/
Search results


Болдарева В. Н. Антропологические предпосылки философии религии в раннем творчестве Н. А. Бердяева (1900–1910) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 2 (46). С. 103-113.
PDF
This article deals with the anthropological principles of the philosophy of religion which served as the basis of the early thought of N. A. Berdyaev. The author’s aim is to investigate this little known period in the work of Berdyaev during the decade from 1900 to 1910. Several problems are resolved through a study of the source material examined by the author of this article: 1) The principle phases of the evolution of Berdyaev’s thought are traced which brought the philosopher from Marxism to becoming a follower of Kant, and from idealistic metaphysics to religious philosophy; 2) This early period is examined to determine its importance in the formation of Berdyaev as an independent and original thinker; 3) The problem of the rapport between universality and individuality is studied in all of its aspects (both social and aesthetic) in the early thought of Berdyaev as well as Berdyaev’s understanding of the chuvstvo lichnosti (sense of personality?). As a result we can demarcate several phases of the thought of Berdyaev during his early period which differ from one another in their thematic outlook: an enthusiasm for Marxism and later Neo-Kantism, a transition to spiritualism, a conversion to a new religious consciousness, and a finally a more moderate view of all these perceptions. The author concludes that it is necessary to question the accepted theses of the relevant literature which irrevocably claims that Berdyaev rejected Orthodox asceticism and was thus the creator of an anthropocentric and amoral philosophy.
Nikolay Berdyaev, Philosophy of Religion, Anthropology, Individuality, Universality, P. P. Gaydenko, Personality
1. Berdjaev N. A. Sub specie aeternitatis. Opyty filosofskie, social’nye i literaturnye (Sub specie aeternitatis. Philosophical, social and literary experiences). Saint Petersburg, 1907
2. Berdjaev N. A. Duhovnyj krizis intelligencii (Spiritual crisis of the intellectuals). Saint Petersburg, 1909
3. Berdjaev N. A. Novoe religioznoe soznanie i obshhestvennost’ (Nee religious consciousness and comunity). Saint Petersburg, 1907
4. Berdjaev N. A. 1910. Russkij soblazn (Po povodu «Serebrjanogo golubja» A. Belogo) (Russian Temptation (For the A. Bely’s «Silver Dove»)). Russkaja mysl’, no. 11, pp. 104–115.
5. Berdjaev N. A. Sub’ektivizm i individualizm v obshhestvennoj filosofii (Subjectivity and individualism in social philosophy). Saint Petersburg, 1901
6. Bulgakov S. N. Religij a chelovekobozhestva u L. Fejerbaha (L. Feierbach’s Religion of the Human-Divine). Мoscow, 1906.
7. Vzyskujushhie grada: hronika chastnoj zhizni russkih religioznyh filosofov v pis’mah i dnevnikah (Seekings for a city: the Chronicle of the life of Russian philosophers of religion according to their letters and diaries). Мoscow, 1997.
8. Evlampiev I. I. Istorija russkoj metafiziki v XIX–XX vekah. Russkaja filosofija v poiskah Absoljuta (The History of the Russian Metaphysics in XIX–XX centyrie. The Russian Philosophy in search of Absolut). Saint Petersburg, 2000
9. Maslin M. A. (Ed.). Istorija russkoj filosofii (The History of the Russian Philosophy). Moscow, 2001.
10. Losskij N. O. Istorija russkoj filosofii (The History of the Russian Philosophy). Moscow, 2007.
11. Motroshilova N. V. Mysliteli Rossii i filosofija Zapada (Russian Thinkers and Western Philosophy). Moscow, 2007.
12. Poltoracky N. P. Berdjaev i Rossija (Filosofija istorii Rossii u N. A. Berdjaeva) (Berdjaev’s views of Russian history). New York, 1987.
13. Tareev M. M. 1909. Novoe religioznoe soznanie i obshhestvennost' (The New Religious Consciousness and the Public). Bogoslovskij vestnik, no. 2. 6, pp. 229–259; no. 2. 7, pp. 424–461.
14. Titarenko S. A. Specifika religioznoj filosofii N. A. Berdjaeva (Specifi cs of Berdyaev’s philosophy of Religion). Rostov-on-Don, 2006
15. Shestov L. 2002. Sub specie aeternitatis. Opyty filosofskie, social’nye i literaturnye (Sub specie aeternitatis. Philosophical, social and literary experiences). pp. 491–586.

Болдарева В. Н. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 6 (50). С. 126-131. — Rev. op.: Мареев С. Н. Миф о Бердяеве. Современная гуманитарная академия, 2012
PDF
Болдарева В. Н. Путь к персонализму: философия Л. Шестова как катализатор ≪переоценки всего≫ в мысли раннего Н. Бердяева // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 3 (65). С. 73-86. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201665.73-86
The article deals withan unexplored episode of Berdyaev’s philosophical thought, namely the case of his changing views at the beginning of 1900s when he rejected Neo-Kantianism and converted to his first version of existentialistic and personalistic worldview. In the first part of the article the author focuses on the logic of “re-evaluation of everything” (the expression that Berdyaev himself used) putting forward a hypothesis that this “re-evaluation” was induced by the ideas of Lev Shestov and can be understood as a personal religious conversion. The second part focuses on how the “paradigm shift” in Berdyaev’s anthropological philosophy entailed «paradigm shifts» in his philosophy of religion and theological thought, since it was one of the first emergences of this typical phenomenon of the tendency significant for the 20th century theology to be formed under the influence of anthropological philosophy terms and concepts.
Berdyaev, Shestov, Personalism, Existentialism, Religious Conversion, History of Russian Philosophy, Theology, Anthropological Philosophy.

1. Boldareva V. N. 2013 “Antropologicheskie predposylki filosofii religii v rannem tvorchestve N. A. Berdjaeva (1900–1910)” (Anthropological Presuppositions of Religion Philosophy in Early Works of N. A. Berdjaev), in Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. I: Bogoslovie. Filosofija, 2013, vol. 2/46, pp. 103–113.
2. Brilliantov A. I. Vlijanie vostochnogo bogoslovija na zapadnoe v proizvedenijah Ioanna Skota Jerigeny (Influence of Eastern Theology on the Western One in Works of John Scott Eriugena), Moscow, 1998.
3. Vizgin V. P. 2003 “Berdjaev i Shestov: spor ob jekzistencial'noj filosofii” (Berjaev and Shestov: Dispute about Existential Philosophy), in Istoriko-filosofskij ezhegodnik 2001, Moscow, 2003, pp. 303–324.
4. Volkogonova O. D. N. Berdjaev: Intellektual'naja biografija (N. Berdjaev: Intellectual Biography), Moscow, 2001.
5. Zaharova T. N. 2010 “Vzaimovlijanie idej L. Shestova i N. Berdjaeva” (Interaction of Ideas of L. Shestov and N. Berdjaev), in Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2010, vol. 16/197, pp. 138–147.
6. Kudaev A. E. Problema tragicheskogo v jestetike N. A. Berdjaeva: Avtoref. dis. … kand. filos. nauk (Problem of Tragic in Esthetics of N. A. Berdjaev: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2011.
7. Kudaev A. E. Tragedija tvorchestva v jestetike Nikolaja Berdjaeva (Tragedy of Creation in Esthetics of Nikolaj Berdjaev), Moscow, 2014.
8. Levickij S. A. 1964 “Jekzistencial'nyj dialog. N. Berdjaev i L. Shestov“ (Existential Dialogue. N. Berdjaev and L. Shestov), in Novyj zhurnal, New York, 1964, vol. 75, pp. 218–227.
9. Ovsjannikov A. V. Problema bytijnyh osnovanij chelovecheskogo Ja v religioznom jekzistencializme N. Berdjaeva i L. Shestova: Dis. ... kand. filos. nauk (Problem of Being Grounds of Human I in Religious Existentialism of N. Berdjaev and L. Shestov: Dissertation), Orel, 2006.
10. Rezvyh T. N. 2016 “Kantianskie motivy v obosnovanii idei spasenija v knige «Stolp i utverzhdenie Istiny»” (Cantian Motivs in Basing of Salvation Ideas in Book “The Pillar and Ground of the Truth”), in «Filosofstvovat' v religii»: k stoletiju vyhoda knigi «Stolp i utverzhdenie Istiny» o. Pavla Florenskogo: Sb. st., Moscow, 2016 (in print).
11. Titarenko S. A. Specifika religioznoj filosofii N. A. Berdjaeva (Specifics of Religious Philosophy of N. A. Berdjaev), Rostov-na-Donu, 2006.
Boldareva Viktoriia
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Email: miss1ng@yandex.ru.