/

Egorova Anastasia

Cherub from the image range of Speculum theologiae


Egorova Anastasia (2019) "Cherub from the image range of Speculum theologiae ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2019, vol. 35, pp. 33-47 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV201935.33-47

Abstract

The Mirror of Theology (Speculum theologiae) is a unique example of a book miniature of the Latin Middle Ages. It represents an embodiment of the Catholic didactics of the 13th — 15th centuries concentrated to its maximum. This article studies one of the miniatures of the illustrative range of the Speculum theologiae with a schematic drawing of a cherub. It is not only an image but also a chart into which the main theses of Alan’s of Lille treatise On the Six-Winged Cherub are incorporated. The article uses a number of artefacts as examples and scrutinises the formation and development of the iconography. A detailed analysis of each miniature allows one to understand the way how the coёxistence and mutual infl uence of the word and the image are expressed in the these specifi c cases. The article also demonstrates the correlation of the iconographic scheme with other didactic visual diagrams contained in the collection of the Speculum theologiae. A sheet with a schematic image of the cherub is studied in the article not as a lone-standing illustration accompanying the theological dissertation but as an element in the whole array of miniatures. In order to carry out the study, the author of the article has read and translated into Russian the charts-illustrations with the images of cherubs. A comprehensive translation allowed the author to understand the princliple of work of the illustration, i.e. how it combines images and texts, how they occupy their — sometimes interchangeable, sometimes irreducible — positions, how such exquisitely refi ned iconography is created in the golden age of the schematic theology of scholasticism.

Keywords

Western Medieval art, Medieval illuminated manuscripts, Medieval illumination, Medieval iconography, cherub, visual diagrams, Medieval craft of memory, Medieval theology, Alan of Lille, Hugh of Saint-Victor

References

  1. Carruthers M. (2003) The Craft of Thought: Meditation, Rhetoric and the Making of Images 400– 1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Carruthers M., Ziolkowski J. (eds.) (2004) The Medieval Craft of Memory: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  3. Carruthers M. (2008) The Book of Memory. A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Carruthers M. (2009) “Ars oblivionalis, ars inveniendi: The Cherub Figure and the Arts of Memory”. Gesta, 48, pp. 99‒117.
  5. Clopper L. (2006) “Inscribing Mentalities: Alan of Lille, the De Lisle Psalter Cherub, and Franciscan Meditation” in E. Kirk, B. Wheeler (eds.) Mindful Spirit in Late Medieval Literature: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth D. Kirk. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 57‒80.
  6. Evans M. (1980) “The Geometry of the Mind”. Architectural Association Quarterly, 12 (4), pp. 32‒55.
  7. Fergusson G. (1989) Signs and Symbols in Christian Art. London: Oxford University Press.
  8. Freeman S. (1999) The Psalter of Robert de Lisle in the British Library. London: Harvey Miller Publishers.
  9. Ladner G. (1983) Images and Ideas in the Middle Ages: Selected Studies in History and Art. Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.
  10. Nesterova O. (2005) “Teoria mnozhestvennosti “smyslov” Sv. Pisaniya v srednevekovoi ekzegeticheskoi traditsii” [A Theory of Plurality of “Meanings” of Scripture in the Medieval Christian Exegetical Tradition], in Zhanry i formy v pismennoi kulture Srednevekov'ia [Genres and Forms in Medieval Written Culture]. Moscow, pp. 23‒44. (in Russian).
  11. Noell B. Medieval Representation of the Cherub and the Diagram in Beinecke MS 416, available at: http://brbl-archive.library.yale.edu/exhibitions/speculum/pdf/8r-noell.pdf (03.09.2019).
  12. Rudolph C. (2014) The Mystic Ark: Hugh of Saint Victor, Art, and Thought in the Twelfth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Saxl F. (1942) “A Spiritual Encyclopaedia of the Later Middle Ages”. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 5, pp. 82‒139.

Information about the author

Egorova Anastasia


Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Lomonosov Moscow State University; 27/4 Lomonosovsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991 Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-9356-2744;
Email: eto.nastya@gmail.com.