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Карасёва С. Г., Шкурова Е. В. Предпосылки и перспективы включения курса о религии / религиях в школьную программу в Беларуси (по результатам социологического исследования 2011–2013 гг., г. Минск) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 4 (60). С. 89-109. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201560.89-109
In order to get the full vision of the background and perspective of possible introduction of the course on religion into syllabi, the Centre for Research in Religious Studies at the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Belarusian State University initiated in 2011 a complex study of the problem based on the combination of quantitative and qualitative sociological methods. In 2011–2013, in Minsk, questioning of senior pupils and school parents was conducted (2011, questionnaire), as well as questioning of school teachers and headmasters (2012–2013, focused interview, questionnaire). It was found that senior pupils and school parents do not mind the course on religion would be introduced into schools in case it is of secular nature, optional, and telling about various religions. Senior pupils and parents hold hand—they prefer to make their opinion about the course and then decide. School teachers add that, in case the course is introduced as compulsory, it is better it would be studied in all stages of school education and only by the professionally educated specialists. The analysis of the collected data is provided in the context of characterizing religious situation, as well as legal principles and the practice of collaboration of religious and educational institutions in Belarus.
Belarus, religion and education, religious education, knowledge about religion in syllabi of public schools, sociological survey.

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Karaseva Svetlana
Shkurova Elena
Карасёва С. Г., Шкурова Е. В., Шатравский С. И. Характеристики вовлеченности населения Беларуси в религию: мировоззренческий аспект // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 70. С. 85-109. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201770.85-109
The paper deals with some results of testing a multi-dimensional model of religiosity applied in a cross-confessional questionnaire within the framework of an on-going all-republican research. The model was designed in Belarus in 2012 as a means for studying multiconfessional environments and is aimed at discovering universal types of religiosity. Key concepts of the model (religion, religiosity) are defined as broadly as possible. Religion is understood as a unity resulting from a transcendent idea and as a system of notions, activities and institutions symbolically expressing this idea. Religiosity is seen as involvement into a complex system of various dimensions of religion, each of which manifests itself by a range of indicators. These indicators are of universal nature, which allows us to compare the worldview of adherents of various beliefs. The comparison is based on an assumed range of degrees of involvement into religion, from formal, weak and moderate to strong. The combination of the degree of religiosity and the complex of characteristics that reveal it forms an integral value, i.e. the cross-confessional type of religiousness. The analysis of data obtained by means of our questionnaire allows us to develop a cross-confessional typology of religious population. The paper analyses two indicators of measuring the involvement into the system of religious beliefs. The correlation of these indicators reflects the degree of consciousness in respondents’ confessional choice in its broadest sense, namely their denominational affi liation and their awareness of the core truths of the chosen faith. The indicators are compared with regard to their worldview content, i.e. the universal understanding of the origin, structure and functioning as well as the ultimate fate of the world and humankind. The carried out analysis leads to a conclusion about the conscious religious choice of respondents.
religion, multiconfessional environment, religiousness, multidimensional model of religiousness, cross-confessional approach, degrees of religiosity, types of religiousness, types of worldview

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Karassyova Svetlana
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Sociology;
Place of work: Belarusian State University 4 Nezavisimosti ul., 220030 Minsk, Republic of Belarus;
Email: email: karassyova@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Shkurova Elena
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Sociology;
Place of work: Belarusian State University 4 Nezavisimosti ul., 220030 Minsk, Republic of Belarus;
Email: email: vogel_82@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Shatravsky Sergey
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: Belarusian State University 4 Nezavisimosti ul., 220030 Minsk, Republic of Belarus;
Email: email: s-shatr@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.