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Становская Т. А. Историческая преемственность изучения православной культуры в России // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 3 (34). С. 85-94. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201434.85-94
The revival of the interest in Orthodox culture in Russia naturally has the eff ects on the national education: the foundation of Sunday schools and Orthodox gymnasiums, the introduction of a religious component in the comprehensive school (module «Fundamentals of the Orthodox culture» in the course «Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics»). However, problems connected with the methodology of teaching Orthodox culture in the confessional-oriented educational and general education institutions still remain urgent. The article presents some problems and features of the methods of teaching Orthodox culture in pre-revolutionary Russia, identified during the analysis of the educational-methodical literature. One of the first problem is to set the program constructing of teaching of the law of God for Sunday schools and Orthodox gymnasiums, the choice of the method of presenting the material, which in pre-revolutionary practice was presented in three ways: gradual, joint and concentric. Each of them had its own peculiarities, which are necessary to be considered in modern programs developing, aimed at the study of Orthodox culture. The second important issue of the top-priority for a modern methods of teaching Orthodox culture, by the author's opinion, is the moral problem-oriented component in the lessons of the Law of God and the Fundamentals of Orthodox culture. Based on the experience of pre-revolutionary teachers, the author of the article offers solutions to it using tools such as appealing to the experience of the child, the modeling of problem situations, etc. The article data represents the synthesis of the results of the initial stage in learning Orthodox culture teaching experience in pre-revolutionary Russia and cover the most actual problems for modern methods.
doctrinal discipline, the Law of God, the Orthodox culture, lesson, methodology of teaching the Law of God, method of presenting materials, gradual method, joint method, concentric method, the teacher of the Law of God, moral conclusion, historical conti

1. Averincev S. S. Hristianstvo: Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' (Christianity: Encyclopedic Dictionary), Moscow, 1993, vol. 1.
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3. Vostorgov I. I., prot. 1902 “Otchet za 1901–1902 gg.” (Report for 1901–1902), in Duhovnyj Vestnik Gruzinskogo Jekzarhata, 1902, vol. 16, pp. 39–40.
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6. Divnogorceva S. Ju. 2011 “Razvitie pravoslavnoj pedagogicheskoj kul'tury v sovremennoj Rossii” (Development of Orthodox Pedagogical Culture in Modern Russia), in Pedagogika, 2011, vol. 4, p. 57.
7. Kiprian (Jashhenko), Igumen. Pravoslavnoe vospitanie: lekcii, interv'ju, vospominanija (Orthodox Education: Lectures, Interviews, Memories), Moscow, 2012.
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10. Sokolov D. P., prot. 1868 “O prepodavanii Zakona Bozhija (Po povodu novogo raspredelenija uchebnyh predmetov po klassam v gimnazijah i progimnazijah S.-Peterburgskogo uchebnogo okruga, vvedennogo v vide opyta v 1866/67 uchebnom godu)” (About Teaching of God’s Law (About New Distribution of Subjects between Classes in Gymnasiums and Progymnasiums of Teaching District of Saint-Petersburg, Introduced as Experience in 1866/67 School Year)), in Zhurnal Ministerstva Narodnogo Prosveshhenija, 1868, vol. 137).
11. Sosuncov E. F. Metodicheskie ukazanija i konspekty urokov po Zakonu Bozhiju: Kurs mladshego otdelenija nachal'noj shkoly (Methodical Indications and Conspects of Lessons for God’s Law: Course of Younder Department of Elementary School), Kazan', 1909.
12. Strahov N. N. Kratkaja metodika Zakona Bozhija s izlozheniem obshhih nachal i sredstv religioznogo vospitanija (Short Methodic of God’s Law with Statement of General Basics and Methods of Religious Education), Moscow, 1891.
13. Faddej (Uspenskij), arh. Tverskoj. Tvorenija (Works), Tver', 2003, vol. 2: Zapiski po didaktike (Notices for Didactics).
14. Shirskij S. I. O prepodavanii zakona Bozhija v nachal'nyh narodnyh uchilishhah (About Teaching of God’s Law in Elementary People Schools), Kostroma, 1876.
Становская Т. А. Методические особенности изучения молитвы на уроках Закона Божия в православной школе: опыт дореволюционной России // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 1 (36). С. 46-55. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201536.46-55
One of the main disciplines, which presents the study of Orthodox culture in modern Orthodox schools is the subject of the Basics of the Orthodox faith (or the Law of God), which includes such important issues as the study of the prayers. Considering that existed in pre-revolutionary Russian school instructional experience studying the prayers on the lessons of the Law of God, the author of the article proposes to analyze and to put it in modern Orthodox schools, with the aim of preventing pedagogical errors. This article presents some methodological features of the study of prayer on the lessons of the Law of God in pre-revolutionary Russia, revealed in the course of historical and pedagogical analysis of the educational and methodical literature. One of them is connected with the procedure of studying the prayers in the course of the Law of God, which is in pre-revolutionary practice was represented by fi ve different approaches. Also, it is important to consider the article proposed in the pre-revolutionary literature a study of the prayers, which were presented in three ways. In article the data may become necessary material for the development of methodical recommendations, the study of Orthodox culture, exactly, learning prayers in modern Orthodox schools.
prayer, the methodology of studying the prayer, the basics of the Orthodox faith, the Law of God, pre-revolutionary school, religious-oriented (Orthodox) school

1. Divnogorceva S. Ju. Istoriko-teoreticheskij analiz pravoslavnoj pedagogicheskoj kul'tury v Rossii: avtoref. dis. … d-ra ped. nauk (Historical-Theoretical Analysis of Orthodox Pedagogical Culture in Russia: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2011.
2. Il'minskij N. I. Besedy o narodnoj shkole (Dialogues about People School), Saint-Petersburg, 1889.
Становская Т. А. Педагогическое наследие законоучителей российской школы конца XIX – начала XX веков // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2017. Вып. 47. С. 93-106. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201747.93-106
This article deals with main pedagogical ideas of Russian teachers of religious education of the late 19th — early 20th century that primarily address the search for eff ective ways and methods of teaching the main subject of the Russian school, namely religious education (Russ. Закон Божий “God’s Law”). The author proceeds following documentary and normative sources and works by teachers of religious education and identifi es main features in developing techniques for teaching religious education. The article describes its components: the specifi city of the content of the school subject and its parts; organisational forms, in the fi rst hand, the lesson and characteristic features of arranging its stages; the methods, namely the method of moral conclusion, introductory talks, method of biblical narrative, method of conclusive proof; techniques of teaching and checking results that look particularly interesting. The data presented in the article is a summary of research into teaching religious education in pre-revolutionary Russia. The article describes Russian experience in this sphere, which may be of interest to present-day teachers of Orthodox faith and culture.
teacher of religious education, religious education, Orthodox culture, pedagogical heritage, historical experience, methods of teaching, lesson, content of school subject, Sacred history, catechism, prayer, liturgy, forms of organisation, moral conclusion, means of training, visual aids, assessment in education
  1. Divnogorceva S. Ju., “Metodika prepodavanija pravoslavnoj kul'tury kak novaja oblast' didakticheskoj nauki”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, 2(37), 2015, 89–97.
  2. Faddej (Uspenskij), arhiep., Tvorenija. Kniga 2. Zapiski po didaktike, Tver', 2003.
  3. Stanovskaja T. A., “Istoricheskaja preemstvennost' izuchenij a pravoslavnoj kul'tury v Rossii”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, 3 (34), 2014, 85–94.
Stanovskaya Tatiana
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Lecturer;
Email: taaldu@gmail.com.
The article is written in 2017 within the framework of the project "The Church and the school in Russia in the period 1900-1918." supported by PSTGU Development Foundation.