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Шичалин Ю. А., Усачева А. В. Преамбула // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 3 (41). С. 71-75.
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Shichalin Yrii
Usacheva Anna
Шичалин Ю. А. Сократ-пифагореец — изобретение Платона? // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 3 (41). С. 76-86.
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This article discusses the image of Socrates as found in the Works of Plato and Aristophanes. The author discovers Pythagorean traits in the image of Socrates as portrayed by these two ancient authors. The author also discusses the Pythagoreans and their role in the creation of stable schools of Philosophy. He likewise shows that the sophists were not the only ones contributing to the creation of centres of education and learning in the ancient world.
IMAGE OF SOCRATES, SOCRATES THE PYTHAGOREAN, ARISTOPHANES, PLATO, SOCRATIC LITERATURE
Шичалин Ю. А. Платон: от Сократа к досократикам? // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 2 (58). С. 27-42. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201558.27-42
The traditional view on the chronology of the Corpus Platonicum (CP) texts turns out to be anachronistic from several, especially formal and historical, points of view. From the formal point of view all the CP texts can be divided into speeches, framed dialogues and dialogues in dramatic form; there are serious reasons for correlating these groups of dialogues with different chronological periods. Historically, to view Plato’s works as modern philosophical and scholarly literature is incorrect; instead, it would seem expedient to correlate the three groups of dialogues mentioned with their changing audiences for which Plato wrote before the establishment of the Academy, during the first stage of its existence (before the second trip to Sicily) and in the later period. The evolution of Plato’s philosophy is to be correlated with the evolution of the school created by him. Lack of attention to these methods can lead to incorrect assumptions concerning Plato’s evolution which found their way, among others, into the book “Plato and the Post-Socratic Dialogue” by Prof. Ch. Kahn where he speaks of a transition from Socratic to Pre-Socratic problems in Plato’s works; the book is critically examined by the author of the present article.
Plato, Corpus Platonicum, “Socratic” dialogues, early dialogues, middle dialogues, late dialogues, chronology of Plato, Charles Kahn

1. Shichalin Ju. A. 2012 “Sokrat-pifagoreec — izobretenie Platona?” (Socrates-Pythagorian — Invention of Plato?), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija I: Bogoslovie. Filosofija, 2012, vol. 3/41, pp. 71–86.
2. Shichalin Ju. A. 2013 “Zametki k Platonovym Apologii, Meneksenu i Piru” (Notices to Plato’s Apology, Menexenes and Feast), in Materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii «Platon i platonizm v evropejskoj kul'ture», Moscow, 2013, pp. 117–140.
3. Düring I. 1968 “Aristoteles”, in PWRE, Stuttgart, 1968, vol. XI.
4. Kahn H. Ch. Plato and the Socratic dialogues: The Philosophical Use of Literary Form, New York, 1996.
5 Kahn H. Ch. 2002 “On Platonic Chronology”, in Annas J., Rowe Ch. (eds.) New Perspectives on Plato, Modern and Ancient, Cambridge (Mass.), 2002, pp. 93–128.
6. Kahn H. Ch. Plato and the Post-Socratic Dialogues. The Return to the Philosophy of Nature, New York, 2013.
7. Robinson R. Plato’s Earlier Dialectic, Oxford, 1953.
8. Thesleff H. Studies in Platonic Chronology, Helsinki, 1982.
Шичалин Ю. А. Ошибка перспективы, или еще раз о России и Европе // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 74. С. 93-112. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201774.93-112
The article deals with the concept of European civilization, mainly in informational respect, from the viewpoint of the emergence of information storage and transmission media and the creation of the necessary infrastructure. In this connection the author explains that the notions of European civilization and Western European culture (or the West) are not identical. The well-known trichot-omy “Antiquity – Middle Ages – modern epoch” is not satisfactory; the author introduces the no-tion of the carrier of European civilization. The article considers the historical changes of the carriers of European civilization, beginning from the ancient Greeks down to modernity, when European civilization – the only one in the world – has acquired universal importance due to the creation of corresponding institutions. The first part of the article analyzes the ancient Greeks and Romans, the emergence of Graeco-Roman civilization, the totality of whose cultural achievements has been transmitted to a new nation, that of the Christians, who secured the preservation and development of the Graeco-Roman Christian culture during the 1st millennium A.D. The article’s second part considers the nations that have to a certain degree absorbed the Euro-peanism up to the 15th century, when, thanks to universities and scholarly academies, the initiative in transmitting and developing European civilization passes on predominantly to the peoples of Europe which superseded one another in the course of history (these were principally Italy, France, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Germany and Russia) as well as to the American colonies of Great Brit-ain which gained independence and formed the United States of America. The 19th century saw the creation of necessary conditions for the universal spread of European civilization, accompanied by a crisis in Europe and by gradual rise of the USA as the principal carrier of Europeanism. The third part of the article is devoted to the evolution of the Europeanist institutions and ideas from the First World War and to the end of the cold war epoch; the author assesses the current state of Europeanism which has acquired universal dimensions as well as the prospects of the emergence of new carriers of Europeanism.
Europe, Europeanism, European civilization, informational respect, Western Europe, the West, Greek culture, Graeco-Roman culture, Christianity, national cultures, school, university, scholarly center
  1. Le Goff J. Rozhdenie Evropy (The Birth of Europe), Moscow, 2008.
  2. Shicalin Yu. A. 1995. “Osevye veka” evropeiskoi istorii (“Central Centuries” of the European History), in Voprosy filosofii, 1995, №6.
Shichalin Yury
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Head of the Department of Ancient Languages and Early Christian Literature;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1799-2021;
Email: graecolatinum@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.