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Постернак А. В. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 4 (47). С. 153-157. — Rev. op.: Davis St. J. The Cult of St. Thecla: A Tradition of Women’s Piety in Late Antiquity. N. Y.: Oxford University Press, 2001 (The Oxford Early Christian Studies, reprinted 2009).
Posternak Andrei, priest
Постернак А. В. Древние чины рукоположения диаконисс // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 1 (50). С. 144-161.
The author considers the ordination rites of women deacons in the ancient Church according the oldest sources: «Apostolic Constitutions», greek, latin and georgian liturgical manuscripts (VIII–XVI). The original greek and latin texts and theirs translations are published as the appendix of this paper. Comparative analysis of sources shows that deaconesses had some functions in the domain of public worship (Liturgy) which were similar to the functions of deacons.
deaconesses (women deacons), rites of ordinations, codex Barberini, women’s ministry in the church

Posternak Andrei, priest
Постернак К. В. К вопросу об авторстве русских иконостасов эпохи барокко // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2013. Вып. 2 (11). С. 115-127.
Establishing of the authorship of the baroque iconostases seems not to be a considerable problem but it remains an important task. We can take note that we have reliable information concerning a very small number of the monuments. Overwhelmingly the real name of the author of an iconostasis — of the creator of its architectural project is concealed from us. This name is often substituted by the names of the contractors: the cutters or the woodworkers. The contribution of some performers is too much exaggerated, so they are presented as the outstanding architects and they are mentioned as such many times on the pages of the research and popular science works. The documental sources are not numerous, so a lot of legends appear. In the most cases the researchers find out that the original baroque iconostases are groundlessly considered to be created by F.B. Rastrelli. Many of such legends firstly appeared in the literature of the XIX century and are repeated by the modern authors who do not use any critical approach. Now it is possible to state that the deep and all round research in this field will knock the bottom out of the stereotypes which exist in the Russian Art Studies and a new page will be written into the history of the Russian architecture of the XVIII century. Keywords: baroque, iconostasis, Harbel, Zarudny, Rastrelli
baroque, iconostasis, Harbel, Zarudny, Rastrelli
1. Arkin D. E. 1946, in Arhitekturnyj arhiv, vol. 1, pp. 21-98.
2. Batovsky Z. Arhitektor F. B. Rastrelli o svoih tvoreniyah (Architect Rastrelli about his works), St. Petersburg, 2000.
3. Golovina I. A., Knyazhickaya T. V. (ed.) IkonostasPetropavlovskogo sobora (The Iconostasis of the Peter and Paul Cathedral), Saint-Petersburg, 2003.
4. Gorbatenko S. B. 1994, in Pamyatniki istorii i kul'tury Sankt-Peterburga, pp. 139-154.
5. Grabar' I. E. Istoriya russkogo iskusstva (History of Russian Art), Moscow, 1912, vol. 3.
6. Dedyuhina V. S., Ruzavin Ju. A. 1980, in Hudozhestvennoe nasledie, vol. 6/36, pp. 193-202.
7. Denisov Ju. M., Petrov A. N. Zodchij Rastrelli (Architect Rastrelli), Leningrad, 1963.
8. El'kin E. N. 1994, in Kraevedcheskie zapiski, vol. 2, pp. 149-159.
9. Istoriko-statisticheskie svedeniya o Sankt-Peterburgskoj eparhii (Historical-Statistical Information about Diocese of Saint-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, 1876, vol. 5.
10. Jur'eva T. V. Pravoslavnyj ikonostas kak kul'turnyj sintez (Orthodox Iconostasis as a Cultural Synthesis), Jaroslavl', 2005.
11. Jartsev A. A. Osnovanie i osnovatel' russkogo teatra (F. G. Volkov) (Foundation and Founder of the Russian Theatre (F. G. Volkov)), Moscow, 1900.
12. Kirichenko E. I. Mikhail Bykovsky, Moscow, 1988.
13. Malickij N. V. 1911, in Trudy Vladimirskoj uchyonoj arhivnoj komissii, vol. 13.
14. Mel'nik A. G. Hramovye ikonostasy kontsa XVII—XIX veka Rostova Velikogo (Rostov the Great Temple Iconostases of the laTe Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century), Saint-Petersburg, 2012.
15. Mozgovaja E. B. Tvorchestvo I. P. Zarudnogo (The Creativity of I. P. Zarudny), Leningrad, 1977.
16. Morozova A. A. N. F. Gerbel'. Gorodskoj arhitektor Sankt-Peterburga (N. F. Gerbel'. City Architect of Saint-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, 2004.
17. Nikolaeva M. V. Ikonostas petrovskogo vremeni: «stolyarstvo i rez'ba», zolochenie, ikonopisnye raboty (The Iconostasis of Peter's Time: «Joinery and Carving», Gilding, Icon-Painting), Moscow, 2008.
18. Voronihina A. N. (ed.) Arhitekturnaya grafika Rossii. Pervaya polovina XVIII veka. Nauchnyj catalog (Russian Architectural Drawings of the First Half of the Eighteenth Century. Academic Catalog), Leningrad, 1981.
19. Vygolov V. P. (ed.) Svod pamyatnikov arhitektury i monumental'nogo iskusstva Rossii. Bryanskaya oblast' (A Set of Architectural Monuments in Russia. Bryansk Region), Moscow, 1996.
20. Batowski Z. Architekt Rastrelli o swych pracach (Architect Rastrelli about His Works), Lwow, 1939.
Постернак А. В. Женщины в неортодоксальных общинах // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 1 (56). С. 9-15. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201456.9-15
The author considers women’s ministry in heterodox communities of early Christian time. The author notes that the insufficient of sources (the testimonies of Church historians, apologists, epigraphic stuff and etc) did not reveal this problem completely. The article aims to point out some features of heterodox women’s ministry of early Christian time. The author notes women’s activity was emotional. Women in heterodox communities could sufficiently high social status, which might be related to their noble birth or wealth. The heretical communities contained hierarchy of women’s ministries: deaconesses, female priests and the prophetesses leaded the Church community or influenced its life. In heterodox communities women could preach, celebrate Liturgy, baptize, prophecy. Arguments of Christian authors claimed that the women are materially adds through these gifts and led a wicked lifestyle, and they predictions proved false. Radical montanist’s movements formed a new model of women’s behavior breaking late antiquity as well as early Christian view of the woman as a person dependent on men and subordinate to him. Not only a violation of Church’s establishments, but also the independence of women, their desire to preach, as the apostles, and fulfilment of Church sacraments did not fit the public opinion about a woman of that time. The gospel preaching about the ontological men’s and women’s equality in God preceded its time and does not fully fitting into the social situation of the late antiquity.
early Christianity, women’s ministry, heresy, deaconesses, prophetesses, sacraments of the Church

1. Posternak A. V. (2013) “Sluzhenie zhenshhin v Drevnej Cerkvi” (Women Service in the Ancient Church), in Sluzhenie zhenshhin v Cerkvi: Issledovanija, M., 2013, pp. 337–447.
2. Fokin A. R. Latinskaja patrologija (Latin Patrology). M., 2005. T. 1.
3. Burrus V. (1991) “The Heretical Woman as Symbol in [bishop] Alexander, Athanasius, Epiphanius, and Jerome”, in Harvard Theological Review, 1991, vol. 84, pp. 229–248.
4. Eisen U. Amtsträgerinnen im frühen Christentum: Epigraphische und literarische Studien. Göttingen, 1996.
5. Ide A. Fr. God’s Girls. Ordination of Women in Early Christian and Gnostic Churches. Garland, 1986.
6. Jensen A. (1993) “Prisca — Maximilla — Montanus: Who Was the Founder of «Montanism»?, in Studia Patristica, 1993, vol. 26, pp. 147–150.
7. Labriolle P. (1911) “«Mulier in Ecclesia taceat». Un aspect de la lutte anti-montaniste”, in Bulletin d’ancienne litterature et d’archeologie chretiennes, P., 1911,vol. 1/1, pp. 1–24; vol. 1/2., pp. 103–122.
8. Schierling M. J. (1980) “Women as Leaders in the Marcan Communities”, in Listening, 1980, vol. 2, pp. 250–256.
9. Schottroff L. (1993) „Der Frauenwiderstand im frühen Christentum“, in Querdenken. Beitrage zur feministisch-befreiungstheologischen Diskussion, Gottingen, 1993, pp. 129–159.
10. Torjesen K. Jo. When Women Were Priests: Women’s Leadership in the Early Church and the Scandal of Their Subordination in the Rise of Christianity. San Francisco, 1993.
11. Wahl J. (1959) “The Exclusion of Women from Holy Orders”, in The Саtholic University of Ameriса. Studies in Sacred Theology, Washington, 1959, 2 ser, vol. 110.
Posternak Andrei, priest
Постернак О. П. К истории создания и освящения храма св. царевича Димитрия при Голицынской больнице // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2014. Вып. 4 (16). С. 143-161. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201416.143-161
This article deals with the history of the initial consecration of Golitsynsky hospital church of the crown prince St. Dimitry in Moscow in 1801, which was considered a significant event of the Russian society of that time. At the beginning of the XIX century Golitsynsky hospital became one of the major places of interest of the ancient capital of Russia. This article determines the dates commemorating the 100th anniversary of Golitsynsky hospital which was celebrated twice in 1901–1902. This article also gives a thorough review of the contribution of Dimitry and Aleksandr Golitsyn to the establishment of the hospital.
Golitsynsky hospital, church of the crown prince Dimitry, the Golitsyn family, Dimitry Mikhajlovich Golitsyn, Aleksandr Mikhajlovich Golitsyn

1. Arhitektor M. F. Kazakov. Ansambl' Golicynskoj bol'nicy. Pamjatniki russkoj arhitektury (Kazakov. Ensemble of Golicynskaja Hospital. Memorials of Russian Architecture), Moscow, 1955.
2. GMII im. A. S. Pushkina. Katalog kartinnoj galerei (A. S. Pushkin State Museum of Arts. Catalogue of Painting Gallery), Moscow, 1986.
3. Demskaja A. A. 1990 “Istorija odnogo zabytogo zaveshhanija” (History of One Forgotten Testament), in Pamjatniki kul'tury. Novye otkrytija, 1990, Moscow, 1992.
4. Dolgova S. R. 1996 “Sud'ba rodovyh arhivov Golicynyh v RGADA” (Destiny of Family Archives of Golicyny in RGADA), in Hozjaeva i gosti usad'by Vjazemy. Materialy III Golicynskih chtenij 20–21 janvarja 1996, Bol'shie Vjazemy, 1996.
5. Ivanova E. Ju. 1982 “Portrety XVIII — nachala XIX veka. Iz sobranija A. M. Golicyna — Olsuf'evyh v dome na Devich'em pole“ (Portraints of XVIII — Begin of XIX Centuries. From Collection of A. M. Golicyn and Olsuf'evy in House in Devich'e Pole), in Sojuz hudozhnikov SSSR pokazyvaet sobranie kartin XVIII–XIX vekov iz Zarajskogo muzeja. Restavracija, atribucija, issledovanija. Katalog, Moscow, 1982.
6. Maloletkov S. L. Dobroe delo knjazej Golicynyh. K stoletiju otkrytija Moskovskoj Golicynskoj bol'nicy (1892–1902) (Good Deed of Princes Golicyny. To 100 Anniversary of Opening of Moscow Golicynskaja Hospital (1892–1902)), Moscow, 1902.
7. Palamarchuk P. G. Sorok sorokov (Four Fourties), Moscow, 1995, vol. 3.
8. Petrov P. N. Istorija rodov russkogo dvorjanstva (History of Families of Russian Nobility), Moscow, 1991, vol. 1.
9. Polunina N., Frolov A. Kollekcionery staroj Moskvy. Illjustrirovannyj biograficheskij slovar' (Collectors of Old Moscow. Illustrated Biographical Dictionary), Moscow, 1997.
10. Savinskaja L. Ju. 2004 “Katalog knjazja Golicyna” (Catalogue of Prince Golicyn), in Nashe nasledie, 2004, vol. 71.
11. Sejdeler I. Moskovskaja Golicynskaja bol'nica v rjadu evropejskih bol'nic (Moscow Golicynskaja Hospital among European Hospitals), Moscow, 1865–1869, vol. 1–2.
12. Selinova T. A. 2006 “Portretnaja galereja knjazej Golicynyh v Kuz'minkah. Sobranie GIM“ (Portrait Gallery of Princes Golicyny in Kuz'minki. Collection of GIM), in Pamjatniki kul'tury. Novye otkrytija. 2004, Moscow, 2006.
13. Sto let Golicynskoj bol'nicy v Moskve (Hundred Years of Golicynskaja Hospital in Moscow), Moscow, 1902.
14. Tret'jakova N. E. Ot kartinnoj galerei Golicynskoj bol'nicy do Golicynskogo muzeja na Volhonke. Hudozhestvennye sobranija knjazej Golicynyh vtoroj poloviny XVIII — XIX vekov: avtoref. dis. … kand. Iskusstv. (From Painting Gallery of Golicynskaja Hospital to Golicynskij Museum in Volhonka. Art Collections of Princes Golicyny of 2nd Half of XVIII — XIX Centuries: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2005.
15. Hodasevich V. F. Derzhavin, Moscow, 1988.
Постернак А. В. Первые женские ординации в Епископальной церкви 1970-х гг // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 1 (62). С. 125-134. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201562.125-134
Episcopal Church of the USA in 1976 adopted a positive resolution (1976-B300) regarding women’s ordination to the priesthood and episcopacy. The Church thus legalizes the experience of the Anglican community of the East coast: Philadelphia and Washington where in July 1974 and September 1975, took place women’s ordination. The article is devoted to the history of these ordinations, public reactions to them and theological discussions concerning the permissibility of female ordination in the Episcopal community of the first half of the 1970s. The research is based on the offi cial reports of the Episcopal Church. Believe in the Divine will on the vocation of women to the priesthood was associated with transformation of the Western society: women’s struggle for their rights and public struggle against race discrimination. The Anglican bishops were concerned about the problem of adaptation of the new ministry to modern conditions: the 1970s became a period of transition from traditional to post-Christian society in which gender was considered as a new social function. It will transform the Anglican community where the priesthood will become a form of ministry to the parish and in these conditions women can be ordained .
Episcopal Church, Resolutions of the Lambeth Conferences relating to women, ministry of women, ordination of women, priesthood, episcopacy

1. Armstrong K. The End of Silence Women and the Priesthood, London, 1993.
2. Avis P. Anglican Orders and the Priesting of Women, London, 1999.
3. Barr E., Barr A. Jobs for the Boys? Women Who Became Priests, London, 2001.
4. Baxter K. Gender in Worship, New York, 1978.
5. Bogle J. Women and the Priesthood Looking Ahead, Vox, 1987.
6. Brett W., Watson V. Women Priests, Impossible? London, 1973.
7. Bruce M., Duffi eld G. Why not? Priesthood and the Ministry of Women — a Theological Study, Appleford, 1972.
8. Burgess J. Can Women Serve in the Ordained Ministry?, Minneapolis, 1973.
9. Carter D. Debating the Ordination of Women, London, 1974.
10. Chapman J. The Last Bastion Women Priests — the Case for and Against, London, 1989.
11. Donovan M. Women Priests in the Episcopal Church the Experience of the First Decade, Cincinnati (Oh), 1988.
12. Eldred J. Women Pastors: If God Calls Why not the Church, Valley Forge (PA), 1981.
13. Field-Bibb J. Women Towards Priesthood Ministerial Politics and Feminist Praxis, Cambridge, New York, 1991.
14. Hewitt E., Hiatt S. Women Priests: Yes or No?, New York, 1973.
15. Jewett P. The Ordination of Women: an Essay on the Office of Christian Ministry, Grand Rapids (Mich.), 1980.
16. Law R. Women Are not for Ordination, Kent, 1992.
17. Macy G., Cooke B. A History of Women and Ordination, Lanham (Md.), 2002.
18. Maloney D. The Church Cannot Ordain Women to the Priesthood. Synthesis Series, Chicago, 1978.
19. Peberdy A. Women Priests?, Basingstoke, 1988.
20. Toon P. Let Wo[Men] Be Wo[Men] Equality, Ministry and Ordination, Leominster, 1990.
21. Wilson W. Why No Women Priests?, Worthing, 1988.
Posternak Andrei, priest
Постернак К. В. Инославные заимствования в русских церковных интерьерах Петровского времени // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 3 (19). С. 102-119. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201519.102-119
The article is focused on an under-studied phenomenon of European church architectural elements adoption in the interiors of Russian churches. The article provides a detailed coverage of such new features as holed iconostases with wide Royal Gates, intricately carved altars, baldachins, pulpits. These architectural elements were fi rst introduced in the interior of the Transfiguration Cathedral in Narva (converted from Lutheran church, consecrated as an Orthodox church in 1708) and were widespread in Russian church architecture of the 18th century, but by the middle of the 19th century have fallen into disuse.
Peter the Great, church architecture, baroque, iconostasis, altar, baldachin, pulpit.

1. Aplaksin A. P. Sampsonovskij sobor v S.-Peterburge. 1709–1909 (Sampsonovskij Cathedral in Saint-Petersburg. 1709–1909), Saint-Petersburg, 1909.
2. Aronova A. A. 2002 “Russkaja arhitekturnaja praktika nachala XVIII veka v svete gollandskih vpechatlenij Velikogo posol'stva” (Russian Architecture Practice of Begin of XVIII Century in Light of Holland Impressions of Great Embassy), in Iskusstvoznanie, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 356–367.
3. Bespjatyh Ju. N. Peterburg Petra I v inostrannyh opisanijah (Petersburg of Peter I in Foreing Descriptions), Leningrad, 1991.
5. Vertogradskij N. (Kafedral'nyj) Spaso-Preobrazhenija sobor v gor. Narve. 1708–1908 gg. (K 200-letiju ego preobrazovanija v pravoslavnyj russkij hram) (Cathedral of Transfiguration in Narva. 1708–1908 (To 200 Anniversary of Its Transformation to Orthodox Russian Church)), Narva, 1908.
6. Kirikov B. M. 1994 “Proobrazy kompozicii Petropavlovskogo sobora” (Prototype of Composition of Peter and Paul Cathedral), in Kraevedcheskie zapiski. Issledovanija i materialy, Saint-Petersburg, 1994, vol. 2: Petropavlovskij sobor i Velikoknjazheskaja usypal'nica, pp. 13–37.
7. Kirillov V. V. 1994 “Klassicheskie tendencii formoobrazovanija v arhitekture Podmoskov'ja petrovskogo vremeni” (Classical Tendencies of Form Building in Architecture of Moscow Region of Time of Peter I), in Russkij klassicizm vtoroj poloviny XVIII — nachala XIX veka, Moscow, 1994, pp. 15–24.
8. Kochenovskij O. Narva: Gradostroitel'noe razvitie i arhitektura (Narva: Development of City Building and Architecture), Tallin, 1991.
9. Mikishat'ev M. N. 1995 “Kompozicionnye osobennosti i istoricheskoe mesto arhitektury Nikol'skoj cerkvi v Polteve” (Compositional Features and Historical Place of Architecture of St. Nicholas Church in Polteve), in Arhitekturnoe nasledstvo, 1995, vol. 38, pp. 282–290.
10. Mozgovaja E. B. 2003 “Ikonostas” (Iconostasis), in Ikonostas Petropavlovskogo sobora, Saint-Petersburg, 2003, pp. 8–32.
11. Mozgovaja E. B. Tvorchestvo I. P. Zarudnogo. Dis. … kand iskusstvovedenija (Creativity of I. P. Zarudnyj. Dissertation), Leningrad, 1977.
12. Klimov P. (ed.) Religioznyj Peterburg (Religious Saint-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, 2004.
13. Slovar' russkogo jazyka XVIII veka (Dictionary of Russian Language of XVIII Century), Saint-Petersburg, 1997, vol. 9: «Iz–Kasta».
14. Smorzhevskih-Smirnova M. Ingermanlandija, Jestljandija i Lifljandija v cerkovnom panegirike Petrovskoj jepohi. Dissertacii po gumanitarnym naukam (Ingermanland, Estland and Lifland in Church Panegyric of Epoch of Peter I. Dissertations for Humanitarian Sciences), Tallinn, 2013.
15. Sobolev N. N. Russkaja narodnaja rez'ba po derevu (Russian Folk Wooden Carving), Leningrad, Moscow, 1934.
16. Jel'kin E. N. 1994 “Ikonostas Petropavlovskogo sobora” (Iconostasis of St. Peter and Paul Cathedral), in Kraevedcheskie zapiski, Saint-Petersburg, 1994, vol. 2, pp. 149–159.
17. Karling S. Narva. Eine baugeschichtliche Untersuchung, Tartu, 1936.
Постернак К. В. Цветовое решение русских иконостасов эпохи барокко (на примере памятников Санкт-Петербурга) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2016. Вып. 3 (23). С. 65-85. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201623.65-85
The article discusses the features of the color schemes of the St. Petersburg baroque iconostases. It is shown that early iconostases followed the color schemes of «fl em-sky» iconostases of the 17th century. In the 1720s, foreign architects built the fi rst stone iconostases lined with artificial marble. These monuments contributed to the spread of a new type of wooden iconostases simulating facing stone. The features of St. Petersburg iconostases also include gold «marble» strips. The background color was mostly blue, sometimes green and white, rarely red. Gilding was limited to carved details.
church architecture, baroque, iconostasis, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, Zarudny, Trezzini, Harbel, Rastrelli

1. Aplaksin A. P. Sampsonovskij sobor v S.-Peterburge. 1709–1909 (Sampsonovskij Cathedral in Saint-Petersburg. 1709–1909), Saint-Petersburg, 1909.
2. Benua A. Carskoe Selo v carstvovanie imperatricy Elisavety Petrovny (Carskoe Selo during the Reign of Empress Elizabeth), Saint-Petersburg, 1910.
3. Bronshtejn S. S. 1954 “Peterburgskaja arhitektura 20–30-h godov XVIII veka” (Petersburg Architecture of 20–30s Years of XVIII Centuries), in Russkaja arhitektura pervoj poloviny XVIII veka: Issledovanija i materialy, Moscow, 1954, pp. 181–238.
4. Brjuggen Je. A., Evreinov N. M. Lavry, monastyri i hramy na Sv. Rusi. S.-Peterburgskaja eparhija (Lavras, Monasteries and Churches in St. Rus. Diocese of Saint-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, 1909.
5. Buseva-Davydova I. L. 2000 “Russkij ikonostas XVII veka: genezis tipa i itogi jevoljucii” (Russian Iconostasis of XVII Century: Genesis of Type and Results of Evolution), in Ikonostas: Proishozhdenie — razvitie — simvolika, Moscow, 2000, pp. 621–650.
6. Vzdornov G. I. 1973 “Zametki o pamjatnikah russkoj arhitektury konca XVII — nachala XVIII v.” (Notices about Monuments of Russian Architecture of End of XVII — Begin of XVIII Cent.), in Russkoe iskusstvo XVIII veka: Materialy i issledovanija, Moscow, 1973, pp. 20–30.
7. Dedjuhina V. S. 2003 “Pozolota v sisteme dekorativnogo iskusstva” (Gilding in System of Decorative Art), in Rossija i vostochno-hristianskij mir: Drevnerusskaja skul'ptura, Moscow, 2003, vol. 4, pp. 201–208.
8. Dedjuhina V. S., Lelekova O. V. Problemy restavracii reznogo pozolochennogo dekora v inter'erah (Problem of Restauration of Carved Gilding Décor in Interiors), Moscow, 1976.
9. Denisov Ju. M. Arhitektor Franchesko Bartolomeo Rastrelli (Metodika proektirovanija i stroitel'naja praktika): Avtoref. dis. … kand. Iskusstvovedenija (Architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (Method of Projecting and Building Practice): Dissertation Abstract), Leningrad, 1975.
10. Denisov Ju. M. 1989 “Ischeznuvshie dvorcy” (Perished Palaces), in Jermitazh: Istorija stroitel'stva i arhitektura zdanij, Leningrad, 1989, pp. 17–54.
11. Denisov Ju. M., Petrov A. N. Zodchij Rastrelli: Materialy k izucheniju tvorchestva (Builder Rastrelli: Materials for Works Study), Leningrad, 1963.
12. Nikolaev M. V. (ed.) Ikonostas petrovskogo vremeni: «stoljarstvo i rez'ba», zolochenie, ikonopisnye raboty. Moskva i Podmoskov'e. Podrjadnye zapisi (Iconostasis of Peter Time: “Joiner Work and Curving”, Gilding, Icon Works. Moscow and Moscow Region. Contract Notices), Moscow, 2008.
13. Logunova M. A. Stroitel'stvo i restavracija ikonostasa Petropavlovskogo sobora v Sankt-Peterburge (Building and Restauration of Iconostasis of St Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint-Petersburg) (in print).
14. Mozgovaja E. B. 2003 “Ikonostas” (Iconostasis), in Ikonostas Petropavlovskogo sobora, Saint-Petersburg, 2003, pp. 8–32.
15. Tivas L. E., Chugunov A. F. (eds.) Muzej prikladnogo iskusstva: Stroganovskaja cerkov' (Museums of Applied Art: Stroganovskaja Church), Gorkij, 1962.
16. Obuhova L. A. 2003 “Inostrannye rezchiki i pozolotchiki v Peterburge pervoj poloviny XVIII v.” (Foreign Carvers and Gilders in Petersburg of First Half of XVIII Cent.), in Rossija i vostochno-hristianskij mir: Drevnerusskaja skul'ptura, Moscow, 2003, vol. 4, pp. 153–175.
17. Obuhova L. A. 1997 “O treh pamjatnikah dekorativnoj rez'by XVIII–XIX vekov iz bol'sheohtinskih cerkvej Sankt-Peterburga v sobranii Gosudarstvennogo Russkogo muzeja” (About Three Monuments of Decorative Curve of XVIII–XIX Centuries from Bolsheohtinskije Churches of Saint-Petersburg in Collection of State Russian Museum), in Peterburgskie chtenija 97, Saint-Petersburg, 1997, pp. 461–462.
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Постернак А. В. Статус и деятельность диаконисс Евангелическо-лютеранской Церкви в Российской империи (середина XIX - начало XX века) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 74. С. 129-143. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201774.129-143
The article considers a brief history of the Deaconesses’ Communities of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Russian Empire. The communities depended on the General Consistory of the Lutheran Church, which had its own statute (1832), according to which the Church was controlled by the Ministry of Interior. Deaconesses’ Communities were located in six of the Baltic, St. Petersburg and Moscow provinces of the Lutheran Church and had local Consistories. From the mid-nineteenth century the Communities were located in major centers: St. Petersburg (1858), Riga (1862), Mitau (1866), Reval (1872) and some others settlements and towns. Deaconesses worked in the places of compact residence of the Germans-Lutherans in the Baltic region and in the South of Ukraine (Kherson’ province). The number of deaconesses was very small, they were obliged to live under the regulations of the Evangelical Church, to execute the functions of professional sisters of mercy at hospitals, orphanages and at home. This form of deaconesses’ activity was similar to the status and functions of the Sisters of Mercy of the Russian red cross society, according to the Normal statute (1903). The discussions about the status of the Marfo-Mariinsky Convent, founded by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna in 1911–1914s, point out that the religious orientation of the deaconesses’ community unites them with the similar activity of the Convent’s sisters, based, however, on the Orthodox tradition.
deaconesses, «mother houses» of deaconesses, Evangelical Lutheran Church, charitable workin the Russian Empire, Baltic provinces, Sisters of Mercy, Marfo-Mariinsky Convent, Germans of Russia

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Posternak Andrei, priest
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Posternak Andrey, priest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Dean of the faculty of History;
ORCID: 0000-0003-1310-3503;
Email: posternakav@inbox.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Постернак А. В. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. 2019. Вып. 85. С. 142-145. — Rev. op.: McLarty J. D. Thecla’s Devotion. Narrative, Emotion and Identity in the Acts of Paul and Thecla. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, 2018. 257 p.
Posternak Andrey, priest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Dean of the faculty of History;
ORCID: 0000-0003-1310-3503;
Email: posternakav@inbox.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.