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Tyulenev Vladimir

Schools of grammarians and rhetors in Italia of the first third of the 6th century


Tyulenev Vladimir (2019) "Schools of grammarians and rhetors in Italia of the first third of the 6th century ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2019, vol. 53, pp. 59-71 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201953.59-71

Abstract

This article deals with the fate of antique school in Italy during the reign of Theoderic the Great and his closest successors. The fate of grammar and rhetoric schools is the lens, which allows us to consider such diffi cult issues as adaptation of Roman aristocracy to the barbarian conquest and the infl uence of Christianisation on the Roman school. The article proves that in the context of political crisis in the Latin West, it was in the classical education that Roman aristocracy found a way to save the foundations of Roman civilisation and to provide the reproduction of the aristocracy itself. This interest in functioning of the educational system guaranteed support for both schools in the capitals (Rome and Ravenna) and schools in other cities. On the one hand, representatives of local aristocracy acted as patrons of school teachers, supporting them and providing them with pupils, which is exemplifi ed by the work of Ennodius. On the other hand, representatives of Roman aristocracy at the court of Ostrogothian king (fi rst of all, Flavius Cassiodorus) were drawing attention of the new authorities to the fate of Roman schools and, this way, provided cultural succession in conditions of political transformation. It is also proved that despite the traditional opinion about the conservatism of the school in late Classical Antiquity, the school itself came to be experiencing infl uence of Christianity. On the one hand, Ennodius in his speeches compiled according to the “school canon” raises problems that are important for Christian ethics, i.e. chastity, firm family ties, relations of father and son. On the other hand, along with texts of Classical authors (Cicero, Virgil, Terence), teachers, e.g. Parthenius in Ravenna, start to use in education texts of Christian authors, which demostrates mutual infl uence of school and church.

Keywords

Ancient Roman Pedagogy, Grammar and Rhetoric, School and Ecclesia, Ennodius, Cassiodorus, Deuterius, Parthenius, Theodericus the Great

References

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Information about the author

Tyulenev Vladimir


Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Ivanovo State University; 39 Ermaka Str., Ivanovo, 153025, Russian Federation;
Post: Professor of the Department of General History and International Relations;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3987-3549;
Email: tyulenev.vl@yandex.ru.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.