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Olianina Svetlana

Floral ornamental motives in the decoration of the Ukrainian iconostasis of the XVIIth-XVIIIth centuries: Rhetoric forms, symbolic and allegorical meaning


Olianina Svetlana (2015) "Floral ornamental motives in the decoration of the Ukrainian iconostasis of the XVIIth-XVIIIth centuries: Rhetoric forms, symbolic and allegorical meaning ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2015, vol. 18, pp. 92-116 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV201518.92-116

Abstract

Ornamental program of floral decor of the iconostasis is a collection of encoded characters in it. Most often, floral motives have several levels of symbolic meaning, sometimes just the opposite, that appear depending on the combination of options vegetative elements and content of the image, which is framed. Overview of the main motifs of symbolic meanings that were in the ornamentation of iconostasis, to fi nd similar semantic field of floral scenery during this period, and to consider a substantial program of individual compositions. It is found that it is based on only two main themes: the Christological and Mariological. For the recognition of these two streams of meaning, the iconostasis should be viewed as a single complex frame, all ornamentation which is assigned to a leading topic. Dominant semantic stream consists of individual motifs, united by the syntagmatic relations. In turn of the coupling values syntagmatic sequences constructed content of the message. The software part of the decor iconostasis XVII–XVIII centuries. formed with the symbolic meaning of floral ornamentation, which is an instrument of didactics. Compiled according to the rules of rhetoric ornamental compositions formed syntactic combinations reported some symbolic meaning. This explains the limited number of options such compositions, which passed from the iconostasis to iconostasis. Accordingly, a set of carved decoration of the iconostasis is the text of which is formed by combining the ornamental composition interconnected by syntagmatic relations. Reconstruction metatext of floral ornament of the iconostasis allowed to decrypt the semantics of the decor and found that it displays the ideological dominant religious worldview Ukrainian society XVII–XVIII centuries.

Keywords

iconostasis, ornament, floral motives, composition, rhetoric, text, symbols, semantics.

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Olianina Svetlana