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Дорофеева Н. В., Егоров И. В. Психологический анализ склонности ко лжи у дошкольников в контексте морально-нравственного развития // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 4 (43). С. 120-131. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201643.120-131
The article discusses the problem of moral development of the child's personality and inclination to lie in the modern psychological and pedagogical science. There are two main ways of the behavior of children, conventionally called «false» and «true» and, in turn, two intermediate options that are emerged in the situation of motivational conflict when on the one side there is the desire to win, and on the other side there is a true assessment of their success in solving problems. The particular attention is paid to the disclosure of the features of self-esteem and the interpersonal relationships with the peers of children with varying degrees of tendency to lie, since the consideration of the problem leads to the conclusion that the reasons of child's lying may be the peculiarities of the emotional-personal sphere. The study of preschool children has showed that self-esteem of the children with the lowest propensity to lie is more adequate; they give themselves more accurate estimation. In children with a pronounced tendency to lie, on the contrary, self-esteem was overstated and undifferentiated for most indicators. Preschoolers, who are prone to lie, occupy a very safe position among the peers according to the quality of the relationship. In contrast, children, who differ by truthful behavior, are experiencing some difficulties in communication. For the more productive and deep consideration of the problem, the authors conducted the data analysis and the results obtained previously and now, allowing to compare the dynamics of the manifestations of false behavior and its relationship with the interpersonal relationships.
moral and ethical development of the child's personality, situation of motivational conflict, tendency to lie, diff erentiated/undiff erentiated self-esteem, interpersonal relationships of children

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Dorofeeva Nina
Egorov Il'ia