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Ясин М. И., Гусева Е. С. Исследование уровня когнитивной закрытости у православных христиан // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2018. Вып. 49. С. 129-141. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201849.129-141
Cognitive closure represents an aspect of cognitive activity that allows the person to make a non-ambiguous choice and cut off superfl uous, contradictory and interfering information. In psychology of religion, the cognitive closure is usually correlated with the phenomena of dogmatism, conservatism and religious fundamentalism. We have conducted a comparative study collating results of two groups: Orthodox Christians (70 respondents) and atheists (70 respondents) employing the test “The Need for Closure Scale”. The outcome results were compared by Student’s T-distribution for samples with unequal variances. The experiment has shown that the cognitive closure of the Orthodox Christians is the same as of the control group. We have not noticed any statistically signifi cant diff erences as to the scales of closed-mindedness and the desire for life-orderliness. It has turned out that the Orthodox Christians have the lower level of decisiveness, they tend to delay decision-making and spend time on careful weighing up and examination of alternatives. The Orthodox Christians have the higher need to forecast events and people’s behaviour, to live according to a certain plan; they have the lower level of readiness to encounter unexpected events and people’s acts.The Orthodox respondents have the stronger desire for discreteness and critical thinking.
psychology of religion, cognitive processes, cognitive psychology, cognitive closure, determination, predictability, collective nature, Orthodoxy
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Yasin Miroslav
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Sociology;
Place of work: Plekhanov Russian State University of Economics; 36 Stremiannii pereulok, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of Psychology;
ORCID: 0000-0001-6249-852;
Email: nadsaw@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Guseva Evgenia
Academic Rank: Senior Research Fellow;
Place of work: Samara National Research University; 1 Akademika Pavlova Str., Samara 443011, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Lecturer, Department of Social Psychology;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0060-6710;
Email: guseva-es@mail.ru.