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Иванова С. В. Образ Воскресения Христова в византийских манускриптах IX±XIV вв // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2014. Вып. 4 (16). С. 7-18. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201416.7-18
The «Resurrection» image (Anastasis) appears in manuscript illustrations of the IX–XIVth centuries, Gospels (Lectionarier) and on the margins of Psalters. The article examines the position of these images in the manuscripts and their relation to the verses in the Psalms. The images drawn are defined as «Ressurection». These observations, yet again, confirm the image's exclusively Easter meaning.
Easter icon, The Resurrection, Byzantine manuscripts, Psalter, illuminated Psalters, miniature, Anastasis.

1. Baranov V. A. 2002 “Iskusstvo posle buri — bogoslovskaja interpretacija nekotoryh izmenenij v posleikonoborcheskoj ikonografii Voskresenija” (Art after Storm — Theological Interpretation of Some Changes in Iconography of Resurrection after Iconoclasm), in Zolotoj, serebrjanyj, zheleznyj: mifologicheskaja model' vremeni i hudozhestvennaja kul'tura, Kursk, 2002, pp. 34–49.
2. Grabar A. Imperator v vizantijskom iskusstve (Emperor in Byzantine Art), Moscow, 2000.
3. Ivanova S. V. 2010 “«Soshestvie vo ad» ili «Voskresenie»?” (“Descending to Hell” or “Resurrection”?), in Kul'tura. Istorija. Sovremennost'. Sbornik kafedry istorii zapadnoevropejskoj i russkoj kul'tury SPbGU, Saint-Petersburg, 2010. vol. 8, pp. 36–61.
4. Ilarion (Alfeev), arhiepiskop. Hristos — pobeditel' ada (Christ — Victor of Hell), Saint-Petersburg, 2009.
5. Oreckaja I. A. 2002 “Eshhe neskol'ko zamechanij po povodu vizantijskih psaltirej IX veka” (Some More Notices on Account of Byzantine Psalters of IX Century), in Vizantijskij vremennik, 2002, vol. 61, pp. 151–171.
6. Oreckaja I. A. 2012 “Rukopisi s miniatjurnymi figurkami” (Manuscripts with Miniature Figures), in Popova O. S., Zaharova A. V., Oreckaja I. A. Vizantijskie miniatjury vtoroj poloviny X–XI veka, Moscow, 2012, pp. 332–423.
7. Lopuhin A. P. Tolkovaja Biblija (Explanatory Bible), Saint-Petersburg, 1904, vol. 1.
8. Pokrovskij N. V. Evangelie v pamjatnikah ikonografii (Gospel in Iconography Memorials), Moscow, 2001.
9. Florenskij P. 1972 “Ikonostas” (Iconostasis), in Bogoslovskie trudy, Moscow, 1972, vol. 9, pp. 83–148.
10. Shhepkina M. V. Miniatjury Hludovskoj Psaltyri. Grecheskij illjustrirovannyj kodeks IX veka (Miniatures of Hludovskaja Psalter. Greek Illustrated Codex of IX Century), Moscow, 1977.
11. Grabar A. Byzantine Painting, Geneva, 1953.
12. Isar N. 2003 “The Dance of Adam: Reconstructing the Byzantine Coros”, in Byzantinoslavica, 2003, vol. 61.
13. Kartsonis A. D. Anastasis: The Making of an Image, Princeton, New Jersey, 1986.
14. Loerke M.-М.-О. Höllenfahrt Christi und Anastasis. Ein Bildmotiv im Abendland und im christlichen Osten. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwurde der Philosophischen. Fakultat I (Philosophie, Sport, Kunstwissenschaften) der Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, 2003.
15. Anderson J. F. 1997 “Manuscripts”, in The Glory of Byzantium. Art and of Middle Byzantine Era. 843–1261. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1997.
16. Restle M. Die Byzantinische Wandmalerei in Kleinasien, Recklingshausen, 1967, vol. 2.
17. Weitzmann K. Studies in Classical and Byzantine Manuscript Illumination, Chicago, 1971.
Иванова С. В. Апостольский Символ веры в книжных иллюстрациях в западноевропейском искусстве // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 1 (17). С. 45-54. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201517.45-54
The artiсle deals with the tradition of the Apostles’ Creed illustrations - which are represented in miniatures in Western manuscripts IX-XV c. and engravings XV-XVII c. Different types of visual presentation are distinguished. First of all, the miniatures illustrate the Creed as a whole (the Utrecht Psalter and its copy, St. Edwin Psalter). Next appears another type of representation, when separate dogma is illustrated. Singular solution is represented in the Blokbuch from Heidelberg University, which contains several pages of the Creed illustration. A new milestone in the further development of Creed illustrations is connected with book-printing and the evolution of engravings. We see this type of representation in the incunabula of Konrad Dinkmut, Ulm (1485). In the «Erklerung der zwölf Artickel des Cristenlichen gelaubens» each page is connected not with the dogma, but with the formula of Creed. Engravings of Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen, 1512, incorporate two different images, which refer to different dogmas, but one formula. This similar type of representation is found in the engravings pattern by Martin de Vos and engravings by Adrian Collaert. They became famous in Russia as a part of “Theatrum Biblicum”, edited by Claes Jansz Visscher-Piscator. The analysis of this tradition refers not only to the study of West European art history, but also to the «Creed» iconography in Russia.
Apostles’ Creed, Credo, Apostolicum, the Utrecht Psalter, the Reims Missal, Blockbuch, incunabula, Konrad Dinckmut, Theatrum Biblicum, Visscher, Piscator, Martin de Vos, the icon «Credo»

1. Gamlickij A. V. 1995 “Zapadnoevropejskie licevye Biblii v Rossii XVII–XVIII. Vladel'cy i formy bytovanija” (West European Illustrated Bibles in Russia in XVII–XVIII. Owners and Forms of Beeing), in Filevskie chtenija. Tezisy 4-j mezhdunar. nauch. konf. po problemam russkoj hudozhestvennoj kul'tury vtoroj pol. XVII — pervoj pol. XVIII, Moscow, 1995, pp. 19–22.
2. Ivanova S. V. “Ikona «Simvol very» v russkom iskusstve XVII v.“ (Icon of Creed in Russian Art of XVII Cent.), in Vestnik NovGU (in print).
3. Mokrecova N. P., Romanova V. L. Francuzskaja knizhnaja miniatjura XIII v. v sovetskih sobranijah. 1270–1300 (French Book Miniature of XIII Cent. in Soviet Collections. 1270–1300), Moscow, 1983.
4. Backhouse J. The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library, London, 1997.
5. Docampo J. 2008 “Las Miniaturas del Misal de Reims”, in Misal de Reims. Libro de Estitudios, Madrid, 2008, pp. 53–142.
6. Geddes J. The St. Albans Psalter. A Book for Christina of Markyate, London, 2010.
7. Kisseleva L. 2008 “Misal de Reims, estudio codicilógico”, in Misal de Reims. Libro de Estitudios, Madrid, 2008, pp. 19–49.
8. Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, Freiburg, 1962, vol. 4.
9. Loerke M.-М.-О. Hollenfahrt Christi und Anastasis. Ein Bildmotiv im Abendland und im christlichen Osten. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwurde der Philosophischen Fakultat I der Universitat Regensburg, Regensburg, 2003.
10. McKendrick S., Doyle K. Bible Manuscripts. 1400 years of Scribes and Scripture, London, 2007.
11. Simor S. B. «I Believe». Images of the Credo from Charlemagne to Luther. Dissertation. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1996.
12. Solera G. 2008 “Traducción del Misal de Reims”, in Misal de Reims. Libro de Estitudios, Madrid, 2008, pp. 143–254.
Иванова С. В. Образ «Сошествие во ад» в западноевропейской гравюре XV - XVII вв // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 1 (17). С. 55-67. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201517.55-67
This article examines the iconography of The Descent into Hell in Western European engravings, as well as book illustrations оf XV-XVIII centuries. We consider the development of the iconography associated with the author's variations, the Italian infl uence, or the new theological attitudes that have emerged in the Western Christian theology. The image “Descent into Hell” can be found throughout the work of many great artists. Dürer creates three engravings on the subject. It was also portrayed by Martin Schöngauer, Albrecht Altdorfer and Pieter Breugel the Elder. The fact that this image appears in the composition of cycles at this time is of particular importance. There are also The Passions of Christ, The Seven Virtues and illustrations of the Apostolic Creed. The image carries its specific features according to the cycle. It reaches the peak of its expressiveness as a part of depicting of the Passions of Christ. Breugel, for instance, brings into it numerous allegories. Being a representation of the dogma of the Apostolic Creed, it finds itself in a new surrounding. In book illustrations, the Creed is pictured not as a separate dogma, but as a whole formula. The fifth formula names not only the Descent, but also the Resurrection: a quote. That is why the Descent is originally positioned next to the Resurrection. In the engraving by Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen, these two images are incorporated into one. Similar example can be observed in the engravings by Johann Sadeler and Adrian Kollaert, depicting the works of Martin de Vos. The engraving Harrowing of Hell and Resurrection as a plate of the Bible edited by Klas Visscher-Piscator became known to Russian iconographers
Harrowing of hell, Descensus ad inferos, Descent into hell, Apostels’ Creed, Credo, engraving, Passions, Martin Schöngauer, Albrecht Dürer, Albrecht Altdorfer, Pieter Breugel the Elder, Lucas van Leiden, Johann Sadeler, Martin van der Voss, A

1. Gamlickij A. V. 1997 “Biblija Piskatora i problema gravirovannyh obrazcov v evropejskom iskusstve XVI–XVIII stoletij” (Bible of Piscator and Problem of Gravure Models in European Art of XVI–XVII Ages), in Problema kopirovanija v evropejskom iskusstve. Materialy nauch. konf. Rossijskoj Akademii hudozhestv, 1997 g., Moscow, 1998, pp. 96–116.
2. Dvorzhak M. Istorija iskusstva kak istorija duha (History of Art as History of Spirit), Saint-Petersburg, 2001.
3. Ivanova S. V. 2010 “Ikonografija Pashi: Soshestvie vo ad ili Voskresenie?” (Iconography of Easter: Descending to Hell or Resurrection?), in Istorija i kul'tura. Issledovanija. Stat'i. Publikacii. Vospominanija, Saint-Petersburg, 2010, vol. 8/8, pp. 36–61.
4. Ivanova S. V. Voskresenie Hristovo (Resurrection of Christ), Saint-Petersburg, 2014.
5. Ivanova S. V. 2014 “Metamorfozy rossijskoj tradicii ikonografii Voskresenija” (Metamorphoses of Russian Tradition of Resurrection Iconography), in Observatorija kul'tury, Moscow, 2014, vol. 4, pp. 138–141.
6. Ivanova S. V. Ikona «Simvol very» v russkom iskusstve XVII v. (Icon of Creed in Russian Art of XVII Cent.), in Vestnik NovGU (in print).
7. Ivanova S. V. “Gravjury Apostol'skogo kredo i izmenenija ikonografii Voskresenija v Rossii” (Gravures of Apostolic Creed and Changes of Iconography of Resurrection in Russia), in Istorija i kul'tura. Issledovanija. Stat'i. Publikacii, Saint-Petersburg, vol. 12 (v pechati).
8. Ivanova S. V. 2015 “Apostol'skij Simvol very v knizhnoj illjustracii v zapadnoevropejskom iskusstve” (Apostolic Creed in Book Illustrations in West European Art), in Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. V: Voprosy istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, Moscow, 2015, vol. 1/17, pp. 45–54.
9. Ilarion (Alfeev), arhiep. Hristos — pobeditel' ada. Tema soshestvija vo ad v vostochnohristianskoj tradicii (Christ — Winner of Hell. Theme of Descending to Hell in Eastern Christian Tradition), Saint-Petersburg, 2001.
10. Stepanov A. V. Iskusstvo jepohi Vozrozhdenija. Niderlandy, Germanija, Francija, Ispanija, Anglija (Art of Renaissance Epoch. Nederland, Germany, France, Spain, England), Saint-Petersburg, 2009.
11. Bartsch A. The Illustrated Bartsch, New York, 1978–1983.
12. Loerke M.-М.-О. Hollenfahrt Christi und Anastasis. Ein Bildmotiv im Abendland und im christlichen Osten. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwurde der Philosophischen Fakultät I der Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, 2003.
13. Mielke H. Albrecht Altdorfer: Zeichnungen, Deckfarbenmalerei, Druckgraphik, Berlin, 1988.
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Тагунова И. А., Селиванова Н. Л., Исаева М. А. Теоретико-методологические ориентиры моделей воспитания в англоязычных странах // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 3 (38). С. 20-36. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201538.20-36
The authors of the article identified and described the fundamental theoretical and methodological orientations of education models in the USA, England, Canada and Australia. Four basic areas of values (rational, evolving, intuitive and social) articulated in the writings of scholars in these countries were identified by the authors of the article as the fundamental theoretical and methodological orientations of the education models. The authors of the article described these values in the context of the books written by the philosopher John Bordley Rawls («A Theory of Justice»), psychologists Lawrence Kohlberg («The development of orientations toward a moral order») and Milton Rokeach («Theory of Values»), as well as the sociologist Aaron Wildavsky («Cultural Theory»). The article examined the key value systems of education models in each of the above areas. The authors argued and justified the idea that the education, based on all of these values, in general, can be considered as liberal education.
theory, methodology, directions, orientations, education models, rational values, evolving values, intuitive values, social values.

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Tagunova Irina
Selivanova Nataliia
Isaeva Marina
Иванова А. С. Эсхатологическое содержание образов Калки и Будды Майтреи: компаративный анализ. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. 2017. Вып. 72. С. 89-102. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201772.89-102
In the medieval Indian mythology, based on the texts of the Pali canon of Ttipitaka and the Puranas, there are images there are images depicting eschatological religious and philosophical ideas. One of the main images is Kalki - the tenth avatar of Vishnu, the Hindu Messiah, whose coming, according to the Puranas, must put an end to the moral and religious decay in the last days of Kali-yuga. The myth of the bodhisattva Maitreya, whose worship is widespread among the various schools of Buddhism, is connected with the prophecy about the future rebirth of Maitreya, who awaits his time in Tushita Heaven. This article presents the eschatological content of myths about Maitreya and Kalki and how it realized in the sequence of the mythological plot, associated with the ultimate destiny of the world at the time of completion of the next time cycle. Comparing the myths of Maitreya and Kalki, shows the certain similarity between the images of Maitreya and Kalki, which raises the question of which of the mythological plots was primary Proceeding from the earlier origin of the myth about Maitreya, it should be noted that the image of Kalki in the literature of the Puranas was formed by the influence of the inclusivist strategies of the Vishnu tradition.Despite the unity of mythological functions and active interaction, the images of Kalki and Maitreya are contrasted in relation to each other, since they show two different scenarios of cyclic eschatology : the Kalki court and his cruel retribution, and the preaching of Maitreya, that bring salvation for all beings.
Kalki, Maitreya, mythological function, cyclic eschatology, purana, inclusivism,comparative analysis
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Ivanova Anastasia
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Email: anastasuwa_iv@mail.ru.
Степанов П. В., Степанова И. В., Селиванова Н. Л. Теоретические основы подготовки будущих педагогов к воспитательной деятельности в системе общего и дополнительного образования // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2018. Вып. 49. С. 39-48. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201849.39-48
This article deals with topical reasons for the changes in the training of prospective teachers for their educational activity within the framework of general and supplementary education of children. These changes are mainly related to the integration of modern scientifi c knowledge about education into the process of teacher training for educational activities at school. The changes are also connected with the updating of educational and methodological background of teacher education. Besides, the process of upgrading teacher education should take into account not only the current achievements of educational science but also those changes in the teaching routine that have been introduced by new normative and methodical documents. The article examines advantages and drawbacks in the currently existing programme-related, educational and methodical background of teacher education. We also point to key problems in training prospective teachers for educational work. Solving these problems is supposed to increase the competitiveness of graduates. Special attention is paid to theoretical fundamentals of preparing future teachers for their work in the system of general and supplementary education.
character education, student, teacher, teacher training, educational organisation, systematisation, theoretical background
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  2. Malenkova L. I., Teoriia i metodika vospitaniia: Ucheb. posobie, Moscow, 2002.
  3. Novikov A. M., Osnovaniia pedagogiki. Posobie dlia avtorov uchebnikov i prepodavatelei, Moscow, 2010.
  4. Selivanova N. L., Vospitanie v sovremennoi shkole: ot teorii k praktike, Moscow, 2010.
  5. Stepanov P. V., “Motivatsiia pedagogov kak vospitatelei”, in: Narodnoe obrazovanie, 2, 2009, 190–196.
Stepanov Paul
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16, Room 208, Makarenko Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation;
Post: Deputy head of the Center of strategy and theory of education of the personality;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4924-835X;
Email: semya-2005@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Stepanova Irina
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Rank: Senior Research Fellow;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16, Room 208, Makarenko Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9972-0267;
Email: semya-2005@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Selivanova Natalia
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Place of work: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education; 5/16, Room 208, Makarenko Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation;
Post: Head of strategy and theory of education of the personality;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6654-5992;
Email: nselivanova2000@mail.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
The article is written in 2018 within the framework of the project № 27.7091.2017/ БЧ of Institute for strategy of education development of the Russian academy of education.