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Кобищанов Т. Ю. Христиане Ближнего Востока и роль их «заговора» в Архипелагской экспедиции российского флота 1769–1774 гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2018. Вып. 57. С. 48-58. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201857.48-58
The history of the fi rst military and political contacts between Russia and the Arab world has long been ignored by Russian orientalists. The reason was the unwillingness to introduce the “imperialistic” component to the untainted history of Soviet-Arabic relations. Due to the studies of the recent past, we have a relatively full picture of both the course of events of 1770‒1774 and changes in the political agenda that urged local rules to enter a union with Russia. However, the reasons that underlay the alliance of Near Eastern rulers with a Christan state cannot be reduced to just basic political and economical factors. A prominent role was also played by the religious and ideological component, which is described in the article.
Archipelago Expedition, Christians of the Middle East, ‘Aly Bey Bulut Kapan, Dahir al-‘Umar, Yusuf Shihab
  1. Barīk, Mikā’il Ad-Dimašqī (1982). Ta’rīḫ aš-Šām, 1720–1782. Damascus.
  2. Crecelius D. (1981) The Roots of Modern Egypt. A Study of the Regimes of ‘Ali Bey al-Kabir and Muhammad Bey Abu al-Dhahab, 1760–1775. Minneapolis; Chicago.
  3. Heyberger B. (2001) Hindiyya mistique et criminelle, 1720–1798. Paris.
  4. Joudah A. H. (2013) Revolt in Palestine in the Eighteenth Century. The Era of Shaykh Zahir al-‘Umar. Piscataway.
  5. Kobishchanov T. (2003) Vostochnye khristiane v arabo-osmanskom mire (XVI – pervaia tret’ XIX v.) [East Christians in the Arabo-Ottoman World (16th — First Third of the 19th Centuries)]. Moscow.
  6. Kobishchanov T. (2009) “Krest nad Beirutom: rossiiskaia ekspeditsiia v Vostochnoe Sredizemnomor’e 1769–1774 gg. v vospriiatii siriiskikh sovremennikov” [“Cross over Beirut: Russian Expedition to the Eastern Mediterranean of 1769‒1774 in the Eyes of Syrian Contemporaries]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriia 13. Vostokovedenie. 2009, vol. 1, pp. 3‒22; vol. 2, pp. 3‒20 (in Russian).
  7. Kobishchanov T. (2017) “Posle stoletii odinochestva: izmenenie sotsial’noi psikhologii siriiskikh khristian v novoe vremia” [After Centuries of Solitude. Changes in the Social Psychology of Syrian Christians in New Time”]. Istoricheskii věstnik. 2017, vol. 20, pp. 218‒256 (in Russian).
  8. Livingston J.W. (1971) “‘Ali Bey Al-Kabir and the Jews”. Middle Eastern Studies. 1971, vol. 7.
  9. Poslanie emira Iusufa ash-Shikhaba grafu A.G. Orlovu 1 ianvaria 1774 g. (2011), in E. Smilianskaia, I. Smilianskaia, M. Velizhev (eds.) Rossiia v Sredizemnomor’e. Arkhipelagskaia ekspeditsiia Ekateriny Velikoi. Moscow (in Russian).
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Kobishchanov Taras
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University; 11 Mokhovaia Str., Moscow, 101999, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8165-0897;
Email: kobischanov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Кобищанов Т. Ю. «Страна мрака» или «Царство земное»: восприятие Руси и Московии жителями Ближнего Востока в раннее Новое время // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2019. Вып. 61. С. 53-66. DOI: 10.15382/sturIII201961.53-66
Geography lessons at secondary school and the universal access to mass media provide for most our contemporaries a relatively clear understanding of where other countries and continents are located. It is more problematic to obtain insights as to what is going on in these countries, but even in this case the idea about the way of life in the “different” world is more or less close to reality, despite all ideological myths, political complications and personal fantasies. This was not always the fact. During the most part of the history of mankind, political and geographical boundaries did not unite peoples in such “imaginary communities” as nations. Up to recent times, in the Arabic world and in the most part of Europe as well, the triad of “politics — identity — geography” has not made up a consistent pattern and was secondary with regard to other social parameters, such as place of birth and upbringing, ancestral and tribal affiliation, faith, belonging to a certain religious community, the allegiance to a particular governor. But geography was very important. Even in the absence of state policies and modern technologies of spatial representation, the maintaining of national identity and imagination helped people build and rank the space of the world. These imaginary spaces were very diverse and were inhabited — even if one takes into account the present-day habit to demonise or (more rarely) to idealise others — by rather bizarre communities and individuals. This article aims to describe how the remote northern lands were perceived in the Middle East at the beginning of modern time.
Middle East, impression of Russia, Arab travellers, Russian-Arab contacts, Mediaeval geography, geography in Modern Time
  1. Abras M. (2002).“Le voyage de deux moines Melkites en Italie du Nord en 1775”, Les Européens vus par les Libanais à l’époque ottomane. Beirut.
  2. Brayk, Mīḫā’īl ad-Dimašqī (1982). Ta’rīḫ aš-Šām, 1720–1782 [The History of Damascus, 1720–1782]. Damascus (in Arabic).
  3. Heyberger B. (2002). “Les Européens vus par les Libanais (XVIe — XIXe siècles)”, Les Européens vus par les Libanais à l’époque ottomane. Beirut.
  4. Kirillina S. S. (2010). Ocharovannyie stranniki: arabo-osmanskii mir glazami rossijskih palomnikov XVII–XVIII stoletiy [The Enchanted Wanderers: the Arab-Ottoman Word by the Eyes of Russian Pilgrims of XVII–XVIII Centuries]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Kobishchanov T. Y. (2009). “Krest nad Beirutom: rossiiskaya expeditsiya v Vostochnoye Sredizemnomorye 1769–1774 gg. v vospriyatii siriiskih sovremennikov. Chast 1. Ot poyavleniya v Sredizemnomoye rossiiskoi eskadry do pervogo shturma Beiruta” [Cross Hoisting over Beirut: Russian Expedition of 1769–1774 to Eastern Mediterranean in Perception of Syrian Contemporaries], Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, 2009, part 13. Oriental Studies, vol. 1, pp. 3–22, vol. 2, pp. 3–20 (in Russian).
  6. Kobishchanov T. Y. (2017). “‘Gretcheskii project’ Ekateriny II i Siriya [The “Greek Project” of Catherine II and Syria]”, Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, part 13. Oriental Studies, vol. 2, pp. 3–25.
  7. Lewis B. (2000). A Middle East Mosaic: Fragments of Life, Letters and History. New York: Random House.
  8. Novoseltsev A. P. (2000). “Vostochnyie istochniki o vostochnyh slavianah i Rusi VI–IX vv.” [Eastern Sources of VI–IX Centuries about Eastern Slavic Peoples and Rus], Drevneyshie gosudarstva Vostochnoy Evropy. Materialy i Issledovaniya [The Eldest States of Eastern Europe. Materials and Researches]. Moscow (in Russian).
  9. Panchenko K. A. (2012). Blijnevostochnoye pravoslaviye pod osmanskim vladychestvom. Pervyie tri stoletija, 1516–1830 [The Middle Eastern Orthodoxy under Ottoman Rule. The First Three Centuries, 1516–1830]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Pelfi tsch A. (2002). “Europe with a Diff erence? Mīkhā’īl Nu‘aymah (1988–1988) and Russia”, Les Européens vus par les Libanais à l’époque ottomane. Beirut.
  11. Sajdi D. (2014).“In Other Worlds? Mapping Out the Spatial Imaginaries of 18th-Century Chroniclers from the Ottoman Levant”, Journal of Ottoman Studies, vol. 44, pp. 357–392.
  12. al-Ṣāliḥī, Muḥammad ibn Kannān (1994). Yawmiyyāt šāmiyya [Syrian Diaries], ed. Akram Aḥmad al-‘Ulabī. Damascus: Dār al-Tabbā’.
Kobishchanov Taras
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University; 11 Mokhovaia Str., Moscow, 101999, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8165-0897;
Email: kobischanov@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.