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Zakharov Georgy

Roman council of 382 in the context of ecclesiastical andpolitical activities and ecclesiological views of St. Damasus of Rome and St. Ambrose of Milan


Zakharov Georgy (2018) "Roman council of 382 in the context of ecclesiastical andpolitical activities and ecclesiological views of St. Damasus of Rome and St. Ambrose of Milan ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, vol. 80, pp. 9-28 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201880.9-28

Abstract

This article is devoted to the historical signifi cance and ecclesiology of the council of Rome, 382. It considers this council to be the fi nal point in the history of the Arian crisis in the Latin West. The original plan of the Western emperor Gratianus, supported by the Roman pope Damasus and St. Ambrose of Milan, to hold the council in the general format, was not fully implemented due to the convening by the Eastern emperor Theodosius of the parallel council in Constantinople. In spite of this, the Roman council took a number of important decisions, both ecclesiastico-political and doctrinal. Our study proceeds following the traditional attribution of the third part of the so-called Decretum Gelasianum to the Roman council of 382. The ecclesiology of the council was the result of a compromise: on the one hand, it expresses the desire of St. Damasus to demonstrate the unique character of the Roman primacy and its Divine, rather than synodal origin; on the other hand, the Roman see divides the primacy with the two eastern sedes Petri, i.e. Alexandria and Antioch. The article points to the importance of the theme of the primacy of Peter and the special authority of the Roman see in the ecclesiology of St. Ambrose of Milan. At the same time, we come to the conclusion that for him the Roman primacy was inseparably linked with the idea of the conciliar consent of the Western episcopate and its “superiority” over the Eastern. The expression of this consensus of the Roman see with the episcopate of the West was the council of Rome, 382.

Keywords

Roman council of 382, St. Damasus of Rome, St. Ambrose of Milan, Arian controversy, Roman primacy, Decretum Damasi, ecclesiology, church councils

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Information about the author

Zakharov Georgy


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University; 23b, Novokuznetskaya st., Moscow 115184, Russian Federation;
Post: Head of the Department of Systematical Theology and Patrologу;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3406-2088;
Email: g.e.zakharov@gmail.com.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Acknowledgments

The article is written in 2018 within the framework of the project "Relations between Eastern and Western Churches in the era of Aryan disputes" supported by PSTGU Development Foundation.