The paper gives an outline of Biblical studies in Russia during the last two centuries. It presents two contrasting tendencies as main factors in the development of Russian Biblical studies in the 19th century. On the one hand, it is the Western historical and philological approach orientated towards the humanistic tradition of the study of classical ancient authors. On the other hand, it is the Russian ecclesiastical and dogmatic approach manifesting itself in the unreadiness to adopt results of the Western science. Areas of study where particularly successful research was carried out in the period in question are the history of the church (above all, Russian and Byzantine), canon law and the history of the church service. These areas are characterised by collaboration between the lay and the ecclesiastical science. Besides, Slavonic Biblical studies and the translation of the Bible are considered undoubtedly successful areas. After 1917 the distance separating Russian Biblical studies from European increased in conditions of isolation.
Biblical studies in Russia, Slavonic Bible, translation of the Bible, textological approach, dogmatic approach
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