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Šor Tatjana

Review of articles about the soviet school in the estonian academic journal Kasvatus (“education”)


Šor Tatjana (2019) "Review of articles about the soviet school in the estonian academic journal Kasvatus (“education”) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2019, vol. 53, pp. 102-119 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201953.102-119

Abstract

This review deals with publications about the Soviet school and pedagogy in the Estonian academic journal Kasvatus (“Education”) in the 1920s — 1930s. They refl ect the educational policy of the period of elimination of illiteracy in Soviet Russia prior to the period of industrialisation and of polytechnicisation of the school. Several notes and articles touch upon problems related to experiments, development and reforms of the Soviet school, statistics of education and forms of educational institutions. An outline by the Estonian children’s writer and educationalist A. Oengo-Johanson reveals the content of the all-Union pedagogical exhibition in Leningrad in 1929 and criticises the politicisation of the educational process. Doctoral student E. Oissar analyses the content and methods of teaching in the reformed Soviet school until 1930. A series of works by Soviet authors were translated and published in the early 1930s, including “From the Experience of the Methodology of Psychological Observations on Children” (Из опыта методики психологических наблюдений над детьми) by the disfavoured Soviet psychologist M. Basov. An article by the economist L. Sabsai dealt with the success of education during the ten years of the Soviet power. Moscow teacher S. Klyavin devoted his work to the Soviet polytechnic school.

Keywords

journal Kasvatus (“Education”), Estonia, USSR, school, education, reforms

References

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Information about the author

Šor Tatjana


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Post: Independent Researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0002-4584-7622;
Email: tshor2006@gmail.com.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.