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Балашова Е. Г. К вопросу о существовании «католической группы» Высоко-Петровского монастыря (по материалам следственного дела 1935 г.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 79. С. 68-84. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201779.68-84
On 21 February 1935 and some days later, several people were arrested in Moscow; on 7 March ten of them were accused of “being a member of a Catholic group of a certain organisation operating at the prohibited Petrovsky Monastery and carrying out anti- Soviet propaganda”. In reality, there was no such group. It was artifi cially assembled by the investigators on the ground of the fact that people included in the group were acquainted with Pie Neveu, the Catholic bishop, as well as with archbishop Bartholomew Remow, head of the Vysoko-Рetrovsky Monastery. Archbishop Bartholomew Remow’s life and personality are not dealt with in this article. Among the people included into the above-mentioned group by the investigators, only three practiced Catholicism publicly. This being said, they had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community (Ekaterina Tsytsyrina, Lyubov Shorcheva and Vera Vert). Secret Catholics were Leonid Titov (he attended church services at the Petrovsky Community only from August 1934) and, as far as one can judge by her testimony and other documents, Elena Rozhina, archbishop Bartholomew’s religious daughter, who served as an interlink between him and bishop Pie Neveu. Professor Ivan Popov (celebrated in the Synaxis of New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church), Alexandra Kachalova and Nina Kenarskaya were Orthodox parishioners of the underground Vysokopetrovsky Monastery. Orthodox bishop Petr (Rudnev) and renovationist archbishop Nikolay Rozanov were not Catholics and had nothing to do with the Petrovsky Community. The necessity of the exposure of counter-revolutionary activity of the Russian Catholic group, operating at an underground Orthodox monastery and puppeteered from Vatican, might have been brought about by the intensifi cation of repressions following Sergei Kirov’s assassination in December 1934.
Bartholomew Remov, Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery, persecution of the Church, Catholicism, martyrs, renovationist bishop, Pius Eugene Neveu, Orthodoxy, investigative file, secret Catholics, underground monastery
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Balashova Elena
Place of work: Expert on expert-accreditation activities of the Synodal Department of Religious Education and Catechesis of Russian Orthodox Church; 28/2 Petrovka Str., Moscow, 127051 Russian Federation;
Post: Expert on expert-accreditation activities;
Email: pravob@mail.ru.