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Егорова А. И., Егоров И. В. Исследование риска развития инфантильных черт в юношеском возрасте // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2013. Вып. 3 (30). С. 129-138.
In this paper discusses various approaches to understanding infantilism in the philosophical and psychological studies. Is given the author's definition of psychological infantilism. Distinguished components of infantilism: the unwillingness to take responsibility for their own behavior, lack of independence, the weak development of refl ection, naivety. As well as a detailed study of risk factors for psychological infantilism in adolescence, namely, the type of family education. The methodological basis of the study are: 1) the existential approach, 2) dispositional approach, and 3) an integrated approach. In this paper, these approaches are shown in the integration of knowledge about the infantilism of different specialties and disciplines of research. In an empirical study is presented: identification of the components of infantilism in adolescence, to establish the type of family education in youth with a strong performance on the components of infantilism, and establish the relationship between the components of infantilism and the type of family education in adolescence. To solve these problems used techniques: the questionnaire, the questionnaire «The level of subjective control», the 16-factor personality questionnaire R. Kettela, the test «Parent — Adult — Child», a test of self-actualization E. Shostroma, methods Eidemiller EG, Yustitskisa B. B. «The analysis of family relationships», the correlation analysis. The study found that in a group of young people with high rates on components of infantilism in interpersonal relationships externalities prevalent type of control, low self-reliance, independence, self-control, emotional instability, the dominance of the position of «child». In the correlation analysis, it was discovered the relationship between the components of the infantile character in youth, and these types of family education as «pandering» and «giperprotektsiya».
Infantilism, psychological infantilism, refl ection, internal locus of control, external locus of control, type of family education, giperprotektsiya, gipoprotektsiya
1.Ananev B. G. Chelovek kak predmet poznania (Man as an Object of Knowledge), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
2. Egorov I. V. 2007, in Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, vol. 2/17, pp. 38-50.
3. Eidemiller E. G., Yustitskis B. Psihologia i psihoterapia semyi (Psychology and Psychotherapy of Family), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
4. Fromm E. Human Soul, Moscow, 1998.
5. Garboozov V. I. Nervnie i trudnie deti (Nervous and Difficult Children), Saint Petersburg, 2008.
6. Kapustina A. N. Mnogofaktornaia lichnostnaia metodika R. Cettell (Multi-factor personality technique of R. Cattell), Saint-Petersburg, 2007.
7. Muzdybaev K. Psihologia otvetstvennosti (Psychology of Responsibility), Leningrad, 1983.
8. Shostrom E. Chelovek-manipulator. Vnutrennee puteshestvie ot manipuljacii k actualizacii (Human-Manipulator. Inner Journey from Manipulation to Actualization), Moscow, 2008.
9. Vygotsky L. S. Izbrannie psihologicheskie issledovanya (Selected Psychological Studies), Moscow, 1956.
10. Yalom I. Jekzistencial'naja psihoterapija (Existential Psychotherapy), Moscow, 2000.
11. Yermolaev O. Y. Matematicheskaya statistika dlya psihologov (Mathematical Statistics for Psychologists), Moscow, 2003.
Egorova Anastasiia
Egorov Il'ia
Егорова А. С. Херувим из иллюстративного ряда Speculum theologiae // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 35. С. 33-47. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201935.33-47
The Mirror of Theology (Speculum theologiae) is a unique example of a book miniature of the Latin Middle Ages. It represents an embodiment of the Catholic didactics of the 13th — 15th centuries concentrated to its maximum. This article studies one of the miniatures of the illustrative range of the Speculum theologiae with a schematic drawing of a cherub. It is not only an image but also a chart into which the main theses of Alan’s of Lille treatise On the Six-Winged Cherub are incorporated. The article uses a number of artefacts as examples and scrutinises the formation and development of the iconography. A detailed analysis of each miniature allows one to understand the way how the coёxistence and mutual infl uence of the word and the image are expressed in the these specifi c cases. The article also demonstrates the correlation of the iconographic scheme with other didactic visual diagrams contained in the collection of the Speculum theologiae. A sheet with a schematic image of the cherub is studied in the article not as a lone-standing illustration accompanying the theological dissertation but as an element in the whole array of miniatures. In order to carry out the study, the author of the article has read and translated into Russian the charts-illustrations with the images of cherubs. A comprehensive translation allowed the author to understand the princliple of work of the illustration, i.e. how it combines images and texts, how they occupy their — sometimes interchangeable, sometimes irreducible — positions, how such exquisitely refi ned iconography is created in the golden age of the schematic theology of scholasticism.
Western Medieval art, Medieval illuminated manuscripts, Medieval illumination, Medieval iconography, cherub, visual diagrams, Medieval craft of memory, Medieval theology, Alan of Lille, Hugh of Saint-Victor
  1. Carruthers M. (2003) The Craft of Thought: Meditation, Rhetoric and the Making of Images 400– 1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Carruthers M., Ziolkowski J. (eds.) (2004) The Medieval Craft of Memory: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  3. Carruthers M. (2008) The Book of Memory. A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Carruthers M. (2009) “Ars oblivionalis, ars inveniendi: The Cherub Figure and the Arts of Memory”. Gesta, 48, pp. 99‒117.
  5. Clopper L. (2006) “Inscribing Mentalities: Alan of Lille, the De Lisle Psalter Cherub, and Franciscan Meditation” in E. Kirk, B. Wheeler (eds.) Mindful Spirit in Late Medieval Literature: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth D. Kirk. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 57‒80.
  6. Evans M. (1980) “The Geometry of the Mind”. Architectural Association Quarterly, 12 (4), pp. 32‒55.
  7. Fergusson G. (1989) Signs and Symbols in Christian Art. London: Oxford University Press.
  8. Freeman S. (1999) The Psalter of Robert de Lisle in the British Library. London: Harvey Miller Publishers.
  9. Ladner G. (1983) Images and Ideas in the Middle Ages: Selected Studies in History and Art. Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.
  10. Nesterova O. (2005) “Teoria mnozhestvennosti “smyslov” Sv. Pisaniya v srednevekovoi ekzegeticheskoi traditsii” [A Theory of Plurality of “Meanings” of Scripture in the Medieval Christian Exegetical Tradition], in Zhanry i formy v pismennoi kulture Srednevekov'ia [Genres and Forms in Medieval Written Culture]. Moscow, pp. 23‒44. (in Russian).
  11. Noell B. Medieval Representation of the Cherub and the Diagram in Beinecke MS 416, available at: http://brbl-archive.library.yale.edu/exhibitions/speculum/pdf/8r-noell.pdf (03.09.2019).
  12. Rudolph C. (2014) The Mystic Ark: Hugh of Saint Victor, Art, and Thought in the Twelfth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Saxl F. (1942) “A Spiritual Encyclopaedia of the Later Middle Ages”. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 5, pp. 82‒139.
Egorova Anastasia
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Lomonosov Moscow State University; 27/4 Lomonosovsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991 Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-9356-2744;
Email: eto.nastya@gmail.com.