/
Search results


Розенблюм Е. М. Страсти святой Криспины // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 77. С. 113-121. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201777.113-121
This publication introduces the fi rst Russian translation of St. Crispina’s Passion. St. Crispina was beheaded in the Roman African city of Theveste on 5th December, 304, during the Great Persecution. The wide popularity of her cult in Roman Africa was attested by St. Augustine. St. Crispina was the last Christian martyr in Africa before the Donatist Schism and was venerated by both Donatists and Orthodox Christians. Various stages of the Passion’s “Donatisation” are represented in various manuscripts. Modern scholars are familiar with three manuscripts containing the Passion of St. Crispina. Two of them were published in the 17th century by Mabillon and Ruinart respectively. Both of these manuscripts perished later. The last manuscript was published in the 20th century by P. Franchi de Cavalieri and was later reprinted in H. Musurillo’s edition of Acta Martyrum. It is regarded as the most authentic MS. The original text of the Passion of St. Crispina was probably composed in the fi rst half of the 4th century. It has no features of the later hagiographic tradition such as the abundance of miracles, detailed description of tortures, etc. On the other hand, it is an elaborate text with its own ideas and style, and does not look like mere court proceedings. The Russian translation being published here is based on Franchi de Cavalieri’s and Musurillo’s edition. The discrepancies between this edition and those of Mabillon and Ruinart are mentioned in the footnotes.
St. Crispina, Acta martyrum, Great Persecution, Diocletian, North African Church, Donatist schism, martyrdom, Roman Africa, hagiography, Annulinus
  1. Castelli G. 1975. Osservazioni sulla lingua della «Passio Sanctae Crispinae», Forma Futuri. Studi in onore del cardinale Michele Pellegrino. Torino, 587-594.
  2. Dalvit M. 2013. Ecclesia martyrum. Analisi del corpus martirologico donatista [Tesi di dottorato]. Padova.
  3. Franchi de' Cavalieri P. 1902. Osservazioni sopra gli Attidis. Crispina, Studi e Testi. 9, 24-35.
  4. Franchi de' Cavalieri P. (ed.). 1902. Passio Crispinae, Studi e testi. 9, 32-35.
  5. Hunink V. 2016. Worlds drifting apart. Notes on the Acta Martyrum Scillitanorum, Commentaria Classica. 3, 93-112.
  6. Jones A. H. M., Martindale J. R., Morris J. 1971-1992. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Cambridge.
  7. Mabillon J. (ed.) 1723. Passio Sanctae Crispinae, Vetera analecta. Paris, 177-178.
  8. Monceaux P. 1901-1923. Histoire Littéraire de l’Afrique chrétienne depuis les origines jusq’à l’invasion arabe. Paris.
  9. Morcelli S. A. 1816-1817. Africa Christiana. Brescia.
  10. Musurillo H. 2000. Introduction, The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Oxford, xi-lxxiii.
  11. Musurillo H. (ed.) 2000. Passio Sanctae Crispinae, The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Oxford, 302-308.
  12. Nakamura B. J. 2003. When Did Diocletian Die? New Evidence for an Old Problem, Classical Philology. Vol. 98, 283-289.
  13. Panteleev A. D. 2013. Akty Maksimiliana: vstupitel'naia stat'ia, perevod i kommentarii, Religiia. Tserkov'. Obshchestvo. 2, 240-262.
  14. Payne Ph. 2006. Wild Hair and Gender Equality in 1 Corinthians 11:2-16, Priscilla Papers. Vol. 20. No. 3, 9-16.
  15. Romanelli P. 1959. Storia delle province romane dell’Africa. Roma.
  16. Ruinart Th. (ed.) 1859. Passio Sanctae Crispinae, Acta primorum martyrum sincera et selecta. Regensburg, 476-479.
  17. Saxer V. 1994. Afrique latine, Hagiographies. Histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique latine et vernaculaire en Occident des origines à 1550. Turnhout. Vol. 1, 25-95.
  18. Smyshliaev A. L. 1997. Civilis dominatio: Rimskii namestnik v provintsial'nom gorode, Vestnik drevnei istorii. 3, 24-35.
  19. Tilley M. A. 1996. Donatist Martyr Stories. The Church in Conflict in Roman North Africa. Liverpool.
Rosenblum Eugene
Place of work: Moscow State University; 27 building 4 Lomonosov Avenue, Moscow 119192, Russian Federation; Graduate Student of the Department of Church History;
Email: eugene.rosenblum@gmail.com.
Розенблюм Е. М. Страсти св. Иринея, епископа Сирмийского // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 84. С. 121-131. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201884.121-131
This paper represents the fi rst translation into Russian of the Passion of St. Irenaeus of Sirmium which is a literary monument of Latin hagiography of Late Antiquity. St. Irenaeus had suff ered martyrdom in the Roman province of Pannonia Secunda during the Great Persecution. Archaeological fi nds as well as many manuscripts containing his Passion and preserved in various parts of the Christian world attest to widespread popularity of St. Irenaeus’ cult. The Passion is preserved in two ancient versions, Greek and Latin. This corresponds with the bilingualism of Pannonia, which was located on the border of the Western and Eastern parts of the Roman Empire. All subsequent translations are made on the basis of these two versions. The question about which version, Latin or Greek, is earlier, has not been solved yet. Neither the opinion about the dependence of the Greek text on the earlier Latin version (it had been dominating for two centuries), nor the opposing opinion developed in the mid- 20th century by Manlio Simonetti are convincing enough. The present translation has been made from the Latin version used according to Dolbeau’s critical edition. The Passion of St. Irenaeus of Sirmium is a literary and theologically elaborate text that goes back to the court interrogation. However, it does not contain a detailed description of the tortures, nor does it mention the miracles, typical of the later hagiographic tradition. Moreover, this text does not contain such traditional topoi as the support for the martyr by his relatives and the subsequent acquisition of his relics by Christians. This allows us to date the text to the 4th or very early 5th centuries.
St. Irenaeus of Sirmium, Acta martyrum, Great persecution, Diocletian, Maximian, hagiography, martyrdom, Pannonia, Illyria, Sirmium
  1. Benvin A. (1994) “Muka sv. Ireneja Srij emskoga: Ranokršćanski portret biskupa mučenika”. Diacovensia, 1994, sv. 2/1, pp. 82–109.
  2. Dolbeau F. (1999) “Le dossier hagiographique d’Irénée, évêque de Sirmium”. Antiquité tardive, 1999, vol. 7, pp. 205–214.
  3. Hildebrandt H. (2006) “Early Christianity in Roman Pannonia – Facts among Fiction?” Studia Patristica, 2006, vol. 39, pp. 59–64.
  4. Johnson S. F. (ed.) (2012) The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity. Oxford.
  5. Jones A. H. M., Martindale J. R., Morris J. (1971–1992) The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Cambridge.
  6. Krü ger G., Ruhbach G. (Hrsg.) (1965) Ausgewählte Märtyrerakten. Tübingen.
  7. Lanata G. (1973) Gli Atti dei martiri come documenti processuali. Milano.
  8. Musurillo H. (ed.) (1972) The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Oxford.
  9. Nakamura B. J. (2003) “When Did Diocletian Die? New Evidence for an Old Problem”. Classical Philology, 2003, vol. 98, pp. 283–289.
  10. Rosenblum E. (transl.) (2014) “Strasti sv. Kvirina” Vestnik Russkoi khristianskoi gumanitarnoi akademii, 2014, vol. 15/3, pp. 211–217.
  11. Ruiz Bueno D. (1962) Actas de los mártires. Madrid.
  12. Simonetti M. (1955) “Sugli Atti dei due martiri della Pannonia”. Studi agiografici, Roma, pp. 55–79.
  13. Smirnov-Brkić A. (2015) “New Insight in the Latin and Greek Recensions of the Passion of St. Irenaeus of Sirmium”, in The Cultural and Historical Heritage of Vojvodina in the Context of Classical and Medieval Studies, Novi Sad, pp. 59–74.
  14. Smirnov-Brkić A., Draganić I. (2014) “Latin and Greek Recensions of the Passion of St. Irenaeus of Sirmium”, in International Symposium Constantine, Sirmium and Early Christianity. Proceedings, Sremska Mitrovica, pp. 25–45.
  15. Zeiller J. (1967) Les origines chrétiennes dans les provinces danubiennes de l’Empire romain. Roma.
Rosenblum Eugene
Place of work: Moscow State University; 27 building 4 Lomonosov Avenue, Moscow 119192, Russian Federation; Graduate Student of the Department of Church History;
Email: eugene.rosenblum@gmail.com.