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Никольский Б. М. Речь, зрение и оправдание В «Ипполите» Еврипида и «Елене» Горгия // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2017. Вып. 51. С. 48-65. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201751.48-65
Two important themes of Euripides’ Hippolytus are speech and vision. They are represented as basic human faculties which lead to involuntary wrongdoings because they may be related to ignorance and emotions. They are therefore closely tied to typical exculpatory factors in rhetoric. Strikingly close to Hippolytus in its thematic structure is another text dating from the same period, namely Gorgias’ Encomium of Helen, which exhibits the same parallelism of emotional impact on vision and speech, the same exculpatory rhetorical strategy and the same association between vision and Ñρως. The similarity between the works of Gorgias and Euripides hints at a possible connection between them. It is reasonable to assume that both Euripides and Gorgias employ a common sophistic topos; this topos in itself combines elements of forensic rhetoric as well as themes refl ecting philosophical interest in problems of speech and vision that was wide-spread in intellectual circles of the 5th century BC. The main distinction between Helen and Hippolytus is that their emphases are placed on distinct elements of this common thematic complex, and this distinction is explained by their diff ering conceptual tasks. Gorgias’ focuses on speech and verbal persuasion based on the ability of speech to arouse emotions and thereby deceive the listener. Thus, exculpatory themes in this case make up only the general framework, into which the main theme, i.e. the description of the power of persuasive speech, is incorporated. In Euripides’ Hippolytus, on the contrary, it is precisely the theme of exculpation that determines the entire conceptual idea, whereas the motifs of speech and vision are subordinated to it, adding additional dramatic expressiveness and providing a specifi c philosophical dimension.
Greece, Athens, tragedy, sophistics, speech, vision, exoneration, Euri pides, Gorgias

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