Royal toys as a tool of family education of the Romanov dynasty (to mark the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty)
Абраменкова В. В. Царские игрушки как инструмент семейного воспитания династии Романовых (к 400-летию Дома Романовых) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 1 (32). С. 70-80. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201432.70-80
Article is devoted to the analysis of the gaming environment and, ﬁrst of all of children's toys, Russian tsars of the Romanov dynasty. The method of historical reconstruction identiﬁes practical reasons for the creation of a children's environment is the description of game sets, the source of their occurrence. Based on the analysis of historical works, letters and memoirs of the author provides a brief overview of the game in the Royal families of the late XVI — early XX centuries. Extends the provision that a toy for a child — not just fun, but a cultural weapon with which he develops a huge and complex world, understands the laws of human relationships and eternal truths. More details's environment children of the last Russian Emperor of the Holy Tsar Nicholas the Second, which is characterized by exceptional severity selection of gaming material from the moral point of view. The author describes the traditional toys for the little princesses and princes in accordance with the future responsibilities of boys and girls. The article reveals the importance of the traditional Russian toys as a universal category of being a child, a basis for building them a picture of the world, cognition of the spiritual foundations of life. Russian traditional folk toy is the perfect image of the world, expressed in the objective form, and the doll — image of the ideal man, the image of God. In conclusion, a conclusion is made that the game set toy Imperial children contained a special pedagogical potential: communion future rulers to popular culture and oriented on the values and meanings kingly service of an Orthodox ruler.
game, toys, games, traditional culture, education, toy as a cultural weapon, the Royal dynasty of the Romanovs, the Royal children, pedagogical potential.
1. Abramenkova V. V. Vo chto igrajut nashi deti. Igrushka i antiigrushka (What Do Our Children Play with. Toy and Antitoy), Moscow, 2010.
2. Zabelin I. E. Domashnij byt russkih carej v XVI i XVII stoletijah (House Life of Russian Tsars in XVI and XVII Centuries), Moscow, 2005.
3. Kononov A., svjashh. Duhovnyj smysl narodnoj igrushki (Spiritual Sense of Folk Toy), in http://folkportal.3dn.ru/publ/dukhovnyj_smysl_narodnoj_igrushki_iz_ocherkov_po_filosofii_igrushki_ierej_andrej_kononov/6-1-0-85
4. Kravcova M. Vospitanie detej na primere svjatyh Carstvennyh Muchenikov (Education of Children on Example of St. Tsar Martyrs), Moscow, 2002.
5. Lotman Ju. P. Kukly v sisteme kul'tury. Izbrannye stat'i (Dolls in Culture Systems. Selected Articles), Tallinn, 1992, vol. 1.
6. Na detskoj polovine. Detstvo v carskom dome. OTMA i Aleksej. Katalog vystavki (On Children Half. Childhood in Tsar House. OTMA and Alexej), GIM, 2000.
7. Rozhdestvenskij S. V. Ocherki po istorii sistem narodnogo obrazovanija v Rossii XVIII–XIX vv. (Essays in History of Systems of People Education in Russia in XVIII–XIX Cent.), Saint-Petersburg, 1912, vol. 1.
8. Florovskij G. Puti russkogo bogoslovija (Ways of Russian Theology), Kiev, 1991.
9. Hrenov N. A. «Chelovek igrajushhij» v russkoj kul'ture (“Playing Human in Russian Culture”), Saint-Petersburg, 2005.
10. Boneckaja N. K. (ed.) Carskie deti (Tsar Children), Moscow, 2005.