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Kazakova Anna

Institutional childhood in Russia: the grouping of regions according to the scale of the phenomenon


Kazakova Anna (2017) "Institutional childhood in Russia: the grouping of regions according to the scale of the phenomenon ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2017, vol. 44, pp. 42-56 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201744.42-56

Abstract

The paper deals with the primary systematisation of data on social and territorial distribution of boarding schools in Russia in connection with the level of criminalisation and victimisation of underage students. The paper also provides information on the number of boarding school students in various regions of the Russian Federation. The regions are grouped into three clusters, namely successful, unsuccessful, and unstable. The paper demonstrates statistically signifi cant diff erences between regions. Federal districts diff er considerably from each other only in terms of crime and victimisation of minors, but not in the number of boarding schools and their students as well as in the density of their placement. Based on the application of correlational and regressional analysis, the paper shows substantial contribution of “institutionalised childhood” to the level of teenage crime. The average number of children in boarding schools and Muslim character of certain regions appeared to be insignifi cant variables. The fi rst variable is important for the forecast and planning of work in orphanages, which is referred to in the Letter of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation of 1.09.2014. The second variable is necessary for analytic reconstruction of those factors which determine interregional fl uctuations in the number of boarding schools and their students.

Keywords

(de)institutionalisation, territorial diff erentiation, orphanages and boarding schools, criminalisation, victimisation

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Information about the author

Kazakova Anna