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Nikulina Elena

Theoretical and historical issues of patristic pedagogical writings (based on the pedagogical writings of St. Theophan the Recluse)


Nikulina Elena (2014) "Theoretical and historical issues of patristic pedagogical writings (based on the pedagogical writings of St. Theophan the Recluse) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2014, vol. 33, pp. 120-133 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201433.120-133

Abstract

The article explores two different approaches towards pedagogical texts of the past, i.e. a theoretical retrospective one, which is aimed at solving present day problems with the help of the past generations’ experiences, and a historical contextual one, which studies the texts of the past within the context of the contemporary epoch. Besides, a historical practical approach, aimed at using past ideas for the upbringing of the modern youth, is briefly described. The peculiarities of modern terminology in both theoretical retrospective and historical contextual approaches are explained. Some possible applications of these approaches to studying the pedagogical heritage of the Fathers of Church are shown in the article using the writings of Theophan the Recluse. It is also shown in the article that using the theoretical retrospective approach in studying the pedagogical writings of the Fathers of Church allows revealing the basic principles of the Christian upbringing and the pedagogical potential of the Orthodoxy on the whole, as well as rethinking the problems of religious upbringing at present. Special attention is drawn to the academic potential of the historical contextual approach, which has almost never been used in studying the pedagogical writings of Russian Fathers of Church, and, according to the author’s belief, is in great demand nowadays. Having analyzed the pedagogical writings of the late XVIII - mid XIX centuries, the author of the article shows that the historical contextual approach allows substantial widening of the present day comprehension of St Theophan the Recluse’s pedagogy, of its presence in the pedagogical tradition of its time and its originality. The author assumes that it is the historical contextual approach that opens up possibilities for effective introduction of the religious teacher’s views to the secular pedagogy. Whereas the theoretical retrospective approach causes the rejection of St. Theophan the Recluse’s views by atheistic scholars and limits the academic analysis of his ideas.

Keywords

methodology of historic pedagogical studies, pedagogical heritage of the Fathers of Church, theoretical retrospective approach, historical practical approach, historical contextual approach, general principles of pedagogy, pedagogical potential of Ortho

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Nikulina Elena