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Становская Т. А. Историческая преемственность изучения православной культуры в России // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 3 (34). С. 85-94. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201434.85-94
The revival of the interest in Orthodox culture in Russia naturally has the eff ects on the national education: the foundation of Sunday schools and Orthodox gymnasiums, the introduction of a religious component in the comprehensive school (module «Fundamentals of the Orthodox culture» in the course «Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics»). However, problems connected with the methodology of teaching Orthodox culture in the confessional-oriented educational and general education institutions still remain urgent. The article presents some problems and features of the methods of teaching Orthodox culture in pre-revolutionary Russia, identified during the analysis of the educational-methodical literature. One of the first problem is to set the program constructing of teaching of the law of God for Sunday schools and Orthodox gymnasiums, the choice of the method of presenting the material, which in pre-revolutionary practice was presented in three ways: gradual, joint and concentric. Each of them had its own peculiarities, which are necessary to be considered in modern programs developing, aimed at the study of Orthodox culture. The second important issue of the top-priority for a modern methods of teaching Orthodox culture, by the author's opinion, is the moral problem-oriented component in the lessons of the Law of God and the Fundamentals of Orthodox culture. Based on the experience of pre-revolutionary teachers, the author of the article offers solutions to it using tools such as appealing to the experience of the child, the modeling of problem situations, etc. The article data represents the synthesis of the results of the initial stage in learning Orthodox culture teaching experience in pre-revolutionary Russia and cover the most actual problems for modern methods.
doctrinal discipline, the Law of God, the Orthodox culture, lesson, methodology of teaching the Law of God, method of presenting materials, gradual method, joint method, concentric method, the teacher of the Law of God, moral conclusion, historical conti

1. Averincev S. S. Hristianstvo: Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' (Christianity: Encyclopedic Dictionary), Moscow, 1993, vol. 1.
2. Blagonravov M., prot. Opyt metodicheskogo posobija dlja zakonouchitelej cerkovno-prihodskih shkol (Experience of Methodological Handbook for Religion Teachers of Church Parish School), Astrahan', 1911.
3. Vostorgov I. I., prot. 1902 “Otchet za 1901–1902 gg.” (Report for 1901–1902), in Duhovnyj Vestnik Gruzinskogo Jekzarhata, 1902, vol. 16, pp. 39–40.
4. Daniljuk A. Ja., Kondakov A. M., Tishkov V. A. Koncepcija duhovno-nravstvennogo razvitija i vospitanija lichnosti grazhdanina Rossii (Concept of Spiritual-Moral Development and Education of Person of Russian Citizen), Moscow, 2009.
5. Divnogorceva S. Ju. Istoriko-teoreticheskij analiz pravoslavnoj pedagogicheskoj kul'tury v Rossii: avtoref. dis. … d-r ped. nauk (Historical-Theoretical Analysis of Orthodox Pedagogical Culture in Russia: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2011.
6. Divnogorceva S. Ju. 2011 “Razvitie pravoslavnoj pedagogicheskoj kul'tury v sovremennoj Rossii” (Development of Orthodox Pedagogical Culture in Modern Russia), in Pedagogika, 2011, vol. 4, p. 57.
7. Kiprian (Jashhenko), Igumen. Pravoslavnoe vospitanie: lekcii, interv'ju, vospominanija (Orthodox Education: Lectures, Interviews, Memories), Moscow, 2012.
8. Nozer F. Metodika Zakona Bozhija, ili Posobie k prepodavaniju Zakona Bozhija v nachal'noj shkole (Methodic of God’s Law, or Handbook for Teaching of God’s Law in Elementary School), Moscow, 1898.
9. Sinel'nikov S. P. Prepodavanie Zakona Bozhija v uchebnyh zavedenijah Rossii do 1917 goda (Teaching of God’s Law in Educational Institutions of Russia till 1917), in http://www.bogoslov.ru/text/453126.html
10. Sokolov D. P., prot. 1868 “O prepodavanii Zakona Bozhija (Po povodu novogo raspredelenija uchebnyh predmetov po klassam v gimnazijah i progimnazijah S.-Peterburgskogo uchebnogo okruga, vvedennogo v vide opyta v 1866/67 uchebnom godu)” (About Teaching of God’s Law (About New Distribution of Subjects between Classes in Gymnasiums and Progymnasiums of Teaching District of Saint-Petersburg, Introduced as Experience in 1866/67 School Year)), in Zhurnal Ministerstva Narodnogo Prosveshhenija, 1868, vol. 137).
11. Sosuncov E. F. Metodicheskie ukazanija i konspekty urokov po Zakonu Bozhiju: Kurs mladshego otdelenija nachal'noj shkoly (Methodical Indications and Conspects of Lessons for God’s Law: Course of Younder Department of Elementary School), Kazan', 1909.
12. Strahov N. N. Kratkaja metodika Zakona Bozhija s izlozheniem obshhih nachal i sredstv religioznogo vospitanija (Short Methodic of God’s Law with Statement of General Basics and Methods of Religious Education), Moscow, 1891.
13. Faddej (Uspenskij), arh. Tverskoj. Tvorenija (Works), Tver', 2003, vol. 2: Zapiski po didaktike (Notices for Didactics).
14. Shirskij S. I. O prepodavanii zakona Bozhija v nachal'nyh narodnyh uchilishhah (About Teaching of God’s Law in Elementary People Schools), Kostroma, 1876.
Становская Т. А. Методические особенности изучения молитвы на уроках Закона Божия в православной школе: опыт дореволюционной России // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 1 (36). С. 46-55. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201536.46-55
One of the main disciplines, which presents the study of Orthodox culture in modern Orthodox schools is the subject of the Basics of the Orthodox faith (or the Law of God), which includes such important issues as the study of the prayers. Considering that existed in pre-revolutionary Russian school instructional experience studying the prayers on the lessons of the Law of God, the author of the article proposes to analyze and to put it in modern Orthodox schools, with the aim of preventing pedagogical errors. This article presents some methodological features of the study of prayer on the lessons of the Law of God in pre-revolutionary Russia, revealed in the course of historical and pedagogical analysis of the educational and methodical literature. One of them is connected with the procedure of studying the prayers in the course of the Law of God, which is in pre-revolutionary practice was represented by fi ve different approaches. Also, it is important to consider the article proposed in the pre-revolutionary literature a study of the prayers, which were presented in three ways. In article the data may become necessary material for the development of methodical recommendations, the study of Orthodox culture, exactly, learning prayers in modern Orthodox schools.
prayer, the methodology of studying the prayer, the basics of the Orthodox faith, the Law of God, pre-revolutionary school, religious-oriented (Orthodox) school

1. Divnogorceva S. Ju. Istoriko-teoreticheskij analiz pravoslavnoj pedagogicheskoj kul'tury v Rossii: avtoref. dis. … d-ra ped. nauk (Historical-Theoretical Analysis of Orthodox Pedagogical Culture in Russia: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2011.
2. Il'minskij N. I. Besedy o narodnoj shkole (Dialogues about People School), Saint-Petersburg, 1889.
Становская Т. А. Педагогическое наследие законоучителей российской школы конца XIX – начала XX веков // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2017. Вып. 47. С. 93-106. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201747.93-106
This article deals with main pedagogical ideas of Russian teachers of religious education of the late 19th — early 20th century that primarily address the search for eff ective ways and methods of teaching the main subject of the Russian school, namely religious education (Russ. Закон Божий “God’s Law”). The author proceeds following documentary and normative sources and works by teachers of religious education and identifi es main features in developing techniques for teaching religious education. The article describes its components: the specifi city of the content of the school subject and its parts; organisational forms, in the fi rst hand, the lesson and characteristic features of arranging its stages; the methods, namely the method of moral conclusion, introductory talks, method of biblical narrative, method of conclusive proof; techniques of teaching and checking results that look particularly interesting. The data presented in the article is a summary of research into teaching religious education in pre-revolutionary Russia. The article describes Russian experience in this sphere, which may be of interest to present-day teachers of Orthodox faith and culture.
teacher of religious education, religious education, Orthodox culture, pedagogical heritage, historical experience, methods of teaching, lesson, content of school subject, Sacred history, catechism, prayer, liturgy, forms of organisation, moral conclusion, means of training, visual aids, assessment in education
  1. Divnogorceva S. Ju., “Metodika prepodavanija pravoslavnoj kul'tury kak novaja oblast' didakticheskoj nauki”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, 2(37), 2015, 89–97.
  2. Faddej (Uspenskij), arhiep., Tvorenija. Kniga 2. Zapiski po didaktike, Tver', 2003.
  3. Stanovskaja T. A., “Istoricheskaja preemstvennost' izuchenij a pravoslavnoj kul'tury v Rossii”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, 3 (34), 2014, 85–94.
Stanovskaya Tatiana
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9667-6125;
Email: taaldu@gmail.com.
The article is written in 2017 within the framework of the project "The Church and the school in Russia in the period 1900-1918." supported by PSTGU Development Foundation.
Становская Т. А. Методические аспекты преподавания катехизиса в православных школах России: опыт прошлого и современность. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2019. Вып. 55. С. 57-71. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201955.57-71
Since the end of the 1980s, confessional schools (parish and Sunday schools, Orthodox gymnasiums) begin to resume at Orthodox churches in which the teaching of religion was gradually returned, but the relevant method has not been properly developed. To solve this problem, the author considers it important to address the history of the issue. For several years, the sphere of her scientifi c interests has been the study of the methodical heritage of the teachers of the Russian school. The present article addresses the issue of methodological aspects of teaching catechism as an important part of the course “Fundamentals of the Orthodox Faith” (Religious Education), focusing mainly on the experience of pre-revolutionary teachers of religious education and correlating it with the problems of modern school. In order to make the reader familiar with the stages in developing the content of Catechism, the article uses a constructive genetic method (studying the issue in time and space, identifying the stages in their genesis); sourcecritical analysis of educationalists’ works, legislation statutes, historical and comparative method; synthesis and interpretation of the information obtained. On the basis of study of documentary normative sources and works of teachers of religious education, the article presents a brief historical background as to the emergence and development of the Catechism as a special kind of religious literature containing the guidance and basic provisions of the Christian faith. The article also deals with methodological aspects of teaching Catechism, available in the works of teachers of religious education in the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries, i.e. the time when the method of teaching religious subjects was in the period of its formation and development. The following topics are also dealt with: explanation of educational material (knowledge component), teaching method (catechetical conversation), moral application (connection with the life of the student), consolidation of the studied material (method of memorisation by heart), etc. The article is concluded with the author’s refl ections on the state of the method of teaching catechism as part of the subject “Fundamentals of the Orthodox Faith” in modern Orthodox schools in Russia and the prospects for the development of teaching methods in this sphere.
catechism, religious education, Sacred History, methods of teaching, Orthodox doctrine, Fundamentals of Orthodox Faith, teacher of religious education, explanation of material, method of memorisation, moral application, Orthodox school
  1. Bogdanova A. (2014). Metodika prepodavaniia Zakona Bozhiia: v pomoshch' uchiteliu tserkovnoi shkoly [Methods of Religious Education: Helping the Teacher of the Church School]. Ekaterinburg (in Russian).
  2. Bychkova V. (2009) “Nekotorye momenty iz istorii prepodavaniia Zakona Bozhiia v Rossii” [Some Moments from the History of Religious Education in Russia]. Vestnik PSTGU, 2009, 1 (12). pp. 7–20. (in Russian).
  3. Divnogortseva S. (2015) “Metodika prepodavaniia pravoslavnoi kul'tury kak novaia oblast' didakticheskoi nauki” [“Methods of Teaching Orthodox Culture as a New Area of Didactic Science”]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo Gumanitarnogo Universiteta. Seriia IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, 2 (37), pp. 89–97 (in Russian).
  4. Proekt Katekhizisa Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi [Catechism Project of the Russian Orthodox Church], available at: http://theolcom.ru/images/2017/КатехизисСББК_Проект.pdf (24.09.2019)
  5. Sinelnikov S. P. Prepodavanie Zakona Bozhiia v uchebnyh zavedeniiakh Rossii do 1917 g., available at: http://archive.bogoslov.ru/text/print/453126.html
Stanovskaya Tatiana
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9667-6125;
Email: taaldu@gmail.com.
Становская Т. А. Изучение православного богослужения в школах России: история и современность // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2020. Вып. 56. С. 74-93. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202056.74-93
This article discusses methodological features of teaching the most important section of the course in religious education, i.e. the doctrine of church service, in the pre-revolutionary period. Drawing on the statutory and regulatory documents and methodological developments, the article identifi es the purpose, objectives and content of the study of church service in pre-revolutionary schools, as well as methodological features of its teaching, namely the methods of explanation, order of study, training media, knowledge assessment. The most signifi cant part in this study is the principles underlying the teaching of church service; these were studied by the author of this article earlier on the basis of conceptual foundations of the course in religious education as a whole. The final part of the article examines the current state of the methodology of teaching church service in Orthodox schools in Russia (secondary Orthodox schools with an Orthodox component and Sunday schools). Based on the analysis of regulatory documents, the article outlines the content of the section on church service in the programme of the course “Fundamentals of the Orthodox Faith” in presentday Orthodox schools, as well as possible prospects for their development with taking into account the experience of pre-revolutionary schools. In its conclusion, the article gives a brief overview of main teaching media for the study of church service in modern Orthodox schools as well as refl ections of the author on the qualitative development of teaching technique for the Foundations of the Orthodox Faith in general and church service in particular.
church service, religious education, teacher of religious education, parish school, methods of teaching, principles of study of church service, visibility, method of explanation, Orthodox faith, Fundamentals of Orthodox Faith, Orthodox school, school with Orthodox component, educational and methodical manual, historical experience
  1. Amfi lokhii (Radovich) (2005) Chelovek — nositel' vechnoi zhizni [Man as a bearer of eternal life]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Averkii (Taushev). Liturgika [Liturgics], available at https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Averkij _Taushev/liturgika/ (16.01.2020)
  3. Divnogortseva S. (2008) “Antropologicheskaia bezuprechnost' pravoslavnoi sistemy vospitaniia” [Anthropological fl awlessness of the Orthodox system of education]. Materialy XIX Ezhegodnoi bogoslovskoi konferentsii PSTGU (9–12 oktiabria 2008 g.) [Proceedings of the 19th Annual Theological Conference of St Tikhon’s University]. Pp. 196–199 (in Russian).
  4. Faddei (Uspenskii) (2003) Tvoreniia. Zapiski po didaktike [Works. Notes on didactics], book 2. Tver' (in Russian).
  5. Perechen' primernykh rabochikh programm kursa Standarta pravoslavnogo komponenta nachal'nogo (obshchego), osnovnogo (obshchego), srednego (polnogo) obshchego obrazovaniia dlia uchebnykh zavedenii Rossiiskoi Federatsii [List of approximate working programmes of the course of the standard Orthodox component in primary (general), main (general), secondary (full) general education for educational institutions of the Russian Federation], available at https://pravobraz.ru/perechen-primernyx-rabochix-programm-standarta-pravoslavnogokomponenta-obshhego-obrazovaniya/ (16.01.2020).
  6. Standart pravoslavnogo komponenta nachal'nogo obshchego, osnovnogo obshchego, srednego (polnogo) obshchego obrazovaniia dlia uchebnykh zavedenii Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Standard of Orthodox component of primary general, basic general, secondary (full) general education for educational institutions of the Russian Federation], available at https://pravobraz.ru/pravoslavnyj-komponent-osnovnoj-obshheobrazovatelnoj-programmy-doshkolnogoobrazovaniya-dlya-pravoslavnogo-doshkolnogo-obrazovatelnogo-uchrezhdeniya-naterritorii-rossij skoj-federacii/ (16.01.2020).
  7. Standart uchebno-vospitatel'noi deiatel'nosti v Voskresnykh shkolakh (dlia detei) Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi na territorii Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Standard of educational activity in Sunday schools (for children) of the Russian Orthodox Church in the territory of the Russian Federation], available at https://pravobraz.ru/standart-uchebno-vospitatelnoj-deyatelnosti-v-voskresnyx-shkolaxdlya-detej-russkoj-pravoslavnoj-cerkvi-na-territorii-rossij skoj-federacii/ (16.01.2020).
  8. Stanovskaia T. (2015) “Metodicheskie osobennosti izucheniia molitvy na urokakh Zakona Bozhiia v pravoslavnoi shkole: opyt dorevoliutsionnoi shkoly” [Methodological features of the study of prayer in the lessons of religious education in the Orthodox school: experience of the pre-revolutionary school]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, 1 (36), 46–55 (in Russian).
  9. Zander L. (1928) Pravoslavnoe bogosluzhenie kak osnova religioznogo prepodavaniia [Orthodox church service as a basis of religious teaching]. Voprosy religioznogo vospitaniia i obrazovaniia, 2. Paris. Pp. 75–82 (in Russian).
Stanovskaya Tatiana
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9667-6125;
Email: taaldu@gmail.com.