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Фарафонова (Щедрина) К. А. К вопросу о молдавско-валашских прототипах монастырского строительства патриарха Никона. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2017. Вып. 27. С. 18-26. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201727.18-26
The article is concerned with ideological and concrete-historical evidences in the construction of monastery during the Patriarch Nicon`s period. There were three monasteries built at the 50s-60s of the 17th century inspired by a translocation of sacred places from Christian East to Russia concept: Valdai Iviron monastery, Monastery of the Holy Cross at the Kiy Island and New Jerusalem near Moscow. Actuality of this concept during the 1650s should be linked with the external policy activation, Ukraine and Moldavia accession negotiations and increased visits of Oriental hierarchs to Moscow. The article for the first time deals with hypothesis that during the Patriarch Nicon`s period the tradition of the honored Christian Eastern monastery constructions in Moldavia and Walachia principalities are pretypified monastery construction rather than Palestinian and Athos realias directly. Metochions were built under the protection of hospodars and maintain a symbolic sameness with a maternal cell. A set of functional and imaginative features unifying the Cathedral of Valdai Iviron monastery with the Epiphany Poustinia of New Jerusalem and the Cathedral of the Elevation of the Holy Cross at the Kiy Island Monastery denotes a link between a Vlachian Tradition and Nicon`s period constructions. There is a same typical pattern indicative of Danubian principality architecture influence. The concept of translocation of sacred places from Christian East to Russia and its topographic and architecture realization could be supply to Nicon by his Greek companions among wich were of Moldavia descents. The unique iconographic program of the Kiy Island Monastery Holy Cross-Reliquary might be explaining by using a Vlachian patterns.
Patriarch Nikon, Vlachia, Valdai Iviron monastery, monastery of the Holy Cross at the Kiy Island, New Jerusalem, russian architecture of the XVII century, Kiy cross,.
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Farafonova (Shchedrina) Xenia
Place of work: Moscow state university of education; 1/1 M. Pirogovskaya Str., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; graduate student;
Email: k-fara@mail.ru.