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Запальский Г. М. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 1 (38). С. 161-167. — Rev. op.: Иванов Иван, диакон Взаимоотношения Церкви и государства во второй половине XVIII века (деятельность обер-прокуроров Святейшего Синода 1763–1796 гг.): сборник документов. М.: Издательство ПСТГУ, 2010
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Запальский Г. М. «Пасынки свободной России»: к вопросу о коллективном самосознании православных священников в революционную эпоху // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2020. Вып. 93. С. 77-96. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202093.77-96
This paper is devoted to numerous manifestations of social activity of Orthodox priests in Russia in 1917‒1918: priests’ unions, priests’ assemblies, letters to authorities, articles in media. The author of the article uses public texts which help to study mass (rather than elite) ideas, most commonly encountered in the public space. These texts highlight practical, even down-to-earth problems, their rhetoric and emotions reach a grotesque level with events of the revolution in the background. But collective consciousness of priests, their thoughts about their own community are implicitly manifested in these texts as well. This was the result of collective activity of the rallied priests. The author comes to the conclusion that the collective consciousness of priests was almost non-manifested in the public space during the revolution. We often meet elements of their professional consciousness, the contrast of their community and proximate communities (monk clergy, lower clerics), the need to be seen as ordinary people and citizens, to get a right of choice, e.g. to choose a secular work or even to take off their rank without any sanction. The pastoral consciousness, a feeling of priest’s high vocation, his responsibility, the impossibility to leave his service were also manifested brightly. It is hard to make a strict distinction between the professional and the pastoral consciousness, but it is clear that the choice between them became sharper during the events of the Russian Revolution.
Russian Orthodox Church, Orthodox priests, collective consciousness, consciousness of social strata, professional consciousness, pastoral consciousness, Russian Revolution of 1917, unions of priests, assemblies of priests
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Zapalsky Gleb
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox Universityf or the Humanities; 6/4 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: visiting scholar;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5109-1032;
Email: zapalsky@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.