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Шаповалова Е. В. «Тайна беззакония» Филиппа Дюплесси-Морне: к вопросу о роли Франции в поддержании «черной легенды» папы Александра VI // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 80. С. 45-60. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201880.45-60
This article is devoted to the famous book by Philippe Duplessis-Mornay “The Mystery of Iniquity”. This book is an example of the French church historiography of the early 17th century and of inter-confessional polemic. The purpose of the study is an analysis of the image of Pope Alexander VI as it is presented in “The Mystery of Iniquity”. The “black legend” of Borgia had existed before the creation of “The Mystery of Iniquity”. Duplessis-Mornay included some elements of this “black legend” in the text; the present article analyses them. Above all, these elements are historical events which contrasted the Pope to Charles VIII, King of France. These events are connected with the Italian campaign of the king. An important aspect is the religious interpretation of this opposition and the idea of “royalism”, namely “Pope-devil” versus “King of France”. The murder of the King of France, Henri IV, became one of the reasons for writing this book. Another reason was the fact that King Louis XIII was a minor and his entourage pursued the policy coordinated with Rome. Duplessis-Mornay reminds to the King that Rome was always the antagonist of French monarchy. The image of Pope Alexander VI was extended on the entire Catholic Church.
Ph. Duplessis-Mornay, Pope Alexander VI, the Borgia, Charles VIII, Louis XIII, the black legend, royalism, Reformation, Gallicanism, France, Church of France, Papacy
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Shapovalova Elena
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: Russian University for the Humanities; 15 Chayanova, Moscow 111399, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-9146-0760;
Email: e.sokhina@gmail.com. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.