Абрамова М. А. Куртуазный идеал в позднесредневековом нарративе // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2015. Вып. 4 (44). С. 7-15. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201544.7-15
The paper deals with one of the most typical examples of the European romance of the 15th century, which is analysed in the context of both its epoch and of the chivalric romance as a whole. The paper demonstrates that many conﬂicts, characteristic of the late Middle Ages and serving as a basis for Le Petit Jehan de Saintré were brought about by the code of courtly love and are paradigmatic for this genre. In particular, they are manifested in works of Chrétien de Troyes and are in the ﬁrst hand associated with the conceptualisation of relationships between the protagonist and the Lady. Writers examine the degree of their commitment and of their dependence on each other as well as look at the possibility of harmony within the couple, at the capacity of the knight for self-denial, at his ability to stand the test of disgrace and scorn. The ambivalence of the images of the protagonist and the Lady is also a characteristic feature of the romance not only in the 15th but also in the 12th century. Social anomalies, such as the Widow-Lady and the contending abbot, are also incorporated in the courtly universum. The behaviour of the protagonist, his contender and the Lady appears anti-courtly at the end of Le Petit Jehan. The switch in the register of the language and of the behaviour leads to the transformation of the genre. The incursion of the lower modus of fabliau as well as dealing with pseudohistorical setting and heroes impart the character of novella to Le Petit Jehan. Antoine de la Sale looks at the balance between ﬁction and non-ﬁ ction from a new angle and creates the poetic reality af a new type. Courtly ideals are not Courtly ideals are not rejected in his romance completely but acquire the function of creating the notion of literature in a newer, more modern sense.
Late Middle Ages, transformation of ideals of Medieval French romances, paradigmatic conﬂicts of the chivalric romance, character of the knight, relations between the protagonist and the Lady, proportion of ﬁction and non-ﬁction, de
1. Andreev M. L. Rycarskij roman v jepohu Vozrozhdenija (Knightly Novel in Renaissance Time), Moscow, 1993.
2. Evdokimova L. V. Francuzskaja pojezija pozdnego Srednevekov'ja (XIV – pervaja tret' XV v.) (French Poetry of Late Middle Ages (XIV — First Third of XV Cent.)), Moscow, 1990.
3. Zjumtor P. Opyt postroenija srednevekovoj pojetiki (Experience of Formation of Medieval Poetics), Saint-Petersburg, 1993.
4. Kljueva E. V. Mel'nica mysli. Pojezija Karla Orleanskogo (Mill of Thought. Poetry of Carl of Orlean), Moscow, 2005.
5. Lukasik V. Ju. 2003 “Kurtuaznaja jestetika v pojeme Alena Shart'e «Nemiloserdnaja krasavica»” (Courthouse Esthetics in Poem of Alain Chartier “Unmerciful Beauty”), in Nachalo: Sb. Statej, Moscow, 2003, vol. 6, pp. 75–93.
6. Chekalov K. A. 2001 “Antuan de la Sal': mezhdu vymyslom i istinoj” (Antoine de la Sal: between Fiction and Truth), in Pjatnadcatyj vek v evropejskom literaturnom razvitii, Moscow, 2001, pp. 239–273.
7. Blanchard J. 1995 “Introduction” // Аntoine de la Sale. Jehan de Saintré, Paris, 1995, p. 8.
8. Desonay F. Antoine de la Sale aventureux et pédagogue — Essai de biographie critique, Liège, Paris, 1940.
9. Jamme А. 1995 “Bâtardise et patrimoine: les débuts dans la vie d’Antoine de La Sale (1386–1411)”, in Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, 1995, vol. 153, pp. 161–175.
10. Kristeva J. Le texte clos, Paris, 1968.
11. Lefèvre S. Antoine de la Sale. La fabrique de l’œuvre et de l’écrivain, Genève, 2006.
12. Szkilnik M. Jean de Saintré. Une carrière chevaleresque au XVe siècle, Genève, 2003.