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St. Tikhon’s University Review . Series II: History. Russian Church History

St. Tikhon’s University Review II :82

ARTICLES

Archbishop Каллистрат (Romanenko K.)

On the beginning of Altai spiritual mission

Romanenko Kallistrat (2018) "On the beginning of Altai spiritual mission ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 11-22 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.11-22
This article describes the history of the foundation of Altai spiritual mission. Its inception is closely connected with the beginning of systematic missionary work in Western Siberia. By the beginning of the 19th century, the Orthodox mission in this region gradually became inactive, but in the fi rst third of this century the Holy Synod resumed active missionary work. The article considers those statutes of the Holy Synod that dealt with the arrangement of missionary activity in this region. It scrutinises the letter exchange between the Ministry of Finances of the Russian Empire and the Holy Synod, which refl ects problems of funding of the newly created mission. The article analyses in detail the circumstances around the appointment of Revd. Makariy (Glukharev) in the mission and personal considerations that urged this saint to embark on the apostolic service. The article also studies the history of the name of the mission. Among other issues, the article answers the question about the date of establishing Altai spiritual mission and makes a conclusion that there was no specifi c statute as to this.
Altai spiritual mission, archimandrite Makariy (Glukharev), archbishop Evgeniy (Kazantsev), metropolitan Filaret (Drozdov), bishop Vladimir (Uzhinsky), Tobolsk diocese, Holy Governing Synod
  1. Zarya bessmertiya bleshchet. Iz zhizneopisaniya prepodobnogo Makariya Altajskogo, Orel, 2007.
  2. Kolotkin M. N., “Hristianizaciya altajcev v XVIII veke”, in: V. G. Babin, ed., Makar’evskie chteniya: materialy vtoroj mezhdunarodnoj
  3. konferencii (21–22 noyabrya 2003 goda), Gorno-Altajsk, 2004.
  4. Krejdun YU. A., Altajskaya duhovnaya missiya v 1830–1919 gody: struktura i deyatel’nost’, Moscow, 2008.
  5. Miller G. F., Istoriya Sibiri, Moscow, Leningrad, 1941, II.
  6. Modorov N. S., “Arhimandrit Makarij Gluharev — uchenyj, missioner i prosvetitel’”, in: V. G. Babin, ed., Makar’evskie chteniya: materialy vtoroj mezhdunarodnoj konferencii (21–22 noyabrya 2003 goda), Gorno-Altajsk, 2004, 18–27.
  7. Nesterov S. V., “Slovom i zhitiem nastavlyaya…” Zhizn’ i trudy prp. Makariya Altajskogo, Moscow, 2005.
  8. Rasova N. V., “Altajskaya Duhovnaya missiya v sisteme deyatel’nosti podobnyh uchrezhdenij Sibiri”, in: V. G. Babin, S. K. Nosov, eds. Makar’evskie chteniya. Sb. nauchnyh statej, Gorno-Altajsk, 2002, 23–31.
  9. Sofronov V. YU., Hristianizaciya Tobol’skogo Severa, Tobol’sk, 2007.
  10. Shirokov Sergij , svyashch., Prepodobnyj Makarij (Gluharev) apostol Altaya, Moscow, 2008.

Archbishop Каллистрат (Romanenko K.)


Place of work: Gorno-Altay diocese office; Russia, Altay Repablic, Gorno-Altaysk city, Kommunistichesrii avenue, 146;
Post: Archbishop of Gornoaltaisk and Chemal;
ORCID: 0000-0003-2527-5978;
Email: rkallistrat@yandex.ru.
Metropolitan Исидор (Tupikin R.)

Participation of students of Kazan theological academy in requiem for farmers in the village of Bezdna

Tupikin Roman (2018) "Participation of students of Kazan theological academy in requiem for farmers in the village of Bezdna ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 23-36 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.23-36
There was no other theological institution in Russian church where students led such a rampant life and where the rector played such an important role in their fate as in Kazan in 1861. At that time, students of theological schools were not so widely involved in socio-economical movements in Russia, which made it rather unexpected that students of Kazan Theological Academy were found in the centre of protest actions against legal authorities. In 1861, the students conducted a requiem for the perished farmers of the village of Bezdna at Krutinskoye (Arskoye) cemetery in Kazan. Thanks to the eff orts of their rector, archimandrite Ioann (Sokolov), they managed to excape grave consequences of their thoughtless act. The article aims to examine the course of the main events of this requiem and to give evaluations of actions of those persons who were involved in them. The sources for this study are archival documents of the Russian State Historical Archive, National Archive of Tatarstan and the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library. An important source is “Opinions and Reports” by St. Filaret of Moscow, who was one of the key fi gures in the investigation of the requiem for the farmers of Bezdna. The study also made use of sermons of the future bishop of Smolensk Ioann (Sokolov) as well as the work by P. V. Znamensky “History of Kazan Theological Academy in the fi rst (pre-reform) period (1842–1870)”. Based on the carried-out research, the author of the article answers the question about the true motives of the participation of students of Kazan Theological Academy in the protest actions.
protest, students, Kazan Theological Academy, Kazan University, Kurtin funeral service, Bezdna, investigation, archimandrite Ioann (Sokolov), St. Philaret (Drozdov)
  1. Morokhovets E. A., Druzhinin N. M., Krest’ianskoe dvizhenie v 1861 godu posle otmeny krepostnogo prava, Moscow, 1949.
  2. Fedorov V. A. Konets krepostnichestva v Rossii dokumenty, pis’ma, memuary, stat’i, Moscow, 1994.

Metropolitan Исидор (Tupikin R.)


Place of work: Smolensk Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church; Smolensk, 214000, Soborniy Dvor, 17;
Post: Metropolitan of Smolensk and Dorogobuzh;
ORCID: 0000-0002-7377-9815;
Email: tupikinrv2017@mail.ru.
Talalay Mikhail; Tokareva Evgenia

Orthodoxy in Spain: a difficult path to the formation and development of the Orthodox Church

Tokareva Evgenia, Talalay Mikhail (2018) "Orthodoxy in Spain: a difficult path to the formation and development of the Orthodox Church ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 37-52 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.37-52
This article examines the experience of setting up and maintaining an Orthodox embassy church in a traditionally Catholic country. In Spain, the establishing of the church at the embassy was directly conditioned by the development of Russian-Spanish diplomatic links. Since the mid-18th centry, parish clergy and necessary utensils were sent to Madrid, which, however, did not stay there permanently, but were taken to Russia or to other countries when diplomatic relations between Russia and Spain were severed. Deterioration in Russian-Spanish relations occurred when, for instance, the Spanish government denied to acknowledge Emperor Paul’s I election as Master of Maltese Order, or, on a diff erent occasion, when Russia did acknowledge Princess Isabella’s rights to the Spanish throne. The arrangement of the Orthodox church in Madrid depended considerably on the personality of the Russian ambassador. Thus, when Otto Magnus von Stackelberg, Lutheran by creed, occupied this post, the church in Madrid was closed down. The golden age of the embassy church in Madrid is associated with Revd. Konstantin Kustodiyev, its Father Superior in 1865‒1870. Kustodiyev learned Spanish, was elected a member of the Spanish Scientifi c Society Ateneo and since the mid-1860s published in the Russian periodical Pravoslavnoye obozrenie (“Orhtodox Review”) reports on contemporary religious and church life in the West: in Spain, France, Italy, Austria, Germany, Britain and the US. However, the congregation of Madrid church was never numerous and made up 15 persons at the most. Probably, this was the reason for the closure of the church in the early 1870s in the context of government spending cuts.
Russian Orthodox Church, Spain, Russian-Spanish relations, parish clergy in Spain, Russian embassy in Spain, Orthodox church in Madrid
  1. Antonov V. V., “Madrid, cerkov’ sv. ravnoap. Marii Magdaliny”, in: Russkie hramy i obiteli v Evrope, St. Petersburg, 2005.
  2. Klibanov A. I., “U istokov russko-ispanskih vzaimosvjazej (XV–XVI vv.)”, in: Rossija i Ispanija: istoricheskaja retrospektiva, Moscow, 1987.
  3. Kordochkin A., svjashh., “Pravoslavie v Ispanii: Est’ li u nas budushhee?”, in: ZhMP, 7, 2011, 58–61.
  4. Kordochkin A., svjashh., “Protoierej Konstantin Lukich Kustodiev”, available at: http://orthodoxmadrid.com/publikacii/istoriya/kustodiev.html (22.02.1018)
  5. Pozharskaja S. P., Saplin A. I., “Predislovie”, in: Rossija i Ispanija. Dokumenty i materialy, Moscow, II, 1991.
  6. Encinas Moral A. L., ed., Diario del viaje a Moscovia del Duque de Liria y Jèrica. Madrid, 2008.

Talalay Mikhail


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Representative of Institute of World History in Italy;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6070-9711;
Email: talalaym@mail.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.


Tokareva Evgenia


Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Research Fellow; Head of the Centre for the History of Religion and Church;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5652-2348;
Email: estokareva@yandex.ru.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.

Shushkanova Elena

Life of a rural parish on the verge of Revolution of 1917 (wih Enisei Governorate as an example)

Shushkanova Elena (2018) "Life of a rural parish on the verge of Revolution of 1917 (wih Enisei Governorate as an example) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 53-67 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.53-67
This article studies a general state of rural parishes in Russia with Enisei diocese of the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries as an example. The research draws on previously unpublished archival documents and materials from repositories of the State Archive of Krasnoyarsk Region. The aim of the research is to broaden the range of problems in determining the nature of the revolutionary crisis of 1917 and its consequences. The author of the article supposes that the origins of the revolution were associated, among other factors, with the spiritual state of the rural population, which can be assessed from the viewpoint of the study of parish church life. The article analyses the participation of farmers in church services, religious processions, their observation of church holidays, participation in parish life as well as other indicators of religiosity. Facts provide evidence that the level of religiosity in rural areas was decreasing. The question about the extent to which clergy could resist the danger of tumults in the state is answered drawing on the analysis of standards of life of parish priests. The article looks at their quality of life, which did not correspond properly to their social status. Special attention is paid to relations between rural population and rural clergy. According to the study, there were many problems in the life of the Orthodox parish before the February Revolution which were never solved by authoroties. It is not a pure coincidence that not only farmers but a sizeable proportion of clergy supported the revolution of 1917 and the overthrow of monarchy in Russia.
history of Russian Orthodox Church, Yenisei Governorate, rural parish, life conditions of clergy, participation of peasantry in church services and sacraments, educational activity of the church, revolution, state authorities, social unrest, Siberian exile, priesthood
  1. Beglov A. L., “Pravoslavnyi prikhod Rossiiskoi imperii kak ob»ekt fi skal’noi politiki svetskikh i tserkovnykh vlastei v kontse XIX – nachale XX vv.”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Istoriya. Istoriya Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2 (57), 2014, 56–81.
  2. Shushkanova E. A., Arkhiereiskii dom Krasnoyarska i ego episkopy (XIX – nachalo XX veka), Krasnoyarsk, 2015.
  3. Shushkanova E. A., “O krizise v Russkoi pravoslavnoi tserkvi nakanune vtoroi ros siiskoi smuty”, in: Gosudarstvo, obshchestvo, Tserkov’ v istorii Rossii KhKh veka. Materialy XIII Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. 12–13 marta 2014 g., Chast’ 1, Ivanovo, 2014, 285–289.
  4. Shushkanova E. A., “O volneniyakh v Krasnoyarskoi dukhovnoi seminarii nakanune russkoi revolyutsii”, in: XIV Krasnoyarskie kraevye Rozhdestvenskie obrazovatel’nye chteniya, Krasnoyarsk, 2014, 132–136.

Shushkanova Elena


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Siberian State Aerospace University; 31 Prospekt imeni gazety “Karasnoyarskiy Rabochiy”, Krasnoyarsk 660014, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor in Department of History and Humanities;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1798-913;
Email: shushkanovae@yandex.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Litvinova Irina; Redkina Olga

Society and Orthodox Church in the rear province during World War I (based on materials of the city of Tsaritsyn, Saratov Governorate)

Litvinova Irina, Redkina Olga (2018) "Society and Orthodox Church in the rear province during World War I (based on materials of the city of Tsaritsyn, Saratov Governorate) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 68-83 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.68-83
This article analyses the problem of consolidation of society and the Orthodox Church in a large uyezd centre of Saratov Governorate during World War I. The socio-cultural and spiritual life of the pre-Soviet period in the history of Volgograd (formerly Tsaritsyn) against the background of current scientifi c interest in the events of the Battle of Stalingrad remains unexplored. In particular, the spiritual component of the provincial society of the Lower Volga region is not studied enough. This component in conditions of World War I is directly related to the topical problem of the “culture of the rear”. The aim of the article is to reveal the content of spiritual and social work of the church as an important component in social regulation of provincial society during the years of the World War. Special attention is paid to the issues of interaction between clergy and lay people in supporting soldiers’ families, assisting the wounded and the displaced. The authors of the article have studied and introduced new factual material on the topic in question. The article specifi es functions of parish councils, aspects of interaction between parish councils and churchgoers in setting up hospitals, orphanages, in supporting local divisions of charitable organisations, namely the Red Cross, Elizavetinskiy and Tat’yaninskiy committees, the “Humanistic Society” (Russ. Человеколюбивое обществo). The authors have carried out documentary analysis of archival sources and printed materials by means of the method of collecting factual data contained in documents; the documents themselves served as the main source of information. The study made use of a civilisational approach to the analysis of socio-cultural and spiritual factors that infl uenced the life of provincial society in the period of great trials. The main conclusion of the study is that the unity of society and the Orthodox Church came to be one of important social foundations of the rear during the dismal period of World War I.
Saratov and Tsaritsyn dioceses, society, patriotism, public worship, donations, church support to the front and rear, charitable committees
  1. Vodolagin M. A., Ocherki istorii Volgograda 1589–1967, Moscow, 1968.
  2. Gorozhanina M. Yu., Deyatelnost pravoslavnoy tserkvi v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi, Dokladyi Akademii voennyih nauk, 5 (23), 2006, 255–264.
  3. Grinchenko Ya. S., Kibasova G. P., Savitskaya J. N., Saratovskoe duhovenstvo v politicheskoy borbe nachala XX veka, Volgograd, 2012.
  4. Ivanov S., Suprun V., Hramyi Tsaritsyina-Stalingrada-Volgograda, available at: http://www.volgaprav.ru/kraevedenie/razrushennye-xramy/voznesenskaya-cerkov/ (03.05.2017).
  5. Karagodina O. A., “Blagotvoritelnaya deyatelnost v Tsaritsyine v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi (po materialam periodicheskoy pechati)”, in: Byilyie godyi. Rossiyskiy istoricheskiy zhurnal, 39, 2016, 246–252.
  6. Maksimov E. K., Saratovskoe Povolzhe v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi, Saratov, 2007.
  7. Nechaev M. G., “Tserkov na Urale v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi”, Vestnik Permskogo natsionalnogo issledovatelskogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. Kultura. Istoriya. Filosofiya. Pravo, 4, 2011, 61–75.
  8. Ovseyko V. P., “Blagotvoritelnaya deyatelnost Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi v Orenburgskoy eparhii v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi”, in: Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 5 (141), 2012, 101–107.
  9. Semenova E. Yu., Mirovozzrenie gorodskogo naseleniya Povolzhya v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi: sotsialnyiy, ekonomicheskiy, politicheskiy aspektyi, Samara, 2012.
  10. Tumanova A. S., “Organizatsiya pomoschi frontu i zhertvam voynyi kak rezultat sovmestnyih usiliy vlasti i grazhdanskogo obschestva v godyi pervoy mirovoy voynyi: institutsionalnyiy i pravovoy aspektyi”, in: Grazhdanskoe obschestvo v Rossii i za rubezhom, 4, 2012, 34–40.
  11. Tumanova A. S., Obschestvennyie organizatsii Rossii v godyi Pervoy mirovoy voynyi (1914 – fevral 1917 g.), Moscow, 2014.

Litvinova Irina


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Volgograd State University; 100 Universitetskiy Prosp., Volgograd 400062, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of Social Work and Education;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0611-336X;
Email: litvinova@volsu.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.


Redkina Olga


Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Volgograd State University; 100 Universitetskiy Prosp., Volgograd 400062, Russian Federation;
Post: Professor in Department of International Relations, Political Science and Regional Studies;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8978-9575;
Email: oured@volsu.ru.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.

This article was prepared with financial support of Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fund grant № 15-13-34004 a(R) and of the Volgograd region Administration in the framework of the project "Civil society of Tsaritsyn during the First world war (July 1914 – February 1917)".
Shishkin Evgeny, priest

The problem of reopening churches in Stavropol and Baku dioceses in 1943–1948

Shishkin Evgeny (2018) "The problem of reopening churches in Stavropol and Baku dioceses in 1943–1948 ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 84-103 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.84-103
The issue of the reopening of churches in the territory of Stavropol and Baku dioceses at the end of World War II and during the fi rst post-war years is connected with problems of the “new deal” (Russ. «новый курс») in state-church relations in the USSR. A correlation of macro- and micro-historical phenomena in a single problem fi eld allows us to regard this issue as a complex system of interactions. The starting point for the analysis of the position of acting fi gures of the events in question is the initiative of Orthodox church communities that had been forced out of the legal fi eld in the course of antireligious policy of the previous period. The article traces important changes in religious life of regional communities in war-time conditions and draws on the material of Stavropol region, autonomous republics of the Caucasus and Azerbaij an. After the Battle for the Caucasus and Stalingrad Battle, the state faced the necessity to reverse the process of large-scale seizure of church buildings, which for a quarter of a century accompanied its religious policy. The state with an offi cial atheistic ideology came to be a donor to the religious community, providing it with buildings for the worship. This ideological paradox is determined by the direct involvement of top leadership of the Soviet Union in the issue of reopening of churches, as well as an active position of the Chairman of the Council for Aff airs of the Russian Orthodox Church and representatives of local authorities. The almost simultaneous election of patriarch of Moscow and all Russia and the enthronement of archbishop Anthony (Romanovsky) in Stavropol See complements the picture of historical interactions from the side of church hierarchy, the main mediator between communities of believers and state authorities in solving the problem of reopening of churches. On the basis of archival documents, the article makes conclusions as to the nature of concessions of the government in the issue of officially recognised extension of the social base of the church. The article also provides evidence that the “new deal” in fact continued pre-war practices of antireligious policy; it also reveals forms and methods of resisting religious revival in the centre and in the periphery, reconstructs the model of implementing the impeding strategy and summarises results of the established status quo in church life of the North Caucasus and Eastern Transcaucasia at the moment of completion of the so-called “new deal”.
Russian Orthodox Church, World War II, Caucasus, Stavropol diocese, religious revival, legalisation, reopening of churches, “new deal”, state-church relations, religious policy, Antony Romanovsky, Vasily Kozhin, G. Karpov, Stalin
  1. Makarova E. A., “Tserkov’ i obshchestvo na Stavropol’e v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny”, in: Stavropol’e. Pravda voennykh let, Stavropol’, 2005.
  2. Maliukov E. I., Chumachenko T. A., “Dinamika otkrytiia tserkvei i molitvennykh domov v Cheliabinskoi oblasti v period potepleniia gosudarstvenno-tserkovnykh otnoshenii. 1943–1948 gg.”, in: Sotsium i vlast’, 2 (52), 2015, 105–107.
  3. Marchenko A. N., “Gosudarstvenno-tserkovnye otnosheniia v SSSR v trudakh svetskikh i tserkovnykh issledovatelei XX – nachala XXI veka”, in: Magistra vitae: elektronnyi zhurnal po istoricheskim naukam i arkheologii, 15, 2008, 164–177.
  4. Odintsov M. I., Vlast’ i religiia v gody voiny, Moskow, 2005.
  5. Odintsov M. I., Russkie patriarkhi XX veka, Moskow, 1994.
  6. Pantiukhin A. M., diak., Obnovlencheskoe dvizhenie Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi v 20–40-e gg. ХХ v. (na materialakh Stavropol’ia i Tereka), Stavropol’, 2014.
  7. Perelygin A. V., Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ v Orlovskom krae (1917–1953), Orel, 2007.
  8. Somova I. Iu., “Religioznyi vopros na Stavropol’e v 1943–1945 gg.: novshestva, osobennosti i sostoianie k kontsu voiny”, in: Aktual’nye problemy rossiiskoi i vsemirnoi istorii, Piatigorsk, 2002, 147–155.
  9. Fedotova G. I., Gosudarstvennaia politika po zakrytiiu i otkrytiiu tserkvei v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny (na materialakh Molotovskoi oblasti), available at: https://www.permgani.ru/publikatsii/stati/gosudarstvennaya-politika-po-zakrytiyu-i-otkrytiyutserkvej-v-gody-velikoj-otechestvennojvojny.html (20.12.2016).
  10. Chumachenko T. A., Gosudarstvo, pravoslavnaia tserkov’, veruiushchie. 1941–1961 gg., Moskow, 1999.
  11. Shkarovskii M. V. Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ pri Staline i Khrushcheve (Gosudarstvenno- tserkovnye otnosheniia v SSSR v 1939–1964 godakh), Moskow, 2005.
  12. Iakunin V. N., Polozhenie i deiatel’nost’ Russkoi pravoslavnoi tserkvi v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny 1941–1945 gg., Samara, 2001.
  13. Iakunin V. N., “Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny: sovremennaia otechestvennaia istoriografiia problemy (1989–2014 gg.)”, in: Gosudarstvo, obshchestvo, Tserkov’ v istorii Rossii ХХ–XXI vekov: materialy XIV Mezhdu narodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, Ivanovo, 1, 2015, 352–358.

Shishkin Evgeny, priest


Place of work: Stavropol Theological Seminary; 155 Dzerzhinskogo Str., Stavropol 355017, Russian Federation;
Post: Secretary of the Scientific Council;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6495-0476;
Email: evgeniynsh@yandex.ru.

PUBLICATIONS

Kostryukov Andrey

St. Seraphim (Sobolev) and the “Case of prince Lobanov-Rostovsky”

Kostryukov Andrey (2018) "St. Seraphim (Sobolev) and the “Case of prince Lobanov-Rostovsky” ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 107-134 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.107-134
Archbishop Seraphim Sobolev (proclaimed a saint in 2016) is known as an ascetic and defender of Orthodoxy. This publication deals with an unexplored period of life of this hierarch. During the confl ict between authorities of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and head of West European diocese metropolitan Eulogy (Georgievsky), the brochure “Turmoil of Carlovci” (Russ. «Карловацкая смута») was spread. Among various accusations against the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, it contained insinuations against archbishop Seraphim. In particular, the author of the brochure accused him of an unfair excommunication of prince Lobanov-Rostovsky. Drawing on to the letters of Lobanov-Rostovsky that were found in the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the author of the publication came to a conclusion that these remarks about the holy hierarch are unfair. The struggle for infl uence over the parish of St. Nicholas in Sofi a became a cause of the confl ict. Lobanov-Rostovsky held tactless conversations as he was displeased with the fact that archbishop Seraphim became close to the family of M. Zyzykin. These conversations stained the reputation of bishop Seraphim and his younger brother hieromonk Sergius. As a result, Lobanov-Rostovsky was excommunicated until he showed repentance. Episcopal Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad discussed this confl ict in 1925. Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky) decidedly supported archbishop Seraphim. Episcopal Synod also took the side of the bishop. They confi rmed that archbishop Seraphim’s decision was fair. The confl ict ended with the reconciliation between archbishop Seraphim and prince Lobanov-Rostovsky in the summer of 1925.
Saint Seraphim (Sobolev), metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky), metropolitan Eulogy (Georgievsky), M. Zyzykin, I. Lobanov-Rostovskiy, Russian emigration in the 20th century, Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, Orthodox Church of Bulgaria, West European exarchate of parishes of Russian tradition, Russian church of St. Nicholas in Sofia
  1. Kiprian (Kern), arhim., Pravoslavnoye pastirskoe sluzhenie, St. Petersburg, 1996.
  2. Kostryukov A., Arhiepiskop Serafim (Sobolev): zhizn, sluzhenie, ideologiya, Moscow, 2011.
  3. Kostryukov A., Plamen ognenniy. Zhizn I naslediye arhiepiskopa Serafima (Soboleva), Moscow, 2015.
  4. Kostryukov A., Russkaya Zarubezhnaya Tserkov v 1939–1964 гг. Administrativnoye ustroystvo I otnosheniya s Tserkoviyu v otechestve, Moscow, 2015.

Kostryukov Andrey


Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, office 219, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Research Fellow, Research Centre for Contemporary History of Russian Orthodox Church; Associate Professor, Department of General and Russian Church History and Canon Law;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4334-1035;
Email: a.kost@mail.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Kovaleva Irina; Tyagunova Nataliya

«… Constant wonder of God»

Tyagunova Nataliya, Kovaleva Irina (2018) "«… Constant wonder of God» ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 135-145 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201882.135-145
This publication is devoted to the memoirs of the nun of Serafi mo-Znamensky Skete of Moscow diocese Veronica (Sokolikova), which for more than half a century have been kept in the personal archive of Krivolutsky family. Priest Vladimir Krivolutsky recorded memoirs of nun Veronica, and his son gave the manuscript to the archives of St. Tikhon’s University. Being a record of an oral story, the memoirs abound with information which is not found in any of the known sources that cover the history of this monastery and the life of nun Tamar (Mardzhanova; Russ. Фамарь Марджанова). The memoirs of the 1920–1930s about Serafi mo-Znamensky Skete, about mother superior Tamar, the nuns, the clergy who served in the churches of the monastery, about bishop Arseniy (Zhadanovsky), who was for many years spiritual father of the sisters of the Skete, were created in conditions of severe persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church, arrests, searches and repressions and, as a rule, do not include any mention of specific individuals or the chronology of the events. However, this document is valuable and fi lls gaps in the historiography of this period. Many of the facts mentioned in the publication fi nd an almost literal confi rmation in documents of historical and specialised archives, which makes it possible to regard this source as reliable.
Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow dioses, Serafi mo-Znamensky Skete, mother superior Tamar (Mardzhanova), bishop Arseniy (Zhadanovsky)

Kovaleva Irina


Academic Rank: Senior Research Fellow;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; office 219, 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Research Fellow, Research Centre for the Study of Modern History of Russian Orthodox Church;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3941-1101;
Email: cia@pstgu.ru.

Tyagunova Nataliya


Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; office 219, 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow, Research Centre for the Study of Modern History of Russian Orthodox Church;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8148-0170;
Email: nattg89@gmail.com.

BOOK REVIEWS

Kostryukov Andrey

Time of creative unification of all active spiritual powers is coming — Rev. of Юго-Восточный Русский Церковный Собор 1919 года / Сб. документов под ред. Ю. А. Бирюковой. М.: Изд. Новоспасского монастыря, 2018.

Kostryukov Andrey (2018) "Time of creative unification of all active spiritual powers is coming". Rev. of Yugo-Vostochniy Russkiy Tserkovniy Sobor 1919 goda / Sb. dokumentov pod red. Yu. A. Biryukovoy. M.: Izd. Novospasskogo monastiria, 2018., Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2018, Iss. 82, pp. 149-152 (in Russian).

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Kostryukov Andrey


Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, office 219, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Research Fellow, Research Centre for Contemporary History of Russian Orthodox Church; Associate Professor, Department of General and Russian Church History and Canon Law;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4334-1035;
Email: a.kost@mail.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.