The political orientation of the Russian Orthodox clergy in 1905–1907 as a historiographical problem
Мошненко А. В. К вопросу о политической ориентации российского православного духовенства в 1905-1907 гг // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 2 (63). С. 42-52. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201563.42-52
The given article provides a historiographical overview of the problems of sociopolitical position of the Russian Orthodox clergy during the revolutionary period of 1905–1907. The author considers the investigations, the most signiﬁcant on this issue, expanding on the works of the post-Soviet era. The article presents the subjects and stages in the historiography of problem of clergy political orientation, provided that there are three historiographical stages, which stand out: Soviet, post-Soviet and modern. In the course of historiographical analysis the author touches upon issues related to the Vyborg appeal, the priests’ participation in the revolutionary upheaval, the position of the Holy Synod during the revolution, the beginning of a Revivalist movement in the Church, items on political leaning of liberal minded part of clergy. The political orientation of the revivalist movement is revealed in conjunction with its connection with the party of Cadets. The idea is substantiated that the historical connection, established between an autocratic government and the Church, had an impact on the clergy socio-political position during ﬁrst Russian revolution. The article emphasizes the idea that in the struggle against the revolutionary movement the clergy had joined the forces with the autocracy and supported the government at all stages of the revolution. The author came to a conclusion that the Soviet historiography consistently maintained the view of the Church as an ally of the autocracy, while post-Soviet researchers have ﬁxed their look on extension of liberal sympathies in the Church milieu during the revolution of 1905–1907, and the presence of political heterogeneity in the clerical sphere and the participation of the Orthodox clergy in the ﬁrst Russian revolution let cast doubt on the existing point of view on this issue in the Soviet era.
Orthodox clergy, the ﬁrst Russian revolution, the Holy Ruling Synod, Orthodox Russian Church, Renovationist movement, socio-political position, historiography, political orientation, constitutional democratic party, autocracy.
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