On the question of the existence of "the Catholic group" at Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery (based on materials of the investigation file of 1935)
Balashova Elena (2017)
"On the question of the existence of "the Catholic group" at Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery (based on materials of the investigation file of 1935) ",
Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta.
Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi
pp. 68-84 (in Russian).
DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201779.68-84
On 21 February 1935 and some days later, several people were arrested in Moscow; on 7 March ten of them were accused of “being a member of a Catholic group of a certain organisation operating at the prohibited Petrovsky Monastery and carrying out anti- Soviet propaganda”.
In reality, there was no such group. It was artifi cially assembled by the investigators on the ground of the fact that people included in the group were acquainted with Pie Neveu, the Catholic bishop, as well as with archbishop Bartholomew Remow, head of the Vysoko-Рetrovsky Monastery. Archbishop Bartholomew Remow’s life and personality are not dealt with in this article. Among the people included into the above-mentioned group by the investigators, only three practiced Catholicism publicly. This being said, they had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community (Ekaterina Tsytsyrina, Lyubov Shorcheva and Vera Vert). Secret Catholics were Leonid Titov (he attended church services at the Petrovsky Community only from August 1934) and, as far as one can judge by her testimony and other documents, Elena Rozhina, archbishop Bartholomew’s religious daughter, who served as an interlink between him and bishop Pie Neveu. Professor Ivan Popov (celebrated in the Synaxis of New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church), Alexandra Kachalova and Nina Kenarskaya were Orthodox parishioners of the underground Vysokopetrovsky Monastery. Orthodox bishop Petr (Rudnev) and renovationist archbishop Nikolay Rozanov were not Catholics and had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community. The necessity of the exposure of counter-revolutionary activity of the Russian Catholic group, operating at an underground Orthodox monastery and puppeteered from Vatican, might have been brought about by the intensifi cation of repressions following Sergei Kirov’s assassination in December 1934.
Bartholomew Remov, Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery, persecution of the Church, Catholicism, martyrs, renovationist bishop, Pius Eugene Neveu, Orthodoxy, investigative file, secret Catholics, underground monastery
- Balashova E. G., “NKVD, katoliki i vybor very arhiepiskopa Varfolomeya (Remova)”, in: Sbornik materialov Sed’moj Mezhregional’noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Duhovnye osnovy russkoj kul’tury: izuchenie i prepodavanie v vysshej i srednej shkole», Moscow, 2011, 35–47.
- Balashova E. G., “Pis’ma episkopa Sergievskogo Varfolomeya (Remova) k Rimskomu pape Piyu XI v 1933–1934 gg.”, in: Materialy XXI Sretenskih chtenĳ , cerkovno-istoricheskaya sekciya, 21.02.2015. available at: http://sfi.ru/konferencii/sretenskie-chteniya-1/xxisretenskie-chteniya/cerkovno-istoricheskaya-sekciya/pisma-episkopa-sergievskogovarfolomeya-remova-k-rimskomu-papepiyu-xi-v-1933–1934-gg.html (11.03.2017).
- Balashova E. G., “Sohranenie i razvitie tradicĳ zosimovskogo starchestva v Vysoko- Petrovskom monastyre v 20–30-h godah HKH veka (k 700-letiyu Vysoko-Petrovskoj obiteli)“, in: Preemstvo svyatootecheskih tradicĳ v monashestve Russkoj Cerkvi. XXIII Mezhdunarodnye Rozhdestvenskie obrazovatel’nye chteniya. Regional’nyj ehtap., Moscow, 2015, 83–102.
- Beglov A. L., „ZHiznennyj put’ arhiepiskopa Varfolomeya“, in: Al’fa i Omega, 4 (18), 1998.
- Vlasova D. V., per., Struve N., predisl., Venger A., Rim i Moskva: 1900–1950, Moscow, 2000.
- Golovkova L. A., “Osobennosti prochteniya sledstvennyh del v svete kanonizacii novomuchenikov i ispovednikov rossĳ skih”, in: Al’fa i Omega, 4 (26), 2000, 206–215.
- Damaskin (Orlovskĳ ), ig., “Slozhnosti izucheniya sudebno-sledstvennyh del, imeyu shchego cel’yu — vklyuchenie imeni postradavshego svyashchennosluzhitelya ili miryanina v Sobor novomuchenikov i ispovednikov Rossĳ skih”, in: HKH Mezhdunarodnye Rozhdestvenskie obrazovatel’nye chteniya. Proslavlenie i pochitanie svyatyh. Materialy konferencii, Moscow, 2012, 8–36.
- Ignatiya, mon., Starchestvo v gody gonenĳ, Moscow, 2001.
- Ignatiya (Petrovskaya), mon., “Vysoko-Petrovskĳ monastyr’ v 20-30-e gody”, podgotovka teksta, publikaciya, vstupitel’naya zametka i primechaniya A. L. Beglova, in: “Al’fa i Omega”, № 1(8), 1996, 114–135.
- Kolupaev Rostislav, ig., Oficial’naya istoriya katolikov vizantĳ skogo obryada v Rossii, available at: http://www.rkcvo.ru/node/32/ (2.11.2017).
- Osipova I. I., «Skvoz’ ogn’ muchenĳ i vody slyoz...», Sud’ba dvizheniya «Istinno-Pravoslavnaya Cerkov’», Moscow, 1998, 129–130.
Information about the author
Balashova Elena Place of work:
Expert on expert-accreditation activities of the Synodal Department of Religious Education and Catechesis of Russian Orthodox Church; 28/2 Petrovka Str., Moscow, 127051 Russian Federation; Post:
Expert on expert-accreditation activities; Email: