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Loginova Marina

Foundations of education in the USA and Russia: cultural and religious perspectives


Loginova Marina (2019) "Foundations of education in the USA and Russia: cultural and religious perspectives ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2019, vol. 54, pp. 9-23 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201954.9-23

Abstract

This article deals with the history of the systems of education in the USA and Russia as well as with the connection between education and religion. The comparison of the requirements for the educational process that have formed in the two cultures throughout the history allows one to speak about the diff erences in the national systems of Russian and American education. The article examines some studies of those researchers who dealt with the connection between culture and religion as well as with the history of the development of national educational systems and addresses to the core religions of the USA and Russia, i.e. Protestantism and Orthodoxy. The article studies certain key characteristics, mindsets, and values of the Protestant and Orthodox religions that shape the educational cultures of the USA and Russia. Among the characteristics under comparison, there are vocation of the person, labour in the person’s life, and the attitude to the result of his or her labour. These features are closely connected to the process of education and infl uence its ideology. This comparison, as well as the linguistic and etymological analysis of the words education and образование, to bring up, воспитывать allows one to conclude that the meaning of education is diff erent in the two cultures. Major aims of the education in these countries have national peculiarities and sometimes are fundamentally dissimilar, which makes one doubt the unreasonable transfer of any important feature from one educational culture to the other.

Keywords

national system of education, history of education, educational (academic) values, Protestant values, Orthodox values, educational traditions of USA, educational traditions of Russia

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Information about the author

Loginova Marina


Place of work: Bates College; Lewiston, Maine, USA;
Post: Visiting Lecturer, Department of German and Russian Studies;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4772-1748;
Email: loginova.marina@gmail.com.