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Берташ А. В. Успенский собор Пюхтицкого монастыря в Эстонии как памятник ретроспективного русского стиля, его строители и жертвователи // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 41. С. 132-152. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202141.132-152
The article contains the history of construction and architecture of one of the most signifi cant monuments of the Russian style of the early 20th century — The Dormition Cathedral of the Pühtitsa monastery in Estonia, built on the site of the dismantled old church in 1907–1910, designed by architect A. Poleshchuk, who is a student of the author of the project of the monastery, professor M. Preobrazhensky. The features of the architecture and the semantics of the dedication make it possible to include it in a number of cross-domed centric churches of Russian cathedral churches and to include it in the iconographic line of the Assumption churches, starting from the 11th century — Kyiv Pechersk Monastery, which shows the conservatism of the volumetric-spatial solution of Orthodox church building with a variety of artistic forms. The architecture of the Pühtitsa monastery cathedral is closest to the type of «large cathedrals» of the 17th century, which is characterized by «church-state content». Cathedral in Pyukhtitsa and a number of cathedral-type churches of the turn of the XIX–XX centuries can be attributed to a special «retrospective» direction of the Russian style. Its prototypes — not only use the above ancient Russian samples, but also centric cathedrals, which were designed by the founder of the Russian style K. Ton («stylization of stylization»). As well as Ton's projects, the churches of this group are distinguished by their monumentality and restrained, not intrinsically valuable decoration, in contrast to the churches in the style of the Moscow-Yaroslavl ornamental pattern of the 17th century, which were built in the 1880–1900s. The architecture of the cathedral, perfectly correlated with the natural surroundings, also has an Estonian fl avor, in particular due to the use of local building materials. The biographies of benefactors and architects who took part in the design of the temple at the first stage, when the construction of a temple with the predominant features of the Moscow-Yaroslavl style was supposed to be considered. One of the architects, A. Vladimirov, with a high probability is the author of the project of the The Church of St. John Climacus in the Moscow Donskoy Monastery — the burial vault of the construction benefactor of the Pühtitsa Cathedral — I. Tereshchenko.
Assumption Cathedrals in Russian architecture, «large cathedrals”, Russian monastery church building, Pühtitsa Assumption Monastery, Russian style, Moscow- Yaroslavl style, retrospectiveism in church architecture, temple builder I. Tereshchenko, architect A. Poleshchuk, Riga Diocese, Archbishop St. Agafangel (Preobrazhensky)
  1. Batalov A. L. (2001) O traditsii stroitel'stva Uspenskikh khramov v Moskovskoi Rusi XVI veka [On the tradition of building the Dormition churches in Moscow Russia in the 16th century]. St. Petersburg, pp. 38–50 (in Russian).
  2. Bertash Aleksandr, prot.(2018) Tserkovnyi zodchii M. T. Preobrazhenskii i ego raboty v Estliandskoi gubernii [Church architect M. Preobrazhensky and his works in the Estland province]. Sed'mye Piukhtitskie chteniia. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Materials of the international scientifi c and practical conference], Kuremiae, pp. 116–124 (in Russian).
  3. Buseva-Davydova I. L. (2000) Russkoe tserkovnoe iskusstvo X–XX vv. 1. Arkhitektura pravoslavnogo khrama. X–XX vek [Russian church art of the 10th – 20th centuries. The architecture of an Orthodox church. X–XX century]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox Encyklopedia], vol. Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov' [Russian Orthodox Church]. Moscow, pp. 519–537 (in Russian).
  4. Dmitriev L. A. (ed.) (1980) Kievo-Pecherskii paterik [Kiev-Pechersk Patericon, in Pamiatniki literatury Drevnei Rusi: XII vek [Literary monuments of Ancient Russia: 12th century]. Moscow, pp. 313–626, 692–704 (in Russian).
  5. Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo: Russkoe iskusstvo Pozdnego Srednevekov'ia – XVI vek [Old Russian Art: Russian Art of the Late Middle Ages], St. Petersburg, 2003, pp. 38-50 (in Russian).
  6. Gorodskaia usad'ba Shervudov, «Moskovskie oboznye masterskie» I. F. Tereshchenko — Glavnogo Intendantskogo Upravleniia [Moscow carriage workshops]. Available at: http://www.mosculture.ru/object/48449/ (5.02. 2021).
  7. Kirichenko E. I. (1982) Russkaia arkhitektura 1830 – 1910-kh godov (Russian architecture 1830–1910s). Moscow, (in Russian).
  8. Kirikov B. M. (ed.). (1996) Arkhitektory-stroiteli Sankt-Peterburga serediny XIX – nachala XX veka [Architects-builders of St. Petersburg in the mid XX — early XX century]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Kirikov B. M. (1993) Neoklassitsizm v arkhitekture Peterburga — Petrograda [Neoclassicism in the architecture of St. Petersburg – Petrograd]. Kraevedcheskie zapiski. Issledovaniia i materialy, St. Petersburg, 1993, vol. 1 (in Russian).
  10. Kornilii (Iakobs), mitropolit. (2011) Sviatoi pravednyi Ioann Kronshtadtskii, pravoslavnye estontsy i Estoniia [Saint Righteous John of Kronstadt, Orthodox Estonians and Estonia], Tallinn (in Russian).
  11. Krasheninnikov A. F. (ed.) (1998) Zodchie Moskvy vremeni eklektiki, moderna i neoklassitsizma (1830-e – 1917) [Moscow architects of the time of eclecticism, modernity and neoclassicism]. Moscow (in Russian).
  12. Likhachev D. S. (1985) Gradozashchitnaia semantika Uspenskikh khramov na Rusi [City protection semantics of the Assumption temples in Russia], in Uspenskii sobor Moskovskogo Kremlia: Materialy i issledovaniia [Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin: Materials and Research], Moscow, pp. 17–23 (in Russian).
  13. Men'kova I. G. (ed.) (2006) Radi mira tserkovnogo [For the world of church]. Moscow, 2006, vol. 1.
  14. Nashchokina M. V. (1999) Obrazy Srednevekovogo Vladimira v russkoi arkhitekture nachala XX veka [Images of Medieval Vladimir in Russian architecture of the early 20th century]. Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo, vol. 43, pp. 45–52. Moscow (in Russian).
  15. Shcheboleva E. G. (ed.) (2004) Kupecheskoe stroitel'stvo Ivanovskoi oblasti. Katalog [Merchant construction of the Ivanovo region. Catalog].Vol. 2. Moscow (in Russian).
  16. Slezkin A. V. (2007) Obrazy Moskovskogo Kremlia v arkhitekture khramov neorusskogo stilia [Images of the Moscow Kremlin in the architecture of neo-Russian style churches]. Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo. Vol. 47, pp. 287–299. Moscow (in Russian).
  17. Uspenskii sobor Piukhtitskogo monastyria: 100 let (Piukhtitsa Dormition Cathedral) [Dormition Cathedral of Pühtitsa Monastery: 100 years]. Kuremäe, 2010 (in Russian).
  18. Varvara (Trofimova), abbess, Timkina V. A. (eds.). (2016) Piukhtitskaia obitel' i ee pokrovitel' sviatoi pravednyi Ioann Kronshtadtskii: monastyrskaia letopis', vospominaniia sester, sviatyni obiteli [Pühtitsa monastery and its patron saint righteous John of Kronstadt: monastery chronicle, memories of sisters, shrines of the monastery]. Kuremiae (in Russian).
  19. Vdovichenko M. V. (2009) Arkhitektura bol'shikh soborov XVII veka [The architecture of the large cathedrals of the 17th century]. Moscow (in Russian).
  20. Viatchanina T. N. (2013) Dukhovno-religioznaia zhizn' Rusi vtoroi poloviny XV–XVI v. i ee arkhitekturnoe otrazhenie v traditsii khramozdaniia [Spiritual and religious life of Russia in the second half of the 15th century–16th century and its architectural refl ection in the tradition of temple building], in Shchenkov A. S. (ed.) Arkhitektura russkogo pravoslavnogo khrama [Architecture of the Russian Orthodox Church], Moscow, pp. 127–174 (in Russian).
Bertash Alexander, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: Church of the Holy Royal Passion-bearers in Bremen, Berlin-German Diocese; Kleine Westerholz Strasse, 17, 28309, Bremen, BRD; The limited liability company Architectural Bureau «Liteynaya chast-91»; St.-Petersburg, Russian Federation;
Post: rector of the churc, ancient guardian of the diocese; leading art critic;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3486-0490;
Email: alexanderbertash@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Берташ п. В. Подворье Пюхтицкого монастыря в Санкт-Петербурге: 120 лет истории // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2021. Вып. 101. С. 138-156. DOI: 10.15382/sturII2021101.138-156
The article is devoted to the phenomenon of the capital’s monastic houses at the beginning of the 20th century using the example of the construction of a house of Pühtitsa Assumption Convent of Riga Diocese (now a stauropegic monastery in Estonia). The case was faced with numerous, typical in such cases, diffi culties: the choice of location, which has changed several times; lack of funds for construction, which was usually covered by private donations; the cautious attitude of the metropolitan hierarchy towards the arrangement of offi ces diff erent from those of St. Petersburg. The originally considered plot in Peterhof was donated to the monastery by the well-off peasant family of the Gvozdevs, whose representative was the famous Athonite schema-monk Parthenius. The decisive role in the arrangement of the house on another site in St. Petersburg together with Tikhvin church (made of stone, 1903– 1906) was played by the Baltic Orthodox Brotherhood of Christ the Saviour and of the Protection of Theotokos under the chairmanship of M. Galkin-Vraskoy and the merchant benefactor K. Ivanova, as well as St. John of Kronstadt and Archbishop Agafangel (Preobrazhensky).The author of the project of the church in Moscow- Yaroslavl version of the Russian style, civil engineer V. Bobrov, himself rebuilt it in 1929 as a department store. The rebuilt building still exists today. Despite the short period of its existence, Pühtitsa house was a centre of spiritual life of the Harbour, the area actively built up at the beginning of the 20th century, and the construction dominant element of the capital’s suburbs. Pühtitsa novice Anna Markina established another women’s house, of Tvozhkovsky Trinity Monastery in the 1910s that was built on her own land in St. Petersburg (now completely lost).
monastery houses, house of Pühtitsa Assumption Monastery in St. Petersburg, Baltic Orthodox Brotherhood of Christ the Saviour and of Protection of Theotokos, Archbishop Agafangel (Preobrazhensky), St. John of Kronstadt, Abbess Varvara (Blokhin), schema monk Parthenius (Gvozdev), M. Galkin-Vraskoy, merchant wife K. Ivanova, architect V. Bobrov, N. Shafranov
  1. Antonov V., Kobak A. (2010) Sviatyni Sankt-Peterburga [Shrines of St. Petersburg]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  2. Bertash A. (2010) Putevoditel’ po sviatym mestam Sankt-Peterburga [A guide to the holy places of St. Petersburg]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  3. Bertash A. (2021) “Uspenskii sobor Piukhtitskogo monastyria v Estonii kak pamiatnik retrospektivnogo russkogo stilia, ego stroiteli i zhertvovateli” [The Assumption Cathedral of Pühtitsa monastery in Estonia as a monument of the Russian retrospective style, its builders and benefactors]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva, vol. 41, pp. 132–152 (in Russian).
  4. Bertash A. (2021) “Inter’er Uspenskogo sobora Piukhtitskogo monastyria i ego mastera S. A. i P. S. Abrosimovy i F.E. Egorov” [Interior of the Assumption Cathedral of the Pühtitsa Monastery and its master S. and P. Abrosimov and F. Egorov]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva, vol. 42, pp. 60–78 (in Russian).
  5. Bertash A. (2021) Pyuhtitskii v chest’ Uspeniia Presviatoi Bogoroditsy zhenskii stavropigial’nyi monastyr’ [Pukhtitsky stavropegic convent in honor of the Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia. Moscow, vol. 59, pp. 107–124 (in Russian).
  6. Bertash A. (2019) “Pouhtickoe podvor’e v Revele-Talline i ego stroitel’ N. N. Nikonov” [Puhtitsa courtyard in Revel-Tallinn and its builder N. Nikonov]. Vos’mye Pjuhtickie chtenija. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii [Eighth Puhtitsa Readings. Materials of the international scientific and practical conference]. Kuremae, pp. 154–163 (in Russian).
  7. Bertash A., Iakovlev N. (1997) “Sviato-Troitskii Tvorozhkovskii zhenskii monastyr’” [Tvorozhkovsky Trinity Convent]. Nasledie monastyrskoi kul’tury. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii [The heritage of the monastic culture. Materials of the scientific conference], vol. 1, St. Petersburg, pp. 19–28 (in Russian).
  8. Cherepenina N., Shkarovskii M. (1999) Pravoslavnye khramy Sankt-Peterburga. 1917–1945 gg. [Orthodox churches in Saint-Petersburg. 1917–1945]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Gavrilin A. (2006) “Arkhiereiskoe upravlenie na rubezhe XIX–XX stoletii: Ego Preosviashchenstvo episkop Rizhskii i Mitavskii Agafangel (Preobrazhenskii)” [Bishops’ administration at the turn of the 19th — 20th centuries: Bishop of Riga and Mitava Agafangel (Preobrazhensky)]. Rossiia i Baltiia: Chelovek v istorii [Russia and the Baltics: A Man in History], vol. 4, Moscow, pp. 117–134 (in Russian).
  10. Gavrilin A. (2005) “Rizhskii period sluzheniia sviashchennoispovednika mitropolita Agafangela” [Riga period of service of the St. Metropolitan Agafangel]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi. Moscow, pp. 47–61 (in Russian).
  11. Kotul Т. (2017) “Aleksei Grigor’evich Chadaev, starosta Kazanskogo sobora (1839–1913)” [Alexei Grigorievich Chadaiev, head of Kazan Cathedral (1839–1913)]. Kazanskii sobor [Kazan Cathedral], vol. 5 (137), pp. 11–12 (in Russian).
  12. Men’kovа I. (2006) Radi mira tserkovnogo: Zhiznennyi put’ i arkhipastyrskoe sluzhenie sviatitelia Agafangela, mitropolita Iaroslavskogo i Rostovskogo, ispovednika [For the Church’s Peace: The Life Path and Archpastoral Service of St. Agafangel, Metropolitan of Yaroslavl and Rostov, Confessor]. Moscow (in Russian).
  13. Musaev V. (2018) Pravoslavie v Pribaltike v 1890-1930-e gg. [Orthodoxy in the Baltic States in the 1890s–1930s]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  14. Russkii Afonski Otechnik XIX–XX vekov (2012) [Russian Athos Otechnik of the XIX–XX centuries]. Vol. 1. Sviataia Gora Afon (in Russian).
  15. Shilov D., Kuz’min Iu. (2007) Chleny Gosudarstvennogo soveta Rossiiskoi imperii. 1801—1906 [Members of the State Council of the Russian Empire. 1801–1906]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  16. Troitsky P. (2015) Istoriia russkikh obitelei Afona v XIX — XX vekakh [History of the Russian monasteries of Athos in the 19th — 20th centuries]. Moscow (in Russian).
  17. Varvara (Trofimova), abbess (ed.), Timkina V. (eds) (2016) Piukhtitskaia obitel’i ee pokrovitel’ sviatoi pravednyi Ioann Kronshtadtskii: monastyrskaia letopis’, vospominaniia sester, sviatyni obiteli [Puhtitsa monastery and its patron St. John of Kronstadt: monastery chronicle, memories of sisters, shrines of the monastery]. [Kuremiae] (in Russian).
  18. Zubov S. (2017) Mikhail Nikolaevich Galkin-Vraskoi. Saratov (in Russian).
Bertash Alexander, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: Church of the Holy Royal Passion-bearers in Bremen, Berlin-German Diocese; Kleine Westerholz Strasse, 17, 28309, Bremen, BRD; The limited liability company Architectural Bureau «Liteynaya chast-91»; St.-Petersburg, Russian Federation;
Post: rector of the churc, ancient guardian of the diocese; leading art critic;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3486-0490;
Email: alexanderbertash@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Берташ п. В. Интерьер Успенского собора Пюхтицкого монастыря и его мастера С. А. и П. С. Абросимовы и Ф. Е. Егоров // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 42. С. 60-78. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202142.60-78
This article is a continuation of the author’s material devoted to one of the most significant monuments of the retrospective Russian style of the early 20th century, the Assumption Cathedral of Pühtitsa Convent, built in 1907–1910 and designed by the architect A. Poleshchuk. For the fi rst time, the article describes the works of the father and son S.A. and P.S. Abrosimov, who were painters of iconostases and icon cases of churches and owners of a gilding workshop and of F.E. Egorov, the owner of an iconpainting workshop. Pühtitsa Cathedral remains practically the only church that allows one to study their creative work. Their numerous works kept in Russian churches were lost after 1917. The art os these masters of Russian church art of the Pre-Revolutionary period was developing within the Russian style, academicism, neo-baroque.
Assumption Cathedral of Pühtitsa Monastery, Russian church art of early 20th century, iconostases, Russian style, Moscow-Yaroslavl style, late academicism, neo-baroque, architect A. Poleshchuk, gilding workshop of the Abrosimovs, icon painting workshop of F. Egorov
  1. Antonov V., Kobak A. (2010) Sviatyni Sankt-Peterburga [Shrines of St. Petersburg]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  2. Bertash A., archpriest (2016) “Petrovskaia arkhitektura i barochnye reministsentsii v pravoslavnom khramostroitel’stve Novogo vremeni” [Peter's architecture and baroque reminiscences in the Orthodox church building of the New Time), in Petrovskie pamiatniki Rossii i Evropy: izuchenie, sokhranenie, kul'turnyi turizm. Materialy VII Mezhdunarodnogo Petrovskogo kongressa [Peter’s monuments of Russia and Europe: studies, preservation, cultural tourism. Materials of the 7th International Petrovsky Congress]. St Petersburg, pp. 481–510 (in Russian).
  3. Bertash A., archpriest (2019) “Piukhtitskoe podvor’e v Revele-Talline i ego stroitel’ N. N. Nikonov” [Pühtitsa house in Revel-Tallinn and its builder N. N. Nikonov], in Vos’mye Piukhtitskie chteniia. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Eighth Pühtitsa readings. Materials of the international conference]. Kuremäe, pp. 154–163 (in Russian).
  4. Bertash A. (2001) “Tserkov’ vo imia Sv. pravednogo Iova Mnogostradal'nogo na Volkovskom kladbishhe” [Church in the name of St. Righteous Job the Long-Suff ering at Volkovskoe cemetery], in Kraevedcheskie zapiski. Issledovaniia i materialy [Local-history records. Research and materials], 7. St Petersburg, pp. 71–82 (in Russian).
  5. Bertash A. (2002) “Tserkov’ vo imia sviashchennomuchenika Isidora Iur’evskogo” [Church in the name of the holy martyr Isidor Yuryevsky], in Pamiatniki istorii i kul'tury Sankt-Peterburga. Issledovaniia i materialy [Monuments of history and culture of St. Petersburg. Research and materials], 6. St Petersburg, pp. 195–205 (in Russian).
  6. Borushko E. (2012) “Atributsiia kartinnykh ram muzeinoi kollektsii GMZ «Tsarskoe selo»” [Attribution of picture frames to the museum collection of Tsarskoye Selo State Museum- Reserve], in Kuchumov: k 100-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia: sbornik dokladov nauchnoi konferentsii “Atributsiia, istoriia i sud’ba predmetov iz imperatorskikh kollektsii” [Kuchumov: on the 100th anniversary of his birth: proceedings of the scientifi c conference “Attribution, history and fate of objects from the imperial collections”]. St Petersburg; Pavlovsk, pp. 89–99 (in Russian).
  7. Burdialo A. (2002) Neobarokko v arkhitekture Peterburga [Neo-Baroque in the architecture of St. Petersburg]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  8. Buseva-Davydova I. (2019) Russkaia ikonopis' ot Oruzheinoi palaty do moderna: poiski sakral’nogo obraza [Russian icon painting from the Armory to Art Nouveau: the search for the sacred image). Moscow (in Russian).
  9. Filareta (Kalacheva), nun, Timkina V. (eds) (2013) Igumeniia za sviatoe poslushanie [Abbess for holy obedience]. Kuremäe (in Russian).
  10. Kirikov B. (ed.) Arkhitektory-stroiteli Sankt-Peterburga serediny XIX — nachala XX veka [Architectsbuilders of St. Petersburg in the mid-19th — early 20th centuries). St Petersburg (in Russian).
  11. Kislov V. (2012) Staraia Gatchina. Liutsevskaia (Chkalova) ulitsa [Old Gatchina. Liutsevskaya (Chkalov) street], pt. 1. Gatchina (in Russian).
  12. Kostromin K., archpriest (2018) “”Postroika khrama grozit stat‘ predmetom stolichnogo skandala…”. K istorii Pravoslavnogo russko-estonskogo bratstva vo imia sviashchennomuchenika Isidora Iur’evskogo [“The construction of the church threatens to become the subject of a scandal in the capital...”. On the history of the Orthodox Russian-Estonian brotherhood in the name of the holy martyr Isidor Yuryevsky]. Vestnik Istoricheskogo obshchestva Sankt-Peterburgskoi Dukhovnoi akademii, 2, pp. 38–52 (in Russian).
  13. Kostromin K., priest (2009) “Sviato-Isidorovskaia tserkov’ segodnia i sto let nazad” [St. Isidor’s church today and a hundred years ago]. Kolomenskie chteniia, 3, pp. 51–66 (in Russian).
  14. Monastyr’ u tserkvi Spasa: Polotskii Spaso-Evfrosinievskii monastyr’ ot drevnosti do nashikh dnei [Monastery near the Church of the Savior: Polotsk Spaso-Evphrosinievsky Monastery from antiquity to the present day). Minsk, 2007 (in Russian).
  15. Preobrazhensky A. (2002) “Bogoliubskaia ikona Bozhiei Materi” [Bogolyubskaya icon of the Mother of God], in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopaedia], vol. 5. Moscow,pp. 459–463 (in Russian).
  16. Antonov V., Kobak A. (2005) Russkie khramy i obiteli v Evrope [Russian churches and monasteries in Europe]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  17. Russkii Afonskii Otechnik XIX–XX vekov [Russian Athos Otechnik of the 19th — 20th centuries]. 1. Sviataia Gora Afon (in Russian).
  18. Sviato-Isidorovskaia tserkov’. Istoriia khrama. Zhitiia sviatykh. 1907–2007. 100 let so dnia pervogo osviashheniia khrama [Saint Isidor’s Church. The history of the church. Lives of the saints. 1907–2007. 100 years since the first consecration of the church]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  19. Troitsky P. (2015) Istoriia russkikh obitelei Afona v XIX–XX vekakh [History of the Russian monasteries of Athos in the 19th — 20th centuries]. Moscow (in Russian).
  20. Uspenskii sobor Piukhtitskogo monastyria: 100 let [Assumption Cathedral of Pühtitsa Monastery: 100 years]. Kuremäe (in Russian).
Bertash Alexander, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: Church of the Holy Royal Passion-bearers in Bremen, Berlin-German Diocese; Kleine Westerholz Strasse, 17, 28309, Bremen, BRD; The limited liability company Architectural Bureau «Liteynaya chast-91»; St.-Petersburg, Russian Federation;
Post: rector of the churc, ancient guardian of the diocese; leading art critic;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3486-0490;
Email: alexanderbertash@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Берташ А. В. Архитектурный ансамбль Пюхтицкого Успенского монастыря - памятник русского стиля // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 44. С. 153-165. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202144.121-152
The article, which is a continuation of the author's publications about the Assumption Cathedral of the Pyukhtitsky Monastery, examines the architectural and artistic history of the monastery as a whole in the context of the change of forms of the Russian style in the domestic church architecture of the late XIX-early XX centuries. The monastery ensemble, the largest in the Baltic States both in terms of the number of buildings and the occupied area, was created by the works of the Governor of Estonia, Prince S. V. Shakhovsky and Princess E. D. Shakhovskaya, on the revival of an ancient Orthodox shrine in an unfriendly non-Orthodox environment. It includes buildings within the boundaries of the monastery fence and beyond: the most important historical shrine-the place of the appearance of the Mother of God and Her icon, a cemetery and a Holy spring, a chapel. Most of the ensemble was built in the Moscow-Yaroslavl version of the Russian style, in a short period of time and according to the plan of one architect – M. T. It is distinguished by its integrity, harmonious inclusion in the natural environment and hilly terrain, a variety of types of structures: "big cathedral", stone, "semi-stone" and wooden (cage and tent) churches, small forms (chapels), residential, economic, educational, medical and other civil buildings. During the construction, both natural local granite stone was used (which anticipated its use in the northern Art Nouveau of the early twentieth century), and building materials produced at the monastery or in the Baltic provinces. Russian Russian architecture gives a local flavor to the architecture of the monastery, especially the cathedral, designed by the Russian-Estonian architect A. A. Poleshchuk, which makes it possible to consider the buildings of Pyukhtitsa as works of not only "imperial" Russian, but also Estonian architecture. The construction of the monastery was carried out in the late Soviet period, under Abbess Varvara (Trofimova), when it was actually banned everywhere in the USSR, and with the preservation of historical stylistics and on the basis of the first "master plan" (monastery walls and towers). Currently, the ensemble is being completed with the construction of an almshouse, the project of which is also based on the drawings of Preobrazhensky. Thus, the Pyukhtitsky monastery, which has never been closed, still preserves local architectural and construction traditions, as well as interiors in the Russian style. They give an idea of the style of the works of famous masters at the beginning of the twentieth century, other works of which were lost during the persecution of the Church in the USSR.
Russian style, Moscow-Yaroslavl style, Russian monastic church building, architect M. T. Preobrazhensky, Estonian governor Prince S. V. Shakhovskaya, Princess E. D. Shakhovskaya, Abbess Varvara (Blokhina), Abbess Varvara (Trofimova)
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Bertash Alexander, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: Church of the Holy Royal Passion-bearers in Bremen, Berlin-German Diocese; Kleine Westerholz Strasse, 17, 28309, Bremen, BRD; The limited liability company Architectural Bureau «Liteynaya chast-91»; St.-Petersburg, Russian Federation;
Post: rector of the churc, ancient guardian of the diocese; leading art critic;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3486-0490;
Email: alexanderbertash@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.