It was not a chance occurrence that a number of followers of Vladimir Solov’ev wished to group themselves in an association of academics. Rather it was the realization of that concept of knowledge which on the theoretical plane was conceived as universality. The author of this article thought it worthwhile to pursue the study of the thought processes which brought these concepts together on both the abstract and concrete planes and to demonstrate the theoretical and practical relevance of this understanding. In order to realize this aim, the author decided to: 1) present the major aspects of the communicative understanding of knowledge as this was described in the texts of N. J. Grot, the first editor of the scientific journal Questions of philosophy and psychology. These texts contained discussions regarding the problems of the Russian universities as found in the publications of Prince S. N. Trubetskoy; 2) place them in relation to the teaching of Trubetskoy regarding the collective (soborny) nature of human consciousness; 3) demonstrate its genetic link with the concept of universality; 4) and in conclusion point out the points of intersection of these ideas with the concept of an unlimited association of communication as the basis for the social sciences, a concept developed and proposed by Karl-Otto Apel. The author thinks that in spite of the more complete elaboration of these ideas by European philosophers, the contribution of Russian thinkers has not lost it relevance since the russians even more radically highlight the transcendent quality of this ideal communicative association in contrast to any merely empirical society. It is they who underline the importance of the Church in the realization of such an association since it is the Church which is the community of the God-man Christ.
N. J. GROT, S. N. TRUBETSKOY, VLADIMIR SOLOV’EV, KARL-OTTO APEL, QUESTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY, COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS, UNIVERSALITY, INTER-SUBJECTIVITY, INTEGRAL KNOWLEDGE, ETHICS, COMMUNICATIVE ASSOCIATION, CHURCH