А steady cycle of the repentance poems begins to be ﬁxed in the old russian singing manuscript books in the middle of the 16th century. There are ﬁve manuscripts in Library of Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra (Russian State Library) from the mid-16th century until the ﬁrst quarter of the 17 century with the cycles of the repentance poems. Their repertoire includes almost 60 hymns: some of them are in all singing manuscript books, and another are one or two times only. Repentance poems divided unevenly into 8 “glases”: the largest number belong to 6 and 8, the smallest number belong to 3 and 7 “glas”. Some of the poems have a few music interpretations; and manuscript book TSL 432 are present early red “pomety” (remarks). The repentance poem texts are not liturgical, they specially created poems based on those stories, ﬁgurative circle of traditional gimnograf texts and chants, so art of the anonymous masters is very important. Master copies already known verses, but making changes to them, sometimes very large, includes disclose secret (“tajnozamknennyh”) formulas. Especially interesting cycle is in manuscript TSL 427. Author introduces melismatic chants, melodic variations, and he had transformed the slavnick (doxastikon) “O koliko blago” from the Lenten Triodion into one of repentance poem. This slavnick is known in many musical versions since the 12th century. Its content and organization are similar in the repentance poems. Here are constantly used exclamations “O” and “Uvi mone”, as well as the phrase on the penitential theme: “okaiannyj se lishiho”, “okaiannyi dushe”. This tradition will expand, cycles of repentance poem will be enriched by new songs, including from the Repertoire of liturgical texts.
manuscript, Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, repentance poem, text, znamenny chant, himn, genre, doxastikon, cycle
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