninov”] in Istoriyarusskoy muzyki v desyati tomakh [Istoriya russkay muzyki v desyatitomakh], Moscow, vol. 10A, pp. 69-133.(in Russian).6.Medushevskiy,Vyacheslav V. (1998) “Dukhovnyye aktsenty v soderzhanii muzykalnogoobrazovaniya” [“Spiritual accents in the content of music education”] in Teoriya i metodika muzykalnogo obrazovaniyadetey [Theory and methodology of children's music education], Moscow, pp. 260-289(in Russian).7.Medushevskiy,Vyacheslav V. (2014) Dukhovnyy analizmuzyki [Spiritual analysis of music], Moscow, 2014 (in Russian).8.Novitskaya,Larisa P. (2008) “Muzyka Rakhmaninova – bezmolvnyy zov. nesomyy zvukom. Koda.ili prelyudiya epokhi cheloveka myslyashchego?” [“Rachmaninoff's music is asilent call carried by sound. Coda, or prelude to the age of the thinking man?”]in S. Rakhmaninov: na perelome stoletiy:sb. mater. Mezhdunar. simpoziuma “S. Rakhmaninov: na perelome stoletiy”[S.Rachmaninov: at the turn of the century: sat. mater. International. Symposium “S.Rachmaninoff: at the turn of the century"], Kharkov, vol. 5, pp. 73-110 (in Russian).9.Skaftymova,Lyudmila A. (1973) “O melodike Rakhmaninova” [“About Rachmaninoff's melodica”]in Stranitsy istorii russkoy muzyki:stati molodykh muzykovedov [Pages of the history of Russian music: articlesby young musicologists], Leningrad, pp. 103-122 (in Russian).10.Khannanov, Ildar D. (2011) Muzyka Sergeya Rakhmaninova: sem muzykalno-teoreticheskikhetyudov [Music of Sergei Rachmaninoff: seven musical-theoretical etudes],Moscow, 2011 (in Russian).
Kovalev Andrey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676;
Email: andrej-kovalev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Хитрук Е. Б. «Да будет воля Твоя и на земле как на небе..!»: христианство и социальная надежда в учении Вальтера Раушенбуша // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2020. Вып. 91. С. 109-125. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202091.109-125
The article attempts to provide the most complete presentation of the views of Walter Rauschenbusch (1861–1918), the most prominent representative of the “Social Gospel” movement in American Protestantism, in Russian-language scientifi c literature. Particular attention is paid to the revision of the history of Christianity in the works of W. Rauschenbusch and, above all, his position as to the negative impact of the ascetic ideal on understanding the mission of the church in Medieval Christianity. The article also examines the idea of a “social hope” for approaching the “kingdom of heaven” on earth as the main conceptual element of the doctrine of the “Social Gospel”. It is shown that “social hope”, contrary to popular belief, is not utopian, but based on a restrained view of the real possibilities of man. Calling for an active transformation of society, W. Rauschenbusch himself does not experience any illusion about the “ease” of this task or the “sinlessness” of human nature. At the same time, the introduction of specific social reforms (accompanied by a constant humble prayerful appearance before God) is, from the point of view of W. Rauschenbusch, a direct duty of the Christian, aimed at alleviating the situation of the affl icted and oppressed groups of the population. The article also describes the main lines of critical refl ection on the ideas of Walter Rauschenbusch in the doctrines of Reinhold Niebuhr and Richard Rorty. It shows the influence of the concept of “social Gospel” on the movement in defense of the rights of African-Americans in the second half of the 20th century. The conclusion is made about the relevance of the ideas of Walter Rauschenbusch at the beginning of the 21st century in connection with the formation of the trend of “post-metaphysical thinking” in the modern philosophical and religious-philosophical tradition, as well as in connection with the need for a careful and thoughtful rethinking of Christian history.
Walter Rauschenbusch, Social Gospel, Christian asceticism, social hope, history of Christianity, church, Christianity
  1. Brackney W. H. (2017) “Walter Rauschenbusch: Then and Now”. Baptist Quarterly, 48/1, p. 23‒46.
  2. Cook V. (2016) “Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Long Social Gospel Movement”. Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation, 26 (1), p. 74‒100.
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  4. Guth K. V. (2020) “Laying Claim to Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights Legacy”. Journal of Religious Ethics, 48 (1), p. 26–44.
  5. Handy R. T (1964) “Walter Rauschenbusch in Historical Perspective”. Baptist Quarterly, 20/7, p. 313‒321.
  6. Khristos i kul’tura. Izbrannye trudy Richarda Nibura i Rainhol’da Nibura (1996) [Christ and culture. Selected works of Richard Niebuhr and Reinhold Niebuhr]. Moscow: Iurist (in Russian).
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  8. Nelson J. R. (2009) “Walter Rauschenbusch and the Social Gospel: A Hopeful Theology for the Twenty-First Century Economy”. CrossCurrents, 59 (4), p. 442–456.
  9. Niebuhr R. (1968) “Walter Rauschenbusch in Historical Perspective”. Faith and Politics. New York: George Braziller, p. 33‒45.
  10. Rauschenbusch W. (1910) For God and the People. Prayers of the social awakening. Boston; New York; Chicago: The pilgrim press.
  11. Rauschenbusch W. (2008) Christianity and The Social Crisis in the 21st century: The Classic That Woke Up the Church. New York: HarperOne.
  12. Rorti R. (2008) “Anti-clericalism and atheism” Logos, no. 4(67), p. 111–119 (Russian translation).
  13. Sukhovskii A. V. (2010) “Martin Liuter King: teologiia osvobozhdeniia v kontekste pravozashchitnoi deiatel’nosti” [Martin Luther King: Theology of liberation in the context of human rights activism], in Social’no-gumanitarnye problemy pravosudiia. Sbornik statei po materialam mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Social-humanitarian issues of justice. Conference papers]. St Petersburg: Petropolis, р. 80‒83 (in Russian).
  14. The Papers of Martin Luther King Jr.: Advocate of the Social Gospel. September 1948 – March 1963. Vol. 6 (2007). Berkeley: University of California Press.
  15. Zelenova O. V. (2015) “Vozmozhen li sotsial’nyi ideal: U. Raushenbush i R. Nibur” [Is the social ideal possible: W. Rauschenbusch and R. Niebuhr]. Problemnyi analiz i gosudarstvenno-upravlencheskoe proektirovanie, 4, p. 32‒35 (in Russian).
Khitruk Ekaterina
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Tomsk State University; 36 Lenin Ave., Tomsk 634050, Russian Federation;
Post: Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2522-3070;
Email: lubomudreg@gmail.com. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Борисова И. В. Мотивация студентов, получающих педагогическое образование // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2021. Вып. 60. С. 134-148. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202160.134-148
The article discusses the results of a study of the motivation of students of the 1st — 4th years receiving pedagogical education in the subject Russian Language and Literature at Bryansk State University. 105 people were examined using a set of techniques aimed at studying the educational and professional motivation of students (“Educational motivation of students” by A. A. Rean and V. A. Yakunin modifi ed by N. Ts. Badmaeva, “Motives for choosing a profession” R.V. Ovcharova, “Motivation for studying at a university” by T. I. Ilyina). To determine the signifi cance of diff erences in the motivation of diff erent groups of students, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test was used. To establish the relationship between students̓ motives, the Pearson correlation criterion from the SPSS 17 package was used. The motivation of diff erent groups of students was studied and compared, depending on their desire to work at school and depending on the course of study. It was found that students who want to work at school have more expressed professional, educational, professional and social motives compared to other groups of students. Other diff erences were revealed that show students who are not going to work at school are less motivated than other groups of students. It is shown that by the 3rd course, the motivation decreases, and in the 4th year it rises again. Various relationships between students’ motives have been established.
communicative motives, avoidance motives, motives of prestige, professional motives, motives of creative self-realisation, educational and cognitive motives, social motives, internal individually important motives, internal socially important motives, external positive motives, external negative motives
  1. Atkinson J., Birch D. (1978) Introduction to motivation. New York.
  2. Bakshaeva N., Verbitskii A. (2006) Psikhologiia motivatsii studentov [Psychology of student motivation]. Moscow (in Russian).
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  4. Borisova I. V. Zhupieva E. I., Rabovalyuk L. N., Roslyakova N. I., Tsygankova T. N. (2016) N. V. Sidyacheva (eds) Psikhologiya razvitiya: v fokuse vnimaniya rebenok XXI veka. Monografiya. [Developmental psychology: the child of the XXI century as the focus of attention]. Novosibirsk (in Russian).
  5. Bozhovich L. I. (1972) “Problema razvitiya motivatsionnoi sfery rebenka” [“The problem of development of the child's motivational sphere”] in L. I. Bozhovich, L. V. Blagonadezhin (eds) Izuchenie motivatsii povedeniya detei i podrostkov [Studying the motivation of behaviour of children and adolescents]. Moscow, pp. 7–44 (in Russian).
  6. Il'in E. P. (2000) Motivatsiya i motivy [Motivation and motives]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  7. Karpova E. V., Makarycheva I. N. (2016) “Vzaimosvyaz' refl eksivnosti i motivatsii v determinatsii uchebnoi deyatel'nosti” [Interrelation of reflectivity and motivation in the determination of educational activity”]. Yaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik, 2016, vol. 6, pp. 268–273 (in Russian).
  8. Khekkhauzen Kh. (2001) Psikhologiya motivatsii dostizheniya [Psychology of achievement motivation]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Leont'ev A. N. (2003) Potrebnosti, motivy i soznanie [Needs, motives and consciousness]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Makkeland D. (2007) Motivatsiya cheloveka [Human motivation]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  11. Markova A. K., Matis T. A., Orlov A. B. (1990) Formirovanie motivatsii ucheniya [Formation of the motivation of learning]. Moscow (in Russian).
  12. Maslou A. (2008) Motivatsiya i lichnost' [Motivation and personality]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  13. Slepko Y. N. (2016) “Formirovanie motivov uchebnoi deyatel'nosti v period obucheniya v VUZe” [“Formation of the motives of educational activity during the period of study at the university”]. Yaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik, 2016, vol. 1, pp. 188–193 (in Russian).
  14. Vilyunas V. K. (1990) Psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy motivatsii cheloveka [Psychological mechanisms of human motivation]. Moscow (in Russian).
  15. Yakunin V. A. (1994) Psikhologiya uchebnoi deyatel'nosti studentov [Psychology of students’ learning activities]. Moscow (in Russian).
  16. Zeer E. F. (2003) Psikhologiya professional'nogo obrazovaniya: Uchebnoe posobie [Psychology of vocational education: Textbook]. Moscow; Voronezh (in Russian).
  17. Zubarev V. F., Bondarev G. A. (2016) “Sovremennoe predstavlenie o razlichnykh aspektakh uchebnoi motivatsii studentov” [A modern understanding of various aspects of students’ educational motivation]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii, 2016, vol. 4–1, pp. 118–123 (in Russian).
Borisova Irina
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Psychological Sciences;
Place of work: Briansk State University; 14 Bezhitskaya Str., Bryansk, 241036, Russian Federation;
Post: associate professor in the department of general and professional psychology;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8754-3099;
Email: Irmarbor1@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Михайлов П. Б. Патристика в свете современных исследований // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2021. Вып. 94. С. 141-161. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202194.141-161
This article deals with issues in the current study of ancient Christian theological legacy and uses an extensive material of Russian and foreign historiography. The article proposes a clear-cut typology of the main approaches to the study of patristics. It consists of the three groups which correspond to the specifi c scholarly programmes, i.e. clericalisation of patristics, secularisation of patristics and topicalisation of patristics. The clericalisation programme is reconstructed on the material of the fi rst vloume of the new handbook in patrology edited by A.I. Sidorov (2019); the secularisation programme is extracted from an in-depth analysis of the methodology and main content of A.A. Stoliarov’s monograph Патрология и патристика (‘Patrology and patristics’, 2nd ed., 2004); finally, the topicalisation programme is being built upon the totality of the methodological and conceptual experience in the study of ancient Christian texts achieved in international and interconfessional scholarship up to the present day as well upon the results of its incorporation in the academic and religious context. The article pays particular attention to the fundamental terminology of the subject and explications of the corresponding confessional and academic projections. The analysis carried out in the article shows the specificity of each approach, traces their internal logic, evaluates the achieved results and, finally, makes an attempt at a probabilistic explanation of the choice in favour of a certain programme through certain reasons of both academic and corporate character. The use of a wide range of studies and methodological agendas allows us to make several generalising conclusions, on which basis the article proposes a conceptual model for current studies in patrology that meet the requirements of topicality and eff ective employment of international and interconfessional experience of work in the relevant fi eld. The specifi city of the proposed model is characterised by following the principle of topicality in the study of ancient heritage, which is implemented due to the principle of double contextualisation (“symphony of the Fathers” as a “diachronic and synchronic polyphony”). A signifi cant prerequisite of this model is the event of the patristic renewal in the mid-20th century together with the method of ressourcement formulated as its result and being used in the Russian academic context for the first time.
patristics, patrology, ancient Christian literature, secularisation, theology of ressourcement, patristic renewal, methodology of patristic studies, prosopography, doxography, Christian Platonism, symphony of the Fathers
  1. Bady G. (2007) “Le renouveau patristique, son commencement et sa fi nalité. Aperçu bibliographique”, in «De commencement en commencement». Le renouveau patristique dans la théologie contemporaine, Paris: Bayard, pp. 305‒327.
  2. Behr J. (2020) “Theological Education in the Twenty-First Century”. Journal of Orthodox Christian Studies, vol. 3.1, pp. 1–11.
  3. Blanchard Y.-M. (2007) “La place du théologien bibliste dans le domaine des études patristiques”, in «De commencement en commencement». Le renouveau patristique dans la théologie contemporaine, Paris: Bayard, pp. 265‒273.
  4. Bobrinskoy B. (1997) “Le renouveau actuel de la patristique dans l’Orthodoxie”, in Les Pères de l’Eglise au XXe siècle. Histoire — Littérature — Théologie. «L’aventure des Sources Chrétiennes», Paris: Cerf, pp. 437‒444.
  5. Congar Y. (1967) “Du bon usage de «Denzinger» ”, in Situation et tâches présentes de la théologie, Paris: Cerf, pp. 111‒125.
  6. Drobner H. R. (2011) Lehrbuch der Patrologie. Frankfurt am Main.
  7. Fédou M. (2013) Les Pères de l’Église et la théologie chrétienne. Paris.
  8. Florovsky G. (1937) Puti russkogo bogoslovij a [Ways of Russian theology]. Paris: YMCA-Press (in Russian).
  9. Flynn Gabriel, Murray Paul (2012) Ressourcement. A Mouvement for Renewal in Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  10. Fouilloux É. (2011) La collection Sources chrétiennes. Éditer les Pères de l’Église au XXe siécle. Paris.
  11. Hespel R. (1955) Le florilège cyrillien réfuté par Sévère d’Antioche: Étude et édition critique. Louvain.
  12. Hünermann P. (ed.) (2009) Denzinger H. Enchiridion symbolorum, defi nitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum. Kompendium der Glaugensbekenntnisse und kirchlichen Lehrentscheidungen. Freiburg; Basel; Wien: Herder.
  13. Kruzel A. (2010) “Patrologiia i patristicheskoe vozrozhdenie” [Patrology and patristic renaissance], in Nasledie Sviatych Ottsov v XX veke. Itogi issledovanii [Legacy of Saint Fathers in the 20th century. Results of research]. Moscow: PSTGU, pp. 94‒101 (in Russian).
  14. Marinescu A. (2013) “Patrology and Related Studies in Orthodoxy in the 20th Century and the Beginning of the 21st Century. Schools and Research Directions”, in V. Ioniţă (ed.) Orthodox Theology in the 20th Century and Early 21st Century. A Romanian Orthodox Perspective, Bucharest: Basilica, pp. 327‒393.
  15. Markschies C. (2015) “Patristics and Theology: from Concordance and Confl ict to Competition and Collaboration?”, in Patristic Studies in the Twenty-First Century, Turnhout, pp. 367‒388.
  16. Markschies C. (2019) “Polyphonic Theology of the Fathers / polyphone Theologie der Kirchenfäter. Bemerkungen zu einem Konzept und seiner Brauchbarkeit“. Evangelische Theologie, vol. 79 no. 5, pp. 329‒342.
  17. Moreschini Claudio (2011) Storia della filosofia patristica. Moscow: Greko-latinskii cabinet Yu. A. Shichalina (Russian translation).
  18. Pérès J.-N. “Les Pères de l’Église sont-ils aussi les Pères des protestants?”, in «De commencement en commencement». Le renouveau patristique dans la théologie contemporaine, Paris: Bayard, pp. 297‒303.
  19. Perrone L. (ed.) (2015) Origenes. Die neuen Psalmenhomiligen. Eine kritische Edition des Codex Monacensis Graecus 314 (GCS NF. Bd. 19). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  20. Pouderon B. (2016‒2017) Histoire de la littérature grecque chrétienne des origines à 451. Vol. 1‒3. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
  21. Quasten J. (1986) Patrology. Vol. 1. The Beginnings of Patristic Literature. Westminster; Maryland.
  22. Sidorov A. I. (2001) “Zhiznennyi put’ Origena” [Life of Origen], in Patristika. Novye perevody, stat’i [Patristics. New translations, articles]. Nizhnii Novgorod, pp. 290‒332 (in Russian).
  23. Sidorov A. I. (2013) Sviatootecheskoe nasledie i tserkovnye drevnosti. T. 3. Alexandria i Antiokhia v istorii tserkovnoi pis’mennosti i bogosloviia [Patristics and church antiquities. Vol. 3. Alexandria and Antioch in the history of church scriptures and theology]. Moscow: Sibirskaia blagozvonnitsa (in Russian).
  24. Sidorov A. I., Dobrozvetov P. K., Fokin A. R. (2019) Patrologiia: Uchebnik [Handbook of Patrology]. Vol. 1. Moscow: Poznanie (in Russian).
  25. Stolyarov A. A. (2004) Patrologia i patristika. Kratkoe vvedenie [Patrology and patristics. A brief introduction]. Moscow: Greko-latinskii kabinet Yu.A. Shichalina (in Russian).
  26. Ware K. (2014) “Sur les pas des Pères, les études patristiques ont-elles un avenir?”, in D. Gonnet, M. Stavrou (ed.) Les Pères de l’Église aux sources de l’Europe, Paris: Cerf, pp. 275‒289.
Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3492-5055;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Михайлов П. Б. Новое введение в изучение паламизма // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2021. Вып. 95. С. 136-140. — Rev. op.: Russell Norman. Gregory Palamas and the Making of Palamism in the Modern Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. 272 p.
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Mikhaylov Petr
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, 127051 Moscow, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3492-5055;
Email: locuspetri@rambler.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Абдоков Ю. Б. Николай Мясковский: «Да не смущается сердце твое…». Жизнь как высвобождающееся призвание // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 42. С. 79-114. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202142.79-114
The article deals with the most important components of the creative biography of Nikolay Yakovlevich Myaskovsky (1881–1950). A whole corpus of literature is devoted to the life and work of the composer. But even at the beginning of the 21st century, the portrait of one of the most prominent Russian musicians remains incomplete, and in many lifetime and posthumous studies it is deliberately distorted, at least partially. There is no doubt that the new biography of the composer should be based not on ideological cliches that illusorily “reconcile” Myaskovsky with a certain social and aesthetic reality, but on his music (outside of pseudo-“conservative” and false-“liberal” attributions), the grandiose and mostly unexplored archive of the artist, as well as the testimonies of those who were really close to Myaskovsky professionally and spiritually. For the fi rst time, documents from the composer’s archive are published, as well as memoirs of his outstanding students and contemporaries of diff erent generations, i.e. N. I. Peyko, B. A. Tchaikovsky, K. S. Khachaturian, M. S. Rostropovich, recorded by the author of the article. Unique epistolary materials and vivid memoir notes allow us to understand and in some cases — for the fi rst time — to verify individual facts and phenomena without which a full-fledged portrait of the composer is unthinkable. Thus, the sources presented in the article open up the possibility of comprehending a topic excluded from most offi cial biographies of the composer, i.e. not only the history of the formation of the versatile temperament of the artist-aristocrat, but also the formation of his soul. The same applies to the events of the late 40s and the fearless position of Myaskovsky during the “antiformalist campaign”. The study of historical artifacts and their extrapolation to the composer’s creative heritage allows us to formulate the main concepts of Myaskovsky’s unique artistic ethos, which is very far from both the arrogant orientation “for the initiated” and the false “academism”, which often, and most importantly, mistakenly explain the characteristic features of the perception of the composer’s music today.
Nikolay Myaskovsky, Nikolay Peyko, Boris Tchaikovsky, Karen Khachaturian, composer, biography, creation, ethos
  1. Abdokov Yu. (2020) Nikolai Peiko: “Vospolnivshi tainu svoyu…” [Nikolai Peyko: “Having fulfi lled the mistery…”]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Adamovich G. (2015) Poslednie novosti. 1934–1935 [Latest news. 1934–1935]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  3. Adamovich G. (2018) Poslednie novosti. 1936–1940 [Latest news. 1936–1940]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  4. Durylin S. (2006) V svoem uglu [Sitting in my corner]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Gómez Dávila Nicolás (2021) Escolios a un texto implícito. Moscow (Russian translation).
  6. Gulinskaya Z. (1985) Nikolay Yakovlevich Myaskovsky. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Lamm O. (1989) Stranitsy tvorcheskoi biografi i Miaskovskogo [The pages of the Myaskovsky’s creative biography]. Moscow (in Russian).
  8. Mikhailov V. (2018) Zabolotskii: Ivolga, lesa otshel’nitsa [Zabolotsky: Oriole, a forest’s hermit]. Moscow (in Russian).
  9. Miaskovsky N. (1959) Stat’i, pis’ma, vospominaniia [Articles, letters, recollections]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Tassie G. (2014) Nikolay Myaskovsky. The conscience of Russian music. Lanham (Maryland).
Abdokov Yuri
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory; 13/6 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9033-3279;
Email: abdokovgeorg@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Ковалев А. Б. Михаил Симаков. Всенощное бдение, соч. 2003-2020 гг.: путь к созданию богослужебного хорового цикла // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 44. С. 153-165. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202144.153-165
This article traces the way in which the All-Night Vigil was created, Op. 2003-2020 Moscow composer Mikhail Simakov, the features of genre-style originality and cyclicality are considered. This work continues the tradition of creating author's liturgical and choral cycles by representatives of the New trend in the refraction of a modern composer of the early 21st century. The influence of S. V. Rachmaninov, A. A. Arkhangelsky, I. F. Stravinsky, G. V. Sviridov from the point of view of using the means of composition and signs of cyclicity (musical thematic arches) is noted. The originality of the musical language of Mikhail Simakov is expressed in allusions to traditional chants and tunes, monothematism ("Quiet Light"), the use of various types of texture (counterpoint, undervoice, homophonic-harmonic warehouse). Among the signs of cyclicality, two parts are highlighted, in accordance with the division of the rite of worship into Vespers and Matins, the alternation of cycle numbers according to the principle of contrast: modal-tonal, rhythmic, textured, stylistic.The goal is to determine the genre and stylistic originality of this work, to reveal the signs of its artistic integrity as a choral cycle of 15 numbers. The methodology of the work is based on an interdisciplinary approach to the study of a spiritual and musical work using terminology from liturgy as a science of worship, as well as scientific categories of Russian musicology. Output. The genre and style originality of the All-night Vigil of Mikhail Simakov is determined by the organic interaction of compositional techniques inheriting the traditions of their predecessors (melodic-harmonic language, texture, shaping, cyclicality), with the personality of the composer's language, his desire to deeply comprehend and figurative content, symbolism.
M.S.Simakov, All-night vigil, choral cycle, small cycle, monothematicism, liturgical singing tradition, chanting, tune
  1. Gulianitskaia N. (2002) Poetika muzykal′noi kompozitsii. Teoreticheskie aspekty russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki XX veka [Poetics of the musical composition. Theoretical aspects of Russian sacred music of the 20th century]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Kovalev A. (2018) Zhanry russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki v tvorchestve otechestvennykh kompozitorov (vtoraia polovina XIX — nachalo XXI vekov) [Genres of Russian sacred music in the works of Russian composers (second half of the 19th — beginning of the 21st centuries)]. Tambov (in Russian).
  3. Kovalev A. (2018) “Vsenoshchnoe bdenie S.V. Rakhmaninova kak zhanrovo-stilevoi obrazets” [All-Night Vigil by S. V. Rakhmaninov as a genre and stylistic model], in S.V. Rachmaninov i mirovaia kul′tura: materialy VI mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii 17–18 maia 2018 g. [S. V. Rakhmaninov and world culture: conference materials]. Tambov, pp. 30–40 (in Russian).
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Kovalev Andrey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676;
Email: andrej-kovalev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Мамлина А. Б. Особенности изображения ада в миниатюре рукописи It. 2017 из Национальной библиотеки Франции // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2022. Вып. 45. С. 9-27. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202245.9-27
The manuscript of Dante’s Hell with a commentary wrote by the Pavian humanist Guiniforte Barzizza, created in the 40s of the 15th century for the Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, is decorated with miniatures attributed to the artist whom P. Toecsa names to as Maestro delle vitae imperatorum. Presumably, the manuscript initially contained about 115 miniatures, only 72 of which have been preserved till present days, but the codex, divided between two libraries (It. 2017, National Library of France, and MS 76, Communal Library of Imola) and several private collections, remains one of the most richly illustrated copies of The Divine Comedy of the late Middle Ages. Illustrations are characterized by archaism and oriented towards older models, such as miniatures of Strozziano 152 (Medici Laurenziana Library, Florence) or MS. Holkham misc. 48 (Bodleian Library, Oxford), while the tense realism of the miniature makes it an example of a new approach in the visual interpretation of The Divine Comedy.Maestro delle vitae imperatorum renders the details of narration accurately in terms of topography, anatomy and psychologism, intending to allow the reader become an accomplice of various emotions experienced by the protagonist of The Divine Comedy. Thus, the physical journey comes to the foreground, stretches in time and space, allowing readers to trace its course and the very topography of hell in the smallest detail. Researchers note that the incredible expressiveness of Dante's portraits on the pages of the Visconti manuscript - the poet's poses, gestures, facial expressions, as well as the "clinical" accuracy with which, for instance, the sufferings of sinners are transmitted, evoke terror rather than compassion.The article examines some miniatures of the Paris codex, analyzes the features of the image of hell as interpreted by Maestro delle vitae imperatorum and their connection with the tradition of illustrating the The Divine Comedy and with the visual culture of Visconti in general.
Late Medieval art, visual studies, court culture, Northern Italy, Visconti, miniature, Maestro delle vitae imperatorum, hell
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Mamlina Aleksandra
Student status: Graduate student;
Student status: Graduate student;
ORCID: 0000-0003-1738-5624;
Email: amamlina@gmail.com.
Хитрук Е. Б. Осмысление человека в контексте меметической теории религии: от «образа и подобия» к «транспортному средству» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2022. Вып. 101. С. 118-135. DOI: 10.15382/sturI2022101.118-135
The article is devoted to the study of the idea of a human in the context of the modern memetic theory of religion. The work consistently reveals the main provisions of the memetic concept in the works of Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett and Susan Blackmore. Richard Dawkins is regarded as the founder of the replicator-centric interpretation of the evolutionary process, which contributed to the formation of the idea of the meme as a unit of cultural information. Memes compete with each other in the process of cultural evolution, pursuing their own benefits, regardless of the possible benefits of host organisms. To such "selfish" memes, R. Dawkins, first of all, refers to religious ideas. R. Dawkins' concept has a popular scientific character and its author, considering a person to be a bearer of memes, does not clarify the ways of interaction between specific memes and the human mind. This philosophical aspect of the memetic concept is developed in the theory of Daniel Dennett, who, distracting from the scientific (biological) context, builds a naturalistic metanarrative based on the concept of memes. D. Dennett argues that the human mind is not only an effective means of transportation for memes, but also literally an artifact created in the process of memetic evolution and acquired, thanks to it, a tendency to select and prefer certain (evolutionarily successful) types of memes ... Such an interpretation of man is consolidated in the psychological theory of S. Blackmore, who asserts that the theory of memes finally and convincingly debunks both the religious ideas about the free and autonomous personality of God, who is responsible for the existence of the world, and the traditional ideas about the free and autonomous personality of man, who is responsible both for his own existence in general, and, in particular, for the morally significant decisions of their lives. S. Blackmore proposes to consolidate the new concept of a person as a vehicle with appropriate psychological techniques that get rid of the "false" feelings of their own autonomy and freedom. The author of this article considers the memetic concept of religion, culture and man as a non-trivial version of classical naturalism and suggests the possible productivity of criticism of this concept based on the unique Christian interpretation of personality as irreducibility to nature.
evolution, meme, memetics, atheism, Christianity, human philosophy, philosophy of religion, Christian anthropology
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Khitruk Ekaterina
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Tomsk State University; Tomsk, Russia;
Post: Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2522-3070;
Email: lubomudreg@gmail.com. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.