Hieromonk Siluan (Nikitin S.)

Liturgical life of the Finnish Orthodox Church in the time of archbishop Pavel (Olmari)

Nikitin Sergey (2019) "Liturgical life of the Finnish Orthodox Church in the time of archbishop Pavel (Olmari) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2019, vol. 87, pp. 124-138 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201987.124-138


The period of 1961‒1987 was a prominent epoch for the Orthodox Church in Finland, during which major changes in its internal life took place. Archbishop of Karelia and All Finland Pavel (Olmari) played a decisive role in these processes. He proclaimed a course towards creating a national church and adapting traditions of the ancient church to present-day conditions, as well as towards ideological rethinking of the period when Finland was part of the Russian Empire. This led to considerable changes in liturgical life, as the so-called Euacharistic revival took place, the role of laymen in liturgy increased, new liturgical orders were introduced. Alongside establishing active contacts with local Orthodox churches and heterodox denominations, Archbishop Pavel made use of their positive experience of liturgical traditions and adapted them to conditions of the Orthodox Church in Finland. Having been tonsured in Valaam Monastery, he was well familiar with features of liturgy of the Russian Orthodox Church; since the 1960s, he introduced certain moments from liturgical life of Greeklanguage Orthodox churches, which included abolition of obligatory confession before Communion; Liturgy of Saint James; changes in liturgical vestments and in everyday clerical apparel. Archbishop Pavel was himself engaged in hymnography and in making scores for church songs and translating service rites from Greek. The fruits of his liturgical alterations still make up one of the features of the Orthodox Church in Finland.


bishop Emilian (Timiadis), bishop Alexander (Karpin), metropolitan John (Rinne), archbishop Pavel (Olmari), archbishop Herman (Aav), archbishop Kiprian (Zernov), Finnish Orthodox Church, liturgy, liturgical singing, hymnography


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Information about the author

Hieromonk Siluan (Nikitin S.)

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: Sretenskaya Th eological Seminary; 19/1 Bolshaya Lubyanka Str., 107031, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1445-4703;
Email: f.siluan@mail.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.