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Мазырин А. В. Участие украинских архиереев в делах высшего управления Русской Православной Церкви в 1925-1937 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2010. Вып. 1 (34). С. 41-58.
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Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. Вопрос о Патриаршем Синоде в "межсинодский" период 1925-1927гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2010. Вып. 2 (35). С. 61-78.
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the Supreme ecclesiastical authority, the Patriarchal Synod, legalization, Metropolitan Peter (Polyansky), Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky)
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В., Косик О. В., Сухоруков А. Н. Церковная жизнь эпохи гонений глазами тайного курьера украинских епископов: следственные показания Г. А. Косткевича 1931 г. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2010. Вып. 4 (37). С. 70-87.
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The Orthodox Church in Ukraine, the persecution of the Church, legalization, splits, Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky), the investigation of the case
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Kosik Ol'ga
Sukhorukov Aleksandr
Мазырин А. В. Вопросы церковной истории в светском учебном пособии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 3 (40). С. 138-143. — Rev. op.: Барсенков А. С., Вдовин А. И. История России. 1917–2009. 3-е изд. М.: Аспект Пресс, 2010. 846 с.
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Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. «Духовный собор» епископов и вопрос о тайных выборах Патриарха в 1926 г. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 2 (45). С. 20-43.
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The article covers the events related with the attempt of the secret elections of the Patriarch in 1926 and specifies some details of the historiography’s picture by supplementing it. The author considers, at that time the elections of the Patriarch not only have not taken place, but, strictly speaking, even did not begin. Only the precanvas of bishops took place, though the initiators of elections considered the election of the Patriarch went through, because all of bishops were a unit during the precanvas.
patriarchate, the Holy Council of bishops, elections, metropolitan Sergy (Stragorodsky), metropolitan Cyril (Smirnov), bishop Pavlin (Kroshechkin)
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. «Собор епископов весьма удивлен…» Документы по истории лубенского и григорианского расколов и о роли ОГПУ в развитии их взаимоотношений // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 5 (48). С. 105-137.
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The author publishes the documents of 1926-1927 from the Central archive of FSB RF illustrating the attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church towards Lubenskiy and Grigorianskiy Divisions, internal contradictions between the dissenters and their dependence on the GPU-OGPU organs.
The Russian Orthodox Church, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, lubenskiy division, grigorianskiy division, WCS, a bishops’ council, autocephaly, GPU USSR, the secret department of the OGPU
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. Попытка легализации церковного управления Ленинградской епархии в 1926 г. как предыстория «иосифлянско-алексиевского» разделения // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 2 (51). С. 23-53.
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The article deals with the failed attempt to organize and legalize the Leningrad’s diocesan administration of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1926. At the suggestion of OGPU the group of Leningrad’s clergy has propounded legalization. Bishop Alexius (Simanskiy) became the leader of the group in the summer of 1926. The initiative group’s activity aroused suspicion of the part of the Leningrad clergy assuring a top church management to transfer bishop Alexey to another diocese and to appoint Joseph (Petrovyh) to be a Leningrad metropolitan. The conflict situation was complicated by the provocative politics of a state authority. It prevented metropolitan Joseph from carrying out his duties of ruling archbishop and, on the contrary, permitted the initiative group to hold a meeting led by bishop (archbishop) Alexius. All attempts of church workers to find the unconflicted way out were unsuccessful. The author analyses arguments of supporters and opponents of the diocesan legalization, estimates the correlation between personal and based on principles motives. He investigates the position of church authority represented by metropolitan Sergey (Stragorodskiy). The author considers either side was not unjust one in the Leningrad church collision in 1926. Only the politics of the soviet power that used legalization as the demoralization’s instrument of the Church was defi nitely malicious.
intrachurch polemic, Church legalisation, OGPU, Administrative department, the Leningrad diocesan management, metropolitan Joseph (Petrovyh), archbishop Alexius (Simansky), archpriest Nikola
1. Aleksandrova-Chukova L. 2006. Sankt-Peterburgskie Eparhial'nye vedomosti. Vol. 34, pp. 17-131.
2. Antonov V. 1994. Minuvshee. Vol. 17, pp. 411-473.
3. Gubonin M. Akty Svjatejshego Tihona, Patriarha Moskovskogo i vseja Rossii, pozdnejshie dokumenty i perepiska o kanonicheskom preemstve vysshej cerkovnoj vlasti, 1917-1943 (The Acts of His Holiness the Patriarch Moscow and all Russia Tikhon, the Latest Documents and Correspondence About the Canonical Succession of a Higher Church Power, 1917-1943). Moscow. 1994.
4. Mazyrin A., Kosik O. Alchushhie pravdy:Materialy cerkovnoj polemiki 1927goda (Those, Who Do hunger and Thirst after Righteousness: Materials of Church Controversy). Moscow. 2010.
5. Mazyrin A. 2012. Vestnik PSTGUII. Vol. 2 (45), pp. 20-43.
6. Mazyrin A. 2012. Rossijskaja istorija. Vol. 3, pp. 82-85.
7. Shkarovskiy M. Sud'by iosifljanskih pastyrej: Iosifljanskoe dvizhenie Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi v sud'bah ego uchastnikov. Arhivnye dokumenty (The Destiny of Josephite Shepherds: the Josephite Movement of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Lives of its Participators. Archives' Documents). St.-Petersburg. 2006.
8. Sorokin V. Ispovednik: Cerkovno-prosvetitel'skaja dejatel'nost' mitropolita Grigorija (Chukova) (The Confessor: The Church-educational Activities of metropolitan Gregory (Chukov)). St.-Petersburg. 2005.Aleksandrova-Chukova L. Sankt-Peterburgskie Eparhial'nye vedomosti. 2006. Vol. 34, pp. 17-131.
9. Mazyrin A. Rossijskaja istorija. 2012. Vol 3, pp. 82-85.


Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. «Москва в недоумении около моего имени.» К истории раскольнической деятельности епископа Бориса (Рукина) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 5 (54). С. 108-127.
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The publication contains the message to clergy and laymen of the Moscow diocese, prepared by the founder of the Gregorian schism, bishop Boris (Rukin). The document was kept at the archive of St.-Petersburg’s metropolitanate. The message was written in April, 1926, in the period when bishop Boris attempted actively, but unsuccessfully, to assert himself as the governor of a capital diocese. The message turned out an extensive and, at the same time, chaotic self-apologia.
the Moscow diocese, Gregorian (Basil’s) dissidence, VVCS, legalization of the Russian Orthodox Church
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. Последнее дело и смерть «митрополита Московского» Бориса (Рукина): к вопросу о его самоубийстве // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 2 (57). С. 90-97. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201457.90-97
The author investigates circumstances of the last arrest and the death of bishop (in schism — «the Moscow metropolitan») Boris (Rukin) in detention in 1931 on the basis of his Case from the documents of the Central archive of FSB of the Russian Federation. The author studies the arrest’s reason (the attempt to bribe a soviet clerk), assorts in details the course of investigation and analyzes its result — death of bishop Boris in the hospital of the Butyrsky insulator. In the article the basic attention was occupied with checking of the official version of church-historical literature about suicide of the bishop. The author considers the death of the prisoner, «the metropolitan Moscow», has followed soon after accusing him of a counterrevolutionary propaganda. It was his words to «churchmen» about the possibility to bribe the Soviet power. Materials of the investigatory case do not contain any data to support the version of suicide. At the same time, they allow to assume the interest of the OGPU bodies in the distribution of this version with the purpose to justify the refusal to give out the body of late «metropolitan» Boris for his church burial. The materials have also indirectly testified to the interest in elimination of «the Moscow metropolitan» of some «churchmen» connecting with him. First of all, it was «metropolitan» Bessarion (Zorin) who headed the Gregorian split. He obtained a Boris’s apartment under the decision of VCIK. The article can be useful at drawing up of biographic directories, at writing of historical monographies about the Gregorian split, the Moscow diocese and the Russian Orthodox Church as a whole.

1. Mazyrin A., svjashh., Helemendik M. (20008) “«Borisovshhina» — grigorianskij raskol v Moskve” (“«Borisovshhina» — Grigorianskij Split in Moscow), in Kadashevskie chtenija: Sb. dokladov konferencii, M., 2008, vol. 3, pp. 58–73.
2. Cypin V., prot. (2003) “Boris (Rukin)”, in Pravoslavnaja jenciklopedija, M., 2003, vol. 6, pp. 38–40.
3. Mazyrin A. (publ.) (2012) “«Delo jeto ochen' neprijatnoe…»: Pokazanija episkopa Borisa (Rukina). 1925 g.” (“The Case is Very Unpleasant”: Testimonies of Bishop Boris (Rukin). 1925), in Istoricheskij arhiv, 2012, vol. 5, pp. 91–111.
4. Vorob'ev V. prot. (ed.). Kifa — Patriarshij Mestobljustitel' svjashhennomuchenik Petr, mitropolit Krutickij (1862–1937) (Kifa — Patriarch’s Deputy Martyrer Petr, Metropolitan of Kruticy), M., 2012.
5. Manuil (Lemeshevskij), mitr. Russkie pravoslavnye ierarhi perioda s 1893 po 1965 g. (vkljuchitel'no) (Russian Orthodox Hierarchs of the Period 1893–1965 (Inclusive)), Erlangen, 1981.
6. Ioann (Snychev), mitr. Cerkovnye raskoly v Russkoj Cerkvi 20-h i 30-h godov XX stoletija — grigorianskij, jaroslavskij, iosifljanskij, viktorianskij i drugie, ih osobennosti i istorija (Church Splits in Russian Church of 1920–1930 Years — Grigorianskij, Jaroslavskij, Iosifljanskij, Viktorianskij and Others, Their Features and History), Samara, 1997.

Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Воробьев В. Н., Мазырин А. В., Щелкачев А. В., Хайлова О. И., Казаков И. С. «Авво мой родной!» Письма священномученика митрополита Кирилла (Смирнова) преподобномученику архимандриту Неофиту (Осипову) 1933–1934 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2014. Вып. 2 (57). С. 117-142. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201457.117-142
This is the first publication of letters of st. martyr metropolitan Cyril (Smirnov), the first candidate for the post of the Patriarchal locum tenens, to st. martyr archimandrite Neophyte (Osipov) since August, 1933 till March, 1934. Archimandrite Neophyte was the personal secretary of St. Patriarch Tikhon. These letters were found in the PSTGU archive among other documents of the archive of martyr Seraphim (Samoylovich) which has been kept by his spiritual daughter st. confessor Iraida Tikhonova. The major questions of the church life in the end of 1920th — the first half of 1930th have been mentioned in published letters. Particularly this is the questions connecting with the relation to the Moscow Patriarchy which has been heading by metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky). Many outstanding figures of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1920th–1930th, including who were canonized nowadays, were mentioned in letters, such as st. martyrs Seraphim (Samoylovich), Damascene (Zedrik) and Joasaph (Udalov), st. confessors Athanasius (Sakharov) and Basil (Preobrazhenskiy). A special interest is the detailed description by metropolitan Cyril of his meeting with metropolitan Sergius which has occurred in Moscow in December, 1933. This meeting has not been described in details somewhere before. Letters reveal ecclesiological views of st. martyr Cyril, clarify the essence of his disagreement with supporters of centralization of the church power on terms of the soviet governments. At the same time the letters characterize expressively the position of metropolitan Sergius, which was expressed by him in the conversation with metropolitan Cyril. According letters, metropolitan Sergius promised, in case of death of Patriarchal locum tenens metropolitan Peter (Poljansky), to pass a higher church power to metropolitan Arsenius (Stadnitsky).
New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia, persecution against the Russian Orthodox Church, succession of supreme church power, the “right” opposition to the Moscow Patriarchate, ecclesiology, church archives, st. martyr Cyril (Smirnov), st. martyr Neophyte (

Vorob'ev Vladimir, archpriest
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Shchelkachev Aleksandr, priest
Khailova Ol'ga
Kazakov Ivan
Мазырин А. В. К вопросу об «обновленческой природе сергианства» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 2 (63). С. 84-98. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201563.84-98
The article deals with ecclesiastical polemics 1920–1930-ies, namely the prosecution of the Deputy Locum Tenens Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky) in the pursuit of innovative ways as they pushed against him by the representatives of the «right» Church opposition. Discuss the content of these charges and their validity. With this purpose, analyses Church and political activities of Metropolitan Sergius, his attitude towards the reforms in the Church and to the Renovationist schism, nature allowed them to compromise with atheistic power. It turns out that part of reformism Metropolitan Sergius was originally close to the Renovationists, until ready to recognize «the white bishops», but after 1923 he transferred to this plan on a conservative position. At the same time, the Declaration of political solidarity with the Soviet government by the Deputy after 1927 was clearly resemble statements of the Renovationists. Like them, he began to practice the application of favor with the Kremlin Church leaders «canonical prohibitions», though softer. Made by Metropolitan Sergius and the secret cooperation of the hierarchy with the OGPU-NKVD, but tried to act in the Church the interests of the Church, as he understood them, unlike the Renovationists who would deliberately to help the godless authorities to destroy the Church from within. In General, Metropolitan Sergius was characterized by concern for the preservation of primarily external organizational forms of existence of the Church, which was achieved not without damage to its inner freedom and loyalty to the ideal of Church truth. This was the resemblance of sergianstvo Renovationism, but this similarity was not full.
Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate, Church-state relations, Renovationism, the Church’s opposition, the new martyrs and Confessors of Russia

1. Pokrovskij N. N., Petrov S. G. (eds.) Arhivy Kremlja. Politbjuro i Cerkov'. 1922–1925 gg. (Archives of Kremlin. Politburo and Church. 1922–1925), Moscow, 1997.
2. Venger A. Rim i Moskva: 1900–1950 (Rome and Moscow: 1900–1950), Moscow, 2000.
3. Zhuravskij A. V. Vo imja pravdy i dostoinstva Cerkvi: Zhizneopisanie i trudy svjashhennomuchenika Kirilla Kazanskogo v kontekste istoricheskih sobytij i cerkovnyh razdelenij XX veka (In Name of Truth and Dignity of the Church: Life and Works of St. Martyr Kirill of Kazan’ in Context of Historical Events and Church Splits of XX Century), Moscow, 2004.
4. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Ot vosstanovlenija Patriarshestva do nashih dnej, 1917–1970 (History of Russian Orthodox Church: From Renewal of Patriarchy till Our Days, 1917–1970), Saint-Petersburg, 1997.
5. Kosik O. V. 2000 “Iz istorii Vladimirskoj eparhii (1917–1923 gg.)” (From History of Vladimirskaya Diocese (1917–1923)), in Bogoslovskij sbornik, 2000, vol. 6, pp. 26–75.
6. Kosik O. V. Istinnyj voin Hristov: Kniga o svjashhennomuchenike episkope Damaskine (Cedrike) (True Warrior of Christ: Book about St. Martyr Bishop Damaskin (Cedrik)), Moscow, 2009.
7. Kostrjukov A. A. 2010 “Novye svedenija o zhizni i dejatel'nosti mitropolita Sergija (Stragorodskogo) v 1920–1930-e gg. (po materialam arhiva protoiereja Stefana Ljashevskogo)” (New Information of Life and Activity of Metropolitan Sergij (Stragorodskij) in 1920–1930-s Years (according to Materials of the Archive of Archpriest Stefan Ljashevskij)), in Materialy XX Ezhegodnoj Bogoslovskoj konferencii PSTGU, Moscow, 2010, vol. 1, pp. 312–316.
8. Mazyrin A., svjashh. 2012 “Podvig pervosvjatitel'skogo sluzhenija Patriarshego Mestobljustitelja svjashhennomuchenika Petra, mitropolita Krutickogo” (Feats of Service as First Hierarch of Patriarch Deputy St. Martyr Petr, Metropolitan of Kruticy), in Vorob’ev V., prot. (ed.) Kifa — Patriarshij Mestobljustitel' svjashhennomuchenik Petr, mitropolit Krutickij (1862–1937), Moscow, 2012, pp. 343–714.
9. Mazyrin A. (ed.) 2006 “Otvety episkopa Viktora (Ostrovidova) na pjatnadcat' voprosov OGPU” (Answers of Bishop Viktor (Ostrovidov) for Fifteen Questions of OGPU), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2006, vol. 3/20, pp. 136–147.
10. Mazyrin A. (ed.) 2007 “Poslanie brat'ev-arhiepiskopov Pahomija i Averkija (Kedrovyh) ob otnoshenii k politike mitropolita Sergija (Stragorodskogo)” (Letter of Brothers-Archbishops Pahomij and Averkij (Kedrovy) about Attitude to Politics of Metropolitan Sergij (Stragorodskij)), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2007, vol. 4/25, pp. 137–168.
11. Petrova T. V. 2009 “Poslednee sledstvennoe delo arhiepiskopa Feodora (Pozdeevskogo)” (The Last Case of Archbishop Feodor (Pozdeevskij)), in Danilovskij blagovestnik, 2009, vol. 17, pp. 34–79.
12. Safonov D. V. «Zaveshhatel'noe poslanie» Patriarha Tihona i «Deklaracija» Zamestitelja Patriarshego Mestobljustitelja mitropolita Sergija (“Testament Letter” of Patriarch Tikhon and “Declaration” of Patriarch Deputy Metrolopitan Sergij), in http://www.pravoslavie.ru/archiv/patrtikhon-zaveschanie3.htm.
13. Mazyrin A. (ed.) 2002 “«Sov. sekretno. Srochno. Lichno. Tov. Tuchkovu»: Donesenija iz Leningrada v Moskvu, 1927–1928 gody” (Top Secret. Urgent. Personally. To Comrade Tuchkov: Reports from Leningrad to Moscow, 1927–1928), in Bogoslovskij sbornik, 2002, vol. 10, pp. 362–385.
14. Firsov S. L. Vremja v sud'be: Svjatejshij Sergij, Patriarh Moskovskij i vseja Rusi: K voprosu o genezise «sergianstva» v russkoj cerkovnoj tradicii XX veka (Time in Destiny: His Holiness Sergij, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia: To Question of Genesis of “Sergianstvo” in Russian Church Tradition of XX Century), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
15. Hondzinskij P. 2014 “«Pravoslavnoe uchenie o spasenii» arhimandrita Sergija (Stragorodskogo) i ego kritika svjashhennoispovednikom Viktorom (Ostrovidovym) i arhiepiskopom Serafimom (Sobolevym)” (“Orthodox Doctrine of Salvation” of Archimandrite Sergij (Stragorodskij) and Its Critic by Hl Martyr Viktor (Ostrovidov) and Archbishop Serafim (Sobolev)), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2014, vol. 2/57, pp. 98–113.
16. Krivosheeva N. A., Mazyrin A. V. (eds.) “«Jeto est' skorb' dlja Cerkvi, no ne smert' ee…»: Iz materialov sledstvennogo dela svjashhennomuchenika mitropolita Kirilla Kazanskogo (1930)” (“This Is Grief for the Church, but not Its Death”), in Bogoslovskij sbornik, 2001, vol. 8, pp. 326–351.
17. Mazyrin A. (ed.) 2002 “«Ja idu tol'ko za Hristom…»: Mitropolit Iosif (Petrovyh), 1930 god” (“I Follow Only Christ…”: Metropolitan Iofif (Petrovyh)), in Bogoslovskij sbornik, 2002, vol. 9, pp. 376–424.
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Воробьев В. Н., Мазырин А. В., Щелкачев А. В., Хайлова О. И., Казаков И. С. «Милость Господня да будет с тобою!» Письма священномученика митрополита Кирилла (Смирнова) исповеднице Ираиде (Тиховой) 1934–1937 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 2 (63). С. 143-156.
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For the first time ever the letters of the first locum tenens of the patriarchal throne, the Hieromartyr Metropolitan Cyril (Smirnov), written in the last years of his life, to the Confessor Iraida Tikhova are published on the base of the handwritten originals from the archive fund of the Hieromartyr Archbishop Seraphim (Samoilovich), stored in the Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University of Humanities.
The Russian Orthodox Church, the persecution against the Church, the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia, the “right” Church opposition, the epistolary heritage.

Vorob'ev Vladimir, archpriest
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Shchelkachev Aleksandr, priest
Khailova Ol'ga
Kazakov Ivan
Мазырин А. В. Вопрос о призвании служителей Церкви в эпоху гонений: два взгляда современников // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 6 (43). С. 70-82.
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the persecution of the Church, martyrs and Confessors of Russian ecclesiology
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. Патриарх Тихон и Константинопольская Патриархия: к вопросу о причинах фактического разрыва отношений // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 6 (67). С. 9-37. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201567.9-37
The article discusses the development of relations between the Russian and Constantinople Churches during the rule of the Saint Patriarch Tikhon (1917–1925). Originated in the Greek environment after the defeat of Turkey in World war I the plans for the transformation of Constantinople into the «real pan-Orthodox centre» and surrender to him the rest of the local Churches led to the development of an unprecedented expansion of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the world, mostly due to the capture of dioceses and parishes of the Russian Church. In order to turn the primacy of honour in the Orthodox world in championship power Constantinople was interested in the weakening of the Moscow Patriarchate. Simultaneously, from 1922 began to show the desire of the Phanar (Constantinople Patriarchate) to enlist the support of the Soviet government in relations with the government of Turkey, as well as addressing the aggravated financial problems of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Taken together, these reasons led to open transition of the Constantinople Patriarchate on the side of the Renovationist schism in Russia in 1924, which made the preservation of canonical communion with him for the Russian Orthodox Church is virtually impossible.
Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarchate of Constantinople, the Renovationist schism, relations between churches, international politics.

1. Buevskij A. 1953 “Patriarh Konstantinopol'skij Meletij IV i Russkaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov'” (Meletius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Russian Orthodox Church), in Zhurnal Moskovskoj Patriarhii, 1953, vol. 3.
2. Buevskij A. 1953 “Patriarh Konstantinopol'skij Grigorij VII i Russkaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov'” (Gregorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Russian Orthodox Church), in Zhurnal Moskovskoj Patriarhii, 1953, vol. 4.
3. Ermilov P. 2015 “Konstantinopol'skaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov' [1908–1948 gg.]” (Orthodox Church of Constantinople), in Pravoslavnaja jenciklopedija, Moscow, 2015, vol. 37.
4. Ivanov S. N. 2014 “Hronologija obnovlencheskogo «perevorota» v Russkoj Cerkvi po novym arhivnym dokumentam” (Chronology of Obnivkencheskij “Coap” in Russian Church according to New Archive Documents), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2014, vol. 3/58.
5. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Ot vosstanovlenija Patriarshestva do nashih dnej, 1917–1970 (History of Russian Orthodox Church: From Renewal of Patriarchy till Our Days, 1917–1970), Saint-Petersburg, 1997, vol. 1.
6. Kostrjukov A. A. 2011 “K istorii vzaimootnoshenij mezhdu Russkoj Zarubezhnoj Cerkov'ju i Konstantinopol'skoj Patriarhiej v 1920–1924 gg.” (To History of Relations of Russian Church Abroad and Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1920–1924), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2011, vol. 6/43.
7. Safonov D. Svjatitel' Tihon, Patriarh Moskovskij i vseja Rossii, i ego vremja (St. Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, and His Time), Moscow, 2013.
8. Chibisova A. A. 2015 “K voprosu o poluchenii avtokefalii Pol'skoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkov'ju” (To Question of Receiving the Autocephaly of Polish Orthodox Church), in Cerkov'. Bogoslovie. Istorija: Materialy III Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-bogoslovskoj konferencii (Ekaterinburg, 6–7 fevralja 2015 g.), Ekaterinburg, 2015.
9. Shkarovskij M. V. Konstantinopol'skij Patriarhat i Russkaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov' v pervoj polovine XX veka (Patriarchate of Constantinople and Russian Orthodox Church in First Half of XX Century), Moscow, 2014.


Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. ХХVI ЕЖЕГОДНАЯ БОГОСЛОВСКАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ ПСТГУ СЕКЦИЯ «НОВЕЙШАЯ ИСТОРИЯ РУССКОЙ ПРАВОСЛАВНОЙ ЦЕРКВИ» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 3 (70). С. 151-155.
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Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. "Линию на сокрушение всей церковной черной сотни веду беспощадную". Донесения в ГПУ члена обновленческого ВЦУ "протоиерея" Бориса Дикарева // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 6 (73). С. 109-138. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201673.109-138
Published secret dispatches to the GPU one of the leaders of the renovationist schism in the Ukraine, a member of the «Higher Church Administration» B. T. Dikarev on preparing and holding in Kiev in February 1923 «All-Ukrainian Renovationist Congress», and also about the beginning of activities of «All-Ukrainian Higher Church Administration». Documents show state of-the renovationist schism, the degree of its dependence on the GPU, the methods of struggle of the dissenters with the Orthodox Church.
Renovationist schism, «The Living Church», «Higher Church Administration», «All-Ukrainian Higher Church Administration», Ukraine, GPU, informants, apostate
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В. Новое слово в отечественном расколоведении // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 6 (73). С. 141-148. — Rev. op.: Лавринов В., прот. Обновленческий раскол в портретах его деятелей. М.: Общество любителей церковной истории, 2016
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Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Мазырин А. В., Смолякова И. Н. "Господь явил новую великую Свою милость Православной Российской Церкви". Известительная грамота святителя Тихона, Патриарха Московского и всея России, предстоятелям Православных Церквей // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 75. С. 123-135. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201775.123-135
The paper introduces into scientific circulation the informing charter (alternatively known as a communicative or intronisation charter) of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon, addressed to Patriarch Herman of Constantinople and other Heads of Local Orthodox Churches in the spring 1918. The paper also clarifies the reasons for the six-month delay in dispatching the charter. It is concluded that these problems arose because of the need to accompany the charter with a special conciliar document that would put forward grounds for the restoration of the Patriarchate in Russia. This document received the title Ulozhennaia gramota, and its preparation came to be extremely drawn-out. The paper examines the response of the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the news of the election of Patriarch Tikhon. Fanar tried to postpone the recognition for an indefi nite period, but could not do it because of the position of other local Churches.
Patriarch Tikhon, Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1917– 1918, restoration of Patriarchate in Russia, Autocephalous Orthodox Churches, Church of Constantinople

Calaidzis C., To metochion toy Oikoymenikoy Patriarcheioy en Moscha “O agios Sergios” kai oii goymenoi aytoy [The metochion of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Moscow “st. Sergy” and the its superiors (1881–1936)], Geneve, 1991.
Shkarovskij M. V., Konstantinopol’skij Patriarhat i Russkaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov’ v pervoj polovine 20 veka, Moscow, 2014.
Mazyrin Aleksandr, priest
Smoliakova Inna
Мазырин А. В. Штрих к истории григорианского раскола: малоизвестное письмо председателя ВВЦС Заместителю Патриаршего Местоблюстителя 1926 г. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 81. С. 139-148. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201881.139-148
This publication makes public a little-known polemical letter from archbishop Grigory (Yatskovskiy), the leader of the Grigorian schism that originated in December, 1925, to the Deputy Patriarchal Locum Tenens metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky). The letter was sent to the addressee in early March, 1926, at a time when the schismatics still had hopes for a favourable development of the situation. The document was discovered in the Collection of archbishop Seraphim (Samoilovich), now kept in the Church Historical Archive of St. Tikhon’s University. In 1926, archbishop Seraphim was a staunch supporter of Metropolitan Sergius, and, apparently, a copy of the letter of archbishop Grigory was sent to him in order to change his position. The document allows us to clarify some important details regarding the history of the fi rst months of Grigorian schism and the attempts of the State Political Directorate to enmesh into the schismatic intrigue such prominent church fi gures as Patriarchal Locum Tenens hieromartyr metropolitan Peter (Polyanskiy), metropolitan Arseny (Stadnitskiy), hieromartyr Hilarion (Troitskiy). At the same time, the letter of archbishop Grigory shows that not all the arguments aimed against him by metropolitan Sergius were equally strong. Some arguments of the Deputy were clearly casuistic, though generally in his controversy with Grigory’s supporters he was right, which was the reason why he was supported by Orthodox bishops. On the whole, the author of this publication comes to the conclusion that Grigory’s doctrine was diff erent (towards the better) from Renovationism, which was originally set up in 1922 as a clique of whistleblowers. Historical evaluations of these two signifi cant Russian church schisms of the 1920s should not be the same.
Russian Orthodox Church, Grigorian schism, Temporary Higher Church Council, Moscow Patriarchate, higher church administration, metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky), metropolitan Peter (Polyanskiy), archbishop Grigory (Yatskovskiy), ecclesiastical controversy, Renovationism
  1. Gubonin M. E., Akty Svjatejshego Tihona, Patriarha Moskovskogo i vseja Rossii, pozdnejshie dokumenty i perepiska o kanonicheskom preemstve vysshej cerkovnoj vlasti, 1917–1943, Moscow, 1994.
  2. Ioann (Snychev), Cerkovnye raskoly v Russkoj Cerkvi 20-h i 30-h godov XX stoletij a — grigorianskij, jaroslavskij, iosifljanskij, viktorianskij i drugie, ih osobennosti i istorija, Samara, 1997.
  3. Mazyrin A., “«Delo eto ochen ntpriyatnoye…» Pokazaniya episkopa Borisa (Rukina). 1925 g.”, in: Istoricheskij arhiv, 2012, 5, 91–111.
  4. Mazyrin A., Vysshie ierarhi o preemstve vlasti v Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi v 1920– 1930-h godah, Moscow, 2006.
  5. Nikolaev S., “Obzor arhivnogo fonda sviaschennomuchenika Serafima (Samoylovicha) I ispovednitsi Iraidi Tihovoy”, in: Ezhegodnaja bogoslovskaja konferencij a PSTGU: Materialy, 2015, 144–148.
  6. Pospelovskiy D. V., Russkaja Pravoslavnaja Cerkov’ v XX veke, Moscow, 1995.
  7. Tsypin V., Istorija Russkoj Cerkvi. Kniga devjataja: 1917–1997, Moscow, 1997.
  8. Vorobyov V., ed. Kifa — Patriarshij Mestobljustitel’ svjashhennomuchenik Petr, mitropolit Krutickij (1862–1937), Moscow, 2012.
Mazyrin Alexander, priest
Academic Degree: Doctor of Theology;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6490-9745;
Email: am_pstbi@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The article is written in 2018 within the framework of the project "Higher administration in the Russian Orthodox Church in the 1920s-1930s: problems of canonical and practical succession" supported by PSTGU Development Foundation.
Мазырин А. В., Николаев С. К. Чины приема в Православную Церковь из обновленческого раскола. Документы Патриарха Тихона и Патриаршего Местоблюстителя митрополита Петра 1923–1925 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 85. С. 133-139. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201885.133-139
This publication introduces the earlier unknown documents of Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus’ Tikhon (Bellavin) and his Holy Synod, as well as of his successor, Patriarch’s Locum Tenens Metropolitan of Krutitsy Petr (Polyanskiy). They deal with admission to the Orthodox Church (Patriarchal) of repenting renovationist clergyand laymen. These documents were found in the archive of archbishop of Uglich Serafim (Samoilovich) kept at the Church-Historical Archive of St. Tikhon University for the Humanities. Archbishop Serafi m probably received these documents as the administrator of Yaroslavl diocese. The fi rst of these documents is a combination of two statutes of Patriarch Tikhon’s Holy Synod and dates to December 1923 and March 1924. The second document, which, in fact, develops the theses of the preceding one, is not in its form a statute of the higher church authorities. However, there are suffi cient grounds to regard it as refl ecting the position of Patriarch’s Locum Tenens Petr and church hierarchs close to him as to the order of admission of renovationists. The exact date of this document is not given, but judging by its content, it is approximately midsummer and early autumn 1925. The order deals in quite a detailed way with various cases related to falling into the renovationist schism and going back. Moreover, the approach to ordinations made in the schism was rather strict, whereas such ceremonies as baptism, church marriage, funerary service were looked at not as strictly: they were complemented in a certain way, rather than repeated. The documents published here are of signifi cant historical value; besides, they can be of practical interest in preparing ecclesiastical and law norms as to some present-day schismatics.
Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Tikhon (Bellavin), Patriarch’s Locum Tenens Metropolitan Petr (Polyanskiy), Holy Synod, renovationist schism, readmission to church, reintegration of schismatics, church law
  1. Feodosii (Protsiuk), metropolitan (2004) Obosoblencheskie dvizheniia v Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi na Ukraine (1917–1943) [Factional Movements in the Orthodox Church in the Ukraine (1917‒1943)]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Gubonin M. (ed.) (1994) Akty Sviateishego Tikhona, Patriarkha Moskovskogo i vseia Rossii, pozdneishie dokumenty i perepiska o kanonicheskom preemstve vysshei tserkovnoi vlasti, 1917–1943 [Acts of Holy Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus’, Subsequent Documents and Correspondence on Canonical Succession of Higher Church Authorities, 1917‒1943]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Kazakov S., archpriest (2009–2010) “Darokhranitel’nitsa” [“Tabernacle”]. Mir Bozhii, vol. 14, pp. 90–93 (in Russian).
  4. Levitin A., Shavrov V. (1996) Ocherki po istorii russkoi tserkovnoi smuty [Studies of Russian Church Tumult]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Vorob’ev V., archpriest (ed.) (2012) Kifa — Patriarshii Mestobliustitel’ sviashchennomuchenik Petr, mitropolit Krutitskii (1862–1937) [Patriarch’s Locum Tenens Metropolitan of Krutitsy Petr (Polyanskiy)]. Moscow (in Russian).
Mazyrin Alexander, priest
Academic Degree: Doctor of Theology;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6490-9745;
Email: am_pstbi@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Nikolaev Sergey, диакон
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Deputy Head of Archive Repository of the Research Centre for the Study of Modern History of Russian Orthodox Church;
ORCID: 0000-0001-7896-0157;
Email: nsk_zel@mail.ru.
The publication was prepared within the project "Higher management in the Russian Orthodox Church in the 1920-1930-ies: problems canonical and practical succession" with the support of the development Fund of St. Tikhon's University.
Мазырин А. В. Эволюция отношения митрополита (Патриарха) Сергия (Страгородского) к обновленческому расколу в 1920–1940-е годы // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2019. Вып. 90. С. 55-78. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201990.55-78
This article deals with changes in the attitude of metropolitan (Patriarch at the end of his life) Sergiy (Stragorodskiy; Russ. Сергий Страгородский) to the Sovietinspired Renovationist schism (Russ. обновленческий раскол) in the Russian Orthodox Church. The article examines the circumstances of metropolitan Sergiy’s fall into the schism in June 1922 and his subsequent activity within this schism. The background of these vicissitudes is development of contradictions in his relations with the “Living Church” (Russ. Живая Церковь). The article also studies the issue of his involvement or non-involvement in the work of the Renovationist “Higher Church Administration” (Russ. Высшее Церковное Управление) in the light of his dismissal from Vladimir see in November 1922. Further, the article looks at metropolitan Sergiy’s stand as to Renovationism after his reunion with Patriarch’s Church, both during the offi ce of Patriarch Tikhon and of Patriarch’s Locum Tenens Metropolitan Petr (1923–1925), and during the time when he himself became head of Moscow Patriarchate as Deputy Locum Tenens. Attention is paid to his strict attitude to the schism which was expressed, among other things, in his requirement to accept those baptised in Renovationism through Chrismation. This being said, his political stance in 1927 came to be quite close to Renovationism, which allowed church zealots to accuse him of some kind of “new Renovationism”. His final attitude to Renovationism was seen in the period of liquidation of the schism during the Great Patriotic War, when the strictness as to the order of acceptance of the repentant combined with oekonomia that admitted in certain cases acceptance of schismatic consecrations. In its conclusion, the article proposes an explanation of fluctuations of this personage as to the Renovationist schism. Presumably, the cause was not only his opportunism, of which he was accused by many contemporaries, but rather the features of his ecclesiological views that attached prime importance to the administrative mechanism of the church.
Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate, Patriarch Sergiy (Stragorodsky), Higher Church Administration, Renovationist schism, “Living Church”, Vladimir diocese, reacceptance of schismatics, opportunism, ecclesiology
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Mazyrin Alexander, priest
Academic Degree: Doctor of Theology;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6490-9745;
Email: am_pstbi@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Significantly improved version of the report made at the conference "Patriarch Sergius (Stragorodsky). Time and heritage (to the 75th anniversary of his death)" (Moscow, Institute of Russian history, RAS, may 14, 2018). The publication was prepared within the framework of the project "Higher governance in the Russian Orthodox Church in the 1920s-1930s: problems of canonical and practical succession" with the support Of the Fund for the development of STOU.